1) (正是 Jefferson 写下了)the Declaration of Independence.
  2) (作者是带着真挚的情感)praises all that is progressive.
  3) (正是因为水涨了)we could not cross the river.
  4) (人们听见正是 Jim 这个无情的家伙) shouting at his mother in the dead of night.
  5) (直到我告诉她) Mrs. Williams knew anything about it. 参考:
  1) It was Jefferson who wrote (考点:强调主语)
  2) It is with genuine feeling that the author(考点:强调状语)
  3) It was because the water had risen that(考点:强调状语从句)
  4) It was Jim, the heartless fellow, who was heard(考点:强调主语)
  5) It was not until I told her that(考点:强调状语从句) 比较级最高级
  1) Does she dance (跟她姐姐一样地优美)?
  2) The buildings look (在伦敦比在这儿难看得多).
  3) This is (他画的最好的画之一).
  4) The higher you climb, (空气就越稀薄). 参考:比较句型
  1) as gracefully as her sister (考点:同级比较)
  2) far uglier in London than here (考点:用副词或词组来修饰比较级)
  3) one of the best pictures that he has ever painted (考点:最高级)
  4) the thinner the air becomes (考点:"越……越……"结构) 倒装句
  1) Scarcely had she fallen asleep (一阵敲门声就把她吵醒).
  2) No sooner had Anne arrived (就生病了).
  3) The husband was not hospitable to the visitor. (他妻子也没说一句欢迎 的话).
  4) Only then (那个医生才意识到他的病人需要手术).
  5) Only when you adjust down your price (我们才能做成这笔买卖). 参考
  1) when a knock at the door awakened her (考点:Hardly…when…结构)
  2) than she fell illwww.Examda.CoM 考试就到考试大 (考点:No sooner…than…结构)
  3) Nor did the wife say a word of welcome. (考点:nor 表示"后者与前者一样地不……")
  4) did the doctor realize that his patient needed surgery (考点:only 引导的状语位于句首,句子倒装)
  5) can we conclude the business
(考点:同上) 状语从句
  1) (不管我们谈论什么), Jim brings polities into the discussion.
  2) (不管哪一方获胜), I shall be satisfied.
  3) (不管观众中的一些人如何使劲地难为他), the comedian always had a quick, sharp reply.
  4) We climbed high ( 这 样 我 们 就 可 以 看 到 更 好 的 风 景 ).www. E xamda.CoM 考试就到考试大
  5) The problem so very complicated (花了我们两个周才解决).
  6) You can go out (只要你答应晚上 11 点以前回来).
  7) I remember the whole thing (仿佛是昨天发生的). 参考:
  1) Whatever we talk about (考点:让步状语从句)
  2) Whichever side wins (考点:同上)
  3) However hard some people in the audience tried to upset him (考点:同上)
  4) so that we might get a better view (考点:目的状语从句)
  5) that it took us nearly two weeks to solve it (考点:结果状语从句)
  6) as long as you promise to be back before 11 at night (考点:条件状语从句)
  7) as if it happened yesterday (考点:方式状语从句) 定语从句
  1) Everyday many tourists come to visit (鲁迅出生的那栋房子).
  2) The old lady died (在她儿子到达的那天).
  3) This is (我赞成这一改革的理由).
  4) Let ABC be (一个三边不等长的三角形).
  5) Some of the roads were flooded, (这使我们的旅程更为艰难).
  6) He introduced me to his students, (他们大部分是英语专业的学生).
  7) (众所周知), water is a liquid. 参考:
  1) the house where Lu Xun was born (考点:先行词为地点,定语从句通常由 where 引导)
  2) on the day when his son arrived (考点:先行词为时间,定语从句通常由 when 引导)
  3) the reason why I am in favor of this reform (考点:先行词为 reason,定语从句通常由 why 引导)
  4) a triangle whose three sides are of unequal length (考点:whose 引导的定语从句)
  5) which made our journey more difficult (考点:非限制性定语从句)
  6) most of whom were English majors
  7) As is known to all (考点:as 引导的定语从句) 动名词
  1) (每天洗冷水澡) does him a lot of good.
  2) They tried to avoid (让女儿做她不喜欢的事情).
  3) Developing varieties is the key to (使我们的产品进入国际市场).
  4) It is no use (为洒了的牛奶而哭泣).
  5) He denied(偷看了同桌的试卷).
  6) We congratulated her on (被提升为经理). 参考: 动名词
  1) Taking a cold bath every day (考点:动名词作主语)
  2) making their daughter do what she didn't like to do (考点:动名词作动词的宾语) (下列动词后的宾语只能是动名词而不能是不定式:admit, advise, allow, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, delay, deny, dislike, dread, encourage, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, finish, can't help, imagine, keep, mind, miss, permit, postpone, practice, prevent, propose, recall, recollect, resent, resist, risk, can't stand, stop, suggest)
  3) getting our goods into the international market (考点:动名词作介词的宾语)
  4) crying over spilled milk (考点: 动名词用于固定结构. 动名词经常与以下词组连用: worth, have difficulty (in), it be be no good/use/worthwhile, there be no need/no point in, how/what about, what's the point of, what's the use of)
  5) having peeked at his neighbor's test paper (考点:动名词的完成式)
  6) being promoted to manager (考点:动名词的被动式) 非谓语动词用法区别
  1) Success means (非常努力地工作).
  2) John meant (开车去那儿,但他的车出了故障).
  3) I heard him (在跟他的母亲谈话).
  4) I heard him (跟他的母亲谈了一个小时).
  5) He jumped into the pool to save the child (结果却摔断了自己的腿).
  6) He jumped from the burning house, (摔断了双腿).
  7) He was happy (看到父母很健康).
  8) (看到父母安然无恙), he issued a sigh of relief.
  9) (跟随着它的脚印), the zoologists spotted the hungry panda.
  10) The pop, (后面跟着两个保镖), came to meet his fans. 参考: 非谓语动词用法区别

  1) working very hard. (考点:mean 表示"意味着")
  2) to drive there, but his car broke down (考点:mean 表示"打算") (类似需要区别的动词还有 forget, remember, regret, go on, stop 等)
  3) talking to his mother (考点:强调正在进行)
  4) talk to his mother for an hour (考点:强调整个过程)
  5) only to break his own leg (考点:意料之外的结果)
  6) breaking his legs (考点:意料之中的结果)
  7) to see his parents in good health (考点:不定式作原因状语位于句末)
  8) Seeing his parents safe and sound (考点:分词作原因状语位于句首)
  9) Following its footprints (考点:现在分词强调主动)
  10) followed by two body guards 分词
  1) This is the first time that I heard (用意大利语唱"祝你生日快乐").
  2) The cars (停在消防通道的) will be ticketed.
  3) The war went on for years, (夺去了成千上万人的生命).
  4) The farmers used a new insecticide, thus (将平均产量提高了 15%).
  5) Einstein watched the toy in delight, (想推导出它的运转原理).
  6) (看到大家都在聚精会神地看书), we stopped talking and began to study.
  7) (被这个男孩的事迹深深打动了), they decided to pay for his education.
  8) (从一个年轻朋友的眼光来看), Einstein was a simple, modest and ordinary man.
  9) (好久没有收到父母的来信了), he was worried about them 参考:
  1) "Happy birthday to you" sung in Italian (考点:分词作宾语补语) (catch, discover, feel, find, get, have, hear, keep, leave, make, notice, see, watch 等动词常用分 词形式作宾语补语)
  2) parked in the fire lane (考点:分词作定语)
  3) killing thousands upon thousands of people (考点:分词作结果状语)
  4) raising the average yield by 15 percent (考点:同上)
  5) trying to deduce its operating principle (考点:分词作伴随状语)
  6) Seeing that everyone was bending over his/her book
  7) Deeply moved by the boy's deeds (考点:同上)
  8) Seen from the eyes of a young friend (考点:分词作方式状语)
  9) Not having heard from his parents for a long time (考点:
  1. 分词作原因状语;
  3.现在分词的完成式) 名词从句
  1) (他们为什么离开家乡去云南) is still a secret.
  2) (最让我不解的) was that he spoke English so well.
  3) (这么做是故意的) became obvious.
  4) It is not clear yet (谁应该为这件事负责).
  5) It is none of your business (玛丽与谁订婚).
  6) Don't put off till tomorrow (今天能做的事).
  7) This novel is just (我一直在寻找的).
  8) It is not yet known (机器人是否有一天能拥有象人一样的视力).
  9) (她是否喜欢那个礼物) is not clear to me.
  10) My main problem right now is (我是否应该请求另一笔贷款).
  11) It all depends on (他们是否会支持我们).
  12) You have yet to answer my question (我是否可以指望你的投票).
  13) Finally, the workers got an answer (政府做不了什么事来提高他们工 资).
  14) Obviously, there was little certainty (主席会同意他的提议). 参考:
  1) Why they left their hometown for Yunnan (考点:主语从句)
  2) What confused me most (考点:同上)
  3) That this was done on purpose (考点:同上)
  4) who should be responsible for this matter (考点:较长的主语从句可以后置,用 it 作形式主语)
  5) whom Mary is engaged to (考点:同上)
  6) what can be done today (考点:宾语从句)
  7) what I have been looking for (考点:表语从句)
  8) whether/if robots will one day have vision as good as human vision (考点:whether/if 引导后置的主语从句)
  9) Whether she likes the present (考点:whether 引导前置的主语从句)
  10) whether I should ask for another loan (考点:whether 引导表语从句)

  11) whether they will support us (考点:whether 引导宾语从句)
  12) whether I can count on your vote (考点:whether 引导同位语从句) (9-12 中的 whether 不可以替换为 if)
  13) that the Government could do nothing to raise their wages (考点:同位语从句)
  14) that the chairman would agree to this proposal (考点:同上) 其他 一,倍数增减的表示法
  1) Force N1 (比力 N2 大
  2.5 倍).
  2) This substance (反应速度是另外那种物质的三倍).
  3) The earth (是月球大小的 49 倍).
  4) The landlord (想将租金提高三分之一).
  5) They (计划将投资增加一倍). 参考:
  1) is
  2.5 times greater than Force N2 (考点:倍数 + 形容词/副词比较级 + than)
  2) reacts three times as fast as the other one (考点:倍数 + as + 形容词/副词 + as)
  3) is 49 times the size of the moon (考点:倍数 + 名词)
  4) wants to raise the rent by a third (考点:动词 + by + 数词/百分比/倍数)
  5) plan to double their investment (考点:double + 名词) 二,时态
  1) Be quick, (否则等我们到达教堂时婚礼就已经结束了).
  2) When she got home, (孩子们已经睡着了).
  3) When I prepare for the college entrance examination, (我姐姐将在海边 度假).
  4) I(一上午都在修改我的简历).
  5) Do you often go on holiday? (不,我已经有五年没有度假了).
  6) He joined the army in October, 20
  01. (他参军已五年了). 参考:
  1) or the wedding will have finished by the time we get to the church (考点:将来完成时)来源:www.examda.com
  2) the children had fallen asleep (考点:过去完成时)
  3) my sister will be taking her vacation at the seaside (考点:将来进行时)
  4) have been revising my resume all the morning (考点:现在完成进行时)

  5) No. It has been five years since I went on holiday (考点:It has been … since sb. did sth. 表示某人有多长时间没有做某事了)
  6) He has been in the army for 5 years (考点:
  1. 现在完成时;
  2.要用持续性动词才能接一段时间) 三,被动语态
  1) The blackboard and chalk (正在被电脑和投影机所取代).
  2) The book (到今年年底就将已出版).来源:www.examda.com
  3) Computer models (可以用来演示细胞工作的方式).
  4) When the bill of fare was brought, (我惊呆了,价格大大超出了我的预 料).
  5) (必须立即采取有效措施)to eliminate sandy storms. 参考:
  1) is being replaced by the computer and the projector (考点:被动语态的现在进行时)
  2) will have been published by the end of this year



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