英语常用不规则动词表(变化规律)
一, A─A─A


原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????
cast cast cast 投掷

cost cost cost 花费

cut cut cut 割,切

hit hit hit 打

hurt hurt hurt 伤害

let let let 让

put put put 放

set set set 放置

shut shut shut 关闭

spread spread spread 展开

read read read 读

spit spit spit 吐

二, A─B─A

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????
become became become 成为

come came come 来

overcome overcame overcome 克服

run ran run 跑
三, A─B─B

1,过去式和过去分词都含有ought或aught

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

bring brought brought 带

buy bought bought 买

fight fought fought 战斗

think thought thought 想

seek sought sought 寻找

catch caught caught 抓,捉住

teach taught taught 讲授


2,词尾有─ild,─end时 只需要把d变成t

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

bend bent bent 弯曲

build built built 建设

lend lent lent 借给

spend spent spent 花费

send sent sent 送


3,动词后加d或t 构成过去式和过去分词(ee改e, ll改l)

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

burn burnt burnt 烧

deal dealt dealt 分配

hear heard heard 听见

learn learnt learnt 学习

learn learned learned 学习

mean meant meant 意思

spoil spoilt spoilt 损坏

feel felt felt 感觉

sleep slept slept 睡觉

sweep swept swept 打扫

smell smelt smelt 闻到

spell spelt spelt 拼写

spill spilt spilt 溢出

4,把ell变成old

原形 过去式 过去分词
??????????

sell sold sold 出售

tell told told 告诉

5,动词原形ay结尾,改aid构成过去式和过去分词

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

lay laid laid 放置,下蛋

pay paid paid 支付

say said said 说
6,改变元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词

dig dug dug 挖

feed fed fed 饲养,喂

find found found 发现

get got got 获得,成为

hang hung hung 悬挂

hold held held 拿,握

lead led led 领导

lose lost lost 丢失

meet met met 遇见

shine shone shone 照耀,发光

shoot shot shot 射击

sit sat sat 坐

spit spat spat 吐

win won won 胜利
7,改变元辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词
???????????
leave left left 离开

have/has had had 有

stand stood stood 站立

understand understood understood 明白
8,改变辅音字母

make made made 制造
四,A─B─C

1 变单词重读节中的元音字母,“i”分别为“a”和“u”

原形 过去式 过去分词
???????????

begin began begun 开始

drink drank drunk 喝

ring rang rung 按铃

sing sang sung 唱

sink sank sunk 下沉

swim swan swum 游泳
2,词尾为ow, aw时,过去式将其变为ew,过去分词在原形后加n(show除外)

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

blow blew blown 吹

draw drew drawn 拉,拖,画

grow grew grown 生长

know knew known 知道

throw threw thrown 投,扔

overthrow overthrew overthrown 推翻

show showed shown 出示,展示
3,词尾为“i+辅音(1个)+e”过去式将i改o,过去分词在动词原形后加n,如果辅音字母为d或t,须双写(give,hide除外)

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

arise arose arisen 出现,发生

drive drove driven 驾车

ride rode ridden 骑,乘

rise rose risen 上升

write wrote written 写

give gave given 给

hide hid hidden 躲藏
4,过去分词在过去式后加(e)n,过去式的元音为o(d或t结尾须双写)

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

break broke broken 打破

choose chose chosen 选择

forget forgot forgotten 忘记

freeze froze frozen 结冰

get got gotten 获得

speak spoke spoken 说话

wake woke woken 醒

awake awoke awoken 唤 醒

wake waked waked 醒

awake awaked awaked 唤 醒


5,过去分词在原形后加(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

be was/were been 是

bite bit bitten 咬

eat ate eaten 吃

fall fell fallen 下落

give gave given 给

hide hid hidden 躲藏

see saw seen 看

take took taken 拿走

shake shook shaken 摇动
6, 原形,过去式和过去分词都不相同(无规律)
原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????
do did done 做

go went gone 去

fly flew flown 飞

lie lay lain 躺,说谎

show showed shown 展览

wear wore worn 穿,戴

tear tore torn 撕破

be(am,is,are)was/were been 是
五,情态动词只有原形和过去式,没有过去分词

原形 过去式 过去分词
????????????

can could 可以,能够

may might 可能

will would 将

shall should 将
  •  
 

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