Unit 2 Working the land Language points

  1. Have you ever grown any plants? If so, what did you do to grow them? If so=If you have ever grown some plants. so 表示“象那样的,如前所说的”,用 表示“象那样的,如前所说的” 于代替已陈述的事。 于代替已陈述的事。如: can you pass the exam? I hope so.

  2. He wants everyone to call him a farmer, for that’s how he regards himself.
  1) 辨析 辨析because, for because表示理由充分 有必然因果 表示理由充分,有必然因果 表示理由充分 关系, 能回答以why引起的问句。 引起的问句。 关系 能回答以 引起的问句
? Why aren’t you coming with us to the concert? ? Because I have got a bad headache.
? 你为何不与我们一起去看音乐会? 你为何不与我们一起去看音乐会? ? 因为我头痛。 因为我头痛。
for (因为 由于 补充说明理由 不用 因为,由于 补充说明理由,不用 因为 由于),补充说明理由 于句首;不能回答以 引起的问句。 于句首 不能回答以why引起的问句。 不能回答以 引起的问句 如: The shop was quite new, for it had opened only the week before.
he says so, it must be true. since it was late, I made haste to go. As The day breaks because the sun rises. The day breaks, the birds are singing. for

  2) regard regard...as...; 将......认为 认为 We regarded her as the best writer among us. in/ with regard to sb./sth. 关于 至于 关于,至于 a country’s laws in regard to human rights 一个国家关于人权的法律

  3. works the land work vi./ vt. 经营 管理 经营,管理 work the land=grow crops on it 耕耘土地 He works a big farm. 他经营着一个大的农场。 他经营着一个大的农场。

  4. In many ways, he is one of them, and he has struggled for the past five decades to help them. 常与现在完成时连用的时间状语 (
  1) already, yet, ever, just, recently, lately, never, before (adv.) The boy has already/just got home.
I haven’t heard from him yet /recently /lately. I have seen the old man somewhere before. (
  2) since/for I have lived in Beijing since 20
  00. I have lived in Beijing since I arrived here. I have lived in Beijing for 5 years.
struggle vi. 搏斗, 挣扎, 努力, 拼搏 搏斗 挣扎 努力 They were struggling to get out the burning car. 他们挣扎着从烧着的车里往外爬。 他们挣扎着从烧着的车里往外爬。 She struggled up the stairs with her heavy bags. 她提着沉重的行李艰难地走上楼梯。 她提着沉重的行李艰难地走上楼梯。 [搭配 struggle against 搭配] 搭配 斗争, 而斗争, 与…斗争,为反对 而斗争, 斗争 为反对…而斗争 struggle for 为争取…而斗争 为争取 而斗争

  5. Dr Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice.
  1) Super 特级,超级 特级,
  2) What =the thing(s) that e.g. I don’t quite understand what you are explaining. Please watch what I am doing carefully.
the emperor saw was quite different from the old minister told him. A. What, that C. Which, that B. That, what D. All, all
It is pretty well understood controls the flow of carbon dioxide in and out the atmosphere today. A. that C. what B. when D. how

  6. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. it 在句中作形式宾语 真正的宾语为 在句中作形式宾语, 真正的宾语为to produce…, 结构为 动词 结构为: 动词(make, feel, think, regard…)+it +adj+ to do. e.g. We think it important to learn English well.
I like in the autumn when the whether is clear and bright. A. This B. that C. it D. one.

  7. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. make it +宾语补足语 动词不定 宾语补足语+动词不定 宾语补足语 做形式宾语,动词不定式是真正 式,it 做形式宾语 动词不定式是真正 的宾语。 做形式宾语 做形式宾语, 的宾语。it做形式宾语 通常和下列 动词连用: 动词连用
consider, think, make, find, believe, count, declare, deem, fancy, feel, guess, imagine, judge, prove, see, show, suppose, understand, take等. 等 We consider it our duty to support good leaders. The new method makes it possible to complete the task faster.
Tom found it very embarrassing to be reminded of the long-standing debt. Susan deemed it advisable to keep the matter secret. We all feel it nice to be able to visit that distinguished university.
Who can prove it wrong to have a “make-money-quick” mentality? The guide thought wrong to eat monkeys. A. this B. it is C. it D. that was

  8. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvest without expanding the area of fields. ▲ search = try to find by looking for “搜查”。 搜查” 搜查
They searched everywhere but could not find the lost child. 他们各处都找遍了, 他们各处都找遍了 始终找不到丢失 的小孩。 的小孩。 The home was searched but no one was found. 搜查了房屋但一个人也未发现。 搜查了房屋但一个人也未发现。
▲ search常用的搭配: 常用的搭配: 常用的搭配 search sb./sth. 搜查某人/某物 搜查某人 某物 search for sb./sth. 搜寻某人 某物 搜寻某人/某物 search sth./sb. for…搜查某物 某人 搜查某物/某人 搜查某物 以寻找…… 以寻找 in search of 寻找 search out 发现
注意: 注意: search sb.指“搜查某人”, 指对某人 指 搜查某人” 进行搜身。 进行搜身。 search for sb.指“搜寻某人”, 指为了 指 搜寻某人” 要找到某人进行搜寻, 相当于look for。 要找到某人进行搜寻 相当于 。 例如: 例如:
The policeman searched the thief to see what he had in his pockets. 警察搜查小偷, 看他口袋里有什么东西。 警察搜查小偷, 看他口袋里有什么东西。 The villagers are searching for the missing child. 村民们正在搜寻那个失踪的孩子。 村民们正在搜寻那个失踪的孩子。

  9. Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger.
  1) thanks to表示“幸亏 多亏”多用于 表示“ 多亏” 表示 幸亏,多亏 表达正面意思, 相当于感谢, 表达正面意思 相当于感谢 在句中 作状语和表语。 作状语和表语。 Thanks to your help,much trouble , was saved. 多亏你的帮助, 减少了许多麻烦。 多亏你的帮助 减少了许多麻烦。
Animals’ living environments have been getting worse the increase in industrial pollution. A. thanks to C. as B. because D. since

  2) rid…of … 使…摆脱 清除 摆脱/清除 摆脱 清除… rid a house of mice 清除室内老鼠 rid oneself of debt 还清债务 [类似用法动词 : 类似用法动词]: 类似用法动词 inform/ warn/ cure…of…, The sales manager asked his men to inform him of everything concerning the sales in time. 销售部经理让他手下的人 把关于销售量的情况及时报告他。 把关于销售量的情况及时报告他。

  10. Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before. 英语中的倍数表达法共有三种形式: 英语中的倍数表达法共有三种形式 (
  1) 倍数 + 形容词/副词的比较级 + 形容词 副词的比较级 than... (
  2) 倍数 + as +形容词 副词的原级 + 形容词/副词的原级 形容词 as...
(
  3) 倍数 + the + 名词 of... 名词+ This building is five times higher than that one. 这座楼比那座楼高出五倍。 这座楼比那座楼高出五倍。 This building is five times as high as that one. 这座楼是那座楼的五倍高。 这座楼是那座楼的五倍高。
This building is five times the height of that one. 这座楼是那座楼的五倍高。 这座楼是那座楼的五倍高。 The new building is four times the size of the old one. It is reported that the United States uses energy as the whole of Europe. A. as twice B. twice much C. twice much as D. twice as much

  11. And he would rather keep time for his hobbies. would rather 宁愿,宁可 宁愿, He’d rather work in the countryside. [用法 :would rather…than… 宁愿… 用法1]: 宁愿 用法 而不…,与其…不如 不如… 而不 ,与其 不如 I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema.
[用法 :would … rather than… 用法2]: 用法 =would rather…than… Facing the enemies, our soldiers would die rather than surrender. 面对敌人, 我们的战士宁死不屈。 面对敌人 我们的战士宁死不屈。 Rather than refuse to help you, I would borrow money from my friends. 我宁 可向朋友借钱, 也不愿拒绝帮助你。 可向朋友借钱 也不愿拒绝帮助你。
[用法 :would rather后面也可跟从句 用法3]: 用法 后面也可跟从句 表示主语宁愿某人做某事。这时, 表示主语宁愿某人做某事。这时,从句 谓语应用虚拟语气, 谓语应用虚拟语气,即用一般过去时表 示现在或将来要做的事;用过去完成时 示现在或将来要做的事; 表示已经做过的事或过去要做的事。 表示已经做过的事或过去要做的事。 I’d rather you hadn’t told him the news that day.
[用法 would rather have done sth. 用法4]: 用法 表示主语要做某事, 而结果却事与愿违。 表示主语要做某事 而结果却事与愿违。 I’d rather have left a note on her desk. 我本想留张字条在她的书桌上。 我本想留张字条在她的书桌上。 (事实上没有 事实上没有) 事实上没有
典型例题: 典型例题: Shall we go skating or stay at home? Which do yourself? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather 答案B 更喜欢做… 答案 would rather do sth. 更喜欢做

  12. Indeed, he believes that a person with too much money has more rather than fewer troubles.
  1) too much 与much too的区别 的区别 too much通常位于动词之后 修饰动 通常位于动词之后,修饰动 通常位于动词之后 的状语,后面也可接名 词,too做much的状语 后面也可接名 做 的状语 词。
She does talk too much, doesn’t she? He has too much work to do. 而much too则常用在形容词或副词之 则常用在形容词或副词之 前修饰形容词或副词。 前修饰形容词或副词。 The dress is much too long for me. 这衣服我穿太长了。 这衣服我穿太长了。 I got into the taxi and drove much too fast. 我上了出租车 并开得飞快。 我上了出租车, 并开得飞快。

  2) rather than 而不是 Mary, rather than her roommates, is going to Beijing. 要去北京的是玛丽, 要去北京的是玛丽 而不是她的 室友们。 室友们。
注意: 注意 rather than 连接两个名词或代 词作主语时,谓语动词应与 词作主语时 谓语动词应与rather 谓语动词应与 than 前面的名词或代词在人称和 数上保持一致。 数上保持一致。 She ran rather than walked. 她跑着而不是走着。 她跑着而不是走着。
He is a student rather than a worker. 他是学生,不是工人 不是工人。 他是学生 不是工人。 They lost some books rather than money. 他们丢了一些书, 而不是钱。 他们丢了一些书 而不是钱。 I decided to write rather than (to) telephone. 我决定写信而不打电话。 我决定写信而不打电话。

  14. He therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture. Therefore adv. 因此,因而 因此, equip vt. 装备,配备,供给,提供 装备,配备,供给, He equipped himself for a long journey. 他为长途旅行准备行装。 他为长途旅行准备行装。 Proper education will equip one for a job. 接受一定的教育就使你具备就业的能力. 接受一定的教育就使你具备就业的能力
Discussion
There is still hunger in the world.
If you had the chance to do something to help end hunger in the world, what would you do ?
The measures taken to deal with hunger Invent a new kind of plant to produce more food. Find a new sort of fertilizer(肥料 肥料)to 肥料 give rice enough nutrition Find some new ways to stop the pollution to the environment and protect the soil in the field.
Homework

  1. Writing practice Write a short biography about Dr. Yuan (130 words, a writing plan is required.)
  2. Learned the words by heart.
 

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