?英语八级考试 与语言综合素质
颜静兰
英语专业2004年 00届学生 年 届学生 英语专业 全国英语八级统考情况汇总
100 80 60 40 20 0 及格率 类别 平均分
理工类 全国 华理英语专业
类别 理工类 全国 华理英语专业
及格率
  56.29
  56.74
  97.22
平均分
  60.21
  60.50
  70.51
最高分
最低分

  85.00

  57.00
英语专业2005年 01届学生 年 届学生 英语专业 全国英语八级统考情况汇总
100 80 60 40 20 0 及格率 类别 平均分
理工类 全国 华理英语专业
类别 理工类 全国 华理英语专业
及格率
  55.70
  54.17
  97.05
平均分
  58.18
  57.74
  76.00
最高分
最低分

  85.00

  57.00
2006
类别 及格率 平均分 最高分 最低分
06
理工类
  51.03
  55.40 全国 华理
  49.97
  55.06
  95.74
  66.86
  82.00
  54.00
?
? 年份 ? 2002年 ? 2003年 ? 2004年 ? 2005年 ? 2006年
通过率
  89.00
  97.44
  97.22
  97.05
  95.75
平均分
  66.86
  67.94
  70.51
  71.18
  66.86
05年开始八级考试修改
听力理解(修改前)
Section A Talk (5 items) Section B Conversation (5 items) Section C News Broadcast (5 items) Section D Note-taking & Gap -filling (10 items) 考试时间:30 分钟 考试时间 比重: 比重:25%
听力理解(修改后)
Section A Mini-lecture (10 items) Section B Conversation (5 items) Section C News Broadcast (5 items) 考试时间: 考试时间:25分钟 比重: 比重:20%
改错(修改前)
10个语误 考试时间:15分钟 考试时间 比重:10% 比重
改错(修改后)
没有变动
阅读理解(修改前)
阅读理解(修改后) Section A Reading Comprehension Careful Reading (15 items ) (20 items) Section B 考试时间:30分钟 Speed Reading (10 items) 比重:20%
考试时间:40分钟 比重:25%
人文知识(修改前) 没有
人文知识(修改后) 10道英语专业知识题 考试时间:10分钟 比重:10 % (
  4-
  3-
  3)
翻译(修改前)
Section A Chinese to English Section B English to Chinese 考试时间:60分钟 比重:20%
翻译(修改后) 没有变动
写作(修改前)
命题作文 (300个字) 考试时间:60分钟 比重:20%
写作(修改后)
命题作文(400个字) 考试时间:45分钟 比重:20%
修改前: 主观题:60% 客观题:40% 215分钟 (分上、下午进行)
修改后: 主观题:60% 客观题:40% 185分钟 (上午完成)
8级考试项目顺序
修改前: 听力理解 校对改错 阅读理解 翻译 写作 修改后: 听力理解 阅读理解 人文知识 校对改错 翻译 写作
06年八级成绩细目分析 年八级成绩细目分析
听力
  10% % 全 国 阅读20 阅读 % 人文
  10% % GAP
  10% % 改错
  10% %
  4.7 . 5 英译 中10 %
  4.52 . 中译英 写作
  10%
  20% % %
  5.28 . 总平 均分

  6.45
  10.46 . .

  6.11
  6.0 . .

  11.01
  55.06 . .
华 理

  7.53
  13.19

  8.02
  6.65
  5.54
  4.77

  5.53

  14.42
  65.86
高 出

  1.08
  2.73

  1.91
  0.57
  0.79
  0.25

  0.25

  3.41

  10.80
About Writing
  12-
  12-15
?Argumentative Argumentative ?Expository Expository
TEM-8 Composition Marking Scheme
?
  1.effectively address the writing task ?
  2.demonstrate a well developed logical organizational structure with clearly stated main ideas and sufficient supporting details ?
  3.no errors of voc, spelling, punctuation, syntax ?
  4.use the language with appropriacy. (collocation) ? E.g.learn knowledge, touch society ?
  5.No difficulty is experienced by the reader
Key to Success
? Address the task correctly ? Study the topic carefully
?
  1. Nowadays with the development of economy, the existing cities are growing bigger and new cities are appearing. What do you think is one of the major problems that may result from this process of urbanization? Write an essay of about 400 words on the topic given below: ?
  2.
One major problem in the process of urbanization
?
  3. In the first part of your writing you should present your thesis statement and in the second part you should support the thesis statement with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion with a summary.
  4. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.
Initial Step: Study the topic
TEM-8 ? 2000 EDUCATION AS A LIFELONG PROCESS ?2001 THE IMPACT OF THE INTERNET ON … ?2002 THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSONAL QUALITY
? OF A UNIVERSITY STUDENT
?2003 Young People in China Are (Not) More Self? centered and Unsympathetic ? 2004 Should University Students Go in for Business? ? 2005 Interview
How To Write Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs
An Introductory Paragraphs
I. Purpose
? It introduces the topic of the essay. ? It gives a general background of the topic. ? It often indicates the overall “plan” of the essay. ? It should arouse the reader’s interest in the topic.
? II. An introductory paragraph consists of
General statement
???????
Thesis statement
Topic: How to solve traffic problem?
General Statement
? One of the most serious problems that most big cities are confronted with is traffic congestion. This problem is caused by thousands of cars coming into the cities from the suburban areas as well as from different parts of the country for business. This mammoth problem must be resolved before it gets worse
? It gives a general background of the topic.
Thesis Statement
? The heavy traffic problem can be solved by building rapid transit systems from the suburbs to the cities, by improving pubic transportation systems within the cities, and by forming car pools.
? It indicates the overall “plan” of the essay.
How To Write A Concluding Paragraph?
? The concluding paragraph consists of
?
  1.a summary of the main points or ?
  2. a restatement of the thesis in different words and ?
  3.your final comment/suggestion on the subject.
? How to write the body part? ?
  1. a proposition ? (your argumentative topic sentence) (命题) ?
  2. support (the reasons for a view being valid). ?
  3. detailed support. ? evidence: examples, statistics
?Cite examplesrelevant ?Present statistics
? from recognized, reliable sources: ? governmental publications, ? standard reference works, ? books and periodicals, ? authorities who are generally recognized as experts in their field.
? Organizational plan
? ? ? ? A. Introduction
  1. General statement
  2. Thesis statement B. Body (development)
?.Support 1 evidence ?.Support 2 ?.Support 3 topic sentence?support s.--
? C. Conclusion ?
  1.summery ?
  2.comment/suggestion
Errors in Writing
  1.ill-balanced structure
? I was able to raise my scores
gradually by studying hard and I read lots of books. ? I was able to raise my scores gradually by studying hard and reading lots of books.

  2. Connective Repetition
? Although I worked very hard, but I still failed in the final exam. ? Since I want to go to a good school, therefore I am trying to raise my test scores.

  3. Run-on sentence

  1. You will be responsible for this material on the final exam, study it thoroughly now. You will be responsible for this material on the final exam. Study it thoroughly now.
  2. Many people think protectionism can halt rising prices, however, the opposite is actually true. Many people think protectionism can halt rising prices; however, the opposite is actually true

  4. Redundancy of preposition
? I would like to discuss about something important that the teacher mentioned about to us during yesterday. ? We went to downtown yesterday to buy a dictionary.

  5. Informal Abbreviation
? can‘t,don‘t,it‘s,we‘ll,they‘ve ? = cannot,do not,it is,we will, they have

  6. Too many “get”
? When I got to the university the first day, I got very surprised when I got to see so many students and beautiful classrooms. I got to think about my life on campus in the following 4 years. ? = become, receive, find, achieve
Proofreading and
Error Correction
? Before 1996, there were 20 errors, and 20 minutes for the examinee to correct the errors. ? From 1996 on, there are 10 errors, 15 minutes to correct the errors. ? The length of the passage: 200--250words.
Instruction: The passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of one error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:
? For a wrong word: underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. ? For a missing word: mark the position of missing word with a “∨”sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. ? For an unnecessary word cross the unnecessary word with a slash “/” and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.
3 ways of correcting the errors
Example: When ∨ art museum wants [1] an it never buys things in [2] never When a natural history museum wants an exhibition, it [3] exhibit
Types of Errors
? Errors of words (词法错误)
?
  1.adj.→adv.; noun→verb adj.→adv.; ?
  2.collocation: life expectancy collocation: ? impose sanction on ?
  3.phrase:/at the best/ at large phrase: ?
  4.choice of words: sensible/sensitive; words: credible/credulous;
Errors of Grammar
?
  1.Pronoun: Them→it/he ?
  2.Noun:(singular and plural n.)
  2.Noun:( ? headquarters, surroundings remains, overseas ?
  3.article, a, an, the, /
?
  4.conjunction: and, for, but
  4.conjunction:
cf. Economical/economic ? The students are discussing issues in China. ? We should learn to be of our money and time. ? My personal financial worries…
?
Comparable//comparative
? Our town is not … …. with yours. ? Professor Smith is an expert on … …literature. ? The achievements of an athlete and a writer are not …………….
Contemptible / contemptuous
? There is a … look on his face. ? In brief the ……..man is selfish and vain. ? He threw the check away with a …… gesture.
Childish // childlike ? The man is rather … He insisted on climbing the mountain himself in the dark. ? She has a … ... love for a doll.
Beneficial /beneficient
? Fresh air is … …. to health ? The kind-hearted man is … to the poor
desirable / desirous
? Every one thought he was the …….. man for the new position. ? The girls are ……of seeing the film stars again.
healthy / healthful
? The children are quite…….. though they all have slight colds at the moment. ? The air at seaside is …… to us. ? She has a …….. respect for her rival's talents. ? health food 保健食品 ? health nurse 保健护士 ? health agency 卫生机构 ? health care 卫生保健
ingenious / ingenuous
? An ……. mind can work wonders ? An …… smile brightened her lovely face. ? Jack is …… at solving difficult crossword puzzles
?Thank You
 

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