?
  1. What is Inversion? ?
  2. Why do we use Inversion?
? When I arrived, I saw there was a tall tree at the entrance to the village. In front of the tree sat a lady in red. I didn’t know who she was at first, ’ partly because I was near-sighted. Only when I came near could I recognize that she was my mother. My brothers haven’t returned home in ’ the past ten years, neither have I. We are all too busy with our work. Sometimes, I siad to myself: “Were I free, I would often visit my mother.” ”
? Of course I know this is only an excuse. Not until my father died did I make up my mind to return home and stay with my mother for some time. We three brothers gave our mother a call and promised to have a winter holiday with her. Once made a promise, we should keep it.
1 倒装句之全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全 部置于主语之前。 部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与 一般现在时和一般过去时。 一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结 构有: 构有:

  1)表示地点的介词短语表示的状语, 表示地点的介词短语表示的状语, 表示地点的介词短语表示的状语 提前位于句首时,全部倒装。 提前位于句首时,全部倒装。
? 一只小狗坐在房间外。 一只小狗坐在房间外。 ? A little dog sits outside the room. ? Outside the room sits a little dog.
? 一座碉楼座落在山顶上。 一座碉楼座落在山顶上。 ? A watchtower stands on top of the hill. ? On top of the hill stands a watchtower.
? 我们学校江边 有一个“ 有一个“希望 之星”的雕塑。 之星”的雕塑。 ? On the riverside lies a statue, the star of hope.
?
  2) 以here, there, now, then等副词或 等副词或 out, in, up, down, away等表示运动方 等表示运动方 向的副词或地点状语置于句首以示强调, 向的副词或地点状语置于句首以示强调, 句子要全部倒装,谓语动词常用come,go, 句子要全部倒装,谓语动词常用 be, lie,run,rush等 等 ? 铃响了。 铃响了。 ? 公车来了。 公车来了。 There goes the bell.
Here comes the bus.
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
那个男孩走开了。 那个男孩走开了。 Away went the boy. 小孩子冲了出来。 小孩子冲了出来。 Out rushed the children. 他走开了。 他走开了。 Away he went. 这是你的信。 这是你的信。 Here is your letter. There she comes. 她来了。 她来了。
?
  3)There be结构。另外,在此结构中 结构。 结构 另外, 可用用来代替be动词的动词有 动词的动词有exist, 可用用来代替 动词的动词有 seem, happen, appear, live, rise, stand等 stand等。 ? 桌子上有一本书,两个橙子。 桌子上有一本书,两个橙子。 ? There is/are one book, two oranges in the desk.
? 开平现存 开平现存1833座碉楼。 座碉楼。 座碉楼 ? There exist/exists 1833 watchtowers in Kaiping.
?
  4)表语置于句首时,为了使上下文紧 表语置于句首时, 表语置于句首时 密衔接,常把表语放在句首 倒装结构为: 常把表语放在句首,倒装结构为 密衔接 常把表语放在句首 倒装结构为: 表语+连系动词+ 表语+连系动词+主语 ? 出席晚会的有黄先生,张小姐和其他 出席晚会的有黄先生, 的宾客。 的宾客。 ? Mr.H, Miss Zh and other guests are present at the party. ? Present at the party are Mr.H, Miss H and other guests.
? 中国人被瞧不 起的日子一去 不复返了。 不复返了。 ? The days the Gone are when when days Chinese were looked Chinese were down upon looked down are gone. upon.
?
  1、Just in front of our house 、 with a history of 1000 years. ? ? ? ? A. does a tall tree stand B. stands a tall tree C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands
?
  2. At the foot of the mountain . ? A. a village lies ? B. lies a village ? C. does a village lie ? D. lying a village

  2. 倒装句之部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动 词或情态倒装至主语之前。 词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中 的谓语没有助动词或情态动词, 的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需 添加助动词do, does或did,并将 添加助动词 或 , 其置于主语之前。 其置于主语之前。
?
  1) Only修饰的副词,介词短语或状语从 修饰的副词, 修饰的副词 句放在句首时,主句要进行部分倒装。 句放在句首时,主句要进行部分倒装。 ? 只有到了那个时候,他才知道知识的重 只有到了那个时候, 要性。 要性。 ? Only then did he know the importance of knowledge. ? 只有我们自己才能拯救自己。 只有我们自己才能拯救自己。 ? Only we ourselves can save ourselves.
?
  2)把副词 放在句首,表示前面所说 把副词so放在句首, 把副词 放在句首 的情况,也适合于另一人或物。 的情况,也适合于另一人或物。肯定 句用so,否定句用neither/nor,句式 句用 ,否定句用 , 如下: 如下:So/ Neither(Nor)+be (have, 助动词或情态动词)+主语。 )+主语 助动词或情态动词)+主语。
典型例题
1 Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother? I don't know, . A. nor don‘t I care ‘ B. nor do I care C. I don‘t care neither ‘ D. I don't care also
答案: 为增补意思"也不关心 答案:B. nor为增补意思 也不关心 ,因 为增补意思 也不关心", 此句子应倒装。 错在用 再次否定, 此句子应倒装。A错在用 don't 再次否定, C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏 用法不对且缺乏连词。 缺乏 连词。 连词。
?
  2. 他喜欢 读书, 读书,我也 是. ? He likes reading very much. So do I .
?
  3. 我从来没有去过广州大学,他也 我从来没有去过广州大学, 是. ? I have never been to Guangzhou University, and neither/ nor has he.
?
  4. He is a good boy. ? So he is. / So is he. ?
  5. She hoped that he would clean the classroom and he did so.
?
  3)句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, 句首为否定或半否定的词语, 句首为否定或半否定的词语 not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。 ? *他一点也不关心自己的安全. *他一点也不关心自己的安全 他一点也不关心自己的安全. ? He cared little about his own safety. ? Little did he care about his own safety.
? *我很少去看电 我很少去看电 影. ? I seldom go to the cinema. ? Seldom do I go to the cinema.
? 我从来没有看过这样的表演. 我从来没有看过这样的表演. ? I have never seen such a performance. ? Never have I seen such a performance.
? 等到孩子睡着了,妈妈才离开房 等到孩子睡着了, 间. ? The until the didn’t leave the ’ Not mother child fell asleep room until the leave fell room. did the mother child the asleep. ? 当Not until引出主从复合句,主 引出主从复合句, 引出主从复合句 句倒装,从句不倒装。 句倒装,从句不倒装。
典型例题

  1) Why can't I smoke here? At no time in the meetingroom A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit
答案A. 这是一个倒装问题 。 当否定词语置于句 这是一个倒装问题。 答案 首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.

  2) Not until the early years of ) the 19th century what heat is. A.man did know B. man know C. didn‘t man know ‘ D. did man know
答案D. 看到 看到Not until…的句型,我们知 的句型, 答案 的句型 道为一倒装句,答案在C, 中选一个。 道为一倒装句,答案在 ,D 中选一个。 改写为正常语序为, 改写为正常语序为,Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将 现在将not提前,后面就不能再用 提前, 提前 否定了,否则意思就变了 否定了 否则意思就变了
?
  4.以否定词开头作部分倒 以否定词开头作部分倒 装,如 如 ? Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than
典型例题

  1) No sooner than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began B. has the game begun C. did the game begin D. had the game begun
答案D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时 , 一 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时, 答案 般采用倒装句(谓语前置 谓语前置)。 般采用倒装句 谓语前置 。这类表示否定意义的 词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, 词有 not, hardly, 以及 以及not only…but (also), no sooner…than, hardly… when scarcely… when 等等。 等等。

  2) out when a student came to visit her. ? A. Hardly had she gone ? B. Hardly she had gone ? C. Scarcely has she gone ? D. Scarcely she has gone
?
  3)他不但学习好,而且他还乐于帮 他不但学习好, 他不但学习好 同学们解决学习问题. 同学们解决学习问题. Not only does he do well in his lessons, but also he often helps others with their lessons.
注意: 注意:not only…but also… 连接两个并 列分句时,第一个分句应使用部分倒装。 列分句时,第一个分句应使用部分倒装。
? 4)不但你,我也喜欢在江边散步. 不但你,我也喜欢在江边散步. ? Not only you but also I am fond of taking a walk along the riverbank.
注意: 注意 只有当Not only… but also连接两个分句时, 连接两个分句时, 只有当 连接两个分句时 才在第一个分句用倒装结构。 才在第一个分句用倒装结构。 如果置于句首的Not only… but also仅连接两个并 如果置于句首的 仅连接两个并 列词语,不可用倒装结构。 列词语,不可用倒装结构。

  5. as, though 引导的倒装句 ? as / though引导的让步状语从 引导的让步状语从 句必须将表语或状语提前 (形 容词, 副词, 分词, 容词 副词 分词 实义动词提 前)。

  6.其他部分倒装 其他部分倒装
?
  1). so… that 句型中的 位于句首时,需 句型中的so 位于句首时, 倒装。 倒装。 e.g.: So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch. ? So happy was he that he couldn’t ’ speak a word.
?
  2) 在某些表示祝愿的句型中: 在某些表示祝愿的句型中: 祝你们幸福开心! 祝你们幸福开心! May you all be happy.
  3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有 were, had, should等词,可将 省略,把 等词, 等词 可将if 省略, were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部 移到主语之前, 分倒装。 分倒装。 ? 如果我是你,我会再试一次. 如果我是你,我会再试一次. ? If I were you ,I would try it again. ? Were I you, I would try it again.
? 如果我有见到他,我肯定会邀请他. 如果我有见到他,我肯定会邀请他. ? If I had seen him, I would have invited him. ? Had I seen him, I would have invited him.
否定含义结构+助动词或情态 否定含义结构 助动词或情态 动词+主语 主语+其他部分 动词 主语
? He has never been to a new place by himself. ? Never has he been to a new place by himself. ? The boy may hear little about UFO. ? Little may the boy hear about UFO. ? We found him nowhere yesterday. ? Nowhere did we see him yesterday.
? People with common sense seldom make such mistake. ? Seldom do people with common sense make such mistake. ? The poor man could enter his room by no means. ? By no means could the poor man enter his room.
? He did not make a single mistake. ? Not a single mistake did he make. ? The man doesn’t like apple pie. ’ His wife doesn’t, either. ’ ? The man doesn’t like apple pie. ’ Neither does his wife. ? Nor does his wife.
? I didn’t know the truth until ’ yesterday. ? Not until yesterday did I know the truth. ? I didn’t know the truth until the ’ last moment. ? Not until the last moment did I know the truth.
? I didn’t know the truth until you ’ told me. ? Not until you told me did I know the truth. ? People didn’t realize what had ’ happened until the police arrived. ? Not until the police arrived did people realize what had happened.
An athlete who competed in Beijing Olympics talked about his experience in Beijing:
Before I went to China, 对北京我几 乎一无所知. 乎一无所知 I felt nothing about it. After I arrived, most of my time was spent on training and competing.我从未学过中文 As a 我从未学过中文. 我从未学过中文 result,I did not go out. 我也不敢跟 北京人说话. 北京人说话 My roommate said Sanlitun was great so the day before leaving, I went there. What a shock! 我很少见到这么多的 人.What was more shocking, the salesgirls could speak so good English and the goods were so cheap. 我决不会浪费这次机会 In a 我决不会浪费这次机会. few minutes, my wallet was empty but my hands were full. 只 有到那个时候我
 

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