Welcome to my class
一般现在时
present simple tense
Part 1 一般现在时的基本用法

  1、表示现在的事实、状态或动作. 表示现在的事实、状态或动作. lives Millie lives in Beijing. I live in Rugao.
  2、表示习惯性动作,常与sometimes , often, every 表示习惯性动作,常与sometimes day,always, usually等时间状语连用。 usually等时间状语连用 等时间状语连用。 Simon often plays footbll after school. plays The students usually play football after school. 表示自然规律、不变的真理、格言或事实,
  3、表示自然规律、不变的真理、格言或事实,不 能和特定时间连用。 能和特定时间连用。 Cats eat fish. The earth goes round the sun. goes

  4、表示心理状态、情感的动词,如:want, like. 、表示心理状态、情感的动词, He wants to go with me. I want to have a party.
  5.表示主语具备的性格和能力等: 表示主语具备的性格和能力等: 表示主语具备的性格和能力等 She loses her temper easily. They speak French fluently.

  6. 一般现在时表示将来情况
  1)在口语中, 一般现在时可以表示按规定、计 )在口语中, 一般现在时可以表示按规定、 划或时间表要发生的事情, 划或时间表要发生的事情, 通常都有一个表示未 来时间的状语: 来时间的状语: The plane takes off at 9:20 a.m. 飞机早上九点二 十分起飞。 十分起飞。
  2)在时间或条件从句中,须用一般现在时表示将 )在时间或条件从句中, 来动作: 来动作: I’ll discuss this with you when we meet. 我们见面时 我将和你商讨此事。 我将和你商讨此事。
Part 2 与一般现在时连用的时间状语
often(经常) (经常) always(总是) (总是) every day(每天) (每天) every month(每月) (每月) every year(每年) (每年) twice a year(一年两次) (一年两次)
sometimes(有时) (有时) usually(通常) (通常) every week(每周) (每周) every term(每学期) (每学期) once a week (一周一次) 一周一次)
肯定句:

  1. I live in a small house . Millie lives in a flat in Beijing.
  2. We have breakfast at
  7. Simon has breakfast at
  6.
  3. The students take the bus home. Daniel takes a bus home.
  4. They do their homework every day. Kitty does her homework every day.
Part 3 一般现在时的谓语结构 行为动词) 一般现在时的谓语结构(行为动词 行为动词)
主语I we you they 肯定句 否定句 动词原形 don’t +动词原形
主语he she it 动词的S形 (第三人称单数式) ( ) doesn’t +动词原形 Does +主语+动词 原形
一般疑问 Do +主语+动词原 形 句
否定句:

  1. I don’t play tennis at school Pat doesn’t play tennis at home.
  2. Amy and I don’t walk home. She doesn’t walk home.
  3. You don’t like watching TV. He doesn’t like watching TV.
  4. They don’t come from America. Sandy doesn’t come from America.
  5. They don’t do their homework every day. Kitty doesn’t do her homework every day.
一般疑问句:

  1.Do you live in a small house? Yes, I do. Does Millie live in a flat ? No, she doesn’t.
  2.Do you have breakfast at 7? Yes, we do. Does Simon have breakfast at 6? No, he doesn’t.
  3.Do the students take the bus home? Does Daniel take a bus home?
  4.Do they do their homework every day? Does Kitty do her homework every day?
动词第三人称单数的构成

  1、直接加s
look-looks fly-flies try-tries guess-guesses catch-catches go-goes
play-plays study-studies carry-carries wash?washes mix-mixes do-does

  2、以辅音字母加y结尾, 去y为i加es

  3、以sh、ch、s、x、o结尾加es
have的第三人称单数为has have的第三人称单数为has
Part 4 一般现在时的谓语结构 一般现在时的谓语结构(be动词) 动词) 动词
am, is ,are 后不再有其它行为动词
肯定句 I am… He/she/it is… We/you/they are… 否定句 I am not… He/she it isn’t… We/you/they aren’t… 疑问句 Are you/we/they……? Is he/she/it……?
肯定句
I am an English teacher. I am Millie. It is a big school. He is polite. Sandy is from China. We are in Class One Grade Seven. Mrs Fang and Mr Fang are doctors. The girls are in the classroom.
否定句:
I am not an English teacher. I am not Millie. It is not a big school. He isn’t polite. Carl isn’t from China. They aren’t in Class One Grade Seven. Mr. and Mrs. White aren’t doctors. The boys aren’t in the classroom.
疑问句:

  1.Am I an English teacher? Yes, you are.
  2.Are you Daniel? No, I am not.
  3.Is it a big school? Yes, it is.
  4.Is he helpful? No, he isn’t.
  5.Is Simon from England? Yes, he is.
  6.Are you in Class One Grade Seven?
  7.Are they doctors? No, they aren’t.
  8.Are the students in the playground? Yes, they are.
Part 4 一般现在时的同步训练 一、句型转换

  1. She does the housework on Sundays.(否定句) She doesn’t do the housework on Sundays.
  2. We have an English lesson every day.(一般疑问句) Do you have an English lesson every day?

  3. My parents are at home.(一般疑问句并作肯定回答) Are your parents at home ? Yes, they are.
  4. The boy often flies kites. (一般疑问句并作否定回答) Does the boy often fly kites? No, he doesn’t.

  6. Does Peter usually go to school by bike ? 改为肯定句) (改为肯定句) Peter usually goes to school by bike.
  7. The boys look happy. (提问) 提问) How do the boys look?
  8.Mary studies Chinese every morning.(提问) Who studies Chinese every morning?
  9.They go to the park at weekends.(提问) What do they do at weekends?
二、给你的朋友发一份e-mail介绍Lily

  1.Lili, always, on foot
  2.listen, the teachers, carefully(认真), good, all her lessons
  3.go,park,parents, Sundays
  4.often,help,housework
  5. a nice girl.
Simple present tense
Part 1 现在进行时的基本用法

  1、表示现在( 指说话人说话时 正在发生的事情。 表示现在 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。 例:We are waiting for you.
  2、习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作, 动作未必正在进行。 动作未必正在进行。 例:Mr. Green is writing another novel. (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。) 说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。 说话时并未在写
  3、已经确定或安排好的将来活动 I'm leaving for a trek in Nepal next week.(已经安排了) (已经安排了) we're flying to Paris tomorrow.(票已经拿 票已经拿 到了) 到了)

  4. 表示渐变的动词的进行时表示渐变的过程。 这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。 例:The leaves are turning red. It‘s getting warmer and warmer.
  5.进行时与always, constantly, forever 等词 连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的 状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。 例:You are always changing your mind.

  6.状态动词等不用于进行时态

  1)表示知道或了解的动词: believe,doubt,forget,imagine,know, remember,realize,suppose,understand
  2)表示“看起来”“看上 去”appear,resemble,seem
  3)表示喜爱或不喜爱hate,like.lover.prefer
  4)表示构成或来源的动词 be come from. contain, include
  5)表示感官的动词 hear see smell sound taste
  6)表示拥有的动词belong to.need.own .possess.want wish
Part 2 与现在进行时连用的时间状语
now(现在) (现在) just(恰恰) (恰恰) at present(目前) (目前) at the moment(此刻) (此刻) nowadays(当今) (当今) these days(这些日子) (这些日子)
these weeks(这些周) (这些周) these months(这些月) (这些月) these years(这些年) (这些年) time(这时 这时) at this time(这时)
Part 3 现在进行时的谓语结构
主 语
I
We/ you/ they he /she/ it are doing is doing is not doing
肯定句 am doing
否定句 am not doing are not doing
Is he/she/it 一 般 Am I doing…? Are we/you/ they doing…? doing…? 疑问句
动词现在分词的构成

  1.直接+ ing
  2.去e+ing
  3.重读闭音节,且末尾只有1个辅音字母,双写辅 音字母+ing
  4.特殊变化:die-dying,lie-lying,tie-tying
Part 4 现在进行时的同步训练
一、2009年全国高考卷试题精选 年全国高考卷试题精选
  1.湖南卷
  27. Would you please keep silent? The weather report .湖南卷 and I want to listen. A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast D. had been broadcast
C. has been broadcast

  2.湖南卷
  35. The food here is nice enough. .湖南卷 My friend me a right place. A. introduces B. introduced C. had introduced D. was introducing
  3.江苏卷
  25. Hi, Terry, can I use your computer for a while this .江苏卷 afternoon? Sorry. . A. It’s repaired C. It’s being repaired B. It has been repaired D. It had been repaired

  4.辽宁卷
  31. My parents have promised to come to see me before I .辽宁卷 for Africa. A have left B leave C left D will leave
  5.四川卷15 . ?Why don’t we choose that road to save time? .四川卷 ?The bridge to it . A. has repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. will be repaired
  6.天津卷
  2.
  6.天津卷
  2. My parents in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. A. live B. lived C. were living D. will live

  7.重庆卷
  30. Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the .重庆卷 future to the well-educated. A. belongs C. is belonging B. is belonged D. will be belonged
二、2008年全国高考卷试题精选 年全国高考卷试题精选
  1. (全国I卷)
  29. The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front to arrive. A. is expected B. is expecting C. expects D. will be expected
  2. (湖南卷)
  35. ? Do you have any problems if you this job? ? Well, I’m thinking about the salary…. A. offer B. will offer C. are offered D. will be offered
  3. (辽宁卷)
  29. ?Have you got any job offers? ?No. I . A. waited B. had been waiting C. have waited D. am waiting
  4. (浙江卷)
  7. ?What’s that noise? ?Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine . A. was tested B. will be tested C. is being tested D. has been tested

  5. (北京卷)
  22. ?Have you read the book called Waiting for 北京卷) Anya? ?Who it? A. writes B. has written C. wrote D. had written

  6. (重庆卷)
  35. Teenagers __ their health because they play 重庆卷) computer games too much. A. have damaged C. damaged
  7. (上海卷 上海卷)
  28. 上海卷 B. are damaging D. will damage
?
Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend?
?Terry? Never! She tents and fresh air!
A. has hated B. hated C. will hate D. hates
 

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