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  89)欢迎?加入...欢迎?交流...止不住的惊喜等着你......... 英语二重点句型 Unnit 1 (
  1). A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available.[1-1](made 过分做定语 过分做定语,) (
  2). Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as 对未来做预测) little as possible to chance.[2-5]( make a best guess at 对未来做预测 (
  3). If there is no choice, there is no decision to be made.(不定式做定语 不定式做定语) 不定式做定语 (
  4). For managers, every decision has constraints based on ( 过 分 做 定 等等). 语)policies,procedures,laws,precedents,and the like(等等 等等 (
  5). For example,managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion. (
  6). Decision makers must have some way of determine which of several alternatives(二者选 二者选 其一的选项) 有助于)the achievement of 其一的选项 is best?that is ,which contributes the most to (有助于 有助于 organizational goals. (
  7). In the lager scheme of things ,however, increased (过分做定语 funding for research to 过分做定语) 过分做定语 improve the products might be more beneficial to the organization.(对什么有利 对什么有利*) 对什么有利 (
  8). Some of these objectives are more important than others, but the order and degree of importance often vary form person to person and from department to department.(因……而异 而异) 因 而异 Notes: In the way:碍事 挡路 碍事,挡路 碍事 By the way:顺便说一下 顺便说一下 By way of :取道 经由 取道,经由 取道 Make one’s way: 一路前进 向前 一路前进, Unit 2: (
  1). Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space(not a thing) into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape-not even light(Fall into; Escape from) (
  2). The theory is that (表语从句 表语从句)some stars explode when their density increases to a 表语从句 particular point. (
  3). Some people think that the star of Bethlehem could have been(情态动词 情态动词+have 情态动词 done,对过去的事情的一种推测 a supernova 对过去的事情的一种推测) 对过去的事情的一种推测 (
  4). If a man fell into a black hole, he would think that he reached the center of it very quickly(虚拟语句 主句用的过去式,从句用 would+原形 虚拟语句,主句用的过去式 原形) 虚拟语句 主句用的过去式, 原形 (
  5). It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes(强调句 强调句) 强调句 (
  6). On the other hand,scientists have suggested that very advanced technology could one day make use of (利用 the energy of black holes for mankind. 利用) 利用 Notes: P36:I could have told you about it,but I donot remember it now. Unit 3: Affected with (过分做状语 serious disease, Ban Wendell was no longer able to 过分做状语)a 过分做状语 speak clearly and he knew there was no hope of recovery and that his condition was rapidly
1
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  89)欢迎?加入...欢迎?交流...止不住的惊喜等着你......... deteriorating(迅速地下降 迅速地下降) 迅速地下降 Van Wendell’s last three months of life before being given (可以看作现在分词 A?)a final 可以看作现在分词 lethal injection by his doctor were filmed and first shown on television last year in the Netherlands. The Programme has since been bought by 20 countries and each time it is shown, it starts a nationwide debate on the subject. What those people who oppose euthanasia (who 引导的做定语 修饰 people) are telling 引导的做定语,修饰 me (主语从句 从句做主语 is that dying people haven’t the right. (没有这个权力 主语从句,从句做主语 没有这个权力) 主语从句 从句做主语) 没有这个权力 Take something into account =Take something into consideration(把…考虑去 考虑去) 把 考虑去 Notes: Request for/ At sb`s Request Oppose sth 表示动作 表示动作/be oppose to 表示状态 表示状态(p
  55) Unit 4: There are estimated to be more than 20,000 overseas(因为是复数 domestic servants 因为是复数) 因为是复数 working in Britain (the exact figure is not known because the Home Office, the Government department that deals with this, does not keep statistics). 现在进行时的被动)by Of these 20,000, just under 2,000 are being exploited and abused (现在进行时的被动 现在进行时的被动 their employers.(被他们的雇主剥削和虐待 被他们的雇主剥削和虐待) 被他们的雇主剥削和虐待 The sad condition of women working as (分词 分词)domestics around the world received 分词 much media attention (引起了全国的关注 引起了全国的关注)earlier this year in several highly publicized case. 引起了全国的关注 A Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of murder ,despite protests from various quarters that her guilt had not been adequately established 过去习惯于做某件事)work for a very low wage at a tea factory in Sri She used to (过去习惯于做某件事 过去习惯于做某件事 Lanka, Because she found it difficult to feed her four children, she accepted a job working as a domestic in London (find + it + adjective + to +do + something) So if they do complain, they risk being deported.(如果他们真的抱怨的话 他们就被冒着 如果他们真的抱怨的话,他们就被冒着 如果他们真的抱怨的话 驱逐出境的危险) 驱逐出境的危险 This included increasing (included 后面要加动名词做宾语 )the minimum age of employees.. Unit 5: The new music was built out of materials already in existence blues…. Fold music, old and modern, was popular among (popular with)college students They freely took over (接管 这儿是接受的意思 接管,这儿是接受的意思 接管 这儿是接受的意思)elements from jazz. *Take over:接管 接管 *Take up 呈现 表现出 呈现,表现出 *Take in 吸收 让…进入 接纳,接受 吸收,让 进入 接纳, 进入,接纳 *Take up 选修 从事 选择 占用 选修,从事 选择,占用 从事,选择 *Take apart 拆散;拆开 拆散; *Take care of 爱护,照顾,照料,处理,对付 爱护,照顾,照料,处理, *take note of 注意,留意 注意, *Take place 发生 With records at home(独立结构 listeners imitated these lighting effects as best they 独立结构) 独立结构 could.
2
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  89)欢迎?加入...欢迎?交流...止不住的惊喜等着你......... Notes: Live:在现场表演 实况 在现场表演,实况 在现场表演 实况(The programme was televised live to the whole world.)这个节目 这个节目 向全世界作了电视实况播出 *Unit 6: Most of today’s robots are employed (运用 the automotive industry where (定语 运用)in 定语)they 运用 定语 are programmed to take over such jobs as welding and spray painting automobile and truck bodies. Robots, already taking over (分词做定语 分词做定语)human tasks in the automotive field, are 分词做定语 beginning to be seen, although to a lesser degree(to a large degree,在表程度时要用 to), in 在表程度时要用 other industries as well(也). 也 The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive materials preventing (现分做状语 现分做状语)human personnel from being (prevent sb from doing sth)exposed to (接触 注 接触,注 现分做状语 接触 意 p143,notes
  3)radiation Robots differ from automatic machines in that (*在于 在于=because)after completion of one 在于 specific task. then can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one. Engineers skilled ( 过 分 做 定 语 )in microelectronics and computer technology are developing artificial vision(人工视觉 人工视觉)for robots. 人工视觉 With the ability to “see”(With +noun), robots can identify and inspect (识别 检查 识别,检查 识别 检查)one specific class of objects out of a stack of different kinks of materials Anyone wanting (现分做定语 现分做定语)to understand the industry of the future will have to 现分做定语 know about robotics. Notes: In question:所谈到的 正在谈论的 该……(注意 p146,notes
  8) 所谈到的,正在谈论的 所谈到的 正在谈论的;该 注意 *Unit 7: Observations and research finding indicate that people in advanced industrial societies are increasingly concerned with (be concerned with,关心 关注 关心,关注 关心 关注)opportunities for leisure and what they can do in their leisure time The importance people attach to (attach important to 把重点放在 把重点放在)paid holidays (带薪 带薪 的假期)and the rapid development of services for mass entertainment and recreation are 的假期 signs of this increasing concern. The specific use of leisure varies from individual to individual (vary from to .因人而异 因人而异) 因人而异 Since leisure is basically self-determined one is able to take to (开始从事 养成 习 开始从事,养成 开始从事 养成…习 参与,涉及 惯)one’s interests and preferences and get involved in (参与 涉及 参与 涉及)an activity in ways that will bring enjoyment and satisfaction Basically, such attitudes amount to (等于 recognition that(同位语从句 等于)a 同位语从句)leisure is an 等于 同位语从句 important area of life and a belief that leisure can and should be put to good use.(充分地利 充分地利 用) For example, the degree to which and the ways in which a school encourages participation in games, sports and cultural pursuits are likely to contribute to (有助于 有助于)the 有助于 shaping of leisure attitudes on the part of the students Schools usually set as (set … as 把 .. 看 作 是 目标 )their educational objective the attainment of a balanced development of the person.(宾语置后 把 as 提前了 宾语置后,把 提前了) 宾语置后 The more seriously this is sought, the more likely positive attitudes towards leisure as
3
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  89)欢迎?加入...欢迎?交流...止不住的惊喜等着你......... well as academic work will be encouraged. *Unit 8: The problem of Jet Lag is one every international traveler comes across (偶尔遇到 偶尔遇到 =random across)at some time. The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more disturbing than we realized He later blamed his poor judgment on Jet Lag.(blame sth on sb,把…归咎于于 归咎于于) 把 归咎于于 Now that (既然 既然)we understand what Jet Lag is, we can go some way to overcoming it. 既然 The other belongs in our internal clocks(the major one of which may be physically located in a part of the brain called the suprachiasmatic nucleus)which, left alone.(过分 过分) 过分 In time the physiological system will reset itself, but it does(强调 take time. one easily 强调) 强调 monitored rhythm is palm sweating. 从句)this discrepancy is that different One reason for (reason for+noun/or reason + 从句 bodily events are controlled by different factors. It is not feasible (不可行 to wait for days until the body is used to (be use to +noun)the 不可行) 不可行 new time zone Leave alone:听其自然 不打扰 不管 不理 听其自然,不打扰 不管,不理 听其自然 不打扰,不管 不理(p1
  97.Notes
  4) Unit
  9: : 被动语态,被看作 Nations are classified as (被动语态 被看作 被动语态 被看作)“aged” when they have 7 per cent or more of their people aged 65 or above. And that the nearer a society approximates to zero population growth, the older its population is likely to be ?at least, for any future that concerns us now.(the adj,the adj 句型 句型) If you are now in your thirties (in one forty), you ought to be aware that you can expect 岁以后)after the age of
  60. to live nearly one third of the rest of you life (30 岁以后 Unit 10: Candidates try to project a strong leadership image (突出一个强大的形象 突出一个强大的形象) 突出一个强大的形象 Whether voters accept this image, however, depends more on external factors than on a candidate’s personal characteristics.(Whether 经常引导主语从句做主语 经常引导主语从句做主语) A year later, with the nation’s economy in trouble, Bush’s approval rating dropped below 40 percent. Candidates are particularly concerned with winning the states which have the largest populations. Clinton received only 43 percent of the popular vote in 1992, compared with Bush’s 38 percent and Perot `s 19 percent. *Unit 11: The use of animals has been central to (中心 关键 中心,关键 中心 关键)the development of anesthetics. Animal research is irrelevant to our health and can often produce misleading results. People and animals are different in their reactions to drugs and in the way their bodies work. It would be completely irresponsibl
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