1. 能源危机: energy crisis

  2. 民族自豪感: national pride

  3. 经济和技术的进一步发展:
further advances in economy and technology

  4. 设法对付压力: manage one’s stress

  5. 非常流行: be very prevalent

  6. 采取行动: take action

  7. 保持积极的态度: keep a positive attitude

  8. 实现诺言: keep one’s promise

  9. 电脑天才: a computer genius

  10. 电脑盲: a computer illiterate

  11. 取得非凡的进步: make remarkable progress

  12. 生物遗传: biological inheritance

  13. 在……方面起着重要 (积极的/消极的) 作用:
play a significant (positive/negative) role in…

  14. 按时: be punctual

  15. 保持乐观 (坚定/悲观) 的态度:
maintain an optimistic ( a firm/ a pessimistic) attitude

  16. 热爱和平: love peace

  17. 因为: on account of

  18. 缺乏生活经历: lack life experience

  19. 人工智能: artificial intelligence

  20. 对他人有耐心: be patient with others

  21. 忍受痛苦: be patient of pains

  22. 适应新生活: adapt oneself to the new life

  23. 抓住机会: grasp the chance

  24. 对……有很大好处(坏处): do great good (harm) to …

  25. 假冒商品: fake commodities

  26. 盗版书: pirated books

  27. 从长远来看: in the long run

  28. 扰乱公平竞争的市场:
upset the fairly competitive market

  29. 有能力的公民: competent citizens

  30. 获得真正的快乐: attain real happiness

  31. 在……花费大量的时间: devote much time to…

  32. 相反: on the contrary

  33. 迷信: be superstitious

  34. 充分利用时间: make full use of one’s time

  35. 不顾风险: regardless of risks

  36. 发展中国家: developing countries

  37. 发达国家: developed countries

  38. 性别歧视: gender discrimination

  39. 做一项试验: conduct an experiment

  40. 把理论应用于实践: apply theories to practice

  41. 跨国公司的兴起: the rise of multinational corporations

  42. 在……方面落后: lag behind in…

  43. 想做……: feel like doing…

  44. 自食其力: earn one’s living

  45. 核武器: nuclear weapons

  46. 认为……理所当然: take …for granted

  47. 不遗余力: spare no efforts

  48. 在激烈的竞争中占上风:
get the upper hand in the fierce competition

  49. 来自各行各业的人们: people from all walks of life

  50. 地球村: global village

  51. 通才教育: a broad education

  52. 明辨是非: distinguish right from wrong

  53. 老实/坦白地/一般来说:
honestly/frankly/generally speaking

  54. 确立目标: set goals

  55. 克服困难: overcome difficulties

  56. 面临挑战: be confronted with challenges

  57. 把……因素考虑进去:
take … into account/ consideration

  58. 重视: attach great significance to…

  59. 对……不可或缺: be indispensable to…

  60. 缩小差别: narrow the gap

  61. 加快发展: accelerate the development

  62. 充分发挥潜力: bring one’s potential into full play

  63. 繁荣昌盛: be prosperous

  64. 消除饥饿和暴力: eliminate hunger and violence

  65. 享受更美好的生活: enjoy a higher standard of living

  66. 自然资源: natural resources

  67. 展望更加光明的未来:
look forward to a much brighter future

二、经典句型
(一)、起笔句型

  1. When it comes to science, the overwhelming majority of people hold an optimistic view. They regard it as our servant. But others argue that the opposite is true. They treat it as a monster. There is probable some truth on both sides, but as far as I am concerned, I believe that…

  2. There is a general debate over the phenomenon of students’ doing a part-time job. Those who advocate it claim that the experience does great good to these students. But people who object to it, on the other hand, hold the view that…

  3. It’s widely held that the rise in teenage smoking is the inevitable result of economic development. But it’s not a satisfactory explanation. Personally speaking, I think the primary cause is that…

  4. In recent years, there has been a dramatic/ steady increase/ decrease in the number of PCs in China, which has drawn/aroused public attention/concern.

  5. In the past few years, China has witnessed/ seen a sharp rise/fall in the number of PCs. It is well known that the number has increased/ jumped/ decreased/ dropped by 20 percent compared with 10 years ago. A couple of factors can account for the phenomenon.
(二)、用于承接转折句型

  1. There are a number of reasons for my choice. For one thing/On one hand…; for another/ on the other hand…

  2. A good case in point is …

  3. It is no easy task to find the reason for the deep-seated tendency which involves several factors. Frankly speaking, however …

  4. There is no denying that everything has two sides. But when we weigh this measure’s advantages against its disadvantages, we can see easily that its advantages outweigh its disadvantages. So I’m for it.

  5. Take… for example

  6. Thanks to/ Owing to/ Due to/ As a result of/ Because of…

  7. “Knowledge is power.” Such is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

  8. Let me cite another example to prove my opinion.

  9. It may seem reasonable for people to draw such a conclusion, but they fail to take into account the fact that…

  10. As a result, it may give rise to other problems.

  11. For all/In spite of/Despite its demerits, it still has striking merits. So, although some people are against it, I won’t change my mind. I am in favor of it.

  12. Etiquette is to society what apparel is to the individual.
Forest is to our earth what lungs are to our body.
(三)、用于文章结尾句型

  1. Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably draw the conclusion that…

  2. In summary/ In brief/ In a word/ In conclusion/ All in all, we’d better…

  3. No doubt, it’s high time that we took immediate action.

  4. It is necessary that effective measures/ remedies should be taken to bring the current phenomenon to an end.
三、智慧谚语

  1. Early to bed, early to rise make you healthy, wealthy and wise.

  2. Never take anything for granted.

  3. Beauty without virtue is a rose without fragrance.

  4. Birds of a feather flock together.

  5. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

  6. Misfortunes never come alone.

  7. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

  8. We eat to live but not live to eat.

  9. Better late than never.

  10. One man, no man.

  11. He laughs best who laughs last.

  12. Waste not, want not.

  13. Honesty is the best policy.

  14. Learn to crawl before you can walk.

  15. Look before you leap.

  16. No news is good news.

  17. What’s done can’t be undone.

  18. The early bird catches the worm.

  19. Never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you.

  20. Call a spade a spade.

  21. No pains, no gains.

  22. As you sow you shall mow.

  23. Out of sight, out of mind.

  24. Like father, like son.

  25. Once bitten, twice shy.

  26. A stitch in time saves nine.

  27. Great minds think alike.

  28. Strike while the iron is hot.

  29. Spare the rod, spoil the child.

  30. Opportunity seldom knocks twice.

  31. Example is better than precept.

  32. Let bygones be bygones.
四、名人名言

  1. If you want the rainbow, you have to put up with the rain.

  2. The first wealth is health. (Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803-18
  82)

  3. Every why has its wherefore. (William Shakespeare 1564-16
  16)

  4. Advice is least heeded when most needed. (Anonymous)

  5. A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. (Winston Churchill 1874-19
  65)

  6. A man who has no imagination has no wings.

  7. It’s much more difficult to judge oneself than to judge others.

  8. Death is more universal than life; everyone dies but not everyone lives.

  9. Love makes the world go round. (Charles Dickens 1812-18
  70)

  10. Love conquers all things; let us too surrender to love.

  11. Time is like water in a sponge. When you squeeze, water will ooze out. (Lu Xun)

  12. Write it in your heart that every day is the best day of the year. (Emerson)

  13. He who loses wealth loses much; he who loses a friend loses more; but he who loses courage loses all. (Miguel de Cervantes 1547-16
  16)

  14. To live means to create.

  15. Hold fast to dreams, for if dreams die, life is a broken-winged bird that can not fly. (Langston Hughes 1902-19
  67)

  16. Sometimes a winner is just a dreamer who never gives up.

  17. If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest. (Benjamin Franklin 1706-17
  90)

  18. There is only one thing more painful than learning from experience and that is not learning from experience.

  19. The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth. (Abraham Lincoln 1809-18
  65)

  20. In prosperity our friends know us; in adversity we know our friends.

  21. If you think you can, you can. And if you think you can’t, you’re right.

  22. The first step to wisdom is silence; the second is listening.

  23. A sincere smile is the most beautiful expression.

  1.元宵节: Lantern Festival

  2.刺绣:embroidery

  3.重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival

  4.清明节:Tomb sweeping day

  5.剪纸:Paper Cutting

  6.书法:Calligraphy

  7.对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets

  8.象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters

  9.人才流动:Brain Drain/Brain Flow

  10.四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle

  11.战国:Warring States

  12.风水:Fengshui/Geomantic Omen

  13.铁饭碗:Iron Bowl

  14.函授部:The Correspondence Department

  15. 集体舞:Group Dance

  16. 黄土高原:Loess Plateau

  17. 红白喜事:Weddings and Funerals

  18. 中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day

  19. 结婚证:Marriage Certificate

  20. 儒家文化:Confucian Culture

  21. 附属学校:Affiliated school

  22. 古装片:Costume Drama

  23. 武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie

  24. 元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)

  25. 一国两制:One Country, Two Systems

  26. 火锅:Hot Pot

  27. 四人帮:Gang of Four

  28. 《诗经》:The Book of Songs

  29. 素质教育:Essential-qualities-oriented Education

  30. 《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian

  31. 大跃进:Great Leap Forward (Movement)

  32. 《西游记》:The Journey to the West

  33. 除夕:Chinese New Year’s Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival

  34. 针灸:Acupuncture

  35. 唐三彩:Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery

  36. 中国特色的社会主义:Chinese-charactered Socialist/Socialist with Chinese characteristics

  37. 偏旁:radical

  38. 孟子:Mencius

  39. 亭/阁: Pavilion/ Attic

  40. 大中型国有企业:Large and Medium-sized State-owned Enterprises

  41. 火药:gunpowder

  42. 农历:Lunar Calendar

  43. 印/玺:Seal/Stamp

  44. 物质精神文明建设:The Construction of Material Civilization and Spiritual Civilization

  45. 京剧:Beijing Opera/Peking Opera

  46. 秦腔:Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera

  47. 太极拳:Tai Chi

  48. 独生子女证:The Certificate of One-child

  49. 天坛:Altar of Heaven in Beijing

  50. 小吃摊:Snack Bar/Snack Stand

  51. 红双喜:Double Happiness

  52. 政治辅导员:Political Counselor/School Counselor

  53. 春卷:Spring Roll(s)

  54. 莲藕:Lotus Root

  55. 追星族:Star Struck

  56. 故宫博物院:The Palace Museum

  57. 相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue

  58. 下岗:Lay off/Laid off

  59. 北京烤鸭:Beijing Roast Duck

  60. 高等自学考试:Self-taught Examination of Higher Education

  61. 烟花爆竹:fireworks and firecracker

  62. 敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves

  63. 电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit

  64. 香港澳门同胞:Compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao

  65. 文化大革命:Cultural Revolution

  66. 长江中下游地区:The Mid-low Reaches of Yangtze River

  67. 门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match

  68. 《水浒》:Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh

  69. 中外合资企业:Joint Ventures

  70. 文房四宝(笔墨纸砚):"The Four Treasure of the Study" "Brush, Inkstick, Paper, and Inkstone",

  1.你可知我百年的孤寂只为你一人守侯,千夜的恋歌只为你一人而唱。
  You know my loneliness is only kept for you, my sweet songs are only sung for you.
  
  2.如果活着,是上帝赋予我最大的使命,那么活者有你,将会是上帝赋予我使命的恩赐……
  If living on the earth is a mission from the lord… living with you is the award of the lord…

  3.你知道思念一个人的滋味吗,就像喝了一大杯冰水,然后用很长很长的时间流成热泪。
  Do you understand the feeling of missing someone? It is just like that you will spend a long hard time to turn the ice-cold water you have drunk into tears.
  
  4.在这充满温馨的季节里,给你我真挚的祝福及深深的思念。
  In such a soft and warm season, please accept my sincere blessing and deep concern for you.
  
  5.一份不渝的友谊,执着千万个祝福,给我想念的朋友,温馨的问候。
  For our ever-lasting friendshi
 

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