新目标八年级英语上册第一单元复习
I. 应掌握的词组:


  1. go to the movies 去看电影

  2. look after=take care of 照顾

  3. surf the internet 上网

  4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

  5. go skate boarding 去划板

  6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

  7. exercise=take (much) exercise
=do sports锻炼

  8. eating habits 饮食习惯

  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动

  10. the same as 与什么相同

  11. once a month一月一次

  12. be different from 不同

  13. twice a week一周两次

  14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

  15. how often 多久一次

  16. although=though虽然

  17. most of the students=most students
大多数学生

  18. shop=go shopping
=do some shopping 购物

  19. as for至于

  20. activity survey活动调查

  21. do homework做家庭作业

  22. do house work做家务事

  23. eat less meat吃更少的肉

  24. junk food垃圾食物

  25. be good for 对什么有益

  26. be bad for对什么有害

  27. want to do sth 想做某事

  28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事

  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事

  30. come home from school放学回家

  31. of course=certainly=sure当然

  32. get good grades取得好成绩

  33. some advice

  34. help sb to do sth帮助某人做某事
=help sb with sth

  35. a lot of vegetables
=many vegetables许多蔬菜

  36. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

  37. keep/be in good health保持健康
II. 应掌握的句子:

  1.How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?
How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。
翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。”
(“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”)
“他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一次。”
(“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”)
“他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。”
(“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)

  2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”
“周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”
第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。
翻译:What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.
What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.

  3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”
“你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”

  4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .
as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的
-ing形式(即动名词)。如:
 As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。
 As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。
翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。(As for myself, I don’t want to go now. )
至于那个人,我什么都不知道。(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)

  5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .
want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;
want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:
Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?
The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

  6. She says it’s good for my health.
be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是
介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如:
It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。
Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。

  7. How many hours do you sleep every night?

  8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .

  9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。

  10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week .
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示
“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。如:
You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.
你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

  11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.
help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

  12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.
这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级

  13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?
=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …

  14. What sports do you play ?

  15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .
keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy

  16. You must try to eat less meat . 
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级

  17. That sounds interesting. 
这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell
(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get
(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:
It tastes good. 这味道好。
The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。
The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。
新目标八年级英语上册第二单元复习
I. 应掌握的词组:

  1. Have a cold 感冒
  2. sore back 背痛

  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进

  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛
= I have got a stomachache
=There is something wrong with my stomach
= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach

  5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?
= What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble?
= What’s wrong (with you)? =What’ the matter (with you)?
=What has happened to you? =Is there anything wrong (with you)?
= what’s up?


  6. sore throat 咽喉痛

  7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

  8. see a dentist 看牙医

  9. drink lots of water 多喝水

  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

  11.That’s a good idea 好主意

  12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了

  13.I think so 我认为如此


  14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服
= I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad.
= I don’t feel well.


  15. get some rest 多休息

  16. I have no idea = I don’t know
我不知道

  17. stressed out 筋疲力尽

  18. I am tired 我累了
He is tired. 他累了

  19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

  20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

  21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和

  22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛

  23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡

  24.healthy food 健康食品


  25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit

  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself
反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快=have a good time = have a wonderful time
=have fun

  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,
enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth

Practice doing sth.练习做某事,
mind doing sth. 介意做某事,
finish doing sth.完成某事,
give up doing sth.放弃做某事,
can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事,
keep ding sth. 坚持做某事.

即:practice, mind, finish, give up, can’t help, keep 与enjoy用法基本相似

  28.at the moment = now 此刻

  29. Host family 东道家庭

  30. Conversation practice会话练习

  31.I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过

II. 应掌握的句子:

  1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。

  2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。

  3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。

  4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。

  5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.
吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。

  6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.
太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。

  7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.
有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。

  8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。

  9.I believe him, but I can’t believe in him.
他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。

  10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。
I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。

  11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving.
我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。

  12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。

  13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in.
我进去时,她已经写完信了。

  14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。

  15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗?

  16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。

  17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。
新目标八年级英语第三单元复习
I.应掌握的词组:


  1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹

  2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶

  3. spend time with friends
和朋友们一起度过时光

  4. visit cousins 看望表弟等

  5. Go to sports camp 去运动野营

  6.go to the beach 去海滩

  7. go camping 去野营

  8. Go shopping 去买东西

  9. go swimming 去游泳

  10. go boating去划船

  11. go skating 去溜冰

  12. go walking去散步

  13. go climbing 去登山

  14. go dancing去跳舞

  15. go hiking 去徒步远足

  16. go sightseeing 去观光

  17. go house-hunting 去找房子

  18.go on a hike 徒步旅行,go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼


  19. do some shopping 买东西

  20. do some washing 洗衣服

  21. do some cooking 作饭

  22. do some reading 读书

  23. do some speaking训练口语

  24. do some sewing 做缝纫活

  25.that sounds nice 那好极了

  26. at home 在家

  27. how about=what about ……
怎么样?

  28. how long 多长时间

  29. how far 多远

  30. how often 多长时间一次

  31. how much, how many 多少

  32. have a good time =have fun= have a wonderful time= enjoy oneself
玩得高兴,过得愉快

  33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看
give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,
pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,
sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我
buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,
make me a cake=make a cake for me给我做蛋糕


  34. get back=come back回来

  35. rent videos租借影碟

  36. take walks=go for a walk散步

  37. think about 考虑

  38. decide on= decide upon
决定一个计划

  39. something different 不同的事情

  40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期

  41. I can’t wait 我等不及了

  42. the famous movie star 著名的影星

  43. an exciting vacation
激动人心的假期

  44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

  45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事,forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
II.应该掌握的句子:

  1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister.
假期你要做什么?我要照顾我的妹妹。

  2.Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.
你要和谁一起去?我要和父母一起去。

  3.When is he going camping? He is going on the 12th of February, 20
  05.

  4.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我要去西藏一周。

  5.What are you doing there? I’m going hiking in the mountains.
你在那里要做什么? 我要在山区里远足。

  6.Show me your photos when we get back to school.
我们返回学校时,你把照片拿给我看。

  7.Where are you going for vacation? I’m going to Hawaii for vacation.
你要去哪度假?我要去夏威夷度假。

  8.I’m going to Hawaii for vacation in December, and I’m staying for three weeks.我要在12月去夏威夷度假,在那里呆3个星期。

  9.What is it like there? 那里什么样子?

  10. Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans?
我可以问你一些有关你假期计划的问题吗?

  11. He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada.
他考虑去希腊或西班牙,但是最后他决定去加拿大。

  12. He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September.
他将在6月的第一个星
 

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