Multiple choice 解题技巧
逗号与单项选择题 Jacky Wan
一逗号(与作状语用的) 一逗号(与作状语用的) 分词短语, 分词短语,独立主格结构
D
  1., we'll go for an outing. A. Being a fine day B. As being a fine day C. It was a fine day D. It being a fine day It was a fine day, so we'll go for an outing. Because/As it is a fine day, we'll go for an outing.
B
  2. , so they went to bed earlier than usual. A. There being nothing more to do B. There was nothing more to do C. Having nothing more to do D. They having nothing more to do
There being nothing more to do, so they went to bed earlier than usual.

  3. many times, but he still couldn't B understand. A. Having been told B. He was told C. Though he had been told D. Having told
Having been told many times, he still couldn't understand. Though he had been told many times, he still couldn't understand.
二逗号与并列句并列结构
C
  1. He thinks I have scolded him, I have always spoken well of him. A. when B. and C. while D. on the contrary
on the contrary(相反 ,介词短语, 相反), 相反 介词短语, 起状语作用, 起状语作用,不能连接并列复合句

  2. I began to fish before memory began, I knew I have always fished. B A. so far B. so as far as C. as far as D. so
逗号前后都是主从复合句,中间需要一个并列连词. 逗号前后都是主从复合句,中间需要一个并列连词. 后面的部分成宾语从句, 选so, I knew后面的部分成宾语从句,不合题意. 后面的部分成宾语从句 不合题意.

  3. John seems a nice person, I don't B trust him. 引导让步状语从句的连词, A. even though 引导让步状语从句的连词,不是副词 B. even so 虽然是副词,但意思是"因此" C. therefore 虽然是副词,但意思是"因此" 表转折, D. though 表转折,但通常置句尾或插入句子之间 even so = nevertheless (即使如此) 即使如此) 即使如此
三逗号与简单句, 三逗号与简单句,主从复合句
D
  1. I admit that there are problems, I don't think that they cannot be solved. A. Unless逗号前后都有主谓成分,因此可判断全 逗号前后都有主谓成分, 句是一个复合句. B. Until 句是一个复合句. C. As D. While While 作连词,表示"尽管,虽然" 作连词,表示"尽管,虽然"

  2. An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 C yards, approximately from Marathon to Athens. A. distance B. is the distance C. the distance D. the distance is

  1.逗号之后无 或and 之类的连接词,因此后面 逗号之后无or 之类的连接词, 逗号之后无 不应当是一个句子. 不应当是一个句子.
  2. B 若为 is approximately the distance 若为or from Marathon to Athens正确 正确
  3. D 若为 若为and the distance is approximately from Marathon to Athens正确 正确
  4.approximately the distance from Marathon to Athens 同位语补充说明
  5. A distance 后有 from…to…作定语,是特 作定语, 作定语 前面要有定冠词. 指,前面要有定冠词.

  3. Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, I B will always treasure. A. that which 代替主句的意思,作限制性定语从句 代替主句的意思, B. one 逗号后如有and,则可为 逗号后如有 ,则可为and it I…. C. it D. what
四逗号与定语从句, 四逗号与定语从句,名词性从句
C
  1. is well-known to us all, the Olympic Games will be held in Beijing in 20
  08. A. It as 引导非限制性定语从句, 引导非限制性定语从句, B. That 指代后面整个主谓结构. 指代后面整个主谓结构. C. As 用了逗号隔开) (用了逗号隔开)如果此 逗号去掉了呢? 逗号去掉了呢? D. Which
A
  2. is well-known to us all that the Olympic Games will be held in Beijing in 20
  08. A. It It 作为形式主语引导 B. That 主语从句. 主语从句. C. As D. Which
(
  1) As we all know, the Olympic Games will be held in Beijing in 20
  08. (
  2) We all know ( that) the Olympic Games will be held in Beijing in 20
  08.
五逗号与不定式
C
  1. Tom telephoned all his friends, everyone the exciting news that he was accepted by a famous university. A项明显错误 项明显错误 A. tell D项是过去分词,逻辑主语 项是过去分词, 项是过去分词 B. to tell 不对; 不对; C. telling C项现在分词作伴随状语 项现在分词作伴随状语 D. told
如果一定要用不定式呢? 如果一定要用不定式呢?

  2. The secretary worked late into the night, B a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 要选A怎么办? 要选 怎么办? 怎么办 要选C呢 要选 呢?

  3. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, that C the had enjoyed his stay here. A. having added 还有哪个选项通过 B. to add 变化可以呢? 变化可以呢? C. adding 去掉逗号变成and 去掉逗号变成 D. added
added that….
六逗号与插入语
A
  1. You'd better, I think, him a hand when necessary. A. give B. to give C. gave D. giving

  2. My friends, after they heard what had A happened to me, said it sounded like an adventure. A. all B. that C. which D. who
A
  3. it or not, his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles. A. Believe B. To believe C. Believing D. Believed
Reflection
逗号溶入单选题,既干扰了解题思维, 逗号溶入单选题,既干扰了解题思维,又 增加了试题的灵活性, 增加了试题的灵活性,要充分了解逗号的 用法,正确分析句子结构,就能排除干扰, 用法,正确分析句子结构,就能排除干扰, 正确作出选择. 正确作出选择.
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