XXXXX 本科毕业论文
跨文化意识培养与中学英语教学
Development of Intercultural Communication Awareness in Middle School English Teaching
Abstract: Language and culture share a common lot as lips and teeth do. Language is the carrier of culture, and is the reflection of culture in the form of speech. This thesis analyses multitudinous problems through the demonstration of relationships between language and culture, especially the problem that the importance of culture teaching for English learning have been ignored in the process of middle school English teaching. The author further elaborates the significance of developing intercultural communication awareness in middle school English teaching. The significance is as follows: helping learners to learn efficiently, promoting learners’ comprehensive abilities and improving learners’ appropriateness of communication. Accordingly, the author suggests three ways to develop learners’ intercultural communication awareness. Concretely, they are: class infiltration, activity infiltration, interculture-knowledge lectures. Key Words: language and culture; intercultural communication awareness; development; English teaching
Introduction
In these recent years, intercultural communication awareness has been paid more and more attention to in the process of English teaching in China. For this, it has been an uncontroversial common sense to develop learners’ intercultural communication awareness and ability in the practice of English teaching in China. However, the fact that middle school English teaching focus simply on language teaching in form, to some extend, has dominated the whole process of English teaching. This results in problems in the course of English teaching, where there is ignorance of intercultural communication awareness and a lack of intercultural ingredients. However, culture plays an important role in English teaching as famous linguist E. Sapir has argued in his works Language that there lies something behind a language, and language cannot exist without culture. What’s more, one famous scholar at home once said that Language and culture share a common lot as lips and teeth do(Deng Yanchang,1989:
  24). As language shares a close relationship with culture, a language, to some extend, reflects the background information of a certain type of culture. Similarly, a certain type of culture will greatly influence a language, such as its vocabulary, grammar, even the way of people expressing their ideas. So, it is crucial to learn relevant culture
XXXXX 本科毕业论文
跨文化意识培养与中学英语教学
and to develop learners’ intercultural communication awareness when learning English for Chinese learners. Through the discussion of the relationship between intercultural communication awareness and English learning, this paper aims to demonstrate the significance to develop intercultural communication awareness. Then it further lists three ways to develop learners’ intercultural communication awareness. Finally, it is expected to give assistances to middle school English teaching in China
Ⅰ. Relationship between Language and Culture
Language shares a close relationship with culture. Language ability is a kind of special skill gained during the human being evolution. Social linguist Goodenough, W.H. believes that language is a kind of social cultural phenomenon, and the relevant researches should be done from the perspective of the relationship between culture and language in his book. He argues that language in a society is one aspect of the society’s culture, and the particularity of language shows that it is a main tool of learning culture during the process of learning and using. Without knowing its culture, a foreign language can not be comprehended and used correctly (Goodenough, W.H. 1981:
  12). Language is the carrier of culture. Dr. Sapir stressed that language shapes our perceptions, and he thought that understanding cultural behavior was impossible unless its development through language was thoroughly traced (E. Sapir, 1921:
  23). Language expresses and embodies cultural reality. If we are in different countries, we must know their cultures, thus, we can use the language freely. On the other hand, language, as a product of culture, helps perpetuate the culture, and the changes in language uses reflect the culture changes in return. Language and culture are interdependable and have influence on each other. Language is the very important carrier of culture, but culture has constrains on language. Language plays an important role in all kinds of activities of human being, and it is an indispensable part of social activity. Language has obvious features of culture: it is regular; it is particular to human being; it is acquired, not gene inherited. Historically, language is closed related with nation. People, who have the same ancestor, often speak the same language, whereas, there is no necessary relation between language and culture. It is national culture that decides the choice of language that is the same geographic environment, same economic structure, same social institution, and the same style of living of the same psychological quality shared by people. Language is the reflection of culture. Culture changes constantly in the process of social development. These changes can be reflected in the using of language. Although the basic
XXXXX 本科毕业论文
跨文化意识培养与中学英语教学
ingredients of a language can alter, there are some changes like vocabulary, grammar and some sentence structures. Even the components of a certain culture like people’s feeling, thoughts, costumes and their ways of doing things can be embodied in the form of speech. In conclusion, language shares a close relationship with culture. Language is the carrier of culture and is the reflection of culture. As culture, language is the common feature of human beings, and it is the indication distinguishing mankind and animal. This system is determined by human inheriting genes, and all the people share the same inheriting genes of language system. Human language phenomenon can be divided into two levels: language capability and language structure. The former is shared by all the human being, distinguished with animals, while the latter is based on different nations, different cultures. A man with the capability of language must live in a language environment. Only in this case can he acquire the language. Away from the environment, people can not achieve this purpose. In a word, to master a language, one must live in the very language cultural environment, or make every effort to learn the language culture.
Ⅱ. The Significance of Developing Learners’ Intercultural Communication Awareness
Intercultural communication awareness is very important to help learners to learn English efficiently and it is helpful to promote learners’ comprehensive ability. What’s most important is that developing learners’ intercultural communication awareness plays a very important role in improving learners’ appropriateness of communication. The developing of learners’ intercultural
communication awareness meets learner’s needs of learning English and fits for the requirement of intercommunication between different countries. Inevitably, the developing of learners’ intercultural communication awareness has irreplaceable significance for English teaching in China.
  2.
  1. Helping Learners to Learn Efficiently Development of learners’ intercultural communication awareness will greatly help learners to learn English efficiently. As have demonstrated above, language and culture share relationships with each other, so it is clear that intercultural communication awareness is helpful to advance learners’ learning. It is a common sense in English learning that one will find it difficult to understand completely the meaning of the English sentences, although he has recognized the meaning of these words which construct the whole sentence. The reason of this is that these sentences involve culture contents, which Chinese students feel strange to deal with. Still, usually we have this experience: when we are listening to something familiar to us, no matter what is concerned, usually we can easily understand. Even if there are some new words in the material,
XXXXX 本科毕业论文
跨文化意识培养与中学英语教学
we are able to guess their meanings according to its context. However, when we encounter some unfamiliar material or something closely related to cultural background, we feel it rather difficult. Even if the material is easy, we only know the literal meaning, but can’t understand its connotation, because we lack knowledge of cultural background. Reading English articles requires a certain language basis, but the competence of reading comprehension is not entirely related to one’s language level. Knowledge of cultural background is also important. Reading is a process affected by integration of one’s language knowledge, cultural background knowledge and other professional knowledge, and a process of continuous guesses and corrections according to available language material, cultural background and logical reasoning. As a result of this, learners will spend more and more time on pondering the sentences without a clear understanding of this sentence. Consequently, they have wasted much of their time. However, it is known that there is not much spare time given to middle school students and they should learn as much as possible in the limited time. As language is the reflection of culture, to some extent, learning language means leaning culture itself. In other words, the four basic courses of English learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing contain many components about culture. That is to say, without knowing culture and culture-related knowledge, it is hard to learn English well. Developing learners’ intercultural communication awareness aims to make middle school English teaching pay more attention to English culture teaching. And it aims to stimulate learners’ awareness of recognizing that learning English culture is necessary and helpful to enhance their English. Through this, students will have more chances to contact with English culture, after a long time’s training of this, students will know much about English culture. Thus, when dealing with questions that involve culture, students need not waste much time in thinking over and over. What’s more important is that students will have gained English language sense, which will greatly improve their speed and accuracy of solving questions in the text book or tests paper. In short, developing learners’ intercultural communication awareness will greatly help learners to learn English efficiently.
  2.
  2. Promoting Learners’ Comprehensive Ability Developing learners’ intercultural communication awareness is helpful to promote learners’ comprehensive abilities. It is known that there is a culture block between English culture and Chinese culture, for English is learned in China as a foreign language. As most Chinese learners know little even nothing about English culture, and in their English study there is no good cultural environment that can enhance learners’ English. However, as has been demonstrated, language shares a close relationship with its culture, so it is necessary for learner to know as much about English culture. What’s more, English learning, as the learning of a language, has its special
XXXXX 本科毕业论文
跨文化意识培养与中学英语教学
features which differ from the learning of other subjects. It is well known that people who are born and grow up in China need not spend much time learning Chinese language as does an English person who is born and grow up in England. What matters here is the environment under which culture can exert a subtle influence on their thinking and behaviors of acquiring their native language. It is clear that culture has great effects on a language. However, in China there is a lack of English cultural environment for English learning. In addition, traditional foreign language teaching does not pay much attention to culture teaching. It focuses mainly on the vocabulary and structures of the sentences. But plenty of facts prove that language is not only a symbol, a system, which was put forward by pure linguistic scholars, but also a social practice. Therefore successful foreign language teaching must help the student master the knowledge of culture rules, in addition to use them in particular situation. Every nation has its unique culture pattern and language is the carrier of culture. For instance, Asians emphasize the importance of orderly society whereas Americans emphasize the importance of personal freedom and individual rights. Developing learners’ intercultural communication can promote learners comprehensive abilities. It is difficult for learners who know little even nothing about English culture to comprehend English culture and English language, because English culture differs overwhelmingly from Chinese culture. Now that the English language is different from Chinese language in grammar, structure and thinking ways and so on, it is highly demanding to learn English well. By stressing on the importance of culture teaching and learning, the concept of developing
 

相关内容

2011届英语本科毕业论文编排模式

   学科分类号:050201 湖南人文科技学院 本科生毕业论文 : 题目(中文) (英文) : 学生姓名:学号 系 部: 外语系 英语专业 2007 级 专业年级: 指导教师(姓名) : (职称) : 湖南人文科技学院教务处制 (空一行) On Wordsworth’s Romanticist View of Nature (此处填论文的英语题目,3 号 Times New Roman 加粗居中) (空三行) By Zhang San (此处填作者姓名汉语拼音,3 号 Times New Rom ...

英语系本科毕业论文格式

   华东师大英语系本科毕业论文模版说明 华东师大英语系本科毕业论文模版说明 模版 一、论文组成部分的排列顺序 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 封面(带校徽) 内封面(英语系学生论文封面) 论文原创性声明 致谢 英文摘要及关键词 中文摘要及关键词 目录 正文 参考文献 封底 二、其他说明 其他说明 1 2 封面和封底由教务统一提供,根据内容、格式要求填写。 论文各组成部分都单独成页,中间有分页符隔开。内封面、论文原创性声 明不标注页码;从致谢到目录的页码在页码右下角插入,格式为小写罗马 ...

英语专业本科毕业论文格式

   英语专业本科毕业论文格式 语专业本科毕业论文格式 本科毕业论文 一、毕业论文打印格式 毕业论文打印格式 (一)页面设置:A4 纸型单面打印。 (二)封面:采用西安工程大学毕业设计(论文)统一封面。 (三)页码:页码从正文第二页开始打印(首页不显示) ,放在页面的右下角。 (四)字体: 中文字体用宋体; 英文字体采用 “时代新罗马 (Times New Roman)。 ” (五)字号:论文正文的字号用“小四” ,标题用“四号”加粗。 (六)行距:论文全文采用 1.5 倍行距。 (七)对齐方式: ...

英语系本科毕业论文格式要求

   一、 项目 论文应依次包括以下各项内容: 1. 封面(学校统一的中文封面和学院的英文封面) 2. 致谢(Acknowledgements) 3. 英文摘要(Abstract) 4. 中文摘要 5. 目录(Contents) 6. 正文(包括引言、论文主体和结语) 7. 尾注(Endnotes)(如有必要) 8. 参考文献(Bibliography) 9. 附录(Appendix)(如有必要) 二、 封面页 具体格式参见论文样式。 三、 致谢页 页面上端空一行(小四号) 。第二行以 Ackno ...

英语系本科毕业论文格式说明

   关于英文学位论文基本参考格式的说明 说明: 本说明的内容主要根据燕山大学本科生毕业论文的要求, 并结合燕山大学外语学院硕 士论文格式要求而适当修改而成,在本说明中,有部分内容和“燕山大学本科毕业论文格式 要求”不尽相同,请各位同学按本说明 本说明的要求进行操作。在学校要求和模板与英语系的要 本说明 在学校要求和模板与英语系的要 求和模板内容出现冲突时,请以英语系的规定为参考,英语系未作说明之处, 求和模板内容出现冲突时,请以英语系的规定为参考,英语系未作说明之处,请参考学校 规定。 规定。 ...

英语专业本科毕业论文题目范例

   四川外语学院成都学院本科毕业生论文参考题目(一) 论文参考题目 一 论文参考题目(一) 题目 1. 《红字》中海丝特 ? 白兰不理智的一面(The Irrational Side of Hester Prynne of The Scarlet Letter) 2. 《董贝父子》中的矛盾冲突(The Conflict in Donbey and Son) 3. 论文化不同对联想意义及翻译的影响(On Influence of Cultural Differences on Associativ ...

英语系本科毕业论文格式规范实施细则

   目录中内容:不加粗,小四号 字,二级和三级标题依次向右 缩进.所有标题仅第一个单词 的首字母大写. (专有名词除 外. 目录页最多包括 4 级标题 论文中所有英语使用 Times New Roman,汉 语使用宋体. 加粗,小三号字,居中 排版,段前空一行. CONTENTS Abstract...……………………………………………………………………………………….i 摘要……………………………………………………………………………………………ii 1 2 Introduction……………… ...

浙江师范大学外国语学院英语专业函授本科毕业论文格式...

   浙江师范大学外国语学院英语专业函授本科毕业论文格式要求 浙江师范大学外国语学院英语专业函授本科毕业论文格式要求 英语专业函授本科 一、 格式 论文至少依次包括封面、目录、英文摘要(Abstract)与关键词(Key words) 、中 文摘要与关键词、英文提纲(Outline) 、中文提纲、英文引言(Introduction) 、正文、结 语(Conclusion)和文献目录(Works Cited)等十部分。 二、封面 具体样式参见论文样本页 A,封面格式可到外国语学院网站下载。 封面 三 ...

英语学院本科毕业论文写作与指导手册(2009)final

   北京外国语大学英语学院 本科毕业论文写作与指导手册 英语学院本科毕业论文指导委员会 2009 年 3 月 目 录 1. 北京外国语大学本科毕业论文工作条例…………………………02 2. 北京外国语大学英语学院关于本科毕业论文的相关规定………10 3. 北京外国语大学英语学院学士学位论文格式范例与说明………14 4. 北京外国语大学学士论文指导手册(样表)……………………33 5. 北京外国语大学学士论文指导手册填写指南……………………38 6. 英语学院学士学位论文撰写及答辩时间安排………… ...

英语专业本科毕业论文选题

   英语专业本科毕业论文选题 一、英美文学研究选题 1. A Brief Comment on Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice (浅淡莎士比亚的 《威尼斯商人》 ) 2. Hamlet: His Characters as a Humanist (哈姆雷特人物性格分析) 3. Parallelism and Contrast of Shakespeare’s Dramatic Language (莎士比亚戏剧的排比与对照 用语) 4. The Socia ...

热门内容

四年级上册英语教案

   PEP 小学英语四年级英语试卷 班级 一、听辨人物 ( ( ( ( ( )1.A. Mike )2.A. John )3.A. hen )4.A. tomato )5.A. Chinese 5分 B. sheep B. Srarh B. goat C. Mr Black 姓名 成绩 C. Amy C. cow C. potato B. socks B. music C. P.E. 二、听选数字 5 分 听选数字 ( ( ( ( ( )1.A. seven )2.A. one )3.A. tw ...

牛津初中英语8B_Unit4单元知识点复习

   牛津初中英语 8B Unit4 单元知识点复习 1.1)donate donation . ) donate…to sb./组织 = give sth. to sth. 组织 donate sth. to do sth. make/send a donation to sb./组织 组织 2) raise sth. for… ) Many people money to Project Hope Ricky is helping money for Spring Bud Project. 2 ...

【2011年新东方考研英语】词汇基础班讲义赵晓东

   大家网考研论坛 v. ①接受, 认可; ②同意,认可 acceptable a.可接受的 acceptance n. ①接受,验收; ②承认,认可 [ Ek5septEbl ] [Ek5septEns] 考研英语大纲词汇 主讲:赵晓东 第一部分 做梦娶媳妇篇 ceive- cept(握有,获得) ●conceive (3) [ kEn5si:v ] con(整体,全部)+ceive(获得)=获得整体概念 =构想 v.①(of)设想,构思,想象; ②怀胎,受孕 concept (19) [ 5 ...

新世纪大学英语_综合教程4_unit5_答案

   新世纪大学英语综合教程第 4 册 unit4 课后答案 新世纪大学英语综合教程第 4 册 unit6 课后答案 新世纪大学英语综合教程第 4 册 unit5 课后答案 课后答案 2010-04-20 13:48:47 阅读 155 评论 0 字号:大中小 订阅 UNIT 5 填单词 </Key> - <Answers> - <Blank id="1"> <Answer id="1">fortune< ...

大学英语作文典例

   学 ,请远 股 (College Students,out of Stock Market,Please) Recently, one of the hottest topic arousing general concern is whether College students should deal in stocks. It is widely accepted that practice with study can bring some positive effects for ...