英语第二阶段测验答案 英语第二阶段测验答案
Name GOOD LUCK! 一,选择填空(10')
  1. In some countries girls are still of a good education. A. denied B. declined C. derived D. deprived
  2. As the years passed, the memories of her childhood away. A. faded B. disappeared C. flashed D. fired
  3. Brierley's book has the of being both informative and readable. D. merit A. inspiration B. requirements C. myth
  4. If I have any comments to make, I'll write them in the of the book I'm reading A. edge B. page C. margin D. side
  5. My would really trouble me if I wore a fur coat. A. consciousness B. consequence C. constitution D. conscience
  6. When the post fell .Dennis Bass was appointed to fill it. A. empty B. vacant C. hollow D. hare
  7. Mother who takes care of everybody is usually the most person in each family. A. considerate B. considerable C. considering D. constant
  8. For ten years the Greeks the city of Troy to separate it from the outside. A. captured B. occupied C. destroyed D. surrounded
  9. Other guests at yesterday's opening, which was broadcast by the radio station, included Anne Melntosh and Mayor. A. live B. alive C. living D. lively
  10. A New Zealand man was recently to life imprisonment for the murder of an English tourist, Monica Cantwell. A. punished B. accused C. sentenced D. put
  11. The past 22 years have really been amazing, and every prediction we've made about improvements have al come A. truly B. true C. truth D. truthful
  12. The teachers tried to these students that they could solve the complicated problem, however, they just didn't see the point. A. convince B. encourage C. consult D. inclined
  13. I'm to think that most children would like their teachers to be their friends rather than their commanders. A. subjected B. supposed C. declined D. inclined
  14. She is under the impression that he isn't a person for he wouldn't tell her where and when he went to university. A. genius B. generous C. genuine D. genetic
  15. The first glasses of Coca Cola were drunk in 18
  86. The drink was first by a US chemist called John Pemberton A. formed B. made C. found D. done Score

  16. These two chemicals with each other at a certain temperature to produce a substance which could cause an explosion. A. interact B. attract C. react D. expel
  17. they can get people in the organization to do what must he done, they will not succeed. A. Since B. Unless C. If D. Whether
  18. Once you have started a job, you should do it. A. in practice B. in theory C. in earnest D. in a hurry
  19. Although they new library service has been very successful, its future is certain. A. at any rate B. by no means C. by all means D. at any cost
  20. To my surprise, at yesterday's meeting he again the plan that had been disapproved a week before. A. brought about B. brought out C. brought up D. brought down 二,完型填空(10') The China boom is by now a well-documented phenomenon. Who hasn't 1 the Middle Kingdom's astounding economic growth (8 percent annually), its tremendous consumer market (
  1.2 billion people), the investment enthusiasm of foreign suitors ($40 billion in foreign direct investment last year
  2)? China is an economic wonder. 3 Nicholas Lardy of the Brookings Institution, a Washington D.C.-based think tank, "No country 4 its foreign trade as fast as China over the last 20 years. Japan doubled its foreign trade over 5 period; China's foreign trade was quintupled ( 使 成 五 倍 ). They've become the pre-eminent producer of labor-intensive manufacturing goods in the world." But there's been 6 from the dazzling China growth storynamely, the Chinese multinational. No major Chinese companies have yet established themselves, or their brands, 7 the global stage. But things are now starting to change. 8 100 years of poverty and chaos, of being overshadowed by foreign countries and multinationals, Chinese industrial companies are starting to make a mark on the world. A new generation of large and credible firms 9 in China in the electronics, appliance and even high-tech sectors. Some have 10 critical mass on the mainland and are now seeking new outlets for their production -- through exports and by building Chinese factories abroad, chiefly in Southeast Asia.
  1. A. listened B. listened to C. heard D. heard of
  2. A. alone B. aside C. along D. lonely
  3. A. As for B. As to C. Judging by D. According to
  4. A. has expanded B. did expand C. does expand D. expands
  5. A. 20-year B. a 20-year C. 20-years D. a 20 years
  6. A. something lost B. lost something C. something missing D. something missed
  7. A. at B. in C. over D. on
  8. A. Before B. After C. Since D. Behind
  9. A. emerge B. have emerged C. has emerged D. is emerged
  10. A. reached B. reached over C. reached out D. reached down 三,英译汉(40')

  1. Thus it happened that when the new factories that were springing up required labor, tens of thousands of homeless and hungry agricultural workers, with their wives and children, were forced into the cities in search of work, any work, under any condition, that would keep them alive. 于是,就出现了这样的情况 正当新办的工厂纷纷成立,需要劳动力的时候, 就出现了这样的情况,正当新办的工厂纷纷成立 于是 就出现了这样的情况 正当新办的工厂纷纷成立,需要劳动力的时候,成千上万无家可 饥肠辘辘的从事农业的劳动者,携妻带儿,被迫流入城市;他们要找活干, 归,饥肠辘辘的从事农业的劳动者,携妻带儿,被迫流入城市;他们要找活干,不管什么 不讲什么条件,只要不让他们饿死就行 死就行. 活,不讲什么条件,只要不让他们饿死就行.
  2. It applies equally to tradition historians who view history as only the external and internal criticism of sources, and to social science historians who equate their activity with specific techniques. 它同样适用于传统历史学家和社会科学历史学家, 它同样适用于传统历史学家和社会科学历史学家,前者把历史仅仅视作是对历史辽源的内 部和外部的评论 而后者则把历史研究活动等同于具体方法研究的. 部和外部的评论,而后者则把历史研究活动等同于具体方法研究的.
  3. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demands of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, the together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it. 在美国经济体制下,个体消费者的需求以及商人追求最大利润和个人追求最大收入的欲望, 在美国经济体制下,个体消费者的需求以及商人追求最大利润和个人追求最大收入的欲望, 这两方面决定了生产什么以及资源的如何投入. 这两方面决定了生产什么以及资源的如何投入.
  4. It is not uncommon, even in the most pleasant of homes, to see pasted on the windows small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that guard company. 即使在幸福的家庭里,也可以司空见惯地看到贴在窗户上的小告示, 即使在幸福的家庭里,也可以司空见惯地看到贴在窗户上的小告示,告知人们此房舍被这 样的安全设施或那样的保安公司所监控保护. 样的安全设施或那样的保安公司所监控保护.
  5. At the same time, the American Law Institutea group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weightissued new guidelines for the law stating that companies need not warn customers of obvious dangers or bombard them with a lengthy list of possible ones. 同时,由权威法官,律师和学者们组成的美国法律协会颁布了新的法律指导方针, 同时,由权威法官,律师和学者们组成的美国法律协会颁布了新的法律指导方针,它声明 对于显而易见的危险,公司不必警示顾客或用一长串可能发生的危险来恐吓他们. 对于显而易见的危险,公司不必警示顾客或用一长串可能发生的危险来恐吓他们.
  6. Coupled with the growing quantity of information is the development of technologies which enables the storage and delivery of more information with greater speed to more locations than has ever been possible before. 技术的发展是和日益增加的信息密不可分的,它使得更多的信息能以更快捷的速度储存和 技术的发展是和日益增加的信息密不可分的,它使得更多的信息能以更快捷的速度储存和 传送到更多的地点. 传送到更多的地点.
  7. Young brains may be especially able to boost brain power through exercise, suggested another of the scientist's experiments that showed the most significant changes in the brain occurred among rats that had been exercised when very young. 还有一个科学家的实验表明 表明: 还有一个科学家的实验表明:大脑内部最显著的变化出现在那些很小就接受训练的老鼠中 这一实验也暗示,年轻人的大脑通过训练或许能够促进脑力的发育. 间,这一实验也暗示,年轻人的大脑通过训练或许能够促进脑力的发育.

  8. Indeed many of the rules, such as how to enter a banquet room, or how to use a sword or handkerchief for ceremonial purposes, were irrelevant to the way of life of the average working man, who spent most of his life outdoors or in his poor hut and most probably did not have a handkerchief, certainly not a sword, to his name. 确实,许多规则,譬如如何进入宴会厅,如何在礼仪场合佩剑和使用手帕,和普通劳动者 确实,许多规则,譬如如何进入宴会厅,如何在礼仪场合佩剑和使用手帕,和普通劳动者 的生活方式毫不相干,他们大多数的生命时光都在户外或破旧的小屋度过, 的生活方式毫不相干,他们大多数的生命时光都在户外或破旧的小屋度过,其名下几乎不 可能有手帕,当然也不会有宝剑了. 可能有手帕,当然也不会有宝剑了.
  9. Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of "double effect", a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects-a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen-is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect. 尽管法庭裁决宪法没有赋予医生辅助病人自杀的权利,但事实上它却认可了医学界的" 尽管法庭裁决宪法没有赋予医生辅助病人自杀的权利,但事实上它却认可了医学界的"双 重效果"原则,这个已存在了几个世纪的道德原则认为,如果某种行为具有双重效果, 重效果"原则,这个已存在了几个世纪的道德原则认为,如果某种行为具有双重效果,即 希望达到的良好效果和可以预见的有害效果,而实施只是想达到的好的效果, 希望达到的良好效果和可以预见的有害效果,而实施只是想达到的好的效果,那么这个行 为就是被允许的. 为就是被允许的.
  10. The coming of age of the postwar baby boom and an entry into the male-dominated job marker have limited the opportunities of teenagers who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices involved in climbing Japan's rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs. 随着战后生育高峰期出生的孩子长大成人,以及妇女进入男性主宰的就业市场, 随着战后生育高峰期出生的孩子长大成人,以及妇女进入男性主宰的就业市场,限制了青 少年的发展机遇. 少年的发展机遇.这些青少年已经开始质疑是否值得做出巨大的个人牺牲去攀登日本等级 森严的社会阶梯以进入好学校 找到好工作. 社会阶梯以进入好学校, 森严的社会阶梯以进入好学校,找到好工作. 四,阅读(20') PASSAGE ONE Sport is heading for an indissoluble marriage with television and the passive spectator will enjoy a private paradise. All of this will be in the future of sport. The spectator (the television audience) will be the priority and professional clubs will have to readjust their structures to adapt to the new reality: sport as a business. The new technologies will mean that spectators will no longer have to wait for broadcasts by the conventional channels. They will be the ones who decide what to see. And they will have to pay for it. In the United States the system of the future has already started: pay-as-you-view. Everything will be offered by television and the spectator will only have to choose. The review Sports Illustrated recently published a full profile of the life of the supporter at home in the middle of the next century. It explained that the consumers would be able to select their view of the match on a gigantic, flat screen occupying the whole of one wall, with images of a clarity which cannot be foreseen at present; they could watch from the trainer's stands just behind the batter in a game of baseball or from the helmet of the star player in an American football game. And at their disposal will be the sane option s the producer of the recorded programmer has to select replays, to choose which camera to me and to decide on the sound whether to hear the public, the players, the



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