知识要点在第 、 反意疑问句练习(知识要点在第
  3、4 页)
NAME:
  1. You’d rather watch TV this evening, ? a. isn’t it b. hadn’t you c. wouldn’t you d. won’t you

  2. I suppose you’re not going today, ? a. are you b. do you c. don’t you d. aren’t you

  3. I wish to shake hands with you, ? a. shall b. may I c. do I d. will I

  4. Three hours ought to be enough time, ? a. oughtn’t three hours b. didn’t they c. shouldn’t it d. shouldn’t three hours

  5. They have to study a lot, ? a. don’t they b. haven’t they c. did they d. hadn’t they

  6. When the car crashed, your brother escaped being hurt, ? a. didn’t he b. did he c. did it d. didn’t it

  7. I'm sure dirty, ? a. am I b. isn’t I c. aren’t I d. am not I

  8. You seem to be dissatisfied with your present post. I don’t think you judged your ability objectively when you applied for it, you? a. do b. did c. don’t d. didn’t

  9. That’s the sort of the book you want, ? a. is it
  10. d. isn’t that c. is that d. isn’t it
All these dictionaries are a great help to you, ? b. aren’t they d. aren’t all these dictionaries
a. are they c. are all these dictionaries
  11.
The movie that we saw last week was quite interesting, ? b. was it c. didn’t we d. weren’t we
a. wasn’t it
  12.
Tom has been writing letters all afternoon, but he should have finished them by now, ?
a. hasn’t he
b. has he
c. shouldn’t he
d. didn’t you
1

  13.
David told me that you would take a trip to America, ? b. wouldn’t you c. did you d. didn’t you
a. would you
  14.
There appeared to be no better way, ? b. were there c. did there d. didn’t there
a. was there
  15.
You has some trouble finding where I live, ? b. hadn’t you c. do I d. don’t I
a. didn’t you
  16. a. has he
  17.
He has his hair cut every month, ? b. hasn’t he c. does he d. doesn’t he
Your friend needs to come earlier, ? b. doesn’t he c. need he d. needn’t he
a. does he
  18.
The little boy dare not go to church, ? b. daren’t he c. does he d. doesn’t he
a. dare he
  19.
Susan’d have worked abroad if she’d had the chance, ? b. hadn’t she c. would she d. wouldn’t she
a. has she
  20. a. is he
  21.
Everyone’s having a good time, ? b. isn’t everyone c. does he d. aren’t they
Any one can join the club, ? b. can’t any one c. can’t they d. can they
a. can any one
  22.
Tell me how to operate the electronic computer, ? b. shan’t you c. do you d. don’t you
a. will you
  23.
Magaret scarcely comes to visit you on Christmas Day, ?
错题归纳: 错题归纳:
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反意疑问句
它表示提问人的看法,没有把握,需要对方证实。 反意疑问句由两部分组成: 三、反意疑问句是由“助动词/ 系动词 be(肯定或否定)+主语 (代词)” 构成的。 在反意疑问句的构成中要注意以下几点 :
  1.前面当陈述句如果是肯定的,反意疑问句就要用否定形式;前面的陈述句如果是否定的, 反意疑问句就要用肯定形式; a.陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式? 可记为 前肯后否 b.陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式? 可记为 前否后肯
  2.反意疑问句的主语必须是代替前面主语的代词;
  3.翻译疑问句的谓语动词在时态和人称上要与前面陈述句谓语动词保持一致。 陈述句部分如果有标识否定意义的词,反意疑问句要用肯定式。
英语 18 种特殊的反意疑问句

  1.祈使句。祈使句后一般加上 will you 或 won't you 构成反意疑问句,用 will you 多表示“请 求”,用 won't you 多表示提醒对方注意。例如: Look at the blackboard, will you/ won't you?看黑板,好吗? Let 引导的祈使句有两种情况:
  1)Let's...,后的反意疑问句用 shall we 或 shan't we。例如: Let's go home, shall we/ shan't we? 回家吧,好吗? 还可以用 may I 来表示征求对方的同意或许可。
  2)Let us/me...后的反意疑问句用 will you 或 won't you。例如: Let me have a try, will you/won't you? 让我试一试,行吗?
  2.感叹句。感叹句后加反意疑问句时,其反意疑问句需用 be 的一般现在时态的否定形式。例 如: What fine weather, isn't it? 多好的天气啊,是吧?
  3. 当陈述部分谓语动词是 need, dare, used to,且这些词被用作实义动词时,其反意疑问 句需用 do 的适当形式。例如: He needs help, doesn't he?他需要帮助,是吗?
  4.陈述部分主、谓语是 I am...时,反意疑问句用 aren't I 或 am't I ,而不是 am not I (可 用 am I not)。例如: I'm working now, am't I? 我在工作,是吗?
  5.陈述部分的主语是 everything, nothing, anything 或 something 时,反意疑问句的主语 应用代词 it。例如: Something is wrong with my radio, isn't it? 我的收音机出毛病了,是吧?
  6.陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 时, 其反意疑问句的主语需用复数代词 they。例如: Everyone is here, aren't they? 大家都到了,是吗?
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No one knows about it, do they? 没有人知道这件事,对吗?
  7.陈述部分的主语是指示代词 this 或 that 时,反意疑问句的主语用 it,当陈述部分的主语 是指示代词 these 或 those 时,其反意疑问句的主语用 they。例如: This is a plane, isn't it? 这是一架飞机,是吗? These are grapes,aren't they? 这些是葡萄,是吗?
  8.陈述部分的主语是不定代词 one 时,反意疑问句的主语可以用 one,也可用 you(美式英语 用 he)。例如: One should be ready to help others, shouldn't one? 每个人都应该乐于助人,是吧?
  9.当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时: few, little, seldom, hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither 等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。例如: He is never late for school, is he? 他上学从不迟到,是吗?
  10.当陈述部分所含的否定词是通过加前缀或后缀构成的,其后的反意疑问句依然用否定结 构。例如: It is unfair, isn't it? 这不公平,是吧?
  11.含有否定含义的词在陈述部分作动词的宾语时,其反意疑问句用肯定结构,也可以用否定 结构。例如: You got nothing from him, did you? 你从他那儿什么也没得到,是吗?
  12.当陈述部分主语是从句、不定式(短语)、动词-ing 形式时,反意疑问句的主语应该用 it。 例如: What you need is more important, isn't it?你需要的东西更重要,是吧?
  13.当陈述部分含 I think (believe, suppose...)that... 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句 的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如: I don't think he will come, will he? 我认为他不会来,对吗?
  14.have(has)不是表示“有”的意思,并在句中做谓语时,其反意疑问句的助动词要用 do, does, did。例如: They had a meeting just now,didn't they? 他们刚才开了个会,是吗?
  15.陈述部分有 have to 时,其反意疑问句要用助动词的否定形式。例如: You have to water the vegetables every day, don't you?你每天都要浇菜,对吧?
  16.陈述部分是 there be 句型时,其反意疑问句中要用 there。例如: There was a hospital here, wasn't there? 过去这儿有家医院,是吗?
  17.陈述部分有 had better 时,反意疑问句中要用 hadn't。例如: We had better go to school at once, hadn't we? 我们现在最好马上去上学,好吗?
  18.当陈述部分含有情态动词 must 时,我们便要分析一下 must 的含义。如果 must 作“一定; 要;必须”讲,反意疑问句须用 mustn't 或 needn't;而当 must 作推测意义“一定是;必定”讲 时,反意疑问句则需根据 must 后的动词原形选用相应的形式。例如: He must work hard at physics, mustn't he? 他必须努力学物理,是吧? Tom must be at home,isn't he? 汤姆一定在家,是吧?
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