英语作文的几点注意事项
作者: 转自:
英语作文的几点注意事项
一、避免使用语意弱的“be”动词。

  1、把句中的表语转换为不同的修饰语。例如: Weak: The trees are bare. The grass is brown. The landscape seems drab. Revision:The brown grass and bare trees form a drab landscape. (转换为 前置定语) Or: The landscape, bare and brown, begged for spring green. (转换为并 列结构作后置定语)
  2、将作表语用的形容词或名词变为行为动词。例如:
  1) Weak: The team members are good players. Revision: The team members play well.
  2) Weak: One worker's plan is the elimination of tardiness. Revision: One worker's plan eliminates tardiness.
  3、在以“here”或“there”开头的句子中,把“be”动词后的名词代词变成改 写句的主语。例如:
  1) Weak: There is no opportunity for promotion. Revision: No opportunity for promotion exists.
  2) Weak: Here are the books you ordered. Revision: The books you ordered have arrived. 二、多用语意具体的动词,保持句意简洁明了。例如:

  1、 Poor: My supervisor went past my desk. Better: My supervisor sauntered (=walked slowly) past my desk.
  2、Poor: She is a careful shopper. Better: She compares prices and quality. 三、尽量运用主动语态。例如:
  1、Weak: The organization has been supported by charity. Better: Charity has supported the organization.
  2、Weak: The biscuits were stacked on a plate. Better: Mother stacked the biscuits on a plate. 四、防止使用语意冗长累赘的词语。例如:
  1、Wordy: My little sister has a preference for chocolate milk.
Improved: My little sister prefers chocolate milk.
  2、Wordy: We are in receipt of your letter and intend to follow your recommendations. Improved: We have received your letter and intended to follow your recommendation.
  3、Redundant: We had a serious crisis at school yesterday when our chemistry laboratory caught fire. Improved: We had a crisis at school yesterday when our chemistry laboratory caught fire.
  4、Redundant: My sister and I bought the same, identical dress in different stores. Improved: My sister and I bought the same dress in different stores. 五、杜绝滥用陈旧词语或难懂的专业术语。例如:
  1、Weak: They will not agree to his proposals in any shape or form. Improved: They will not agree to any of his proposals.
  2、 Weak: I need her financial input before I can guesstimate our expenditures next fall. Improved: I need her financial figures before I can estimate our expenditures next fall.
专八作文系列范文_ 专八作文系列范文_运气在事业成功中的作用
作者: 转自:
运气在事业成功中的作用(
  6) 【题目】 "When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position. 【范文】 The Role of Luck in Success It has been said that when people succeed, it is because of hard work and that luck has nothing to do with success. Although I believe that hard work is very important and is the surest way to success for most people, I must disagree with this statement. It cannot be denied that luck often plays an important role in success. For example, many important discoveries have been made by accident. There have been many cases of researchers and inventors making major breakthroughs while they were actually trying to solve another problem or create a different device. Furthermore, there is something to be said for simply being in the right place at the right time-perhaps meeting someone by chance who can offer a good job or rare opportunity. And of course, there are the rare examples
of gamblers and lottery winners who beat the odds and achieve sudden and unexpected success. While the influence of luck cannot be ignored, this is not to say that one should depend on it and ignore the value of hard work. If one is willing to work hard, I believe that success will eventually be achieved, with or without the added benefit of luck. Moreover, hard work is often an essential ingredient of luck because it enables one to take advantage of a lucky encounter. If the scientist has not worked hard to develop his knowledge and skills, he may not recognize that lucky breakthrough when it comes along. Therefore, my suggestion is not to count on luck to bring you success. Instead, work hard and keep your eyes open for that lucky opportunity. 参考译文:运气在成功里所扮演的角色 有人说一个人会成功是因为努力,而运气和成功则是一点关系也没有。虽然 我相信努力很重要,而且对大部分的人来说,努力是成功最可靠的方法,可是我 不得不反对这种说法。能否成功,运气扮演着一个很重要的角色,这是不可否认 的事实。例如,很多重要的发现都是在偶然情况下发生的。有很多实例表明,有 重大突破的研究人员和发明家,原本是要试图解决其他问题或是发明别的仪器。 而且, 仅仅是天时地利这方面也有一些关系--也许是偶然碰到能提供好的工作和 珍贵机会的人。 当然也有极少数赌徒和彩票得主得到突如其来、 意想不到的成功。 尽管运气的影响力不容忽视,但也不表示人就应该完全靠运气,而忽视努力 的价值。如果一个人愿意努力,不论有没有运气额外的帮助,我相信终究还是会 成功。此外,因为努力能让人充分利用幸运的机会,所以努力通常也是运气的必 要因素。如果科学家没有努力培养自己的知识和技巧,那么当某个幸运的突破出 现时, 他可能也看不出来。 因此, 我建议大家不要指望运气能带来成功。 相反地, 应该努力,并随时注意不要错过任何好机会。
专八作文系列范文_ 专八作文系列范文_讨论汽车快速发展利与弊
作者: 转自:
讨论汽车快速发展利与弊(2) 以下文章主要讨论小汽车的利与弊(Advantages and disadvantages of private cars)。
With the fantastic spur both in industry and in economy in China, the number of people who own private cars is on the rise. Some people have bought cars of their own, and others are planning to buy cars. But there have been two quite different views on this phenomenon. Some claim that there are many advantages brought about by cars. First, the automobile industry provides jobs for countless workers and strong support for other industries. Second, if conditions permit, owning a car can make us work more efficiently. Finally, life will become more convenient. A car allows one to move freely and with a car there is no need to wait for the bus in the cold or under the burning sun. However, others strongly object to the increase in developing private cars. They hold that automobiles will give rise to a series of problems. In the first place, as more and more cars are produced and run in the street, a large volume of poisonous gas will be given off, polluting the atmosphere and causing actual harm to the health of people. Next, private cars contr123te to traffic congestion so greatly that the advantages gained in comfort and freedom are often cancelled out by the frustration caused by traffic jams. The last problem is the increasing number of car accidents that have killed and will kill a lot of people in a friction of a second. In my opinion, although automobiles have been playing a vital part in the daily activities of our society, they also bring us numerous troubles such as more serious environmental pollution, more traffic accidents and more 123rgy consumption. They drink up huge amounts of fuel and throw out huge amounts of pollutants. Traffic accidents kill thousands and thousands of people each year and cripple more. Jams waste our precious time. Therefore I am against developing private cars.
专八作文系列范文_书本知识与实践经验哪个重要 专八作文系列范文_
作者: 转自:
书本知识与实践经验哪个重要(
  4) 【题目】 It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with
knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why? 【范文】 Book Knowledge vs. Experience Knowledge can be acquired from many sources. These include books, teachers and practical experience, and each has its own advantages. The knowledge we gain from books and formal education enables us to learn about things that we have no opportunity to experience in daily life. We can study all the places in the world and learn from people we will never meet in our lifetime, just by reading about them in books. We can also develop our analytical skills and learn how to view and interpret the world around us in different ways. Furthermore, we can learn from the past by reading books. In this way, we won’t repeat the mistakes of others and can build on their achievements. Practical experience, on the other hand, can give us more useful knowledge. It is said that one learns best by doing, and I believe that this is true, whether one is successful or not. In fact, I think making mistakes is the best way to learn. Moreover, if one wants to make new advances, it is necessary to act. Innovations do not come about through reading but through experimentation. Finally, one can apply the skills and insights gained through the study of books to practical experience, making an already meaningful experience more meaningful. However, unless it is applied to real experiences, book knowledge remains theoretical and, in the end, is useless. That is why I believe that knowledge gained from practical experience is more important than that acquired from books. 【参考译文】 书本知识与实际经验 获得知识的来源有很多,其中包括书本、老师,以及实际经验,而每一种都 有其优点。 从书本上及正规教育中所获得的知识使我们知道在日常生活中没有机 会亲身去体验的事。通过读书,我们可以研究世界各地的资料,还可以向不曾谋 面的人学习。我们也可以培养分析的技巧,并学习如何以不同的方式去观察并理 解周围的世界。此外,我们可以通过读书,从历史中获取教训。如此一来,就不 会再重复别人的错误,并且能够以他人的成就作为我们行动的基础。 另一方面,实际经验能够给我们更多有用的知识。大家都说从做中学的效果 最好,我也认为的确如此,无论一个人成功与否。事实上,我认为犯错是最好的 学习方式。此外,如果想要有新的进展,就必须要付诸行动。想要创新,只靠阅 读是不够的,必须要去实践。最后,我们可以将通过读书所获得的技巧和见解应
用于实际经验中,使得原本有意义的经验变得更有意义。不过,除非我们能将书 本知识运用于实际经验中,否则书本知识终究仍只是理论,毫无用处。那就是为 什么我会认为从实际经验中获得的知识比从书本中所得到的知识更为重要。
专八作文系列范文_如何看待在校大学生打工 专八作文系列范文_
作者: 转自:
如何看待在校大学生打工(1) 【题目】 In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details. 【范文】 In many countries it is common for teenagers to take part-time jobs while they are still in high school, while in other societies this is virtually unheard of. In the latter situation, students are expected to spend all of their time on their studies and consider schoolwork their "job". In my opinion, students benefit more from a more balanced lifestyle, which may include working at a part-time job. Therefore, I believe that it is a good idea for students to work while studying. While it is true that a student's most important goal must be to learn and to do well at his studies, it does not need to be the only goal. In fact, a life which consists of only study is not balanced and may cause the student to miss out on other valuable learning experiences. In addition to bringing more balance to a student's life, part-time work can broaden his range of experience. He will have the opportunity to meet people from all walks of life and will be faced with a wider variety of problems to solve. Furthermore, work helps a student to develop greater independence, and earning his own pocket money can teach him how to handle his finances. Finally, a part-time job can help a student to develop a greater sense of responsibility, both for his own work and for that of the team he works with. For all of these reasons, I firmly believe that most students would benefit from taking a part-time job while they are in high school. Of course, they
must be careful not to let it take up too much of their time because study is still their primary responsibility. In sum, living a balanced life is the best way to be successful. [参考译文]青少年与打工 在许多国家,青少年普遍会在高中时期打工。然而在有些国家,这几乎是前 所未闻的。 如果是后者的情况, 那是因为一般认为学生应把所有的时间
 

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