英语必修一复习要点 Unit1 & Unit2
一. 重点单词与短语
  1. concern (
  1)n.所关心的人或事;担心,挂念 His greatest concern is the future of his daughter. The report expressed the public's concerne about/for the nuclear waste. (
  2)v.与……有关;涉及;使……担忧 The lecture concerned the environmental protection. What concerns us is that so many children in the area have dropped out of school. concerned a.关心的(about),与……有关的(with) He is never concerned about what is going on with his family and friends. 拓展: have no concern for 毫不关心 be concerned about/for 关心 as/so far as …is concerned 就……而言 concerning prep.关于;有关
  2. suffer (
  1)vt.遭受,蒙受(痛苦,疾病,饥饿,损失等) Many provinces in our country suffered a heavy loss in the flood in 19
  98. (
  2)vi.(from)因……而受损失,患……病 She is suffering from loss of memory. 拓展: sufferer n.受苦者 suffering n.痛苦,苦难
  3. include vt.包括,包含,算入…… The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. 拓展: including 介词 词义为"包括,包含" The singer sang a few songs, including two of my favorites = two of my favorites included. 辨析: contain 包括的内容或成分 include 包括整体的一部分 hold 能容纳
  4. advice n.意见,建议,忠告 ask sb. for advice 征求某人的意见 follow/take sb's advice 采纳某人的建议 give/offer sb. advice on 就……给某人建议 a piece of advice 一条建议 much/lots of advice 许多建议 拓展: advise v.建议
advise doing sth.建议做…… advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做…… advise. that sb./sth. (should) do 建议 They strongly advised that the government (should) take some measures to improve the transport.
  5. request (
  1)n.请求,要求 We will make a request for help if necessary. His request is that the work(should) be finished as soon as possible. (
  2)v.请求,要求 request sth. request sb. to do sth. request sth from sb. request that sb./sth. (should) do
  6. calm (
  1)adj.镇静的,沉着的 He remained calm in time of danger. (
  2)vt.使平静;使安静 You'd better take a deep breath to calm yourself before answering the question. 拓展: calm down 镇静;平静 calm sb. down 使某人镇静 The moment the famous film star appeared on the stage, the excited audience calmed down. 辨析: calm 指无风浪或人的心情平静 quiet 指没有声音,不吵闹 still 指没有运动或动作的状态 silent 指不作声,不讲话 二. 重点短语
  1. go through 经历,经受 go through a hard time 经历一段困难时期 go through the baggage 检查行李 go through the newspaper 浏览报纸 拓展: go after 追求,追赶 go ahead 前进;请说(做)吧 go by 走过, (时间)过去 go along with 向前, (与……)一起去 go in for 爱好,从事 go out 外出; (灯,火)熄灭 go over 越过;复习 go up 爬上, (价格等)上升
  2. do with 处理 do with pollution 处理污染 have sth./much/nothing to do with 与……有些关系/很大关系/没有关系 拓展:
What to do with…. How to deal with….
  3. get along/on with get along/on with sb.与某人相处 get along/on with sth 某事进展 拓展: get along/on well/ nicely/ badly with 与……相处得好/不好,……进展顺利/不 顺利 get away 离开,逃离 get down 下来;写下,取下 get down to (doing)开始认真干…… get off 下(车,飞机) ,脱下 get over 克服,摆脱 get through 通过,做完 get together 聚集
  4. have trouble/ difficulty/ problem with sb./ sth 和某人相处/做某事有困难 He has no trouble with English grammar. 拓展: Have trouble/difficulty/ problem (in) doing sth.做某事有困难 We have some difficulty in dealing with the matter.
Unit3 & Unit4
一. 重点单词与短语
  1. persuade vt.说服; 劝服; 使相信 (
  1)persuade sb.说服某人 Advertisers try to persuade consumers to buy their goods. (
  2)persuade sb. to do sth.= persuade sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事 We have persuade him to give up smoking. (
  3) persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of /against doing sb.说服/劝服 某人别做某事 His mother persuaded him not to give up the chance to take part in the competition. (
  4)persuade sb. of sth./ that+ clause 设法使某人相信 He failed to persuade the workers of his honesty = to persuade the workers that he was honest. 注意: persuade 强调说服,劝服的结果; 而只表劝说动作不表结果时需用 try to persuade 或换成 advise.
  2. insist v. (
  1)坚决要求; 坚决主张 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用(should) do The government insists that waste water (should) be made clean before going into the river. She insisted on our staying there for supper. (
  2)坚持认为; 坚持说 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用陈述句语序和相应的 时态 He insisted on his innocence. (无罪)
The farmer insisted that the neighbor had stolen his sheep.
  3. determine v.决定; 确定; 下决心 + n. + to do sth. determine + clause + on/upon sht./doing sth. +疑问句+to do sth. You had better determine a date for the meeting as soon as possible. It is unnecessary to determine what each word means while you are reading a passage. I haven't determined where to spend the seven-day holiday. 拓展: determination n.决心; 决定 determined adj.决然的;果断的 be determined to do 下决心干……=make up one's mind to do give sb. a determined look 坚定地看某人 a determined man 意志坚定的人
  4. familiar adj.熟悉的……;通晓…… The lady looked somewhat familiar, but I could not remember where I had seen her. 拓展: be familiar with…熟悉……;通晓…… be familiar to…对……熟悉的
  5. rise(rose, risen) (
  1)vi.上升,起立(床) ,增长 The amount of money spent in dealing with the problem of pollution keeps rising year by year. (
  2)n. 上升,上涨,升起 arise in price 涨价 give sb. a rise 给某人提工资 a rise in the cost of living 生活费用的增加 at the rise of the sun 日出之时 拓展: raise vt.举起,提出,提高,饲养 The price of rice has been raised lately. = The price of rice has risen lately. raise chickens 养鸡 rise one's voice 提高嗓音 raise one's hands 举起手 考点例题:The living standard of the people in Nanjing since 19
  83. A. has raisen B. had been risen C. has risen D. rose 解:选 C. rise 是不及物动词,没有被动语态,而 raise 有被动语态.
  6. injure v.受伤,伤害
They were slightly/seriously/badly injured in the crash. Smoking will surely injure one's health. 拓展: injured adj.受伤的 injury n.伤口,受伤处 hurt(身体部位)感到疼; (肉体或精神上)受到伤害 wound 受伤(枪伤/刀伤)等 harm 意指无形伤害,"对……有害"常指伤及一个人的健康,权利,事业等 damage 主要用于无生命的东西,常指对价值和功能的损坏,可修复 destroy 意为"毁坏,消灭",指不可修复的破坏. Reading in the sun harms your eyes. It hurts me to think that so many people died in the flood. In the battle, hundreds of soldiers were wounded and some were even killed. 二,重点短语
  1. care with 关心,担忧,惦记 What she cares about is her own future. I don't care about what he is talking about. 拓展: care for 喜欢; 照顾;关心 He had to care for his sister while studying in college. I care much for pop music.
  2. change one's mind 改变主意 It is easy for him to change his mind, so don't believe him easily. 拓展: make up one's mind 下决心 keep one's mind on 专心于 read one's mind 看出某人的心思 bear/keep sth. in mind 记住某事 speak one's mind 坦率说出心里话
  3. give in (to)(向……)屈服,让步 I will never give in to difficulties. 拓展: give away 泄露;送掉;赠送 give back 归还 give up 放弃(后接 sth./doing sth.) give off 发出(蒸汽,光等) give out 分发;筋疲力尽 give way to 让位于;妥协 We can't give way to their demands. He had no choice but to give up going abroad for further education.
  4. for one thing…., for another 一方面……另一方面……;一则……再则…… I am not going to Beijing for a holiday with them. For one thing, I have no time; for another, I have been there. 拓展:
On (the) one hand, on the other (hand)用以引出相互矛盾的观点和意见 On the one hand, the concert really is worth going to, but on the other hand, the ticket is too expensive.
  5. tens of thousands of 数以万计的 Tens of thousands of people were watching the game in the stadium when it began to rain heavily. 拓展: hundreds of 数百的 hundreds of and thousands of 成百上千的 thousands of 数千的 millions of 数百万的 dozens of 许多; 大量 scores of 许多; 大量
  6. be known/well known as = be famous as 作为……而出名 Shenzhen is well-known as a modern city. 拓展: be known for 因为……而闻名 be known to sb.为……所熟悉 It is known (to all) that…众所周知…… As is known (to all), ….众所周知…… It is well-known to us all it is very important to keep the balance of nature. =As is well-known to us all, it is important to keep the balance of nature.
  7. break out(战争,火灾,疫病等)突然发生,爆发 A fire broke out in the supermarket last night. 拓展: break down 出毛病,不运转 break away from 脱离,摆脱…… break in 插话,破门进入 break into 破门闯入 break off 突然终止 break through 突围,突破
  8. lose hope 绝望 He never loses hope even when he fails. 拓展: lose heart 泄气;灰心 lose courage 沮丧 lose face 丢脸;受屈辱 lose touch (with sb.)与某人失去联系 lose one's way 迷路 lose one's breath 上气不接下气 lose one's head 昏了头 lose one's life 丧生,遇害
 

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