first meets the Bennets, he laughs them to scorn. At the ball in Meryton, where they make the acquaintance of each other, Mr. Darcy is quickly judged as “the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world”. because of his reserve and unwillingness to dance with anyone outside of his own party. She has pride in her ability to perceive the truth of situations and of people’s characters. Elizabeth’s rebukes after his first proposal to her help him to recognize his faults of pride and social prejudice. It is, in fact, precisely because Elizabeth is not so awed by his high social status as to be afraid to criticize his character that he is attracted to her. The self-knowledge acquired from Elizabeth’s rebukes and the desire to win Elizabeth’s love spur him to change and judge people more by their character than by their social class. For Elizabeth, when she begins to see that she judged Darcy completely wrongly, and she grows ashamed, concluding that she has been blind, partial, prejudiced, absurd, in spite of the fact that she has always prided herself on her judgment. She realizes that vanity has been the cause of her prejudice. Elizabeth realized that her complete lack of objectivity in judging Darcy and Wickham is the result of the fact that Darcy injured her pride on her first acquaintance with him and that Wickham flattered her by his preference for her.
[11]
For it is Elizabeth’s pride that leads to her prejudice, a prejudice which is so strong that she has
to read the truth. It is clear that reflection on the contents of Darcy’s letter have made Elizabeth change her feelings toward him considerably. When she visits Pemberley, she can not help thinking of what it would be like to be the mistress of such a beautiful house. She tells herself that she does not regret her refusal of Darcy’ s proposal. Elizabeh and Darcy’s marriage only serves to give hope
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江西理工大学 2006 届本科生毕业设计(论文)
to Elizabeth of Darcy’s continued affection. In the end, Elizabeth and Darcy get married and end up happiest. (7 黄敏 150-1
  52) Jane’s Marriage?Based on Beauty, Virtue, Fortune, Jane is a beautiful, good-tempered, sweet, amiable, humble and selfless woman. Mr. Bingley is sensible, good-humored and lively with such good manners-so much ease and with such perfect good breeding. He made a lot of money by business in the North and inherited large fortune of nearly one hundred thousand pounds from his father, moves to Netherfield in their neighborhood. Jane finds a good way out for herself by marrying Mr. Bingley, although there has been little exchange of feeling of love between them except admiration for each other. It is obvious to see that the marriage of Jane and Bingley is more or less on their good looks as they love each other at first sight. Lydia’s Marriage?with Neither Love Nor Money, Lydia is foolish and flirtatious, She lacks any sense of virtue, propriety or good-judgment, as seen in her elopement with Wickham, She is deceived by Wickham’s appearance of goodness and virtue. he marries Lydia just because Darcy pays his debts of honor, purchases his commission, gives Lydia another thousand pounds.(12 郭
艳玲 217-2
  19) In this marriage, money plays the most important role. Austen does not appreciate
their marriage. She expresses her feelings towards them through the heroine Elizabeth how Wickham and Lydia were to be supported in tolerable independence, she could not image. Charlotte Lcuas’s Marriage?with Money but Without Love, Mr. Collins is a supercilious、stupid man with exaggerated who must guard his courtship from any charm that could make a woman wish for its continuance, and Miss Charlotte, who accepts him solely from the pure and disinterested desire for an establishment. Collins has become Charlotte’s husband. In fact, they include money but no love. But Charlotte seems to have found some of satisfaction and happiness in her marriage without any love. Charlotte’s pitiful fate is not cause by herself. First, the development of social economy and her own social status determine that she has no other choice but to depend on her husband to ensure food and clothing for the second half of her life. Second, another important fact is that Miss Lucas is at the age of twenty-seven, without having ever been beautiful.,which is quite intelligent,but not very lively or pretty and her little dowry determines that she is unlikely to get a better,or indeed any other,offer of marriage.Therefore,she accepts the offer immediately.Charlotte wants a“comfortable home”from marriage.Her motiveswhen she accepts Collins is that this is a compromise between love and
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江西理工大学 2006 届本科生毕业设计(论文)
comfortable living.Charlotte might be materialistic,and from another angle,it was the misfortune of the marriage market for the women in Austen’s day. [15]

  2.
  2.3
The marriage in Persuasion
In Persuasion, Austen’s last complete novel, which is written with a rare understanding of the constancy of human heart and of true ending love,Marriage of Anne Elliot and Wentworth?Based on Understanding, Respect, Trust and Love, As a young girl of nineteen years old, Anne had loved and been loved by Wentworth, an impecunious naval officer. But she unwisely followed the advice of her godmother and ended the engagement. Wentworth went off to sea angrily, was promoted and, through various successful naval engagements and the capture of enemy vessels, acquired a handsome fortune. What is unique about this novel is that the hero Wentworth is the first hero in Austen’s novels who makes his fortune by himself without inheriting a legacy. When Anne was 19 years old she accepted Lady Russell’s “persuasion”, and broke off her continuous love for and engagement to captain Wentworth. But Anne thinks it is not a merely selfish caution because “had she not imagined herself consulting his good, even more than her own, she could hardly have given him up. She possesses not only rich and profound feelings but also a resolute and generous character. He should not judge her by the past impression, for she has grown mature in life. Eight years later, Anne and Wentworth meet again, at Lyme Regis. Finally he is able to say, I must learn to be happier than I deserve. And Anne gloried in being a sailor’s wife. Marriage of Mr. Croft and Mrs. Croft? Based on Balance, Respect Mrs. Croft can be considered a new type of woman , It is obvious that Mrs. Croft’s life style’s is quite different from that of the genteel-class woman of her time. she spends most of her time tossing together with her husband on the sea. The Croft couple is particularly attached to each other and happy. No wonder Anne admires them very much, for knowing their feelings as she did, it was a most attractive picture of happiness to her when she sees them. When the husband goes off to sea, Mrs. Croft accompanies him, leading a wandering life on the sea for fifteen years. When the husband is going to rent the Kellynch Hall, Mrs. Croft asked more question about the house, and terms, and taxes than the admiral himself, and seemed more conversant with business. When the husband has conversations with his old friends from the
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江西理工大学 2006 届本科生毕业设计(论文)
navy, Mrs. Croft looks as intelligent and keen as any of the officers around her. In brief, Mrs. Croft is an elegant and virtuous lady. Only in this way can the couple keep the balance and stability of a family. Such marital life and family model based on the mutual respect and the equality between men and women represent Austen’s view of ideal marriage. It forms a sharp contrast with those marriages mainly based on economic conditions.

  2.
  2.3
The marriage in Emma
As we can see, marriage is the main theme in Emma, and the marriages in the novel are not the duplicate of each other. The novel begins with a marriage, that of the Westons. As the novel develops, much of the plots springs from Emma’s attempt to arrange a marriage for Harriet Smith. The Elton’s marriage is kind of trade, with the husband marrying for money and the wife for upgrading social status; Miss Bates offers a sad example of an unmarried woman; the John Knightleys have a marriage which based on mutual tolerance instead of mutual respect. The two matches, that of Emma- Mr. Knightley’s and Frank ? Jane Fairfax’s, which stand at the central of the novel, will be discussed in more details in this article.In Jane Austen’s point of view, the choice of a marriage partner is perhaps the most important and serious decision that an individual undertakes. She explores the social and economic as well as the psychological basis of marriage in her time. At Austen’s time, the educated single woman had two professions open to her?the stage and teaching. The former offered few opportunities and enormous risks; the latter was arduous, and little respected. There was also, of course, literature but writing, since journalism was not yet open to women, did not offer a stable livelihood. Unless, like Emma Woodhouse, a woman had a private income, happy matrimony was the only way of life in which middle-and upper-class women could normally hope to find themselves satisfied, esteemed, and secure. Economically, women were therefore a dependent class: if they married, they were supported by their husbands; if they were single, they remained dependent in their family. Marriage is also an important factor for the change of social status. The characters in the novel can be divided into two groups: those whose social status is fixed, and those who are mobile. In the first group are Mr. Woodhouse and Mr. Knightley, e.g. In the second group are Harriet Smith, Jane Fairfax and, and Augusta Hawkins (later she becomes Mrs. Elton).
9
江西理工大学 2006 届本科生毕业设计(论文)
The second group belong to the younger generation, also they are unmarried. Emma, herself, of course belongs to the second group, but she has no need to marry to secure financial security and social status. Harriet doesn’t have any “fortune”, but her great point interest for Emma is that her family origins are unknown. Emma chooses to believe that Harriet is the illegitimate daughter of someone high in the social scale--a princess turned into a goose-girl. But in the end, she turns out to be ‘the daughter of a tradesman’ which puts Emma’s romantic notion that
Harriet had “ the blood of gentility” firmly in its place. Emma plans to marry off Harriet to a husband beyond her social expectations-- first to Mr. Elton, then (even more ambitiously) to Churchill. Eventually, Harriet’s union with Robert Martin has nothing startling, but is suitable in every way, fitting into Jane Austen’s standard of Marriage, which is “aesthetically right, morally and humanly balanced, financially sound.” Jane Fairfax succeeds in making a marriage that raises her in the social scale: in her case, the Cinderella story comes true. She has neither wealth nor family to support her, and would have become an ill-paid and low-positioned governess, yet marries the handsome young man, Frank Churchill, who is the heir of a great family with large estates. However, she deserves it for she is pretty talented, superior to Emma in her moral scale. is indeed better than he deserves. Her fortune has been inhabited from her father’s business ventures, and she represents a class eager to secure the prestige of a higher social scale overnight. Mr. Elton is a clergyman of the Established Church in a small community, and the church is the center of people’s life. Though a vicar, he enjoys a relatively high position that bears no relation to his income. The Elton’s match is a typical example of the mutually beneficial alliance at the time. [16] In return She genuinely loves Frank, and
for his bride’s money, which he badly needs, Mr. Elton offers her the status from his position as a vicar. As the example shows, marriage was not only the matter of personal affection, but often involved the transfer of capital and adjustment, minor or major, of social status. From which one could see that marriage, as a major theme in the novel, vividly reflecting the social and economic life.To some extent, Emma is another Frank, another spoiled child in a rich family. But she has an even better fortune: she is allowed to choose, to grow and to mature. Emma and Mr. Knightley’s union is not achieved by opportunism but by their moral choice. At Box Hill, Emma’s cutting insult on Miss Bates is similar to Frank’s sneer at Jane; and Mr. Knightley’s
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江西理工大学 2006 届本科生毕业设计(论文)
rebuke is parallel to Jane’s ironic critic on Frank, wounding Emma’s pride and strong sense of self-repect. Moreover, Emma is so hurt at losing Mr. Knightley’s good opinion. For the kind of stitchingly painful feeling which she has never known before, she genuinely wants to change, and she really does so. Later the union of Emma and Mr. Knightley is based on the mutual respect and moral appreciation of each other, which embraces dignity and integrity.In the modern point of view, one may feel the happy endings are a kind of escapist,
unrealistic fantasy. In other words, Jane Austen is a conservative novelist, in spite of her powerful criticism of many aspects of society. In Emma, the heroine has
 

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