英 语 短 文 改 错 专 题
【命题趋向】 短文改错是一项主要测试考生的判断能力,观察能力、纠错能力语言基础知识及语言的综合运用能力。 短文改错的趋势:
  1.改错短文以以记叙文和说明文为主 。
  2.文章内容贴近学生生活,没有生僻词汇和复杂的结构,文章简单易懂,错误设置也很简单,多为学生平 常作文中常出现的错误。
  3.短文一般 100 词左右,错误有 9 处。
  4. 常见错有三种 ;错词;多词; 缺词;错词占 60%左右 【考点透视】 一.错词的热点
  1.动词?时态 语态 非谓语 ;主谓关系
  2.联系词?关系代词和关系副词;连词;连接词
  3.名词?可数名词 、不可数名词,可数名字的单复数变化。
  4.介词?介词和动词的搭配错误
  5.形容词/副词?词类错用
  6.冠词?定冠词和不定冠词的错用
  7.代词?人称代词;物主代词;反身代词
  8. 惯用法?固定句型,固定短语。 二.多词和缺词热点
  1. 冠词
  2.介词
  3.副词
  4.代词
  5.关联词
  6.小品词 to 【例题解析】 一.错词
  1.动词错误: (
  1)时态和语态、主谓一致的错误。 【
  1】整体时态: * Third, since I was familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors …… *High over the water ,they discover a hole in the balloon .The hole became bigger and bigger. *…… but the bell was ringing,so I just have to stop here. * I’m sorry that I wasn’t able to return your bike on time yesterday. I mean to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, …… * I will write again and send you the photos we take together. 【
  2】主谓一致 *Having fun with their friends make them happy . * When I got back, it were already 6 pm. I hope you understand. *But not all information are good to society . (
  2)动词错误: *In American big cities ,thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games . (
  3)非谓语动词 【
  1】动名词错误 *I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future. 【
  2】现在分词 *The air keeps the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming down . *I found a small house standing in a field with a light shone from the sitting room. 【
  3】不定式 *I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person. *He did not want share things with others . *In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. * So I helped them going to the nearest hospital
*The crowd waiting to greet them in 【
  4】过去分词
England was very surprised see this
……
*I will always remember what you said, “If you try to ,you can be No. 1!” *I have some records giving to me as birthday gifts . * If I have the honor to be chose to work for the 29th Olympic Games, …… * I was hold up on my way back.
  2.连词错误: *I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light . *We would return at night to hear that he`d picked up from the radio in the day . *The classes helped me understand what the world works *My school is organizing a basketball team and there' s just a chance which I can join it. *I meant to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, and I was held up on my way back. *It started to rise higher again. So it was still too close to the water.
  3.形容词/副词错用: *You always gave me specially attention . *It is real a good chance to have met all of you here . *My hometown has taken on a new look .How great it has changed ! * My pronunciation was terribly. * The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light. *These are the happier girls I' ve ever seen …… *I'm little of course, but terribly quick and bravely. *I will learn more about the history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic Games.
  4.冠词错误: *This is my first visit to a American family . *Each player must obey captain ,who is the leader of the team . *Suddenly ,I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd . *Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics…… *I meant to write long letter and tell you all the things I' m doing at school, …… * Just before I turned corner of Park Street, …… *An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England in the balloon in 17
  84. *I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home……
  5.代词错误: * Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievements. *Besides ,the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interesting . * Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves. *It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain .The three of them were very excited . *While the others are jumping about in the air, I can run under my legs and get the ball.
  6.名词单复数和名词的所有格的错误 *She marked strictly on student`s performance . *Physics is one of the most difficult subject for us . *We practice three times every week and often watch football match on TV together . * I have no papers to write on . *I can help visitors find their ways in the city. *but in the playground in the afternoon with the tree * But one and a half year later……
  7.介词错误 *He left Shanghai at a cold night. *I am a new comer of a small town. around us …… *I stayed there for one and a half hour and made sure that the girl was all right.
* I was caught by the rain last night *I will at first improve my English so that I can talk easily about foreign visitors.Second,…… *It will be lots of fun for practicing but in the playground…… *……and I' m the happiest in all! *I’m sorry that I wasn’t able to return to your bike on time yesterday. *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised…… *I am writing to thank you with your kind help.
  8.语意错误 *Thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games . * So I helped them go to the nearest hospital. I stayed here for one and a half hours…… * The air keepsing the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming up. * I hope you’ve
  9.其它错误 * I had not interest in English . 二.多余词 多词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词等。 【
  1】连词多余: *They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning . 【
  2】介词多余: *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised . 【
  3】冠词多余: *Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 【
  4】系词/助词多余: *My mother was asked : “Have you taken medicine ?” 三:缺词 缺词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词/ 【
  1】缺介词 *He was looking for a glass the cupboard . 【
  2】缺冠词 *However ,the popular teacher is at same time the one who should be strict with students . 【
  3】缺连接词 *In one class ,I learned it rained 【
  4】缺系词 *What your favorite sport ? * I now think English fun to learn 短文改错应注意的问题
  1.通读全文,细致地分析理解每一个完整的句子,不要为试题的故意设行所打断,一个句子可能要占两三 行。错误可能出在某一行的第一词,也可能出 在某一行的最后一词。
  2.如有两行都难以找到错误时,与其乱改一行,不如都打“√”以确保一行正确。
  3. 要严格按照示范句,即用规定的符号去改错。不要用文字去说明或用箭头去表示。
  4.换词、去词和加词三者不可混淆。
  5.标点符号不改,大小写不改, 【专题训练】 Passage 1 My classmate, Joseph, is at present in hospital With a breaking leg. He was walking to school the other day when he let a bicycle ran right into him . He never watches where he is going, so he often gets into the trouble. But he is having a nice time there. He has a comfortable.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  1. 短文内容不改。 had a pleasant journey home and will come to China again sometimes in the future .
room, patiently nurses, and a great deal of time to read. Some friends of his go to see him every day, they take him Lost of good book and fresh fruit. He is not losing any time From school because he is busy study what he has Missed in classes. The doctor says he is recovering fast than Expected and will b out of hospital a few weeks. Passage 2 Today I showed some foreign friend around our city. We started off in car from the Friendship Hotel at 8:00 a. m. We first got to Jinshan Park. We are all struck by its beautiful flowers on show. Then, we visited the City Museum. We saw plenty of valuable things, from that we learned a lot

  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  9. 10
about the city. After that, they drove to Jinshan Temple. That is a beautiful place of interest in our city, but there we enjoyed seafood Restaurant and we returned back at noon..All the foreign friends were pleased with my arrangement. We did have the wonderful time today. Passage 3 Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University It is about 200 miles far away from London and it has a very big schoolyard .You can live in the school or near the school .They have all sorts of course . I`m sure you will find one you like it .I know you are particular interested in human rights . So I will see that there is anything on their website I will send my friend Charlie meet you at the airport when you arrived .You met him a few years ago ,but he has changed a lot since then .Both your aunt or I look forward to seeing you again . Passage 4 There are advantage for students to work while Studying at school .One of them was that they can earn money .For the most part , students working to earn money for their own use .Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything as if they please . they would have to ask their parents for money or for permission to do things by the money .Some students may also to save up for our college or future use . Passage 5 After five years away in my hometown ,I find that 1 The neighborhood which I used to living in has changed A lot. The Sichuan Restaurant and the older fish shop 3 Across the street from our middle school were gone 4 There exist now a park that has a small river running 5 through. The factory at the corner of Friendship Street and 6 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
the wonderfully scenery of the sea. We had a delicious lunch at the
  8.

  1. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Zhongshan Road has been moved out of the city, and sports center has been built in their place. The market at the corner of Friendship Street and Xinhua Road has been given way to a supermarket. Besides the bookstore next to our middle school is still there. Passage 6 Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain, the three of them were very excited. As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly. 10
7 8 9

  76. ___
  77. ___
  78. ___
  79.___
  80. ___
  81.___
  82. ___
  83. ___
  84. ___
  85. ___
Evening came down. We spent the night in a hotel at the top of the mountain. The food was expensive and the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. Passage 7 My hometown is a pretty city ,so people there are kind and polite .With coming of spring ,grass and trees turn green , and flowers grew in many colors. In summer ,the sea under the blue sky is even more beautiful .After autumn arrives ,the city looks as an old man with leaves fallen from the trees .In winter , a lot of white birds come to my city for food .I can wait more patiently above the sea for quite a long time .While they find fish coming to the surface , they fly down immediate and catch them without delay .That is my city ,and I love it so much . Passage 8 Dear doctor, My name is Wang Lin. I’m a middle school student .I have a problem and I’m writing to ask you for some advices. I’m just
  1.57 meters high, and my weight is 71 kilos.Many Students often make fun me.Some boys are unfriendly to me. They called me “ Meat Ball”. That makes me feel unhappy. I’m now worried about my weight. Though I am a bit too fat, I feel rather good. I enjoy my meals. I love eating meat very much. And I like sweet food, either. I often have sugar with tea, milk ,porridge ,and even hot water. In the past two months I have put off 5 kilos. I’m worried about this problem, but I don’t know what to lose weight quickly. Please help me, dear doctor!I hope to hear from you as soon as possible. With best wishes, Wang Lin Passage 9 Women,present and ancient, at the home and abroad,wear long hair,that adds to their beauty.But few

  1.
  2. 3 4
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
 

相关内容

高一英语短文改错专题练习(10篇)-新人教

   高一英语短文改错专题练习(10 篇) 答题要求:此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在 该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线 划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 A While traveled t ...

2009高考英语短文改错专题技巧点拨及强化训练

   高考资源网(www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 2009 高考英语短文改错专题技巧点拨及强化训练 短文改错旨在测试考生发现、判断和纠正错误的能力。它要求考生具有词法、句法和在语篇中综合运 用英语的能力,因此考点综合性强,覆盖面广,错项设置类型多,是历年高考英语中的难题。为了提高做 短文改错题的能力,除了要加强基础知识的积累、提高语篇的整体理解能力之外,还应该对其错项设置的 基本情况有所了解,以便做到目标明确,有的放矢,从而提高解题的正确率。本文拟从语法和逻辑的角度, 用口诀的形式 ...

2009年高考英语短文改错专题技巧点拨及强化训练

   英语作文常用谚语、 英语作文常用谚语、俗语 1、A liar is not believed when he speaks the truth. 说谎者即 、 使讲真话也没人相信。 使讲真话也没人相信。 2、A little knowledge is a dangerous thing. 一知半解,自欺 、 一知半解, 欺人。 欺人。 3、All rivers run into sea. 海纳百川。 、 海纳百川。 4、All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。 、 条 ...

英语短文改错专项

   高考英语短文改错 常见错误类型 王树志 高考英语改错题是考生感到棘手的题型之一。 笔者对近几年的高考英语改错题作了细致 的分析并加以归类后,发现错误类型主要集中在以下方面。 (例题保留原题号) 1. 动词时态 每年都有时态错误的小题, 而且改动基本集中在一般过去时与一般现在时之间。 时态的 更改要以上下文的主体时态为依据。 (1) (2003 全国卷)She liked it very much and reads it to the class. All said the story wa ...

英语短文改错专题训练及答案

   英语短文改错专题训练及答案 一 Many parents let their children to watch TV only during certain 1 hours. Televion shows like books or movies. A child 2 can learn bad things from one of them and good things from 3 others. Some shows help children to understand the ...

09年高考英语短文改错专题复习

   高考回顾 --短文改错 短文改错 Welcome to my class 表2 NMET2000-2007高考短文改错错误类型统计 高考短文改错错误类型统计 项目 年度 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 合 计 多词 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 113 缺词 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 10 错词 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 49 正确 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 表3 NMET2000-2007高考短文改错测试知识点统计 高 ...

高中英语讲义 短文改错专题复习教案 新人教版

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com [复习讲义] 复习讲义] 短文改错专题 NMET 短文改错的解题基本思路应该是:一.以句为单位,找行中错误,每行必有一个判断 (错词、多词、少词和正确) ,而判断的依据一定是上下文,最小单位是一个完整的句子。 二.以篇为单位,找句中错误。许多时候,就某一行或某一句单独而言常常难以判断其是否 正确,错误何在,而必须以全篇为一整体才可对该句,进而对该行作出判断。 具体解题过程中,应该注意把握九个一致 九个一致问题: 九个一致 一.时 ...

英语短文改错

     高考英语改错题是考生感到棘手的题型之一。本文着重分析了高考英语改错题的题型特点以及错误类型,旨在帮助考生认清高考英语改错题的题型特点、解题方法及其错误类型,为考生解答高考英语改错题提供思考方法。   关键词:高考英语改错题;题型特点;解题方法;错误类型   一、高考英语改错题的题型特点:   高考英语改错题一改传统的单句改错,代之以篇章为单位的短文改错。这不仅要求考生有更高的阅读理解能力,而且迫使考生摆脱孤立片面的思维定势,以一种连贯的思路、整体的眼光去适应这一题型。   高考英语改错题为 ...

英语短文改错技巧

   高考英语短文改错解题技巧 短文改错对考生的要求较高, 是对语言知识综合运用能力的考查, 考生在该项上往往失分较 多,那么如何做好改错题,结合自己数年的教学经验,笔者认为要想在短文改错上取得理想 的成绩,除了平时打好基础外,在应考时还要做到以下几点: 一、先通读全文。认真阅读短文,在做题之前确保已经弄清原文大意。根据短文大意和上下 文逻辑关系,对文章进行逐字逐句的分析,检查句子的结构是否完整,语气是否连贯,启承 转合是否符合文意等。 二.综合运用所学语言知识,根据各行不同的错误情况分别进行答题 ...

英语短文改错探究

   一、短文改错的考查内容   1.考查体现学科特点的语言知识   体现学科特点的语言知识是指英语在交际过程中特有的现象。如动词的各种变化形式、名词的单复数变化形式、代词的各种形式、形容词的各种变化形式等。   1)动词的各种变化形式   谓语动词的时态、语态变化及非谓语动词的不定式和分词形式是历年NMET短文改错题的考查重点。   ①Play football not only makes me grow up…   ②I want to thank you again for ha ...

热门内容

高考英语作文结尾万能公式(经典虚拟语气)

   高考英语作文结尾万能公式 1.结尾万能公式一:如此结论 1.结尾万能公式一: 结尾万能公式一 话说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于 冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头 很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面 的例子:Obviously(此为过渡短语),we can draw the conclusion that good bviously(此为过渡短语), ),we ...

大学英语精品课程

   大学英语精品课程 建设与申报 韩金龙 华南理工大学外国语学院 jlhan@scut.edu.cn 内容 1.精品课程建设背景和现状 1.精品课程建设背景和现状 2.国家精品课程建设及申报 2.国家精品课程建设及申报 3.我校精品课程建设的经验 我校精品课程建设的经验 1.精品课程建设的背景和现状 1.精品课程建设的背景和现状 教育部“关于启动高等学校教学质量与教学改革工程精品课程建 设工作的通知”(教高[2003]1号) 建立各门类、专业的校、省、国家三级精品课程体系 建设1500门国家精品 ...

新目标英语七年级下册unit2单元同步练习二

   Unit 2 Where's the post office? [学习要求] 学习要求] 1, 掌握方位介词及词组: on, near, between, next to, across from, in front of, behind. 2, 掌握 "where"开头的特殊疑问句. 3, 掌握问路和指路的常用语. Is there a bank near here? Yes, there's a bank on Center Street. Where's the s ...

2008年无锡市中考英语考试

   2008 年无锡市 说 初 中 毕 业 高级中等学校招生 考试 英 语 试 题 本试题分两卷,第一卷(选择题) 二卷(非选择题) 明:1. 本试题分两卷,第一卷(选择题)在第 1 至第 6 页,第二卷(非选择题)在第 7 至第 10 页。 2. 本试题满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 分钟。 3. 考试结束时,试题卷和答题卡一并收回。 考试结束时,试题卷和答题卡一并收回。 第 一 卷 ( 选 择 题,共 75 分) 注意事项: 答题前 考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、 铅笔涂写在答 ...

英语:上海市浦东新区2010年高考预测(2010浦东新区二模)(仅答案)

   http://www.gaokaovip.com 拥有学而优 轻松高考我无忧 上海市浦东新区 2010 年高考预测 英 语 试 卷 浦东新区 2010 年高考预测 英语试卷听力文字和参考答案 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversati ...