Step One :Guessing (15分)

  1.right away ;
  2. wells 3.pipes;
  4.burst ;
  5. million ;
  6. event ; 7.as if ;
  8. at an end ;
  9. nation ;
  10. canals ;
  11. steam ;
  12. dirt ;
  13. in ruins ;
  14. suffering ;
  15.extreme

  16.injured ;
  17.destroy ;
  18. brick ;
  19. dam ;
  20. track ;
  21. useless ;
  22. shock ;
  23. quake ;
  24. rescue ;
  25.trap ;
  26.electricity __;
  27. disaster ;
  28.dig out ;
  29. bury ;
  30. shelter
Step two:Translate the sentences (10分)
?
  1. In the farmyards , the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat . ?
  2. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide . ?
  3. But the one million people of the city , who thought little of these events , were asleep as usual that night . ?
  4. It seemed as if the world was at the end !
?
  5. It was felt in Beijing , which is more than two hundred kilometers away . ?
  6. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses , roads and canals . ?
  7.The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000 .
?
  8. Then later that afternoon , another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan . ?
  9. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead . ?
  10. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed .
Structure of the news report : Clue ( 线索 ) of the story: Time order Before~during~after the earthquake Part
  1. (Para.
  1) part
  2. (Para.2,
  3) part
  3. (Para.
  4) Strange things were happening before the earthquake, but no one took any notice of them. The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan and shocked the people very much. The army came to help the survivors 生还者) (生还者),bringing hope for a new life.
Para.1
Careful reading
What strange things happened before Tangshan Earthquake?
fish mice well chickens dogs pigs sky
The water in The village wells rose fell and ; the well walls had cracks deep ; A smelly gas came out of them.
The chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. to
Mice ran out of the fields Looking for places to hide
Fish jumped out of bowls and ponds.
bright light Some people saw in the sky. And the sound of planes could be heard outside of the city of Tangshan.
Careful reading
What happened before the earthquake?
had deep cracks Walls of the wells. were too nervous to eat Chickens and pigs. ran out of the fields looking for places to hide Mice. jumped out of bowls and ponds Fish. were heard and seen Sound and lights. cracked and burst Water pipes.
The buildings fell down(倒下 . 倒下) 倒下
buildings
bridge railway Many things were destroyed, such as … road The cracks(裂缝 裂缝) 裂缝 cut across(横断 截断 )the 横断,截断 横断 roads .
When and where did the greatest earthquake happen in the 20th century? Tangshan, Hebei 03:42:53 July 28th, 1976
What happened during the earthquake?
House,roads and canals Steam Hills of rock The large city had a huge crack burst from hole in the ground. became rivers of dirt lay in ruins
Fill in the blanks Main Idea Details
3:42 greatest ? At am, the earthquake of the 20th century began . Steam ? burst from holes in the ground. dirt ?Hard hills of the rock became rivers of . Bricks ? covered the ground like red autumn leaves. dams ? Two and most of the bridges fell. ? The railway tracks were now useless steel pieces of . Sand ? now filled the wells instead of water. ?Water,food,andelectricity were hard to get.
Damage caused by earthquake Para. 2-3
Para. 2-3
Data(数据)
of the nation felt the earthquake .
1/3 30
In
A huge crack that was
8
kilometres long and
metres wide cut across houses. terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.
of the people died or were injured during the earthquake. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000 . All of the city’s hospitals, 75% of its factories _ and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone.
15 2/3
Part 3:Topic sentence: the first sentence. Main idea: The army came to help the survivors(生还者) bringing hope for a new life.
What happened after the earthquake?
The army: sent soldiers to Tangshan. organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. Workers: built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Result: The city began to breathe again. All hope was not lost.
Consolidation
Fill in the blank with proper words
earthquake There was a big in Tangshan in 19
  76. Before the rose earthquake, the water in the village wells and fell. The animals nervous were too to eat. But the people didn’t know about it. At 3:42 am, everything began to shake. In fifteen terrible seconds, ruins the large city lay in. More than400,000 people were killed or injured.
Then later that afternoon,another big earthquake shook Tangshan . But all hope was notlost ,because soldiers came to help survivors those.
How many natural disasters do you know?
seismic sea wave / tsunami
volcano
thunderstorm
Fire Flood
Can you imagine what would the city be like after the earthquake?
What strange things would happen before an earthquake?
Bright lights flash in the sky
Animals are too nervous to sleep, such as cats, dogs, chickens, horses, ducks and rabbits, etc.
Fish jumped out of bowls and ponds.
Mice ran out of the fields
There were cracks on the wells. The water in the well rose and fell.
Reading
Divide the whole passage into three parts and then find out the topic sentence of each part. Try to get the main idea of each part.
True ( T )or false( F ) statement : One-third
  1. Two-thirds of the nation felt the earthquake. ( F ) Two-thirds
  2. All the people in Tangshan were dead or injured during the earthquake. ( F ) 75% 75%
  3. All of the city’s hospitals, factories, buildings and homes were damaged in the earthquake.( F ) 90%
  4. Later that afternoon, a terrible earthquake shook Tangshan again. ( T )
  5. People slept outdoors after the earthquake.( T )
Choose the best answer.
? (
  1)What is the mood of this passage? ? A.Sad. B.Serious. ? C.Serious and a bit sad. D.Calm
?
? ?
?
?
(
  2)What can be inferred form the passage? A.If mice run out of the fields looking for places to hide,there must be an earthquake. B.If some natural signs had not been ignored,all the people in Tangshan city might have had a chance to survive. C.There wouldn't have been such a great earthquake,if people had paid enough attention to some natural signs. D.If some natural signs had not been ignored,more people might have had a chance to survive.
? (
  3)Which of the following statements can not be part of the main reasons for the heavy loss of life in Tangshan earthquake? ? A.The earthquake happened in the deep night and people were sleeping in bed at the very movement. ? B.There weren't enough rescue workers. ? C.The buildings were poorly constructed and most of them were destroyed in the earth-quake. ? D.People were not careful enough to notice some natural signs before the earthquake.
? (
  4)How do you understand the real meaning of the idiom"It is always calm before a storm"? ? A.It is unusually quiet before a thunderstorm or hurricane hit. ? B.One should not trust situations that seem peaceful since bad things may happen. ? C.The weather is fine before a storm comes. ? D.You should stay calm before a storm.
Tang shan’s new look
How can we protect ourselves (自我保护 自我保护)in an earthquake ? 自我保护
B
A
Hide under the hard furniture ( 家 具)
Put out the fire and turn off the gas
C
Use something hard (硬 硬 的) to protect your head
D
Never try to use the lift
Fill in the blanks
Main Idea Details Strange ? things were happening in the countryside in northeast Hebei. rose ?The water in the wells and fell . smelly ?A gas came out of the cracks. ?The chickens and pigs were toonervous eat to . ? Fish jumped out of the bowls and ponds. ?Mice out of the fields. ran ?At am on July 28, 1976, people 3:00 bright saw lights in the sky.
signs before Earthquake Para.1
 

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