短文改错 一,考点聚焦 1,题型特点 , (
  1)词法内容.包括名词,代词的数与格,反身代词,动词时态语态,非谓语动词,短语动词的用 )词法内容.包括名词,代词的数与格,反身代词,动词时态语态,非谓语动词, 不规则动词的变化形式,形容词的比较级,形容词副词的区别,介词的误用等. 法,不规则动词的变化形式,形容词的比较级,形容词副词的区别,介词的误用等. (
  2)句法内容.包括主谓一致,指代一致,并列连词,从属连词等引导各种从句的关联词语,感叹 )句法内容.包括主谓一致,指代一致,并列连词,从属连词等引导各种从句的关联词语, 疑问句,祈使句的结构等. 句,疑问句,祈使句的结构等. (
  3)行文逻辑.包括句子的肯定,否定,推理,判断等. )行文逻辑.包括句子的肯定,否定,推理,判断等. 二,应试技巧点拨 (
  1)通读全文,了解文章主旨大意,确定文章的题材,体裁,把握文章的背景知识. )通读全文,了解文章主旨大意,确定文章的题材,体裁,把握文章的背景知识. (
  2)逐句分析,把握结构.粗略分析词法,句法,逻辑上是否有问题. )逐句分析, 握结构.粗略分析词法,句法,逻辑上是否有问题. (
  3)逐行修改,先易后难. )逐行修改,先易后难. (
  4)复读全文,验证答案.一要注意错误点的分散与比例,二要注意答题是否合乎规范. )复读全文,验证答案.一要注意错误点的分散与比例,二要注意答题是否合乎规范. 2,改错歌诀 , 现将本书编写者总结的短文改错歌诀提供给大家,希望有所帮助. 现将本书编写者总结的短文改错歌诀提供给大家,希望有所帮助. 短文改错要做好,常见类型应记牢. 短文改错要做好,常见类型应记牢. 名词爱考"数 与 格 ,冠词在前"错 多 少 . 名词爱考 数"与"格",冠词在前 错""多""少". 动词时态和语态,非谓语搭配莫错了. 动词时态和语态,非谓语搭配莫错了. 连代形副错一样,多是故意来混淆. 连代形副错一样,多是故意来混淆. 介词多半搭配,多漏误用想周到. 介词多半搭配,多漏误用想周到. 句法涉及到"一致 ① 从句多考关系词. 一致" 句法涉及到 一致 ,从句多考关系词. 词法句法均未错,逻辑推理去寻找. 词法句法均未错,逻辑推理去寻找. "1126"惯常比②,回读复查敲定稿. 回读复查敲定稿. 惯常比 一致":包括主谓一致,代词及相应的限定词在数, 称方面的一致,主语与主语补语, 注:①"一致 :包括主谓一致,代词及相应的限定词在数,性,称方面的一致,主语与主语补语,宾 语和宾语补语的一致等. 个题项有一处是正确的,一处(或两处)属多余, 语和宾语补语的一致等. ②"1126":指的是通常 10 个题项有一处是正确的,一处(或两处)属多余,两 或一处)需补加成分, 处需更改.当然,此非"定势 仅作参考. 定势", 处(或一处)需补加成分,6 处需更改.当然,此非 定势 ,仅作参考. 三,错误类型 年以来的高考英语改错题作了细致的分析并加以归类后, 笔者对 1996 年以来的高考英语改错题作了细致的分析并加以归类后,发现错误类型主要集中在以下 方面.(为了既节省篇幅,又方便读者查阅原题,本文从历年的高考英语短文改错题中抽出句子为例,并在 方面. 为了既节省篇幅,又方便读者查阅原题,本文从历年的高考英语短文改错题中抽出句子为例, 为了既节省篇幅 例句后注上出自哪一年的第几小题 小题. 例句后注上出自哪一年的第几小题,如(19
  96.
  86)意为该例句出自 1996 年高考英语改错题的第 86 小题. 意为该例句出自 另外,例句中非属某特定错误类型的错误已被笔者改正. 另外,例句中非属某特定错误类型的错误已被笔者改正.) 1,动词时态 , 年的高考英语改错题来看,每年都有时态错误的小题, 从过去 6 年的高考英语改错题来看,每年都有时态错误的小题,而且改动基本集中在一般过去时与一 般现在时之间.时态的更改要以上下文的主体时态为依据. 般现在时之间.时态的更改要以上下文的主体时态为依据. (
  1)They offered me coffee and other drinks.We have a good time talking and laughing together. had(19
  96.
  92) (
  2)Dear Bob, , Hello.I learn about you from my English teacher Miss Fang. learned(19
  97.
  86) (
  3)My favorite sport is football.I was a member of our school football team. am(19
  98.
  86) (
  4)I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot time arguing... was(19
  99.
  92) (
  5)I remembered her words and calm down. calmed(20
  00.
  83) (
  6)They did not want me to do any work at home;they want ; me to devote all my time to my studies so that... do(20
  01.
  79) (
  7)The time passes quickly.Evening came. passed(20
  02.
  82) 2,名词单复数 , 单复数互改是高考英语改错题的基本题型之一 改动的依据有:一是根据名词前的修饰限定成份; 互改是高考英语改错题的基本题型之一, 单复数互改是高考英语改错题的基本题型之一,改动的依据有:一是根据名词前的修饰限定成份;二 是根据上下文的逻辑关系. 是根据上下文的逻辑关系. (
  1)They were eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of question. questions(19
  96.
  94) (
  2)We study quite a few subject,such as , maths,Chinese,English and physics. subjects(19
  97.
  91) , , (
  3)We practise three times every week and often watch football match on TV together. matches(19
  98.
  88) (
  4)She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success,but... schoolmates(20
  00.
  77) ,
- 76 -
(
  5)...;they want me to devote all my time to my studies ; so that I'll get good marks in all my subject. subjects(20
  01.
  81) (
  6)On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. pictures(20
  02.
  82) 3,句子结构 , 句子结构方面的错误范围庞大,解答高考英语改错题主要可以从以下几方面来思考: 句子结构是否 句子结构方面的错误范围庞大,解答高考英语改错题主要可以从以下几方面来思考:
  1)句子结构是否 完整,成份是否冗缺; 单词的词性与其在句中的功能是否相符 单词的词性与其在句中的功能是否相符; 复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词或 完整,成份是否冗缺;
  2)单词的词性与其在句中的功能是否相符;
  3)复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词或 引导词的运用是否得当等 运用是否得当等. 引导词的运用是否得当等. (
  1)They∧eager to know everything about China and asked ∧ me lots of questions.(形容词不能单独作谓语 were(19
  96.
  93) 形容词不能单独作谓语) 形容词不能单独作谓语 (
  2)I'd like to∧your penfriend,and get to know more ∧ , about your country. be/become(19
  97.
  87) ("I'd like to..."中的 中的"to"为动词不定式的标志词,其后必须加动词原型 为动词不定式的标志词, 中的 为动词不定式的标志词 其后必须加动词原型) (
  3)I live in Beijing,where is the capital of China. , which(19
  97.
  89) (关系词在定语从句中作主语,应该用关系代词 关系词在定语从句中作主语, 关系词在定语从句中作主语 应该用关系代词) (
  4)What∧your favourite sport? ∧ ? is(19
  97.
  94) ("主系表 结构中缺少连系动词 主系表"结构中缺少连系动词 主系表 结构中缺少连系动词) (
  5)I look forward to hear from you soon. hearing(19
  97.
  95) (此句中 此句中"to"为介词,其后必须加名词,代词或动名词等相当于名词的词 为介词, 此句中 为介词 其后必须加名词,代词或动名词等相当于名词的词) (
  6)Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also... Playing(19
  98.
  89) (动词不能作主语 动词不能作主语) 动词不能作主语 (
  7)Also,the sport teaches us the important of , obedience(服从 importance(19
  98.
  93) 服从). 服从 (形容词 形容词"important"不能作动词 不能作动词"teaches"的直接宾语 的直接宾语) 形容词 不能作动词 的直接宾语 (
  8)I was often a little tired after a day's work and watch TV demands very little effort. watching(19
  99.
  88) (同(
  6),动词不能作主语 同 ,动词不能作主语) (
  9)Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family. , Unfortunately(19
  99.
  89) (作为全句的状语,应该用 作为全句的状语, 的副词形式) 作为全句的状语 应该用"Unfortunate"的副词形式 的副词形式 (
  10)...but it didn't matter that I would win or not. whether(20
  00.
  78) (由一般疑问句演变而来的主语从句,应由 whether 引导 由一般疑问句演变而来的主语从句, 引导) 由一般疑问句演变而来的主语从句 (
  11)My parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can∧make sure that I get a good education. ∧ to(20
  01.
  78) (此句中 此句中"all they can"为"all that they can do"的省略形式,"to make 的省略形式, 此句中 为 的省略形式 sure that..."为动词不定式短语作目的状语 为动词不定式短语作目的状语) 为动词不定式短语作目的状语 (
  12)...,but we do not seem to get much time to talk , about together. about(20
  01.
  83) (介词 介词"about"后无宾语,此介词多余 后无宾语, 介词 后无宾语 此介词多余) (
  13)It was about noon∧we arrived at the foot of the ∧ mountain. when(20
  02.
  78) (复合句的两个分句之间缺少连词 复合句的两个分句之间缺少连词) 复合句的两个分句之间缺少连词 4,赘述 , 高考英语改错题中的赘述是指在一些固定表达中或从上下文逻辑来看用了多余的词, 高考英语改错题中的赘述是指在一些固定表达中或从上下文逻辑来看用了多余的词,从而使句子表达 不合规范或造成逻辑上的重复. 注 带下划线的词为多余的词,即需删去的词) 不合规范或造成逻辑上的重复.(注:带下划线的词为多余的词,即需删去的词 (
  1)Today I visited the Smiths-my first time visit to an American family. time(19
  96.
  86) (
  2)In fact,they are planning to visit China in next , year. in(19
  96.
  95) (
  3)First,let me tell you something more about myself. , more(19
  97.
  88) (
  4)We practise for three times every week and often watch football match on TV together. for(19
  98.
  87) (
  5)Now I can't watch much television,but a few years ago , I was used to watch it every night.much(19
  99.
  86) - 77 -
(
  6)Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher. often(20
  00.
  85) (
  7)I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. at(20
  02.
  85) 5,固定结构 固定句型,固定短语,固定搭配 固定句型, ,固定结构(固定句型 固定短语,固定搭配) 所谓固定结构是指英语中一些不能随意更改的习惯表达.如固定短语中的词不能冗缺, 所谓固定结构是指英语中一些不能随意更改的习惯表达.如固定短语中的词不能冗缺,固定搭配要前 后一致等. 后一致等. (
  1)It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. of(19
  96.
  88) (
  2)I use to play ping -pong a lot in my sparetime,but... , used(19
  97.
  92) (
  3)Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. one(19
  99.
  91) (
  4)...but the others spent a lot∧time arguing and ... ∧ of(19
  99.
  93) (
  5)When I was on the stage the next day,I felt so , nervous as I shook like a leaf. that(20
  00.
  80) (
  6)Suddenly,I caught a sight of my English teacher in , the crowd. a(注:a 为需删去的词 为需删去的词)(20
  00.
  81) 注 (
  7)Like most of my schoolmates,I have neither brothers , nor sisters-in any other words,I am an only child. , any(any 需为删去的词 需为删去的词)(20
  01.
  77) 6,冠词 , 英语中冠词只有三个,从高考英语改错题的角度来看,只能从以下几个方向出题: 不定冠词 英语中冠词只有三个,从高考英语改错题的角度来看,只能从以下几个方向出题:
  1)不定冠词 a 和 an 互改; 不定冠词 互改; 根据需要增删冠词 根据需要增删冠词. 互改;
  2)不定冠词 a 或 an 和定冠词 the 互改;
  3)根据需要增删冠词. (
  1)Today I visited the Smiths-my first visit to a American family. an(19
  96.
  87) (
  2)Each player must obey∧captain,who is the leader of ∧ , the team. the(19
  98.
  94) (
  3)Suddenly,I caught a sight of my English teacher in , 为需删去的词)(20
  00.
  81) the crowd. a(注:a 为需删去的词 注 (
  4)We may be one family and live under a same roof,but... the(20
  01.
  82) , (
  5)As everyone knows,it's∧famous mountain with all kinds , ∧ of plants and animals. a(20
  02.
  76) 7,代词 , 代词不仅要与其所指代对象一致,其运用还要符合上下文的语气及逻辑关系. 代词不仅要与其所指代对象一致,其运用还要符合上下文的语气及逻辑关系. (
  1)The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. their(19
  96.
  90) (
  2)And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game. we(19
  98.
  95) (
  3)Now someone at home reads instead. everyone/everybody(19
  99.
  95) (
  4)The day before the speech contest∧English teacher ∧ talked to me. my(20
  00.
  76) (
  5)It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain.The three of them were very excited. us(20
  02.
  79) 8,连词及与并置问题 , 连词连接的前后两部分是否合乎逻辑;并列连词所连接的前后两部分结构是否等同.这两点是解答与 连词连接的前后两部分是否合乎逻辑;并列连词所连接的前后两部分结构是否等同. 连词及其相关问题的高考
 

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   考试吧(Exam8.com)-第一个极力推崇人性化服务的专业考试培训网站! -第一个极力推崇人性化服务的专业考试培训网站! 考试吧 提供历年试题,模拟试题,模拟盘,教程,专业课试题下载,考试培训等。每日更新!!! Passage Sixteen (Mules) Although the top men in smuggling business must work together, most of a syndicate’s small fry, especially the mules, ...

英语六级资料

       本文由luckycuy贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     特点: 特点:喜欢考难的单词,eg: homogeneously 同一的 基因 (前缀 词根  adj adv) 订房间:make a reservation(出现两次) 商业方面的约定:commitment 一 般的约定:engagement(也指订婚) 秀色可餐,太美了:gorgeous 签租约:lease 抵押 ,贷款:mortgage 分期付款: ...

0HFGJ往事追忆_大学英语六级作文模板大全免费下载

   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞, 才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...

新概念英语4-36

   Lesson 36 The cost of government 政府的开支 First listen and then answer the following question. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 What is the most important factor, both in government or business, for keeping running costs low? If a nation is essentially disunited, it is ...

Public speaking 英语演讲要求

   Public speaking 英语演讲 Definition: Public speaking is an important skill, not only for academic life, but also for life in the workplace. Websites for public speaking: this is the main website for NFL, (National Forensic League. It http://www.nflonl ...