英语词汇学复习提纲
Chapter 1 Terms
  1. word
  2. vocabulary
  3. common words
  4. literary words
  5. colloquial words
  6. slang words
  7. technical words Questions
  1. What are the fundamental features of the basic word stock?
  2. How are English words classified?
  3. What are the differences between function words and content words?
  4. What are the main reasons for the rapid growth of present-day English vocabulary? Important statements
  1. The histiory of the English langague begins with the conquest and settlement of what is now England by the Angles, Saxons and the Jutes from about 450 AD.
  2. The Transitional period from Old English to Modern English is known as Middle English, which is characterized by the strong influence of French following the Norman Conquest in 10
  66.
  3. In the early stages of Modern English the Renaissance brought great changes to the English vocabulary.
  4. The heavy borrowing made the English vocabulary extremely rich and heterogeneous. Chapter 2 Terms
  1. morpheme
  2. Allomorphe
  3. free morpheme
  4. bound morpheme
  5. root
  6. affix
  7. hybrid Questions
  1. How are English morphemes classified?
  2. How are Englihs words classified on the morphemic level? Important Statements
  1. What is usually considered a single word in English may be composed of one or more morphemes.
  2. The allomorphs of a morpheme do not differ in meaning or function but show a slight difference in sound.
  3. Morphemes are important in the word-building process because the two most central and productive word-formation processes, compounding and affixation, are related to morphemes. Chapter 3 Terms
  1. partial conversion
  2. complete conversion Questions
  1. What are the three major processes of word-formation?
  2. Why are the criteria of a compound relative? Important Statements
  1. There are varioius ways of forming words, but by and large, the various processes can be classified on the basis of frequency of usage, into major or minor processes.
  2. Any rule of word formation is of limited productivity in the sense that not all words which result from the applicationn of the rule are acceptable; they are freely acceptable only when they have gained an
institutional currency in the language.
  3. Prefixes modify the lexical meaning of the base. They do not genearlly alter the word-class of the base.
  4. Suffixes usually change the word-class of the base. Chapter 4 Terms
  1. blending
  2. back-formation
  3. clipp ing
  4. neoclassical formation Questions
  1. What are the differences between initialisms and acronyms? Important Statements
  1. On the whole, clipped words are used in less formal situations than their full-length equivalents.
  2. Most of the blends are related to daily life.
  3. The majority of backformed words are verbs.
  4. Reduplicatives are characterized by being rhymed or alliterated.
  5. The majority of neoclassical formations are scientific and technical.
  6. Genuine coinage is rare.
  7. Some new words are coined by analogy. Chapter 5 Terms
  1. motivation
  2. denotative meaning
  3. connotative meaning
  4. stylistic meaning
  5. affective meaning Questions
  1. What is the relationship between word form and its senses?
  2. What are the main types of word meaning? Important Statements
  1. The test of a genuinely onomatopeic word is its intelligibility to a foreigner who has no knowledge of the language in question.
  2. Denotative meaning is the central factor in linguistic communication.
  3. Lexical meaning is dominant in content words, whereas grammatical meaning is dominant in funciton words. Chapter 6 Terms
  1. radiation
  2. concatination
  3. prima ry meanin
  4. central meaning
  5. perfect homonyms
  6. homophones
  7. homographs Important Statements
  1. One-meaning words are very rare. They are very often scientific terms.
  2. It may be said that polysemy is the rule and monosemy is the exception.
  3. In some cases, the primary meaning and the central meaning coincide.
  4. Polysemic words and homonymous words are not only good candidates for humor, they can also produce other effects such as irony or heightened dramatic power. Chapter 7 Terms
  1. complete synonyms
  2. relative synonyms
  3. hyponymy
  4. marked member
  5. unmarked member Questions
  1. In what respects do synonymous words differ? Important Statements
  1. An agreement in denotation is the most important criterion of synonymy.
  2. Two words are
totally synonymous only if they are fully identical in meaning and interchangeable in any context without the slightest alteration in connotative, affective and stylistic meanings.
  3. It is important to note that two forces militate against complete synonymy: vagueness of word meaning,and connotative, stylistic and affective meanings that cluster around words.
  4. In most cases the native word is more spontaneous, more informal and unpretentious, whereas the foreign word is learned, abstract or even abstruse.
  5. In the double scale pattern of synonyms the native term usually sounds warmer and more homely than its foreign counterpart.
  6. In the triple scale pattern of synonyms the difference in tone between the English and the French words is often slight; the Latin word is generally more bookish.
  7. Synnonyms are useful for avoiding repetition and for achieving precision in meaning and variety in style.
  8. Lexical antonymy is often stronger than syntactic negation.
  9. This semantic category obviously overlaps with hyponymy: both are involved with forming relaionships between words in the same general area of meaning. For parctical purposes, in the case of hyponymy, one should pay attention to the question of which specific term to use, while in the case of semantic field, one’s attention should be turned toward the highly probable collocations the words of each semantic field have in common. Chapter 8 Terms
  1. linguistic context
  2. ambiguity Questions
  1. What are the different types of context?
  2. What are the functions of context in determination of word meaning?
  3. What are the different types of ambiguity? Important Statements
  1. When we say that the context determines the sense we mean not that it imposes a sense but that it selects one that is already there.
  2. Words rarely can be equated on a one-to-one basis between two languages. Chapter 9 Terms
  1. historical cause of changes in word meaning
  2. social cause of changes in word meaning
  3. linguistic cause of changes in word meaning
  4. psychological cause of changes in word meaning
  5. metaphor
  6. metonymy Questions
  1. What are the mian causes of changes in word meaning?
  2. What are the tendencies in semantic change? Important Statements
  1. Usually a literal meaning of a word remains along with a new metaphorical one.
  2. Broading speaking, change of meaning refers to
the alteration of the meaning of existing words, as well as the additionnn of new meaning to established words. Chapter 10 TermsIdiom QuestionWhat points should we attention to if we want to use idioms appropriately? Chapter 11 Questions
  1. What are three stages in the growth of American English?
  2. What are the characteristics of American English? Chapter 12 Terms
  1. prescriptive dictionaries
  2. descriptive
 

相关内容

英语词汇学复习提纲

   英语词汇学复习提纲 Chapter 1 Terms1. word2. vocabulary3. common words4. literary words5. colloquial words6. slang words7. technical words Questions1. What are the fundamental features of the basic word stock?2. How are English words classified?3. What are t ...

英语词汇学习渐进

   英语词汇学习渐进 Flyingeagle1123 以下仅仅是针对词汇一个方面,根据鄙人狭窄的视野按照循序渐进的方式排列.同时感谢 在 VC 英语资料学习合购群讨论时,学友的意见补充. VOA1500 词 MP3+电子书(qintar 字幕版) 刘毅基础词汇大陆书+MP3(台湾版或 qintar 三环精工版) 刘毅 5000 词汇大陆书+MP3(台湾版或 qintar 三环精工版) 复习:英语词汇入门,英语词汇基础(英语词汇学习丛书,上海外语教育出版社) 以上是初阶--刘毅托业必考词汇电子书+ ...

专业英语复习提纲

   考试题型: 考试题型: 一、翻译(1′×20=20′) 1、中文译英文(10′) 2、英文译中文(10′) 二、缩略语(2′×10=20′) 三、单项选择题(1′×20=20′) 四、英译汉(5′×5=25′) 五、完型填空(1′×15=15′) 一、翻译(词组和专业名词) 翻译( 寄存器:register 终端:terminal 调用:call 计算机病毒:computer virus 电子商务:electronic business 网络:network 完整性约束:integrity ...

初中英语词汇学习策略研究

   3A 学习网中国最专业的学习网站 初中英语词汇学习策略研究 2.2 词汇质与量的要求 2001 年颁布的《英语课程标准》(实验稿)采用国际通用的分级方式,将英语课程目标按 照能力水平设为九个级别。初中结束时应达到五级水平,对词汇知识具 体目标作了以下规定: 级别知识目标描述 五级词汇 1.了解英语词汇包括单词、短语、习惯用语和固定搭配等形式; 2.理解和领悟词语的基本含义以及在特定语境中的意义;3.运用词汇描述事物、行为和特征, 说明概念; 4.学会使用 1500-1600 个的单词和 20 ...

中考英语词汇专项复习课件

   中考词汇专项复习 A Quick-answering Game A30分 分 词汇大比拼 B50分 分 游戏规则( 游戏规则(game rules): ): 本游戏共有四种题型, 本游戏共有四种题型,各占不同的分值 (其中 四种题型 其中 A、B部分各两题,C、D部分各有三题),分 部分各两 部分各有三 , 、 部分各 、 部分各有 成两组进行抢答 每组有500分基础分,答对 抢答, 分基础分, 成两组进行抢答,每组有 分基础分 加上相对应的分值,答错扣分。 加上相对应的分值,答错扣分。 C ...

浅谈初中英语词汇学习策略

   浅谈初中英语词汇学习策略 摘要:词汇教学是英语教学中的一个重要组成部分,《英语新课程标准》对 初中英语词汇教学提出了更高的要求. 本文通过简介词汇和词汇学习策略的重要 性,分析当前初中英语词汇教学中存在的一些问题,并提出了初中英语词汇学习 的若干策略,以利于提高学生英语学习词汇的效率,从而有效地促进英语学习. 关键词:词汇教学 一,词汇的重要性 词汇和语音,语法一起构成了语言学习的三大基本要素,它是语言学习的必 要因素之一,是构成语言的基本材料.词汇在语言学习(特别是二语学习)和应用 中的地 ...

英语词汇学》Page37~45

   英语词汇学》Page37~45 第三章 词语结构1 我们已经讨论了历史文化社会因素对英语词汇发展的促进作用。尽管借词正如所说,在词汇的扩张中扮演了重要的角色,但是在现代,词汇还是依靠内部基础进行扩充。也就是说,我们使用英语中存在的材料,不管是本土的还是国外的,去创造一些新词。在我们开始涉及词语构成的方法之前,我们需要分析词语的语形结构获得用来构成新词的不同构词元素的积极认识。 Facilitate减轻 Internal内部的 Morphological语形学 Morphemes词素 Denat ...

七年级英语下册英语复习提纲

   七年级英语(下)复习提纲 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 最牛英语口语培训模式: 躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程 体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程:http://www.pacificenglish.cn Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一.短语: 短语 1 .be from = come from 来自于2. live in ...

服装英语词典

   本软件下载自 Http://Soft.Studa.Com 学生大软件站 本站默认解压密码:soft.studa.com 服装英语词典 [新手必背]常用服装英语词汇 颜色 纱线 面料 针织布 裁床 车缝 服装部位名词 服装标准术语 常用服装英语缩写 服装专业名词国粤英语对照 度尺部位词汇 服装机械词汇 常用包装物料和车缝物料 常见的洗水方法 各种样板(Sample,样办) 服装品质控制(QC)词汇 织疵(布疵)的英文表达 针织基础知识 纺织品与服装测试项目 皮革 帽子 其它 使用方法:按“Ct ...

服装英语词典

   服装词典 3-plys export carton 三坑出口纸箱 a pair of braces 一副裤子背带 accessory 辅料 acetate lining 亚沙迪里布,亚沙地里布 air freight 空运费 allover embroidery 全身绣花,[粤]全身车花 anti-pilling agent 抗起毛剂 antistatic finish 防静电处理 automatic lock (zip) 自动锁拉链 apparel 成衣 applique 贴布绣 appe ...

热门内容

高中英语语法综合之非谓语

   高考英语语法讲义 一.非谓语动词 一.不定式: 一)不定式的常考形式: 1) 一般形式:He decided to work harder in order to catch up with the others. 被动形式: He preferred to be assigned some heavier work to do. 语法功能: 表示与谓语动词同步发生 2) 完成形式:He pretended not to have seen me. 被动形式:The book is said ...

四川2010年高考英语试题及答案

   姓名 绝密★启用 座位号 2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)英语 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷) 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,第Ⅰ卷 1 页至 11 页,第Ⅱ卷 12 页至 14 页。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。考试结束后, 将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共 100 分) 选择题, 注意事项: 1.答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目涂写在答题卡 上。 2.1?65 小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把 ...

自考英语语法复习资料(40)

   自考英语语法复习资料(40) 2007-5-25 【大 中 小】   (21)省略句   1. 省略句的定义   省略是为了避免重复、突出新信息并使上下文紧密连接的一种语法修辞手段。省略在语言中,尤其在对话中,是一种十分普遍的现象。   2. 小品词的省略   (1)省略介词   He spent four hours (in) going over his lessons. 他花了四个小时复习功课。   I've studied Eng1ish (for) five years.我已学五年英 ...

电气自动化职业英语

   5 月 12 日 1, 机器人同时定位与地图构建技术研究 Research of simultaneous localization and mapping in robot 【作者】柯文德; 蔡则苏; 李家兰 【Author】KE Wen-de1; 2; CAI Ze-su2; LI Jia-lan1 (1.Dept.of Computer Science; Maoming College; Maoming Guangdong 525000; China; 2.School of Comp ...

初中英语语法--时态试题

   一,用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Heswimming in the river every day in summer. (go) 2.Ityou are right. ( seem ) 3.Look, the children basketball on the playground. ( play ) 4.Heto the radio when I came in, ( listen ) 5.It is very cold .I think it . ( rain ) 6. ?I nee ...