clothes, cloth,
  1. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数;cloth 指布,为不可数名词;clothing 服 装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 。 incident,
  2. incident, accident incident 指小事件,accident 指不幸的事故。如:He was killed in the accident. amount,
  3. amount, number amount 后接不可数名词, number 后接可数名词,如:a number of students。 family, house,
  4. family, house, home home 指家,包括住处和家人,house 指房子、住宅,family 指家庭成员,如:My family is a happy one. sound, voice,
  5. sound, voice, noise sound 指自然界各种各样的声音,voice 指人的嗓音,noise 指噪音,如:I hate the loud noise outside. photo, picture,
  6. photo, picture, drawing photo 指用照相机拍摄的照片,picture 可指相片、 图片、 电影片,drawing 指画的画,如: Let's go and see a good picture. vocabulary,
  7. vocabulary, word vocabulary 指词汇,一个人拥有的单词量;word 指具体的单词。如:He has a large vocabulary. population,
  8. population, people population 指人口、 人数, people 指具体的人, 如: China has a large population. weather,
  9. weather, climate weather 指一天内具体的天气状况,climate 指长期的气候状况,如:The climate here is not good for you. road, street, path,
  10. road, street, path, way
road 指具体的公路、马路,street 指街道,path 指小路、小径,way 指道路、途径。如: take this road; in the street; show me the way to the museum. course,
  11. course, subject course 指课程(可包括多门科目),subject 指科目(具体的学科),如:a summer course。 custom,
  12. custom, habit custom 指传统风俗、习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接 to do;habit 指生活习惯,习惯成自 然,后接 of doing。 如:I've got the habit of drinking a lot. cause,
  13. cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接 of sth./doing sth.;reason 用来解释某 种现象或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth., 如:the reason for being late。 exercise, exercises,
  14. exercise, exercises, practice exercise 指运动、锻炼(不可数),exercises 指练习(可数),practice 指(反复做的) 练习。如:Practice makes perfect. class,
  15. class, lesson 作“课”解时,两者可以替换;指课文用 lesson,指班级或全体学生用 class,如:lesson 6; class
  5。 speech, talk,
  16. speech, talk, lecture speech 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk 指日常生活中的一般的谈话、 讲话,lecture 指学术性的演讲、讲课,如:a series of lecture on… officer,
  17. officer, official officer 指部队的军官,official 指政府官员,如:an army officer 。 work,
  18. work, job 二者均指工作,work 不可数,job 可数,如:a good job。 couple,
  19. couple, pair
couple 主要指人或动物,pair 多指由两部分组成的东西,如:a pair of trousers。 country, nation, state,
  20. country, nation, state, land country 侧重指版图、疆域,nation 指人民、国民、民族,state 侧重指政府、政体,land 指国土、国家。如:The whole nation was sad at the news. cook,
  21. cook, cooker cook 指厨师,cooker 指厨具,如:He is a good cook. damage,
  22. damage, damages damage 是不可数名词,指损害、损失;damages 为复数形式,指赔偿金,如:$900 damages。 police,
  23. police, policeman police 是警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词;policeman 指某个具体的警察。如:The police are questioning everyone in the house. problem,
  24. problem, question problem 常和困难连系,前面的动词常为 think about, solve, raise;question 常和疑 问连系,多和 ask, answer 连用。 man,
  25. man, a man man 指人类,a man 指一个男人。如:Man will conquer nature. chick,
  26. chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡,chicken 还可以当鸡肉,如:The chicken is delicious. telegram,
  27. telegram, telegraph 当“电报”解时, telegram 指具体的, telegraph 指抽象的, a telegram, by telegraph。 如: trip, journey, travel,
  28. trip, journey, travel, voyage travel 是最常用的,trip 指短期的旅途,journey 指稍长的旅途,voyage 指海上航行, 如:a three-day trip。
  29. sport, game sport,
sport 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球、游泳、打猎、赛马等;game 指决定胜负的游 戏,通常有一套规则。如:His favorite sport is swimming.
  30. price
price 指价格,price 指奖、奖品、奖金,如:win the first prize The price is high/low.

  31. a number of, the number of a number of 指“许多”,谓语动词用复数。the number of 指“…的数目”,谓语动词用 单数。如:The number of students is increasing.
  32. in front of, in the front of in front of 指范围外的前面,in the front of 指范围内的前面,如:In the front of the room sits a boy.
  33. of the day, of a day of the day 指每一天的、当时的、当代的,of a day 指暂时的、不长久的,如:a famous scientist of the day。
  34. three of us, the three of us three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us 我们三个(就三个人)。如: The three of usTom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
  35. by bus, on the bus by bus 表手段、方式,不用冠词;on the bus 表范围。如:They went there by bus.
  36. for a moment, for the moment for a moment “片刻、 一会儿”, the moment“暂时、 for 一时”, Thinking for a moment, 如: he agreed.
  37. next year, the next year next year 将来时间状语, next year 过去将来时间状语, He said he would go abroad the 如:
the next year. than
  38. more than a year, more than one year more than a year“一年多”,more than one year“超过一年”(两年或三年等)
  39. take advice, take the(one’s) advice take advice“征求意见”,take the advice“接受忠告”,如:He refused to take the advice and failed again.
  40. take air, take the air take air“传播、走漏”,take the air“到户外去、散步”,如:We take the air every day.
  41. in a word, in words in a word“总之、一句话”, in words“口头上”,如:In a word, you are right.
  42. in place of, in the place of in place of“代替”,in the place of“在…地方”,如:A new building is built in the place of the old one.
  43. in secret, in the secret in secret“秘密地、暗自地、偷偷地”,一般用作状语;in the secret 指知道内情、知 道秘密,一般用作表语。如:My mother was in the secret from t he beginning.
  44. a girl, one girl a girl 可泛指所有女孩, one girl 指一个女孩,如:Can one girl carry such a big box?
  45. take a chair, take the chair take a chair“相当于”,sit down“坐下”,take the chair“开始开会”
  46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea“当海员、出航”,by sea“乘船、由海路”, by the sea“在海边”,如:go by sea。
doctor
  47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher the doctor and teacher 指一个人,既是医生又是老师;the doctor and the teacher 指 两个人,一个医生和一个老师。
  48. in office, in the office in office“在职的”,in the office“在办公室里”,如:He is in office, not out of office.
  49. in bed, on the bed in bed“卧在床上”,on the bed“在床上”,如:The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.
  50. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of“管理、负责照料”,in the charge of“由……照料”,如:He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.
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