单项精选五十例

  1. Mr. Wang made up his mind to devote all he could his oral English before going abroad. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. to improving 此题中包含固定短语devote…to,其中to 为介词, 后面应接定名词。动词devote后接的宾语为all,all 又为先行词,后又包含一个定语从句:he could (do)。此题很容易误以为could后应接动词原形, 而易选为A。答案为D。

  2. Everything he away from him before he returned to his hometown. A. took B. had been taken C. had had been taken D.had taken
? 此题应该首先把句子结构分析清楚。句中 Everything既作句子的主语,又作先行词, 后接定语从句(that) he had,而had been taken 是过去完成时的被动态作句子的谓语。 此题的意思为“在他返回家乡之前,他所有 的一切都被拿走了”。故选C。

  3. Before he went abroad, he spent as much time as he English. A. could learning B. learned C. to learn D. could learn
? 此题中包含句型结构spend … (in) doing sth., 其中题中spent的宾语为much time , much time作为先行词,后又接定语从句he could (spend)。故选A。

  4. You can never imagine what great difficulty I have your house. A. found B. finding C. to find D. for finding
? 题中difficulty为先行词,后接定语从句 (that) I have ,实际上构成一个固定句型: have difficulty (in) doing sth.。因为in 可 以省略,所以选B。

  5. The person we spoke to no answer at first. A.making B.makes C.make D.made
? 此题中也包含一个定语从句we spoke to, the person既作先行词,又作句子的主语, 要填入的应该是句子的谓语,根据句子的需 要,应选过去时。本题中的to为陷阱,实际 上它属于定语从句中,而不影响主句的谓语 动词。故D正确。

  6. The person we referred to(提及) us a report tomorrow. A.giving B.will give C.gave D.give
? 同上题一样,句中包含定语从句we referred to,所缺成份为句子的谓语,又根 据句中的tomorrow,故用将来时。选B。

  7. The person we talked about our school last week. A.visiting B.will visit C.visited D.has visited
? 同样,句中包含的定语从句we talked about中about虽为介词,但不影响主句的 谓语,又根据后面的时间状语为last week, 故应选C。

  8. The days we have been looking forward to soon. A.coming B.will come C.came D.have come
? 同理,此句中的定语从句包含短语look forward to,虽然to 为介词,但并不影响主 句的谓语动词,只是一个陷阱而矣。又根 据句中的soon,应用将来时,故选B。

  9. The man whose songs we are fond of in our city next week. A.singing B.to sing C.will sing D.sang
? 此句也包含定语从句whose songs we are fond of,其中of 虽为介词,但不影响主句的 谓语动词,而句中时间状语为next week,故 选C。

  10. Not only the jewelry she been sold for her son's gambling debts but also her house. A.is;has B.has;had C.has;has D./;has
? 此题中由于Not only 置于句首,故用部分倒装结构。 第一个has助动词,是句中谓语动词has been sold 中has的提前。第二个has为实义动词,属于定语从 句中,表示“有”的意思。本句的意思为:不但是 她所有的珠宝,而且还有她的房子一起已经被卖掉 作为她儿子的赌债了。答案为C。

  11. in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. (NMET
  96) A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose
? 此题为省略句。Lost in thought 相当于 Because he was lost in thought。短语be lost in 表状态,表示“陷入……”。故选C。

  12.The research is so designed that once nothing can be done to change it. (NMET20
  02) A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun
? 此题也为省略句。连词once后省略了主语 the search,从句“once begun”相当于 “once the search is begun”。答案为D。

  13. What do you think made the woman so upset? weight.(1997上海试题) A. As she put on B. Put on C. Putting on D. Because of putting on
? 此题也是一个省略回答,完整的回答是: Putting on weight made the woman so upset。 用动名词短语作主语。故选C。

  14. Time should be made good use of our lessons well. A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. having learned
? 此题选C,考查的是不定式做目的状语。此 句是利用被动结构设置陷阱。转化为主动态 是:(We) should make good use of time to learn our lessons well。

  15. Can be in the desk you have put my letter? A. it;which B.I;Where C. you;in which D. it;that
? 此题实际上是考查强调句型it…that…,只是 用一般疑问句形式增加了难度而矣。故选D。

  16.Nevertime come back again. A. has lost B. will lose C. will lost D. lose
? 本题考查的是倒装结构。正常语序为:Lost time will never come back again。其中lost 为过去分词作定语,表示“失去了的时 间”。故选C。

  17. was it they discovered the entrance to the underground palace? Totally by chance. A. What, that B. How, that C. When, how D. Where, that
? 首先根据回答totally by chance可知,问句 是问有关方式的问题,故第一空应填how; 其次,问句是强调句型的一种特殊疑问句 形式,强调的是方式状语how。故选B。

  18. I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? A. What is it that B. What it is what C. How is it that D. How it is that
? 此题实际上考查的也是强调句型的特殊疑 问句形式,强调的是疑问词what。而答案B 不是疑问语序。故选A。

  19. Is this factory you visited the other day? A. the one B. that C. where D. when
? 本题可以改为:This factory is you visited the other day. 句中is 后面无表语, 后面定语从句也没有先行词,故填入既做 表语又做先行词的the one。所以答案为A。

  20. Was it she heard with her ears really made her frightened? A. what;that B. it;that C. that;which D. what;/
? 此题考查的是强调句型中又包含主语从句 的情况。What she heard wither ears是由 what引导的主语从句。第二空中的that则为 强调句型中的that。故答案为A。

  21. what the six blind men said sounded! A. How foolishly B. How foolish C. What foolishly D. What foolish
? 此题为感叹句。句中有系动词sound,它后 面应接形容词。该句可改为:What the six blind men said sounded foolish. 故选B。

  22. It was the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home. A. repair B. repairing C. to repair D. in repair
? 本题仍考查的是强调句型。该句可还原为: The old man spent the whole morning at home (in) repairing the old clock。故选 B。

  23. Is this hotel you said we were to stay in your letter? A. that B. where C. the one D. in which
? 此题与第19题相比,19题中的visited 为及物 动词,而本题中的stay为不及物动词,in your letter中的in 不可与stay 连用。此题可改为: This hotel is where you said we were to stay in your letter. 实际上是由where 引导的表语从 句,而不可看作由the one 作先行词的定语从 句。答案为B。

  24. Please tell me the way you thought of the garden. A.take care of B. to take care of C. taking care of D. how to take care of
? 此题是以插入语设置陷阱。you thought of 为插入语,不影响to take care of 作the way 的定语。答案为B。

  25. A fast food restaurant is the place ,just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly. A. which B. where C.there D. what
? 句中just as the name suggests是作插入语, 把它去掉后发现是由where引导的定语从句, 先行词为the place。故选B。

  26. The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that far-away village. A. until B. that C. when D. where
? 同样,此句中定语从句的先行词the hours 被back to me隔而矣。先行词在定语从句中 充当状语。故选C。

  27. The professor has written another book of great importance to computer science. A. which I think it is B. and I think is C. which I think is D. when I think is
? 答案选C。I think是插入语。A答案中的it是 多余的。

  28. ?Where do you think he the computer? ?Sorry,I have no idea. A. had;bought B. has;bought C. did;buy D./;bought
? 此题中do you think是插入语。但在有do you think的特殊疑问句中,虽是疑问句, 句子却要用陈述语序。故选D。

  29. We should do more such exercises in the future, I think, those we did yesterday. A. as B. like C. about D. than
? 本题中I think 是插入语。exercises 被more 修饰,故应选than,构成比较结构 more…than…。不能受such的影响而选了 A。答案为D。

  30. He will tell you he expects will win such a match. A. why B. whom C. whichD.who
? 此题中he expects为插入语。舍去后发现宾 语从句中缺做人的主语who。故选答案D。

  31. In New Zealand, I made lots of friends a very practical knowledge of the English language. A. get B. to get C. gettingD.got
? 该题中不可把made理解为使役动词,而误 选A。实际上made lots friends意思是“交 了很多朋友”,答案B是不定式to get在句 中作目的状语。

  32. I'm busy now. I'm sorry I can't help the flowers. A. watering B. watered C. waters D. to water
? 答案为D。此题中的can’t help 并不是表示 “情不自禁做某事”的意思,根据上文是可知 是表示“不能帮助做某事”,其结构为:can’t help (to) do。

  33. Who would you rather the report instead of you? A. have write B. have to write C. write D. have written
? 此题考查的是结构:have sb do sth.。可以 把它变成陈述句来理解:I would rather have Tom write the report instead of you. 再就Tom 提问就变成了Who(m) would you rather have write the report instead of you? 故选A。

  34. We must stop pollution longer. A. living B. from living C. to live D. live
? 此题并不是考查我们熟悉的结构stop … (from) doing sth,而是不定式表目的, 此句的意思为:我们必须阻止污染以便活 得更长。故选C。

  35. Was it under the tree you were away talking to a friend? Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone. A. that B. where C. whichD.while
? 此题很容易误以为是强调句型而选A。做好此题 关键是正确理解句中的it的意思。从上下文的语境 来看,it 应是代词,指代the bike,故用while 引 导时间状语。句子可以理解为:“当你离开去同 朋友谈话的时候,你的自行车是在这树下 吗?”“当然,但当我回来时,自行车就不见 了。”故选D。

  36. Not far from the club there was a garden, owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon. A. whose B. its C. which D. that
? 答案为B。此题关键是理解seated这个单词, 它是过去分词,而不是作谓语的过去式。 它不能在句中谓语。所以后面句子不是一 个非限制性定语从句,而是一个独立主格 结构,故选代词its。

  37. Wang ling was elected all he is the tallest. A. because B. because of C. for D. as
? 本题很容易误选为A。因为because后接句 子。正确答案应为B。并不是考查because of 这个短语,而是of all“在所有的里”这个 短语。句意为“Wand ling 被选取了是因为 在所有的人里面他是最高的”。

  38. We’ll be free tomorrow, so I suggest to the history museum. A. to visit B. visiting C. we should visit D. a visit
? 此题在特别注意小品词to, 我们知道visit为 及物动词,后面不加to,而作名词时则可以。 故选D。

  39. I like swimming, while what my brother enjoys . A. cooking B. to cook C. is cooking D. cook
? 此题容易误选A。实际上what my brother enjoys是主语从句,不影响后面的成份。故 选C。

  40. Thank you for the trouble you have to help me. A. paid B. taken C. had D. asked
? 此题考查固定短语:take the trouble to do sth,表示“不辞辛劳地去做某事。”所以 答案为B。

  41. Who is it up decide whether to go or not? A. to to B. for for C. to for D. for to
? 答案为A。第一个to属于be up to这个短语, 第二个to为不定式表目的状语。

  42. We keep in touch writing often. A. with B. of C. on D. by
? 本题容易误选A。误以为是考查固定短语 keep in touch with,其实考查由by作方式 状语。答案为D。

  43. How long have you been here? the end of last month. A. In B. By C. At D. Since
? 此题容易选A或B。以为是考查固定短语。 答案为D。表示“自从上个月末以来”。

  44. You should treat him (in) the way suits him most. A. that B. in which C. / D. why
? 此题中先行词the way 后面的定语从句中充 当主语。故只能选A。如果先行词the way 有从句中充当状语,则可以用that, in which
 

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