英 语 短 文 改 错 专 题
【命题趋向】 短文改错是一项主要测试考生的判断能力,观察能力、纠错能力语言基础知识及语言的综合运用能力。 短文改错的趋势:
  1.改错短文以以记叙文和说明文为主 。
  2.文章内容贴近学生生活,没有生僻词汇和复杂的结构,文章简单易懂,错误设置也很简单,多为学生平 常作文中常出现的错误。
  3.短文一般 100 词左右,错误有 9 处。
  4. 常见错有三种 ;错词;多词; 缺词;错词占 60%左右 【考点透视】 一.错词的热点
  1.动词?时态 语态 非谓语 ;主谓关系
  2.联系词?关系代词和关系副词;连词;连接词
  3.名词?可数名词 、不可数名词,可数名字的单复数变化。
  4.介词?介词和动词的搭配错误
  5.形容词/副词?词类错用
  6.冠词?定冠词和不定冠词的错用
  7.代词?人称代词;物主代词;反身代词
  8. 惯用法?固定句型,固定短语。 二.多词和缺词热点
  1. 冠词
  2.介词
  3.副词
  4.代词
  5.关联词
  6.小品词 to 【例题解析】 一.错词
  1.动词错误: (
  1)时态和语态、主谓一致的错误。 【
  1】整体时态: * Third, since I was familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors …… *High over the water ,they discover a hole in the balloon .The hole became bigger and bigger. *…… but the bell was ringing,so I just have to stop here. * I’m sorry that I wasn’t able to return your bike on time yesterday. I mean to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, …… * I will write again and send you the photos we take together. 【
  2】主谓一致 *Having fun with their friends make them happy . * When I got back, it were already 6 pm. I hope you understand. *But not all information are good to society . (
  2)动词错误: *In American big cities ,thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games . (
  3)非谓语动词 【
  1】动名词错误 *I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future. 【
  2】现在分词 *The air keeps the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming down . *I found a small house standing in a field with a light shone from the sitting room. 【
  3】不定式 *I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person. *He did not want share things with others . *In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. * So I helped them going to the nearest hospital
*The crowd waiting to greet them in 【
  4】过去分词
England was very surprised see this
……
*I will always remember what you said, “If you try to ,you can be No. 1!” *I have some records giving to me as birthday gifts . * If I have the honor to be chose to work for the 29th Olympic Games, …… * I was hold up on my way back.
  2.连词错误: *I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light . *We would return at night to hear that he`d picked up from the radio in the day . *The classes helped me understand what the world works *My school is organizing a basketball team and there' s just a chance which I can join it. *I meant to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, and I was held up on my way back. *It started to rise higher again. So it was still too close to the water.
  3.形容词/副词错用: *You always gave me specially attention . *It is real a good chance to have met all of you here . *My hometown has taken on a new look .How great it has changed ! * My pronunciation was terribly. * The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light. *These are the happier girls I' ve ever seen …… *I'm little of course, but terribly quick and bravely. *I will learn more about the history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic Games.
  4.冠词错误: *This is my first visit to a American family . *Each player must obey captain ,who is the leader of the team . *Suddenly ,I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd . *Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics…… *I meant to write long letter and tell you all the things I' m doing at school, …… * Just before I turned corner of Park Street, …… *An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England in the balloon in 17
  84. *I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home……
  5.代词错误: * Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievements. *Besides ,the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interesting . * Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves. *It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain .The three of them were very excited . *While the others are jumping about in the air, I can run under my legs and get the ball.
  6.名词单复数和名词的所有格的错误 *She marked strictly on student`s performance . *Physics is one of the most difficult subject for us . *We practice three times every week and often watch football match on TV together . * I have no papers to write on . *I can help visitors find their ways in the city. *but in the playground in the afternoon with the tree * But one and a half year later……
  7.介词错误 *He left Shanghai at a cold night. *I am a new comer of a small town. around us …… *I stayed there for one and a half hour and made sure that the girl was all right.
* I was caught by the rain last night *I will at first improve my English so that I can talk easily about foreign visitors.Second,…… *It will be lots of fun for practicing but in the playground…… *……and I' m the happiest in all! *I’m sorry that I wasn’t able to return to your bike on time yesterday. *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised…… *I am writing to thank you with your kind help.
  8.语意错误 *Thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games . * So I helped them go to the nearest hospital. I stayed here for one and a half hours…… * The air keepsing the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming up. * I hope you’ve
  9.其它错误 * I had not interest in English . 二.多余词 多词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词等。 【
  1】连词多余: *They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning . 【
  2】介词多余: *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised . 【
  3】冠词多余: *Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 【
  4】系词/助词多余: *My mother was asked : “Have you taken medicine ?” 三:缺词 缺词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词/ 【
  1】缺介词 *He was looking for a glass the cupboard . 【
  2】缺冠词 *However ,the popular teacher is at same time the one who should be strict with students . 【
  3】缺连接词 *In one class ,I learned it rained 【
  4】缺系词 *What your favorite sport ? * I now think English fun to learn 短文改错应注意的问题
  1.通读全文,细致地分析理解每一个完整的句子,不要为试题的故意设行所打断,一个句子可能要占两三 行。错误可能出在某一行的第一词,也可能出 在某一行的最后一词。
  2.如有两行都难以找到错误时,与其乱改一行,不如都打“√”以确保一行正确。
  3. 要严格按照示范句,即用规定的符号去改错。不要用文字去说明或用箭头去表示。
  4.换词、去词和加词三者不可混淆。
  5.标点符号不改,大小写不改, 【专题训练】 Passage 1 My classmate, Joseph, is at present in hospital With a breaking leg. He was walking to school the other day when he let a bicycle ran right into him . He never watches where he is going, so he often gets into the trouble. But he is having a nice time there. He has a comfortable.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  1. 短文内容不改。 had a pleasant journey home and will come to China again sometimes in the future .
room, patiently nurses, and a great deal of time to read. Some friends of his go to see him every day, they take him Lost of good book and fresh fruit. He is not losing any time From school because he is busy study what he has Missed in classes. The doctor says he is recovering fast than Expected and will b out of hospital a few weeks. Passage 2 Today I showed some foreign friend around our city. We started off in car from the Friendship Hotel at 8:00 a. m. We first got to Jinshan Park. We are all struck by its beautiful flowers on show. Then, we visited the City Museum. We saw plenty of valuable things, from that we learned a lot

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about the city. After that, they drove to Jinshan Temple. That is a beautiful place of interest in our city, but there we enjoyed seafood Restaurant and we returned back at noon..All the foreign friends were pleased with my arrangement. We did have the wonderful time today. Passage 3 Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University It is about 200 miles far away from London and it has a very big schoolyard .You can live in the school or near the school .They have all sorts of course . I`m sure you will find one you like it .I know you are particular interested in human rights . So I will see that there is anything on their website I will send my friend Charlie meet you at the airport when you arrived .You met him a few years ago ,but he has changed a lot since then .Both your aunt or I look forward to seeing you again . Passage 4 There are advantage for students to work while Studying at school .One of them was that they can earn money .For the most part , students working to earn money for their own use .Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything as if they please . they would have to ask their parents for money or for permission to do things by the money .Some students may also to save up for our college or future use . Passage 5 After five years away in my hometown ,I find that 1 The neighborhood which I used to living in has changed A lot. The Sichuan Restaurant and the older fish shop 3 Across the street from our middle school were gone 4 There exist now a park that has a small river running 5 through. The factory at the corner of Friendship Street and 6 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
the wonderfully scenery of the sea. We had a delicious lunch at the
  8.

  1. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Zhongshan Road has been moved out of the city, and sports center has been built in their place. The market at the corner of Friendship Street and Xinhua Road has been given way to a supermarket. Besides the bookstore next to our middle school is still there. Passage 6 Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain, the three of them were very excited. As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly. 10
7 8 9

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Evening came down. We spent the night in a hotel at the top of the mountain. The food was expensive and the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. Passage 7 My hometown is a pretty city ,so people there are kind and polite .With coming of spring ,grass and trees turn green , and flowers grew in many colors. In summer ,the sea under the blue sky is even more beautiful .After autumn arrives ,the city looks as an old man with leaves fallen from the trees .In winter , a lot of white birds come to my city for food .I can wait more patiently above the sea for quite a long time .While they find fish coming to the surface , they fly down immediate and catch them without delay .That is my city ,and I love it so much . Passage 8 Dear doctor, My name is Wang Lin. I’m a middle school student .I have a problem and I’m writing to ask you for some advices. I’m just
  1.57 meters high, and my weight is 71 kilos.Many Students often make fun me.Some boys are unfriendly to me. They called me “ Meat Ball”. That makes me feel unhappy. I’m now worried about my weight. Though I am a bit too fat, I feel rather good. I enjoy my meals. I love eating meat very much. And I like sweet food, either. I often have sugar with tea, milk ,porridge ,and even hot water. In the past two months I have put off 5 kilos. I’m worried about this problem, but I don’t know what to lose weight quickly. Please help me, dear doctor!I hope to hear from you as soon as possible. With best wishes, Wang Lin Passage 9 Women,present and ancient, at the home and abroad,wear long hair,that adds to their beauty.But few

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