英语(二)复习资料
一、
Individualism, independence, and self-reliance are perhaps the most distinctive American characteristics. American “individualism” is it does not mean being considered a good thing,
(
  31), each person is expected to make decision for himself (
  32) , career, and home. The nuclear family
or herself about all aspects of life,
(mother, father, and children) is an important aspect of American society, (
  33) usually has much less influence on the behavior of any individual in it (
  34) is
generally true in China. Children are encouraged from an early age to be self-reliant (
  35) care of their clothes and bedrooms, perhaps helping to cook and clean and to (
  36) own money. Parents
begin thinking for themselves and even learning to manage
provide advice and assistance of course, especially when their children are young, but the importance of the individual is stressed. This is reflected in American (
  37) such as “Think for yourself,” “Do your own thing,” and “You are the master (
  38) a greater
of your own fate.” By concentrating on the individual, Americans personal responsibility for the decisions they take. This principle applies (
  40) (
  39)
and the actions they
all aspects of life, including the family,
social relations, business, finances, law, academics, and medicine.
  31. A. private
  32. A. occupation
  33. A. or
  34. A. that
  35. A. taking
  36. A. one’s
  37. A. expressions
  38. A. overuse
  39. A. make
  40. A. in B. domestic B. entertainment B. and B than B. releasing B. their B. remarks B. neglect B. draw B. to C. homely C. education C. but C. then C. yielding C. children’s C. language C. assume C. arrive C. for D. selfish D. leisure D. thus D. still D. chasing D. our D. dialects D. illustrate D. appeal D. with
二、
英语(二)复习资料 第 1 页(共 7 页)

  41. 百分比
n.
p r u v

  42. 反射,反映 v.
  43. 不必要地 adv. .
  44. 休假,假期 n. 45
严格,严厉的 adj. s a e d

  46. 途径、方法 n.
  47. 存在,生存
  48. 十年 n. n.

  49. 一般地,通常 adv. g
  50. 不方便的 adj. i
三、

  51.His success was __ (part) by virtue of his luck, but mainly of hisdiligence and intelligence.
  52. It (assess) that the damages of the floods amounted to $ 15,0
  00. 53 . All the preparations (make), they are now waiting
impatiently for the great day to come.
  54. I am sorry to (keep) you waiting for so long.
  55. Had he worked harder, he through the exams. (go) 56 . an answer for a long time, he wrote another letter to the professor.(not have) 57 . I think she hurt my feeling rather than by accident as she claimed. (deliberate) 58 . her child in a chair, the mother began reading fairy tales to him. .(seat)
  59.Many a young scientist (have) engaged in the research work.
  60.It was essential that application forms (send)back before the deadline.
四、

  61.既然这事情极端紧迫,我们必须马上处理。

  62. 有些老年人不喜欢流行音乐,因为他们不能忍受这么大的噪音。
英语(二)复习资料 第 2 页(共 7 页)

  63. 自信有助于提高你获得工作的机会

  64. 要学好英语,我们每个人都应该找到适合自己的方法。

  65. 如果一个人具有积极、灵活的态度,适应新的环境就更容易。
五、
Even though we pretend that the Olympic are still the last preserve of the amateur ideal, we know that to be a world-class athlete now is a full-time activity. It is not only the intensive training given to potential champions by the super-power, but many athletes are paid now. Since 1982 the International Olympic Committee has allowed money from appearances and advertising to be kept for the competition until he or she retires and even used for training purposes and expenses.
六、
The first man who cooked his food, instead of eating it raw, lived so long ago that we have no idea who he was or where he lived. We do know, however, that for thousands of years, food was always eaten cold and was heated accidentally by a (
  32) (
  31). Perhaps the cooked food
fire or by the melted lava from an erupting
(
  33). When people first tasted food that had been cooked, they found it tasted better. However, even after this discovery, cooked food must have remained a rarity (
  34) man learned how to make and light a fire. Primitive men who lived in hot regions could depend on the heat of the sun (
  35) their food. For example, in the desert areas of the southwestern United States, the Indians cooked their food by (
  36) it on a flat stone in the hot sun. They
cooked piece of meat and thin cakes of corn meal in this fashion. We surmise that the earliest kitchen utensil was a stick (
  37) which a piece of meat could be attached
and held over a fire. Later this stick was replaced by an iron rod or spit which could be turned frequently to cook the meat on all sides. Cooking food in water was that could not be The (
  39) (
  38) before man learned to make water containers
destroyed by fire.
cooking pots were reed or grass baskets in which soups and stews could (
  40) permanent
be cooked. As early as 166 B.C., the Egyptians had learned to make
cooking pots out of sandstone. Many years later, the Eskimos learned to make similar
英语(二)复习资料 第 3 页(共 7 页)
pans.
  31. A. fresh
  32. A. forest
  33. A. volcano
  34. A. when
  35. A. cook
  36. A. beating
  37. A. by
  38. A. incapable
  39. A. newest
  31. A. stronger B. crude B. cooked B. cave B. which B. cooking B. frying B. to B. unavoidable B. first B. better C. man-made C. kitchen C. mountain C. until C. cooked C. drying C. on C. impossible C. latest C. more D. raw D. lightning D. valley D. as D. to cook D. placing D. with D. unpopular D. worst D. longer 【 【 【 【 【 【 【 【 【 【 】 】 】 】 】 】 】 】 】 】
七、

  41. 农业的
  42. 欺骗 v.
  43. 勇敢,勇气 n. . adj. a c
b f _

  44. 设备,设施 n.
  45. 类似,相似 adj.
  46. 活动 n. n. n.
s a _

  47. 机会
  48. 决心
o d e v. i

  49. 强调 v.
  50. 互相作用
八、

  51.How close parents are to their children a strong influence on the character of the children( have)
  52.Road condition is one of the most important causes to accidents. (lead)
  53. how much she liked it, she then criticized the way I’d done it. (say)
  54.You should your homework in three days ago.(hand )
  55.Had he worked harder, he through the exams. (go)
  56.It is suggested that immediate action to solve the problem. (take)
  57.He
  58.It ( doubt) of selling state secrets and arrested last month. ( estimate) to be more than 10,000 foreigners working in China.
英语(二)复习资料 第 4 页(共 7 页)

  59.Abraham Lincoln was an (inspire) leader admired by the Americans.
  60.American women the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle.(deny)
九、

  61.这人绝不是医生,因为他对医学一窍不通。

  62.就设备而言,哪项体育运动最昂贵?

  63.我已经告诉你了那里的局势是什么样子,你必须见机行事。

  64.你能举例说明人工智能已经进入了你的家门吗?

  65.他不愿意回答记者的问题,也不愿意摆普士照相。
十、
You have to be careful not to be attracted by the variety of books in a bookshop. It is very easy to enter the shop looking for a book on ancient coins and to come out carrying a copy of the latest best-selling novel and perhaps a book about brass-rubbing? something which had only slightly interested you until then. This volume, however, happened to be so well illustrated and the part of the text you read proved so interesting that you just had to buy it. This sort of thing can be very dangerous. Apart from running up a huge account, you can waste a great deal of time wandering from section to section. Booksellers must be both long-suffering and indulgent.
英语二复习题参考答案
一、完型空题(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)Key: 1?5 31?
  35. DAACD 41 农业的 adj. agricultural 36?40 DBCBC
  42.欺骗 v. cheat
  43. 勇敢,勇气 n.. bravery activity 二、 、单词拼写(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  44. 设备,设施 n. facility
  47. 机会n. opportunity
  50. 互相作用 v. interact
  45. 类似,相似 adj. similar
  48. 决心 n. determination 46 活动 n. 6?10

  49. 强调 v. emphasize
英语(二)复习资料 第 5 页(共 7 页)
三、词形填空(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  51.has
  56.
  52. leading
  53. having said 54 have handed
  55.would have gone
  60. was denied be taken 57 was doubted 58 is estimated
  59. inspiring
四、汉译英(本大题共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分)
  61. The man was anything but a doctor as he knew nothing about medicine.
  62.Which is the most expensive sports in terms of equipment.
  63.I have told you what the situation there is, you must act accordingly.
  64.Can you cite any example to show that artificial intelligence has got into your home..
  65.He wouldn’t answer the reports’ questions, nor would he pose for a photograph. 五、英译汉(本大题共 4 句话,第
  1、4 句话各 2 分,第 2 句话 10 分,每个逗号分句 2 分, 第 3 句话 1 分。共 15 分) 当心不要被书店里各种各样的书籍所吸引。很容易进书店时是想找一本有关古币的书, 结果走出书店时却怀揣一本最近出版的畅销书, 或者是一本关于如何擦铜管乐器的书??? 一本你以前只是稍微感兴趣的书,然而此卷碰巧有精美的插图,你读的那一部分又是如此有 趣以至于你感觉非把它买下来不可。这种事情可能非常危险。除了多花钱,你可能浪费大量 时间一节又一节地浏览。
六、完型空题(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 31-
  35. DC CBA
  41. 百分比 n. percentage 36-40 BACAB
  42. 反射, 反映 v. reflect
  43. 不必要地 adv.. unnecessarily
  49.一般地,通常 adv. generally 七、单词拼写(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  44.休假,假期 n. vacation
  45.严格,严厉的 adj. strict
  46.途径、方法 n. approach.
  47.存在,生存 n. existence
  50.不方便的 adj. inconvenient 八、词形填空(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  51.partly
  59.has
  52.is assessed
  56. Not having had
  60.be sent
  53.having been made
  57.deliberately
  54.have kept
  58.Seating
  55.would have gone
  48.十年 n. decade
九、汉译英(本大题共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分)
  61. Since the matter was extremely urgent, we must deal with it immediately..
  62.Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t tolerate so much noise..
  63.Self-confidence can contribute to enhancing your chance of getting a job.
  64.To study English well, we each should find a way appropriate to ourselves.
  65.It is easier to adapt to a new situation if one has a positive and flexible attitude. 十、英译汉(本大题共 3 句话,第 1 句话 5 分,其中第一个分句 2 分,第二个分句 3
英语(二)复习资料 第 6 页(共 7 页)
分;第 2 句话 5 分,其中第一个分句 3 分,第二个分句 2 分;第 3 句话 5 分,其 中第一个分句 3 分,第二个分句 2 分,共 15 分。 ) 即使我们假定奥运会最后还是保留其只让业余运动员参与这一理念, 我们也知道现 在要当世界一流的运动员就需要全天参与训练活动。 这不仅是某个超级权力集团给有可 能成为冠军的运动员支付费用进行强化训练的问题,许多运动员现在都在拿报酬。自 1982 年起,国际奥委会就已经允许运动员将出场费和广告费留作比赛所需直到退役为 止,甚至允许用于训练目的或用作其他开支。
英语(二)复习资料 第 7 页(共 7 页)
 

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