一、短文改错的考查内容?
  
  1.考查体现学科特点的语言知识?
  体现学科特点的语言知识是指英语在交际过程中特有的现象。如动词的各种变化形式、名词的单复数变化形式、代词的各种形式、形容词的各种变化形式等。?
  
  1)动词的各种变化形式?
  谓语动词的时态、语态变化及非谓语动词的不定式和分词形式是历年NMET短文改错题的考查重点。?
  ①Play football not only makes me grow up…?
  ②I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays.?
  ③I?d like to your pen friend, and get to know more about your country.?
  ④I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang.?
  ⑤It was kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their ho me.?
  Keys: playing/having/to be/learned/drive?
  
  2)考查名词的单复数变化?
  ①We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese, English and physics.?
  ②They were eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of question.?
  ③I hope that you two could come and visit us some times soon.?
  Keys: subjects/questions/time?
  
  3)考查代词的各种形式?
  ①The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.?
  ②And I can?t forget the good food you asked for I.?
  ③When we walked to the car, Bill smiled and shook head.?
  ④The game speaks for themselves.?
  Keys: his?their/I?me/his head/themselves?itself?
  
  4)考查形容词的各种用法?
  ①but now I am interesting in football.?
  ②In some places you may borrow many books as you want…?
  ③Police cars hurried to the taller building in New York.?
  Keys: intrested/as many/tallest?
  
  5)考查词性的变化?
  ①I?m sure we?ll have a wonderfully time together.?
  ②A player?s native language is not importance.?
  Keys: wonderful/important?
  
  2.考查英语惯用法及英汉表达差异?
  
  1)介词与动词、形容词等构成搭配,是NMET短文改错的重要内容之一。?
  ①It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station.?
  ②In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year.?
  ③When they came down the police were angry to them.?
  ④When I have free time I go a long walk.?
  Keys: for?of/去掉in/to?with/for a?
  
  2)考查冠词的基本用法。由于汉语中没有与英语冠词相对应的词语,学生往往忽略冠词。?
  ①Maybe you could come during a winter holidays.?
  ②There is public library in every town in Britain.?
  ③Modern people care more about the health.?
  Keys: a改成the/a public library/去掉the?
  
  3)考查英语的一致性现象。
  主谓不一致、代词不一致、时态不一致:?
  ①But then there is always more mysteries to look into.?
  ②Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them.?
  ③Now someone at home reads instead.?
  ④The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.?
  ⑤I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot of time.?
  Keys: are/costs/everyone/their/was?
  
  4)考查英语中的并列现象。?
  在表达并列现象时,一般要用相同的语法结构。并列结构常用and或or连接。?
  ①I told Mother, Sister, all my friends here what a great time I had.?
  ②If the book you want is out, you may ask for it to be called for you, and whet her you pay the cost of sending a postcard, the librarian will write to you.?
  ③Modern people know more about health, have better food, and to live in cleaner surroundings.?
  Keys: and all/whether?if/去掉to?
  
  3.考查学生对常犯错误的修正能力?
  从近几年的短文改错试题来看,所选短文无论是在形式上还是内容上,都比较简单,似乎出自中学生之手,所设置的错误类型也都是中学生在写作时常犯的。?
  
  1)考查句意的逻辑关系?
  ①First, let me tell you something more about myself.?
  ②Therefore, there are still some countriesswherespeople have shorter lives.?
  Keys:去掉more/Therefore?However?
  
  2)考查句与句的并列或从属关系?
  ①I told Mother, Father, Sister, and all my friends here that a great time I had .?
  ②I never knew about a ride down a river could be so exciting.?
  Keys: that?what/about?that?
  
  3)考查近似词语的差异?
  ①I live in Beijing,swheresis the capital of China.?
  ②Most people can quickly get help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill.?
  Keys: where?which/since?when?
  二、短文改错的方法?
  掌握了题型特点,还要注意短文改错的方法。?
  
  1.关注行尾和行首的联系。?
  很多错误处于此行结尾和下一行首,它们之间往往存在一定的语法或逻辑联系,而考生往往忽略此处。?
  
  2.以句子为单位而不是以行为单位进行判断。注意分行的技巧。?
  
  3.注意上下文的逻辑关系。?
  
  4.注意标记的准确性。?
 

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