英语初中不规则动词过去式和过去分词
I. 一般过去时的概念 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 ① 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语 连用。 连用。如:last year(week, Monday…), … ago, yesterday, a moment ago, just now, in
  19..等。 等 例如: She was in a teacher two years ago. 她两年前是个教师。 I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作, 等频率副词连用。 ② 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和 often, always 等频率副词连用。 例如: He always asked questions when he was young. 当他年轻时他总爱问问题。 当表示动作时,谓语动词使用过去式( 或见不规则动词表) ;当表示状态 ③ 当表示动作时,谓语动词使用过去式(一般加 ed 或见不规则动词表) 当表示状态 ; 时,谓语动词用 was, were。 。 II. 一般过去时的构成 (
  1) 规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则: 规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则: 一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。 ① 一般在动词原形末尾直接加上 。 如:look-looked, watch-watched。 结尾的动词, ② 以不发音的字母 e 结尾的动词,加-d。 如:live-lived, like-liked。 。 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。 ③ 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加 。 如:stop-stopped, shop-shopped。 末尾是辅音字母+y 结尾的动词, ④ 末尾是辅音字母 结尾的动词,先变 y 为 i,然后再加 。 ,然后再加-ed。 如:study-studied, carry-carried。 (
  2) 不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 如:am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had 等。 III. 一般过去时的几种句型 肯定句结构为: 肯定句结构为: 主语+was / were +其它。 其它。 ① 主语 其它 如:They were in Shanghai in 20
  00. 2000 年的时候他们在上海。 主语+动词的过去式 其它。 动词的过去式+其它 ② 主语 动词的过去式 其它。 如:He went to the book store yesterday. 他昨天去书店了。 否定句结构为: 否定句结构为: 主语+was / were not (wasn’t / weren’t) +其它。 其它。 ① 主语 其它 如:My father was not at home last Sunday. 上个星期天我爸爸不在家。 主语+did not (didn't)+动词原形 其它。 动词原形+其它 ② 主语 动词原形 其它。 如:She didn't come to school this morning. 她今天没来学校。 一般疑问句及其肯定、否定回答为: 一般疑问句及其肯定、否定回答为: 主语+其它 ① Was / Were +主语 其它 主语 其它? 如:Was it cold last winter? Yes, it was. / No, it wasn’t. 去年冬天冷吗? 主语+ ② Did+主语+动词原形+其它? 主语 动词原形+其它? 如:Did you go to Beijing last week? Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.) 去年你们去北京吗? 特殊疑问句的构成为: 特殊疑问句的构成为: 疑问词+ 主语+ 疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它? 主语 动词原形+其它? 如:What did you do last night? I did my homework.
规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后[t], 之后读[id]。 Ⅳ. 规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后 ,元,浊[d],t, d 之后读 。 , 清辅音[p] 等后, 要读[t]。 ① 清辅音 [k] [f] [s] [ ] [t ]等后,ed 要读 。 如: worked,finished。 等后 元音或浊辅音[b] 等后, 要读[d]。 ② 元音或浊辅音 [g] [v] [z] [m]等后,ed 要读 。 如:lived,called。 等后 ③ t 或 d 后,ed 读[id]。 如:started,needed。 。
英语初中不规则动词过去式和过去分词表
* am * are awake bear beat become * begin bet blow break * bring * build burn * buy catch * can choose * come cost cut * do * does dream * drink drive * eat fall feed was were awoke bore beat became began bet blew broke brought built burnt bought caught could chose came cost cut did did dreamed/dreamt drank drove ate fell fed chosen came cost cut done done dreamed/dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed been been awoke born beaten become begun bet blown broken brought built burnt bought caught 是 是 唤醒 忍受 打,敲打 成为,变成 开始 打赌 吹 打坏,打破 带来 建筑,建设 燃烧 买 揪住,抓住 能,会 选择 来 花费 砍,切 做 做 做梦 喝 驾驶,开车 吃 落下,跌倒 喂养
feel fight * find fly forget freeze * get * give * go grow hang * have * has hear hit hold hurt keep * know lay * learn * leave lend * let * lie * lose * make mean * meet * may mistake must pay * put * read
felt fought found flew forgot froze got gave went grew hung/hanged had had heard hit held hurt kept knew laid learnt/learnt left lent let lay lost made meant met might mistook must paid put read
felt fought found flown forgotten/forgot frozen got/gotten given gone grown hung/hanged had had heard hit held hurt kept known laid learnt left lent let lain lost made meant met mistaken paid put read
感觉 打架 发现,找到 飞行 忘记 结冰 得到 给予 走,去 成长,种植 吊,悬挂 有 有 听见 打,击 举办,容纳 伤害 保持,喂养 知道,了解 下蛋,平躺 学习 离开,留下 借给 让 躺下 丢失 制造,制作 意思是,意味着 遇见 可以 犯错 必须 付钱,赔偿 挂 读
ride ring rise * run * say * see * sell * send set shake shall shine * show shut sing sink * sit * sleep smell * speak spell * spend spill spit spoil * stand steal sweep * swim * take * teach * tell * think throw understand
rode rang rose ran said saw sold sent set shook should shone/shined showed shut sang sank sat slept smelt spoke spelt spent spilt spat spoilt stood stole swept swam took taught told thought threw understood
ridden rung risen run said seen sold sent set shaken shone/shined shown/showed shut sung sunk sat slept smelt spoken spelt spent split spat spoilt stood stolen swept swum took taught told thought thrown understood
骑,乘 (钟/铃)响,鸣 升起 跑 说 看见 卖 寄,送;派 安装 摇动,摆动 将 照耀 显示 关 唱 下沉 坐 睡 嗅 说 拼读,拼写 花费,度过 溅,洒 吐痰 糟蹋 站 偷 打扫 游泳 带去,花费,乘 教 告诉 想,思考 扔,投,掷 明白
wake * wear win * write * will
woke/waked wore won wrote would
woken/waked worn won written
醒 穿戴 获胜 写 将,愿
 

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