英语短文 英语短文: 英语短文:另一种爱 Inside the Russian Embassy in London a KGB colonel puffed a cigarette as he read the handwritten note for the third time. There was no need for the writer to express regret, he though. Correcting this problem would be easy. He would do that in a moment. The thought of it caused a grim smile to appear and joy to his heart. But he pushed away those thoughts and turned his attention to a framed photograph on his desk. His wife was beautiful, he told himself as he remembered the day they were married. That was forty-three years ago, and it had been the proudest and happiest day of his life. 在伦敦的俄国使馆,一位克格勃上校一边吞云吐雾,一边读着一张手写的字条,这已是他第三次在读这张字条了。便条 的作者不必表示遗憾了,上校这样想着。纠正这个错误其实很容易。他只要一会儿工夫便会做到。想到这里,他的脸上不禁 浮现出一种可怕的笑容,他内心深处既伤感而又快活。上校从沉思中游离出来,将注意力集中到桌子上的一个像框上,他的 妻子是位美丽的女人,当想起他们成婚的那一天时他不禁自语道。那已是 43 年前的事情了,可却是他一生中最自豪最幸福 的日子。 What had happened to all that time? Why had it passed so quickly, and why hadn't he spent more of it with her? Why hadn't he held her close and told her more often that he loved her? He cursed himself as a tear came from the corner of his eye, ran down his cheek, then dropped onto the note. He stiffened and wiped his face with the back of his hand. There was no need for remorse or regret, he told himself. In a few moments he would join her and at that time would express his undying love and devotion. 那些时候都发生了什么?为什么时光流逝得如此之快?为什么他没能将更多的时光用来陪伴她?为什么他没能将她搂 紧,更多次地告诉她他爱她?他于是开始诅咒起自己,泪水也忍不住夺眶而出,流过面颊,最后滴落在字条上。这时,他板 起了面孔,用手背揩去了眼泪。已经没有必要来自责与悔恨了,他对自己说道。很快他不就会与她团聚了吗?到那时,他将 再向她表达他永恒的爱与忠心。 After setting the note ablaze he dropped it into an ashtray and watched it burn. For a time the names cast moving shadows on the walls of the darkened room, then they nickered and died out. The colonel dropped the cigarette to the floor and ground it out with his heel, then clutched the photograph to his breast, removed a pistol from his pocket, placed the barrel in his mouth and pulled the trigger. In the ashtray a small portion of the note remained. Where it had been wetted by his tear it had failed to bum, and on that scrap of paper were the words "died yesterday." 他点燃了字条,将它扔进了烟灰缸中,看着它慢慢地燃烧起来。在火苗的映衬下,这间漆黑的屋子里的四壁一时变得影 影绰绰。不一会儿,火苗成了星星点点,渐渐地熄灭了。上校把香烟扔在了地板上,用后脚跟碾灭,随后抓起照片放在自己 的胸前。他从衣兜中掏出了一把手枪,将枪筒放进自己的嘴中,接着扣动扳机。在烟灰缸中还残留着一小片字条,由于被上 校的泪水浸湿而未能燃尽。在这块残片上有这样几个字“昨天去世”。
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高考英语短文改错技巧 中国英语论坛 命题特点 短文改错着重考查考生的语言基本功和正确使用英语进行表达的能力。它涉及词汇、语法、句型结构等方面的知识和逻 辑情理的推断和综合辨析能力, 是一种在较高层次上考查考生对英语知识的掌握和语言综合运用能力的测试题型。 它是专门 针对考生们平时学习英语过程中,尤其是写作练习中常犯的又是较为普遍的错误而设计的。对考生们而言,该题又是拉开距 离和档次的题型。 近几年的短文改错题都是一篇 110-120 字左右的学生习作式的短文。短文中有 10 行标出了题号,要求考生判断各行是 否有错。若有错误(每行只有一个错误),将它找出并改正;如果没错,则在横线上画一个对勾。 -命题趋向 通过对近几年 NMET 中短文改错的研究评析, 可以看出命题者命题的思路和方式, 命题者一般在行文逻辑、 一致关系、 1
连接手段、平行结构、多词少词、母语干扰、冠词使用、名词数格、词语搭配、词性辨析等方面进行设计和考查。归纳起来, 短文改错的命题特点和命题趋向主要体现在以下几个方面:
  1.错误类型设置相对稳定 从设错形式上看,基本上都是错词的占 6 行;没有错误的占 1 行;多词和缺词的共占 3 行左右。
  2.短文改错所考查的词类覆盖面广,分布合理。错误包括词法、句法、语篇结构、行文逻辑等,涉及名词、冠词、代词、 介词、形容词、副词、连词、动词时态、动词语态、非谓语动词、主谓一致等语法知识。在改错题中,占相当大比例的主要 是动词的形式变化,现在时第三人称单数,过去时,-ed 分词,-ing 分词及被动语态等。其他如名词复数的变化、主谓一致、 词与词之间搭配、词法、句法及语篇中的行文逻辑等方面也会交替出现。
  3.短文改错试题的难度保持平稳,体裁以记叙文为主,记叙文较说明文和议论文更易理解;句子结构以简单句为主过渡 到以复合句和并列句为主。句子的长度是控制难度的一个重要因素。句子越长难度越高。从近几年考试题来看,短文改错的 句子平均长度趋于平稳,但几乎每篇都有一个长达 20 多个词的句子。这就需要考生在这个句子中判断出二到三个地方有错 或无错,增加了试题的难度。 -考查要点 短文改错的目的是测试考生发现、判断、纠正一些词法、句法以及语篇中的行文逻辑等方面错误的能力。它既能考查考 生的词汇和语法方面的能力,也能考查考生的阅读理解能力。其考查要点的主要方面有:
  1.词法的测试 词法的测试包括:
  1)定冠词和不定冠词的用法;
  2)名词的单复数和名词所有格;
  3)动词的时态、语态、语气、情态动词 和非谓语动词等;
  4)人称代词的格、物主代词、指示代词、连接代词、不定代词等的用法;
  5)介词的搭配;
  6)并列连词、从 属连词的用法;
  7)形容词、副词的区别以及比较级和最高级的用法;
  8)固定搭配和习惯用法。
  2.句法的测试 句法的测试包括:
  1)主谓语在数上的一致;
  2)名词性从句;
  3)定语从句;
  4)强调句型;
  5)句子结构的连贯性、完整性、 对等性及逻辑性。
  3.语篇的测试 语篇的测试包括:
  1)上下文中的时态是否一致;
  2)上下文中的代词是否一致;
  3)上下文中的逻辑是否一致;
  4)上下文中 的词、词组、从句的替代是否正确。 -解题技巧
  1.通读全文,了解短文的中心意思,把握全篇的时态、人称及行文逻辑。尤其是行文逻辑方面的错误,有时孤立地读一 个单句时是没有错误的(或是不易看出错误)。但是,如果联系上下文,就会发现该句的问题所在。在通读全文的同时把一些 比较容易的或是明显的错误先改好,这样也为再进行分行、分句改错时,起到了降低难度的作用。
  2.分句阅读,逐行找错。做完上述工作后,就要进入逐行改错的阶段。这时就要对文中的词法、句法和语篇(详见考查 要点)角度着重分析和特别注意。
  3.最后,把改好后的短文再阅读一遍,检验答案是否正确,感觉是否还有不妥之处,最终形成定稿。 -注意问题
  1.通常考生认为短文改错中正确的一行一般在短文中间或是靠后的位置,但这是没有规律的,很有可能第一行就是正确 的。
  2.短文改错时改“错”,而不是把文中的表达法改成另外的表达形式。很多考生对这个概念比较模糊。把原文中并没有错 的形式改成了自己认可的另外一种形式,虽然改后的表达法也是对的,但这样做偏离了这类题型的答题要求,因而也不能得 分。
  3.还有一点也是非常值得考生们注意的,就是:在短文改错时,不能改变短文中句子本身的意义。同样,如果需要改变 句子的结构或连词等方面的错误时,也一定要围绕文章的中心意思来改错。 -复习建议 除了多做改错专项练习外,也要做与短文改错题型相关的其他练习。比如:
  1.在平时写作过程中就要十分注意自己容易犯的语法错误。善于总结一些错误类型并加以强化练习,最终达到正确地使 用英语的目的。
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  2.还可以通过看其他同学的习作,欣赏的同时也可有意识地把该习作进行一下“改错”。
  3.平时还可以多进行单句改错练习,逐渐体会和把握短文改错这一题型的规律。 奥运英语短文 英语短文网 英语短文学习 英语短文背诵 英语短文阅读 英语短文下载 英语短文翻译 经典英语短文 地震 英语短文 关于奥运的英语短文
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