The Formation of passivevoice: (被动语态) 被动语态)
形式 时态
助动词be的变化形式 助动词 的变化形式 + 实意动词的过去分词
现在一般时态 一般过去时态 一般将来时态 一般过去将来时态 现在进行时态 过去进行时态 现在完成时态 过去完成时态 将来完成时态 过去将来完成时态
am (is , are ) was ( were) shall ( will) be should (would) be +done am(is, are) being was (were ) being has (have) been had been shall (will) have been should (would) have been
Now you are going to turn as many sentences from Great European Cities as possible into passive voice sentences in present and past forms.

  1.Paris is made the capital of France.
  2.Paris is built on the River Seine.
  3.Paris is regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
  4.Paris is visited by more than eight million tourists every year.
  5.The Eiffel Tower is looked as the most popular place for tourists.
  6.The Eiffel Tower is made the famous symbol of Pairs.

  7.The Louvre is also found in Paris.
  8.The Church of the Sagrada Familia was designed by an architect.
  9.The architect is called Antonio Gaudi.
  10.The church hasn’t been finished yet.
  11.The paintings were produced by great artists.
  12.Florence is visited each year by about a million tourists.
  13.Athens is found to be the birthplace of western civilization.
  14.The Parthenon was built during this period.
  15.Greece’s best writers were invited to live in ancient Athens.
  16.Other writers were influenced by them.
Subject and verb agreement(主谓一致 语法形式上一致 主谓一致)语法形式上一致 主谓一致

  1. 如果主语是不可数名词,动名词,不定式或从句的时候,谓 语动词用单数. ①Smoking is not a good habit. ②To live happily needs a lot of things. ③What I said is true.
  2. 如果由and连接的两个做主语的单数名词指的是同一 个人或物的时候,用单数动词. The singer and songwriter is dead. The science and technology plays an important part in China.如果由and连接的两个或更多的主语之前 有each, every, many a/an, no的时候用单数名词. Every boy and every girl in the class works very hard. Each minute and second is valuable to us.

  3. 主语是单数, 后面跟有with, along with, together with,besides, as well as, but, except, no less than,rather than, more than, like, including, in addition to 的时候, 谓 语动词用单数. Jack with his family wants to go to China. He, as well as you, is very honest. No one but I is a student.
  4. 由some, any, no, every构成的复合代词(sb,sth)和 each, either, neither, one, the other, another, little, a little, much, no one, nothing做主语的时候,谓语动词用单数. Each of you is cleverer than me. Neither student has passed the exam. each作主 语的同位语时, 谓语动词由主语来决定,与each无关: They each have a radio set.

  5. both, few, a few, several, many以及others做主语的时 候, 永远用复数动词. Several friends were invited to the party.
  6. 表示时间、距离、金钱等的复数名词作主语表达一个整 体概念时,谓语动词常用单数,但若强调数量,谓语动词 可用复数:One million dollars is a lot of money.
  7. “more than one +名词”作主语时,谓语动词常用单 数:More than one teacher gets the dictionaries.
  8. “many a +名词”作主语时,从意义上看是复数,但谓 语动词常用单数:Many a worker has been sent to build the dam.
语言内容上一致

  1. 有些名词形式上是复数,而意义上是单数,如news, means, works和以-ics结尾的学科名词,如politics, physics, mathematics, maths, ecnomics,athletics(体 育),gymnastics(体操),等及书名,戏剧名,报纸及国家 名称等的复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。如:如: Physics is very important. The United States is a large country.
  2. 有些形复意单的词, 如由两个对应部 分组成一体的名词复数(scissors, trousers, glasses, shoes等)作主语时,前面若有“一条”、“一副”、 “一把”之类的单位词,动词用单数;若没有单位词或 单位词是复数,则谓语动词用复数:The trousers are ok.
  3. 有些表示总称意义的名词,单数形式代表复数的 内容,谓语要用复数形式。如people(人民), police, cattle(牛群)等常用复数动词.

  4. 有一些集体名词,如果表示的是整体就用单数动词, 如果 表示的是其中的个体就用复数谓语动词.这样的词常见的 有family, class, audience, public, team等等. His family are all singers. His family is very large.
  5. all, none, any, some, more和most要是修饰单数名词, 谓语动词用单数; 若是修饰复数名词,就用复数动词. ①Most of the apple is bad. ②Most of the apples are bad. ③None of this money is yours. ④None of the people here are teachers.

  6. The following 作主语时,谓语动词的数与后面名词的 数保持一致:The following are my articles. 下面是我的 文章。
  7. A number of 作主语是谓语用复数,the number 作主语 是谓语用单数。“One and a half +名词”作主语时,谓 语动词要用单数:One and a half hours is not enough.
  8. “one or two/ more+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用 复数:One or two cities are flooded.
  9. “one of+复数名词+ 定语从句”结构中,定语从句的 谓语动词要用复数;而在“the only one of+复数名词+ 定语从句” 结构中,定语从句的谓语动词要用单数:He is one of the workers who got laid off.

  10. “half of, the rest of, most of, all of及百分数或分数+ of 等后接名词”作主语时,谓语动词形式根据of后的 名词而定:Three fourths of the land is covered with trees.
  11. all指人时,动词用复数;all指物时,动词用单数: All are present and all is going well.
  12. what引导的主语从句,谓语动词可视表语而定:表 语是单数名词时,动词用单数,相反,则用复数: What they want to get are a number of good cars. .

  13.运算数字时谓语动词用单数.如: Seven minus five is two. Four times five makes twenty.
  14.A great/good deal of/a large amount of+ 不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。如: A great deal of money has been wasted.
  15.a kind of/a sort of/a type of/a series of+n 作主语,谓语用单数。如: The kind of man annoys (令人生厌)me.

  16.两个单数名词用and连接表示同一个概念 或不可分割的整体作主语时,谓语用单数. 如:war and peace / iron and steel / truth and honesty /a watch and chain / needle and thread /a knife and fork Bread and butter is their daily food.
  17.由where,when或how连在一起说明同一个 人所作出的决定时,谓语用单数。如: When and where to build the new factory is not decided. Where to get the materials and how to get them has not been discussed.
谓语动词和紧位于其前的主语一致

  1.由or连接的两个以上主语时,动词和最接近的主语一 致. You or he is wrong. Are you or he wrong?
  2. 由either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also连接 的两个以上主语时,动词和最近的主语一致. Either he or you have to tell the truth. Neither my brother nor his friends are over 18 years old. Not only the basketball players but also the coach was very nervous.
高考链接 B
  1. Nobody but Jane the secret. (2005全国)
A. know
B. knows
C. have known
D. is known
D
  2. All but one here just now. (2004全国)
A. is
B. was
C. has been
D. were
B
  3. Not only I but also Jane and Mary tired of having one examination after another. (2003全国)
A. is
B. are
C. am
D. be
A
  4. A library with five thousand books to the nation as a gift. (1999全国)
A. is offered
B. have offered
C. are offered
A
D. has offered

  5. When and where to build the new factory yet. (2001全国) A. is not decided C. has not decided B. are not decided D. have not decided
C
  6. The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. (1996全国)
A. were, was
B. was , was
C. was , were D. were , were
C
  7. of the land in that district covered with trees and grass. (2000全 国)
A. Two fifth, is B. Two fifth, are C. Two fifths, is D. Two fifths , are
A
  8. A poet and artist coming to speak to us about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. (2006天津)
A. is
B. are
C. was
D. were
B
  9. Most of what has been said about the Smiths also true of the Johnsons. (2006安徽)
A. are B. is
C. being D. to be
B
  10. What we used to think impossible now does seem possible. (2006天津) A. is B. was C. has been D. will be
能力提升 C
  1. This is one of the most interesting questions that asked.
A. have
B. has
C. have been
D. has been
B
  2. Between the two rows of trees the teaching building.
A. stand
B. stands
C. standing
D. are
A
  3. All that can be done.
A. has been done
B. has done C. have done
D. were done
B
  4. They each a new dictionary.
A. has
B. have
C. is
D. are
B
  5. The singer and the dancer come to the meeting.
A. has
B. have
C. are
D. is
A
  6. I have finished a large part of the book ; the rest more difficult.
A. is
B. are
C. was
D. were
A
  7. The wounded by the hospital.
A. have been taken in taken in
B. has been taken in C. have taken in
D. has

  8. Business studies B a skill-based subject which_ students’ ability to use their _ knowledge. is; test B. is; tests C. are; test D. are; tests
A
  9. Behind the discussion about free e-mails __ the idea of how to use the Internet correctly.
A. is
B. are
C. have
D. has
D
  10. The excellent service of the waiters __ highly praised. That’s why the restaurant is always full of people.
A. were
B. are
C. was
D. is
Writing导学案 写作练习 导学案 写作练习:
请根据下表内容写一篇英语短文介绍我国的城市??重庆。 位置重庆市地处中国内陆之西南,位于长江上游,城市依山而建,人谓“山城”面 积、人口面积82,403平方公里;全市人口3,144万人气候重庆气候温和,是宜居城市旅 游有很多名胜;很多特色小吃,如火锅、酸辣汤;人们热情好客 要求:
  1. 文章必须包括表中所有要点;
  2. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯; 词数110左右。 参考词汇:火锅hot pot; 酸辣汤sweet & sour soup
?????????????????????????????? 写作(One possible version) ?????????????????????????????????????? Chongqing is in the southwest of China, and is situated on upper reaches of the ?????????????????????????????????????? Yangtze River. Located in a hilly landscape, Chongqing is also known as the "City of ?????????????????????????????????????? Hills". It covers an area of 82,403 square kilometers, and has a population of
  31.44 ?????????????????????????????????????? million. The warm climate of Chongqing makes it a suitable place to live in. Chongqing ?????????????????????????????????????? has many places of interest and is famous for a variety of snacks you can try there. Hot ?????????????????????????????????????? pot and sweet & sour soup are the most famous dishes from there. All of these plus the ?????????????????????????????????????? friendliness of the local people attracts visitors from all over the world. ?????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????? ???????
Module 1 Europe 复习导学案 编订人:尹显生 审核人:刘祖林 包科领导: 【学习目标 学习目标】
  1、熟练掌握重点词汇及用法,培养在 学习目标 语境中灵活运用的能力。
  2、通过学生课堂巩固学习、合作探究, 掌握本单元重点句法结构。
  3、运用本单元词汇、句子结构让学生 复述课文。 【重点难点 重点难点】复习巩固本单元知识。 重点难点 【使用说明 使用说明】
  1、自习时间(5分钟)复习本单元知 使用说明 识点。
  2、利用课堂时间(5分钟)学生互查 本单元单词短语和重点句子。
  3、利用课堂时间(15分钟)完成限时 训练。
  4、教师利用5分钟讲评训练题。
词汇过关
I.单词记忆 单词记忆
  2. 山脉 range 山脉 symbol
  4. 象征,符号 象征,符号
  6. 计划,项目,工程 project 计划,项目,工程
  8. 古代的 ancient 古代的
  10. 贫穷 poverty 贫穷
  12. 产品,农产品 产品,农产品 produce feature
  14. 特点 特点
  •  
 

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