Book 2

  1. look into
  3. belong to 调查
Unit 1
Cultural Relics 文化遗产
  2. select 精选 choose 选择 (若有范围加 from) 迷路,丢失
属于(无被动进行式) 处理;对付 被用来做某事 被制成;

  4. get /be lost ; be missing /gone

  5. do with /deal with
  7. be used to do sth.
  9. be made into . . . be made for

  6. in search of ;search for 寻找 search sb 搜身
  8. be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 be made of /from be made up of 用…制成 由…组成 琥珀艺术品.

  10. be of +抽象名词=be+该词的形容词
  12. as a gift of 作为…的礼物 值得做 specially 专门地

  11. work of amber art
  13. in return
作为报答 in turn 轮流,转而

  14. be worth doing
  16. especially 尤其
  18. be at war

  15. serve as / act as 充当,用作
  17. great wonders of the world
  19. less than 世界上的伟大奇迹
处于交战状态 毫无疑问
少于 no more than 两者都不

  20.there's no doubt that
It's no wonder that 不足为奇
  22. take apart 拆开

  21. remain a mystery 仍然是个迷
  23. rather than
胜于, 而不是 (后用对称结构) 说实话
  25. pretend to do sth 举一个你生活中的例子
  28. search for =look for 假装做某事

  24. to tell the truth

  26. give an example from your own life
  27. think highly of 看重,重视

  29.情态动词(could /might /must /should) +have done 表示对过去发生的事情的推测,批评,反悔等意思
  30. have sth. done 表示 "请人做某事" "使遭遇某种(不幸的)事情" / have sth to be done Unit 2 Olympic Games 1 take part in/join in 参加 2 win glory for 赢得荣誉 4 deserve to do 理应做某事
3 be eager to do / for 渴望做某事/ 得到… 5 every four years 6 two sets of
每四年,每隔三年 every other year 每两年 两套,两组 7 be fined 100 $ 被罚款 100 美元; 9 allow doing sth. A marry B 和……结婚 在某方面竞争 允许干某事.
8 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 10 be/get married to(不能用 with) sb 11 a set of 一套,一组
12 compete in…
13 compete for… 15 be admitted into 17 reach the standard 19 as well as
为……而竞争 被录取
14 compete with/against 与……竞争 16 be admitted as 作为…被接受
18 play an important role/part in
20 replace = take one's place
21 take responsibility for = be responsible for 对…负责 22 have (no) chance of doing sth. 24 relate…to… 把……与关联起来 26 run against… 和……赛跑 23 go with 伴随,与……搭配 和……有关
25 relate with
27 hear of / from 听说 / 收到来信 29 take turns 轮流
28 be sure / certain to do /about (sure 主语只能为人) 30 one after another 一个接一个
31 make sure +that clause
Unit 3 Computers
  1. sound simple
  3. artificial intelligence
  5. solve/settle a problem
  7. mathematical problem 听起来简单 人工智能 解决问题 数学问题
  2. a technological revolution
  4. begin as 作为…开始 一个头脑简单的人 技术革命

  6. a simple-minded man

  8. be totally changed 被完全改变了
  10. serve the human race 为人类服务
  12. deal with
  14. public opinion
  16. share a room with
  18. go by 处理 公众舆论 与…共居一室

  9. share information with 与…信息共享
  11. common knowledge
  13. in my opinion 15 an analytical method
  17. connect with
  19. bring into effect
  21. get together
  23. with the help of
  24. make up 聚集 常识 在我看来 分析法 与…有关 使生效

  20. with time going by / as time goes by / over time
  22. after all 毕竟 above all 首先,最重要的
在…的帮助下= with one's help
  25. a personal letter
  27. have a good time
  29. make a decision
  31. building materials
  33. arise / rise / raise on the way 在路上 私人信件 玩得愉快 做出决定 建筑材料

  26. watch over 看守,监视
  28. once a year 一年一度
  30. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人干某事
  32. in fact 事实上

  34. in a way 在某种程度上 in the way 挡路 in no way 绝不
Unit4 Wildlife protection
  1. as a result 结果 result in = cause 导致
  2. die out die from (动,植物物种)灭绝 死于…(多外因) As a result of= because of result form die of 由于 死于…(多内因) 渴望得到/ 去做… 由于
be dying for / to do 迷惑的,不知所措 弥补损失

  3. be at a loss = be puzzled at =be confused suffer a loss (of) 蒙受损失
make up for a loss
be lost in one's thought(陷入沉思) lose heart lose one's heart to sb peace 平静的(地);安静的(地)in silence/in surprise/in a hurry 搜索; 搜寻 in danger of endangered adj. 濒危的 take effect(生效)
  9. get dressed 穿上衣服 有… 危险 dangerous 危险的

  5. hunting for
be out of danger 脱离危险

  7.have / give an effect on / upon …

  8. be concerned about 担心.关心,挂念
get done 强调动作,不能和表一段时间的状语连用;be done 表状态
  10.turn round : 转过去,围绕…旋转 apply to sb. for sth. 请求,申请….
  11.apply …to….应用 apply oneself to sth / doing 致力于 prevent from 阻止(stop/ keep from)

  12.protect ……from 保护…..免受….危害
13 .have an effect on = have effects on 对...有影响
  14.come into being: 形成;产生;开始存在 come into use:开始被使用 come into one's mind / head: 突然想到
come into fashion: 开始流行 come into consideration: 开始考虑
  15. have mercy on / show mercy to 对… 仁慈
  16. appreciate doing 感激 I appreciate it if you … 如果… 我会很感激
  17. do harm to = be harmful to= have bad effects on
  18. in relief 松了口气 relieve sb of sth 减轻某人(负担,痛苦等)
  19. affect vt. 影响,感动
  20. incident 事变 VS. effect n. 影响
accident 事故 event 大事,运动会项目

  21. decrease 减少(数量) increase 增加 Unit 5
  1.attach great importance to 重视
  2.dream of / about (doing) sth a concert .form the habit of
  5.passers-by 在音乐会上
reduce 减轻(体积,压力等) Music
be attached to 附属
梦见, 梦想… honest with sb. 对…诚实 以…的形式
in the form of
路人(复数) 赚外快
lookers- on 旁观者
  6.give sb. a chance to do 给某人做某事的机会

  6.earn extra money jokes/a joke on sb. laugh at / make fun of
  8.base on
捉弄 play tricks/a trick on sb. 嘲笑;取笑
以….为基础, 基于….be based on in cash / by credit card (check) 用现金或信用卡,支票支付
  10.break up break in/into break down 破裂;拆散;停止;(战争等)爆发 闯进 break out 爆发
坏掉,发生故障;(身体)垮掉 击中某人的… chance/accident 偶然遇见
  14.sort out 分类 偶然,意外地

  11.hit sb. on/in the+身体部位
  13.come across / run into confident of/about/in 对 …… 有 信 心
  16.give/put on a performance=perform 演 出 , 表 演
  17.go wrong / bad / mad / crazy
  20.stick to 坚持某事
  18.since then 从那时起
  19.come up with 提出

  21. devote oneself to 奉献,致力于 演奏乐器 吸引某人的注意力/兴趣 musical instrument

  23.attract / draw / catch one's attention/interest
  24. or so 大约 (放在数词后边)

  25. in addition(to)= besides 除了…之外还有/ 另外
常见作文模板 一,对比观点题型 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法.
  1. 有一些人认为…
  3.我的看法… The topic of ①(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②(支持 A 的理由一)What is more, ③理由二). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨ (原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice. 二,说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或 弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
  3.你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it plays an important role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). Besides (A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also clear. One of the important disadvantages is that (A的第一个缺点). make matters worse,(A的 To 第二个缺点). Through the above analysis(分析), I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones(我觉得这利大于弊). Therefore, I would like to (我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the situations we are in. Only in this way can we (对 前景的预测). 三,图表作文的框架 As is shown by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), 作文题目的议 题 has decreased (goes up/increases/drops/decreases), significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from in to in . From the sharp decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that . There are at least two good reasons for . On the one hand, . On the other hand, is due to the fact that . In addition, is responsible for . Maybe there are some other reasons to show . But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing(令人相信的). As far as I am concerned 就我而言) I hold the point of view that . I am , (就我而言) sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.



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