英语词汇学练习题(一)
Exercise A

  1. Write out in full the following shortened words: EEC, OPEC, NASA, PRC, TEFL, TB, AIDS, memo, fridge
EEC:European Economic Community 欧洲经济共同体。
OPEC:Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 石油输出国组织。 NASA:National Aeronautics and Space Administration 〔美国〕国家航空和宇宙 航行局。 PRC:Postal Rate Commission (美国)邮资委员会 The People's Republic of China TEFL:teaching English as a foreign language 英语外语教学 TB:tubercle bacillus 结核杆菌。 AIDS:Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Memo:memorandum Fridge:refrigerator
Exercise B

  1. Which following diagram better illustrates the relationship of each of the following word groups? (A) (B) (C)
(D)
(E)
(
  1) Bachelors,单身汉 学士 men, tennis players (
  2) sparrows,麻雀 birds, cats (
  3) Russians, scientists, people (
  4) red-haired, females, lawyers (
  5) octopi,章鱼 porpoises 海豚, things that live in the sea (
  6) artists, painters, baseball fans
1
Exercise
C

  1. Match nouns in the left-hand column with verbs in the right-hand column: (
  1) injury a. administer b. effect (
  2) suspicion 怀疑,涉嫌 (
  3) siege 围攻说服,劝诱 c. hatch
  1.孵化,孵。
  2.创造,使发生
  3. 图谋,策划 (
  4) medicine d. assume (
  5) change e. process (
  6) scheme 计划 f. cast (
  7) tendency g. attain (
  8) leadership h. inflict (
  9) visa i. confirm (
  10) slander 诽谤,诋毁 j. explode (
  11) object k. develop (
  12) myth l. raise
Exercise
im-, non-, un-, in- , ir- . smoker security officially logical capable relevant willingness loyal practical mature legal
D
Form negatives of each of the following words by using one of these prefixes dis-, il-, obey ability agreement athletic
convenient
Exercise E

  1. Change the following words into nouns. admit accept allow enter expect warm strong persuade jealous
  2. Match Column A with Column B and give one example for each. A B Examples transbefore monoover, above superone automany subself mallittle, small multibad, badly
2
minipreex-
below across former

Exercise
proper forms. profit by / from look into come up with stand out against put down to cash in on go without
F

  1.Complete the sentences by choosing idioms from the list and using them in their approve of get over with comply with
(
  1) The union leaders the abolition of flextime. (
  2) My father did not my marriage to Mary. (
  3) If we must visit your parents today let’s go early and it. (
  4) Police are the disappearance of a quantity of uncut gems. (
  5) Scientists will have to new methods of increasing the world’s food supply. (
  6) When you become a member of a club you generally agree to the rules. (
  7) The shrewd man people’s financial difficulties and lent money at an exorbitant rate. (
  8) There was no time to lose, and they had to asking for leave. (
  9) I hope your unfortunate experience and not make the same mistake again. (
  10) His parents his failure in examination his recent laziness.
Exercise

  1. Put the following idioms into Chinese. (
  1) to burn one’s boat (
  3) to hang by a thread (
  5) castle in the air (
  7) cannot see the wood for the trees (
  9) in one ear and out the other (
  10) to make a mountain (out)of a molehill (
  11) A single spark can start a prairie fire (
  12) Misfortune never comes alone.
G
(
  2) to add fuel to the flames (
  4) to go through fire and water (
  6) to grope in the dark (
  8) a thorn in sb’s flesh
3
(
  13) Walls have ears. (
  14) Live and learn. (
  15) Who has never tasted bitter, knows not what is sweet.
Exercise
prepositions: (
  1) A soft sea breeze set at midnight.
H

  1. Fill the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate adverbs or
(
  2) He is wise enough to see all these fine pretensions. (
  3) He set all objections and granted my request. (
  4) If land is cropped and not manured, it will run . (
  5) The judge said he would hold your case until the next sitting of the court. (
  6) If the weather holds , I suggest we go out on a picnic. (
  7) As neither of us would give in, the bargain fell . (
  8) He lets his feelings run away his judgment. (
  9) He meant to put in a share of the profits. (
  10) One is not sorry to see the proud pulled . (
  11) He passes a learned man in our little community. (
  12) He will draw from what he has promised.
Exercise I

  1. Look up the following words in a dictionary to determine the language from which each has been borrowed and then translate these terms into Chinese.
yacht taboo chocolate coolie kangaroo sauerkraut Muslin kibitz
czar voodoo
kimono
shampoo

  1. Decide whether the following statements are true or false. (
  1) Old English was highly inflected language. (
  2) Modern English is considered to be an analytic language. (
  3) In modern times. borrowing brings less than ten percent of Modern English vocabulary. (
  4) The most important mode of vocabulary development in present-day English is creation of new words by means of word-formation. (
  5) Middle English absorbed a tremendous number of foreign words but with little change in word endings. (
  6) The major factors that promote the growth of Modern English vocabulary are advances in science and technology as well as influence of foreign cultures and languages.
4
Exercise J
Select the pair of words related in the same way as the capitalized words are related to each other
Stove: Kitchen A. window: bedroom B. sink: bathroom C. television: living room D. trunk: attic E. kiss; groom
  1. Celebrate; Marriage A. announce: birthday B. report: injury C. lament: bereavement D. face: penalty E. easy: hard
  2. Joy: Ecstasy A. admiration: love B. weather; humidity C. happiness: sorrow D. life: hope E. youth: frolic
  3. Mystery: Clue A. book: reader B. fruit: bowl C. door: key D. detective: crime E. fly: pan
  4. Wood: Carve A. trees: sway B. paper: burn C. clay: mold D. pipe: blow E. statue: model
Exercise K
Directions: Some of the following statements are true, and the others are false. Mark your answer by writing T or F on your Answer Sheet.
  1. If a word has synonyms, naturally it has antonyms.

  2. While referring to somebody, we sometimes use the idiom “a small potato” which is a metaphor.

  3. Snakes chatter while magpies hiss.

  4. The phrase “burn one’s boat” means “to warm oneself” in English.
  5. Motivation can explain why a particular form has a particular meaning.
  6. Polysemy is the result of long semantic development.
  7. Homonyms are words whose meanings are closely related.
  8. A semantic field is a meaning area where words share the same concept.
5
基本拟声词
Apes gibber Asses bray Bulls bellow Camels grunt Ducks quack Eagles scream Geese cackle(gabble) Goats bleat Larks warble Lions roar Owls hoot/screech Pigeons coo Ravens croak Snakes hiss Wolves howl Bears growl Cats meow/miaow Flies buzz Horses neigh(snort) Magpies chatter Pigs squeal/grunt Thrushes whistle Beetles drone Dogs bark Frogs crack Hens cluck Mice squeak Puppies yelp Turkeys gobble
常见英美拼法及用词部分差异
英国英语 waggon traveller enroll programme cigarette honour defence pretence license practise(v.) enquire judgement acknowledgement connexion inflexion centre masque cheque catalogue draught aesthetic analyse plough grey pyjamas gaol 美国英语 wagon traveler enrol program cigaret honor defense pretense licence practice inquire judgment acknowledgment connection inflection center mask check catalog draft esthetic analyze plow gray pajamas jail 英国英语 rhyme moustache pavement petrol film lift tin post railway call-box taxi sweets parliament shop autumn maize first year student trousers colour neighbour metre theatre storey tyre kerb pedlar 美国英语 rime mustache sidewalk gas movie elevator can mail railroad telephone-booth cab candy congress store fall corn freshman pants color neighbor meter theater story tire curb peddler
6
 

相关内容

四级英语词汇练习题

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 大学英语四级词汇训练 1200 题 Test 1 1.With the of Mary, all the girl students are eager to go to the party. A.exhibition B.exception C.except D.reception 2.Although the trffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a sp ...

四级英语词汇练习题

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 大学英语四级词汇训练 1200 题 Test 1 1.With the of Mary, all the girl students are eager to go to the party. A.exhibition B.exception C.except D.reception 2.Although the trffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a sp ...

四级英语词汇练习题

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 大学英语四级词汇训练 1200 题 Test 1 1.With the of Mary, all the girl students are eager to go to the party. A.exhibition B.exception C.except D.reception 2.Although the trffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a sp ...

英语词汇练习

   中考英语词汇训练[1] 中考英语词汇训练 1. Let's go to(一家) Chinese restaurant. 2. My elder brother is (一个) university student. 3. The poor old man is (一个) honest person. 4. The foreign visitors will be (能) to come tomorrow. 5. Later a neighbour told me (关于) him. 6. T ...

大学英语词汇学习策略研究

   21 0 0年 8月  长 治 学 院 学 报  Ju o mM fC a gh  ie  ̄  o  h n z i Unvmi A g 2 0 u .,01   Vo .7. . 12 No4  第2卷 7 第4 期  大学英语词汇学 习策略研究  孙 丽艳  ( 山西青年管理干部学院 应用外语 系, 山西 太原 摘 000 ) 30 1  要: 在大学英语 词汇学习中, 存在 一些问题 , 针对存在的 问题 , 文章提 出词汇教学的策略 : 强语音教 学, 加 学习词法 、   单词辨析 ...

英语词汇学》Page37~45

   英语词汇学》Page37~45 第三章 词语结构1 我们已经讨论了历史文化社会因素对英语词汇发展的促进作用。尽管借词正如所说,在词汇的扩张中扮演了重要的角色,但是在现代,词汇还是依靠内部基础进行扩充。也就是说,我们使用英语中存在的材料,不管是本土的还是国外的,去创造一些新词。在我们开始涉及词语构成的方法之前,我们需要分析词语的语形结构获得用来构成新词的不同构词元素的积极认识。 Facilitate减轻 Internal内部的 Morphological语形学 Morphemes词素 Denat ...

中职生英语词汇学习策略研究

   科技信息 ○ 外语教研 ○ SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION 2008 年 第 30 期 中职生英语词汇学习策略研究 苏楚博 徐 菲 曹世清 (鲁东大学外国语学院 山东 烟台 264000 ) 【摘 要】自 20 世纪 70 年代以来,语言学习策略逐渐成为二语习得领域一个新兴的研究课题 。 许多研究因研究目的、对象、方法、策略分类 等方面的不同,得出的结论也不尽相同。 同时,大部分词汇学习策略的研究多集中在大学生、研究生和高中学生,很少研究涉及中等职业 ...

商务英语2(听力练习+实用词汇学习)

   Lesson 6 Dialog1: New word:memory(内存),storage(存储空间),application(应用程序) M: In my research on the net, I learned One thing. F:What’s that? M: You can never have enough memory.(You =one 表泛指) F:That works for(=goes for=适用) both people and computers. M: ...

服装英语词典

   服装英语词典(一) [新手必背]常用服装英语词汇 “J” SHAPED POCKET J 形袋 L BUTTON 号钮 FEED PIQUE 模珠地 ACCESSORY 辅料 BACK ACROSS 后背宽 ACROSS MEASURE 横量 ACRYLIC 腈纶 ADHESIVE / FUSIBLE INTERLINING 粘衬 ANTIQUE BRASS COATING 镀青古铜 ANTISTATIC FINISH 防静电处理 APPAREL 成衣 APPEALING LOOK 吸引人的 ...

服装英语词典

   服装词典 3-plys export carton 三坑出口纸箱 a pair of braces 一副裤子背带 accessory 辅料 acetate lining 亚沙迪里布,亚沙地里布 air freight 空运费 allover embroidery 全身绣花,[粤]全身车花 anti-pilling agent 抗起毛剂 antistatic finish 防静电处理 automatic lock (zip) 自动锁拉链 apparel 成衣 applique 贴布绣 appe ...

热门内容

英语课件七年级英语第一学期Unit9课件1

   Section A Period 1 Jacky Cheng " He is a movie star. " Do you like his movies? " Do you want to go to a movie with me? Hero英雄 Hero英雄 an action movie Mr Bean(憨豆先生 憨豆先生) 憨豆先生 a comedy (喜剧 喜剧) 喜剧 a thriller (恐怖片 恐怖片) 恐怖片 a documentary (记录片 记录片) 记录片 ...

大学英语B(6)新

   大学英语(B)模拟试题(6) 第一部分:交际用语(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 此部分共有 10 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选顷,请从 A,B、C、D 四个选顷中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选顷,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应 字母涂黑。示例(A)(B)(C)(D) 1. -- I wonder if I could use your computer tonight? -- I'm not using it right now. A. Sure, go ...

英语四级翻译

   四级汉译英翻译的复习与应试技巧 四级汉译英翻译的复习与应试技巧 四级考试内容改革, 的确对考生能力提出了更高更新的要求, 但是只要考生能认真分析 各种题型特点,总结合理应对的方法,新四级也并不可怕。单从翻译部分来看,老四级词汇 与结构部分的重要词组, 重点语法可能会成为汉译英部分的考查重点, 因此考生仍旧应该重 视老四级的真题材料。 1. 简介 在四级新题型考试中,翻译题所占分值为 5%,时间为 5 分钟,由 5 个句子组成,要求考生 将句子的一部分由中文翻译成英文。 它考查的内容主要包括两 ...

我的英语教学心得体会

   我的英语教学心得体会 廖 冰 六月二十二日,我又完成了一届初中毕业生的英语课,此时我 的心情并不轻松, 因为这一届我确实有许多感触, 下面就我的英语 教学谈谈得与失。 一、激发学生的学习兴趣 记得美国著名作家特瑞西克伊德所说: “却使是最麻烦的孩 子他也有迷人的特质”,在这届学生中我体会得很深刻。他们爱说 爱动,自我约束、自我控制能力不强,如果我在教学中忽视他们的 这些特点, 单纯沿用传统教学模式, 使用传统教学方法进行机械地 讲解, 把他们纯粹当成知识的容纳器, 填鸭式地问他们灌输在他们 ...

考研英语作文模板

   对作文头痛的学弟学妹推荐一写作方法 我是 09 年考的研,现在在读研一,英语考了七十多,不高。在做英语的时候时间 也没有把握好,两个作文只剩下半个小时,这个完全是要不得的,但是最后的结果是可 能作文的分数应该还不错,因为我写作文的时候像过电影一样就把作文写的差不多了, 也觉得挺顺。有一点点经验,希望能帮到大家。 我不知道其他的复习方法是怎样,我直接说我的方法吧。我和其他一大部分人也一 样,用的模板。但不同的一点是我不是背网上写出来的模板(我以前也背了很多的真题 好作文,也学到了不少的好句子, ...