短文改错错误类型: (一) 词法的测试
  1.名词: 主要是查名词是否可数, 与其修饰语是 否一致。 eg:
  1) I have many hobby, such as football, sing, listen music. Hobby 是可数名词,在这要用复数形式; playing football 是一项运动,football 只是一种 球; sing 和 listen to 要用动名词形式。
  2) Do exercises do good to our healthy. exercise 作运动讲是不可数名词,do exercise 作 主语要用动名词形式,谓动用单数;healthy 是 形容词, 这里要用名词形式。
  3) Reading books is one of my hobby. one of 后的名词应用复数形式。
  2. 代词:对于短文中出现的每一个代词都要查 一下它所指代的 内容及在句中的作用,注意其数、格、词性是 否正确和前后是否一致,常考的代词包括人称 代词、指示代词、反身代词、关系代词及疑问
代词等。
  1).He drove too fast, and the police stopped her. 前面提到的是 he 而后面却用 her 来代, 故 应将 her 改为 him.
  2).This is the best film which I have ever seen. 先行词前有最高级修饰应用关系代词 that 而不是 which。
  3. 冠词:英语中只有三个冠词,但用起来却很 复杂,在短文改 错中,错误不外乎该用冠词时没有用,不该用 时却用了; 该用 an 用了 a, 该用 a(n)却用了 the.
  1) I meant to write letter and tell you all the things… letter 为可数名词,故 write 后应加 a.
  2) I like playing the football. 去 the
  3) He is a honest boy. a 改为 an
  4. 介词:检查介词主要是查介词与动词、形容 词、名词的搭配, 介词惯用词组等是否正确。
  1) I am writing to thank you with your kind help.
thank sb. for sth.为固定搭配, 故应将 with 改为 for.
  2) …I’m the happiest in all. 此句想表达的意思是“我是所有人中最高兴 的”。故应将 in 改为 of.
  3) Under the help of my father, I… under 改为 with
  4) He went to Beijing in next Sunday. in 改 为 on
  5. 形容词、副词:形容词、副词的误用主要 指在该用形容词的地方用了副词,该用副词的 地方用了形容词。改错行中出现形容词或副词 时就要仔细分析该形容词或副词修饰什么,形 式是否正确,是原级、比较级还是最高级。形 容词、副词误 用也是常考的改错项目之一。
  1) I had not interest in English .interest 是名词, 应用形容词 no 来修饰,而 not 是副词,副词不 能修饰名
  2) These are the happier girls I’ve ever
seen.(NMET20
  07) 此处有 I’ve ever seen 限定,应用最高级,故 happier 应改为 happiest.
  3) You can borrow a book very easy. easy 改为 easily.
  4) These books are very worth reading. 用 well 修饰
  6. 连词:短文改错中出现连词就要判断连词用 的是否正确,是否 符合句子意思;连接的是词还是句子,是否 符合逻辑关系。此 外如果是平行结构就要注意前后时态、语态、 词性一致问题 平行结构常借助与并列连词 and , or , but , not only…but also…, …not…but…, either…or…, neither …nor…, as well as 等。
  1) As it has been raining these days, so we have decided to put off our sports meeting. 由于前句 有 As 引导原因状语从句,因此后句不能再用 so 把 so 去掉。

  2) The population is growing, but the earth must support too many people. 根据上下文意思判断,前后两个并列分句 不存在意义上的折, 所以 but 应改为 and 或 so.这是典型的并列连词 误用。
  7. 动词: 动词错误在短文改错中所占比重最大, 它所涉及的错误 包括动词的时态、语态错误;易混动词的用 法错误; 动 词的第三人称单数错误;动词的非谓语形式, 以及动词的句型搭配错误等。在改错题中,动 词方面的考查比例较大。
  1) 动词的时态、语态错误 a. I will write again and send you the photos we take together. take photos 动作发生在过去,应用过去时. b. The book you borrowed from the library should returned in five days. 根据本句意义,should 后应加上 be,构成
被动语态。 c. In school, I often playing football for my friends. playing 改为 play; for 改为 with
  2) 易混动词使用错误 a. I persuaded him to stop smoking, but he didn’t listen. persuade 意为“说服”,强调成功的结果,而 根据下句 he didn’t listen 可知,劝说并没有成功,故应改 persuaded 为 advised. b. You please rise your hands. rise 是不及物动词,而 raise 是及物动词, 所以举手应用 raise your hands.这属于及物动词与不及物动词 的误用。
  3) 非谓语动词使用错误 a. We are looking forward to see you on the birthday party. look forward to 中的 to 是介词, 应加动名
词,将 see 改为 seeing. b. I’m sorry I keep you wait for a long time .I got caught in the traffic. 在任何情况下 keep 均和 doing 连用,如 keep doing sth.; keep sb. (sth).doing sth. ;keep …from doing… 等. c. I’d like to your pen friend, and get to know more about your country. to 后加 be。因其后是名词,而不是动词原形, 不能直接用 to.
  8. 词语固定搭配: 主要考查介词与动词、名词、形容词的固定搭 配;副词、 动词的固定搭配;及物动词后多介词或副词以 及不及物动词后少介词,英语中的一些固定句 型与习惯搭配等。
  1) My teacher advised me to keep my diary. keep a diary 是固定搭配,意思是“写日记”.
  2) In my surprise, he did very well in his previous
job. To one’s surprise 是固定搭配
  3) I thought that was dull to watch a game…(NMET20
  05) 此题考查 it 的功能, + be + adj. + to do 为固定 It 结构。
  4) …the activities are not only enjoyable and also helpful.解析: not only… but also…为固定结构,故将 and 改 为 but.
  5) I have no difficulty learn maths. have difficulty (in) doing sth.为固定结构
  6) He spends too much time play games. spend some time (in) doing sth.为固定结构 (二) 句法的测试: 1 主谓语在数上的一致; I hope everything are ok with you. are 改为 is 2 名词性从句; A man came up to him and asked that he needed. that 是连词, 在从句中无任何意义, 而后面的宾
语从句缺宾语,用 what 引导宾语从句作宾语从 句的宾语。 3 定语从句; This would save the life of many animals, some of the 没 have almost died out. them 改为 which 4 强 调 句 型 ; It is/was + 被 强 调 的 部 分 +that/who… It was in 1949 when he joined the army. when 改为 that 5 句子结构的连贯性、 完整性、 对等性及逻辑性。 第一节短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作 文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多两处。错误涉及一 个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在此处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面 写出修改的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出 修改后的词。 注意:
  1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
  2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从十一处起)不 计分。 (yi) I first met Li Ming at a friend birthday party five years ago. Then I invited Li Ming over in my place. We listen to my CDs together and soon become best friends. Three years ago, Li Ming’s parents invited I to spend two wonderful week in Qingdao with them during the summer holiday. Li Ming and I loved walking along the beautifully beaches there. Last year I was ill but had to stay in hospital for a week. LiMing came see me every day. Then his father has changed jobs and they moved to another city. Since then we haven’t see each other much. But we’ve kept writing to each other. (一)
I live and study in a small town to the south of Jiangsu, and now I am a Senior 3 student. For long time, I’ve been dreaming of study in a famous university in a big city, such as Beijing, Xi’an and Guangzhou. I often talk with my parent about my dream. But until now they haven’t been agreed with me. They always said that I am just a girl and the only child in the family, so you’d better choose a university within the province, I can understand they will certainly feel alone if I leave them. But I really want to experience an exciting and complete difference life. I don’t know what I can do to persuade them. (二) You may have learned English for some years. This is natural that you want to able to read some English books or magazines. Just think of how happy you will be when you finish reading a book and a passage in English. It is important to choose a book that interest you. Then you may ask what
kind of book to enjoy. I think you should choose something that is either too difficult nor too easily. While reading, never let new words take too much of you attention. Just do it as you often do with your own language. Try guess its meaning if coming across any.
A shopkeeper once found that a bag money
  56._______ had been stolen from his shop. He went to the
  57._______ judge(法官) and tell him about his loss(损 失).
  58._______ The judge ordered all people of the shop
  59._______ to come before him. He took a number of the
  60._______ sticks of equal length(长度) or gave one stick
  61._______ to each person. Then he said, “Come after me
  62._______ again tomorrow. I’ll then know which of you are
  63._______ the thief because the stick given to a thief
  64._______ will be one inch longer than the other.”
  65._______
2 Miss Evans taught physics in school in London.Last month
  56._ she was explaining to one of her class about sound , and 57 ____ she decide to . test them to see how successful she had
  58.___ been in her work. She said to them, “Now I has a sister 59 . _ _ _ _ in Washington . If I was calling her by the phone, and
  60.___ you were on the other side of the street Who . would
  61.___ hear me first, my sister and you? And why?”
  62.____ A clever boy at once answered, “You sister, Miss
  63.___ Evans, because the electricity travels much faster than sound
  64.___ waves.” “Very well , ” Miss Evans
praised.

  65.___
3 It is interested to visit another country, but sometimes
  56. __ there are some questions when we don’t know the language very
  57. _well. It may be difficult to talk about the people there.We may
  58. __ not know how to use the telephone in the country which are
  59. _ visiting. We may not know what to buy the things we need.
  60. __In a strange country we may not know where to eat and what
  61. __ to order in a restaurant. It is not easy to decide how many
  62. _ money to tip (付小费) waiters or taxi drivers. When we are
  63. _helpless, we may not know how to ask help .
  64. ___
After a short time later, however, we learn what to do
  65. _ and what to say. We learn to enjoy life in another country, and then we may besorry to leave both the place and the people. 4 Long long ago, people had gather leaves and
  56._____ fruit of plants to eat with. They didn’t know how
  57. _____ to plant crops or how to keep animals for their
  58. _____ food. We call them Stone Age people. Thing for
  59. ____ them were terrible and hard. Now there have still
  60. _____ some people living liked those Stone Age people.
  61. _____ They live in places that are hard reach. They do
  62. _____
not know of our invention, for they keep themselves
  63. ____ away our civilized world . For many years
  64. _____ a group of people call Aruntas have lived alone
  65. _____ in the center of Australia. 5 How robins ( 知 更 鸟 ) know when it is time
  56._____ to go back north? They seem to tell by how soon daylight lasts . In late winter , daylight
  57. _____ begins to last longest each day . When the
  58. _____ daylight lasts long enough , robins start north.
  59. _____ They fly by day. Each year they follow a same
  60. _____ fly-way. At first, they fly only few miles
a
  61. _____ day . They stop often in the field to eat bugs
  62. _____ (小虫子). Late, they seem in a hurry. They fly
  63. _____ over 100 miles a day. Some are going so far
  64._____ as 180 miles. When they get to home, they
  65. _____ always stay together high in a tree. 6 The Internet is playing a important part in
  56. _____ our daily life. On the net,we can learn about
  57. _____ news both home and abroad and some other
  58. _____ informations as well. We can also make phone calls,
  59. ___ send messages by e-mails , go to net
schools,and
  60. ____ learn foreign languages by ourselves . Beside,we
  61. ____ can enjoy mu
 

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