高三英语专题复习
短文改错
软件用途 制作平台 高考复习
PowerPoint
考 查 目 标

  1)识别错误 并正确校正语篇 的能力
  2)综合运用英语知识的能力
  3)准确理解语篇,掌握内容及 准确理解语篇, 行文逻辑的能力
考 查 内 容

  1.一致性问题
  2.词的用法
  3.改错项目
  1.一致性问题
  2.词的用法
  3.改错项目
  1)主谓一致
  1)词的
  1)错词更正
  2)时态一致 分类知识: 分类知识:

  3)名词的数与格的 一致
  4)代词中指代关系 的一致
  5)句式结构与语意 的一致
  6)行文逻辑关系的 一致

  2)多词删除

  2)构词 法知识: 法知识:
  3)词的 惯用法

  3)缺词补漏
解题思路
解题思路分三级定位如下: 解题思路分三级定位如下: 名词 ,(非 谓语动词, 谓语动词 名词 ,(非)谓语动词,介词 形容词 副词),连词,冠词。 形容词( ),连词 形容词(副词),连词,冠词。 从表2看,只有1行是正确的,其余9行中, 从表2 只有1行是正确的,其余9行中, 要么错词,要么多词或缺词。 要么错词,要么多词或缺词。而错误类型中错词 最多,占改错题的60% 这就提示我们: 60%。 最多,占改错题的60%。这就提示我们:首先要 看句中“ 谓语动词是否用错” 看句中“(非)谓语动词是否用错”,然后再考 虑有无多词,缺词。 ,(非 谓语动词, 虑有无多词,缺词。对名词 ,(非)谓语动词, 介词以及代词,形容词(副词),连词, ),连词 介词以及代词,形容词(副词),连词,冠词的 错误也应如此来考虑问题。 错误也应如此来考虑问题。
动词常见错误

  1) 一般过去时与一般 现在时错用。 现在时错用。
  2) 第三人称单数形式错用。 第三人称单数形式错用。
  3) And 前后动词时态不一致。 前后动词时态不一致。
  4) 主谓不一致。 主谓不一致。
  5) 缺少谓语动词(尤其缺 动词) 缺少谓语动词(尤其缺be动
  6) Use to do错用 错用
  7)主动与态与被动语态错用 主动与态与被动语态错用
Examples:
  1. I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot of time arguing. (
  99)
  2. They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.(NMET20
  01)
  3.Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the , tallest building in New York. (NMET
  92) )
  4.Today it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past.(NMET
  93) )

  5.Hello,I learn about you from my , English teacher,Miss Fang. (NMET
  97) , )
  6. I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interested in football.(NMET
  97)
  7.He not only came to see me but also tell me the news.
  8.I remembered her words and calm down.(NMET20
  00)

  9.We fed monkeys,visiting temples and told stories.(NMET20
  02)
  10.Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the building.(NMET
  92)
  11.The librarian will write to you, and let you know when the book you want has returned.(NMET
  94)
  12.Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them.

  13.Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.(NMET20
  00)
  14.What your favourite sport? ( NMET
  97)
  15.By the way when you come, please take your sister here.
  16.The time passes quickly. Evening came down.(NMET20
  02)
非谓语动词常见的错误

  1)不定式 )
  2)动名词作主语、宾语 )动名词作主语、
  3)and 连接的不定式或动名 ) 尤其距离较远时) 词前后一致(尤其距离较远时)
  4)现在分词和过去分词的区 ) 别等。 别等。

  1.They will do all they can make sure that I get a good education.
(NMET20
  01)

  2.Play football makes us grow up tall and strong.(NMET19
  98)

  3.It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home.
(NMET
  96)
名词的常见错误

  1.单复数名词错用 单复数名词错用
  2.形容词错用为名词
  2.形容词错用为名词,如: 形容词错用为名词,
important?importance, , different?difference,difficult--, difficulty,interesting (interested) , ) interest,surprised (surprising) , ) surprise

  1.We often watch football match on TV together.(NMET
  97)

  2.I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(NMET20
  01)

  3.On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.
(NMET20
  02) )
介词的错误

  1.We practise for three times every week.(NMET
  98)
  2.There are too many people among my family.(NMET
  99)
  3.And I can’t forget the food you cooked for I.(NMET
  95)

  4.I look forward to hear from you soon. (NMET
  94)
  5.I want to thank you for have me in your home for the summer holidays.(NMET
  95)
  6.I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.(NMET
  02)
形容词、副词的错误 形容词、

  1)修饰名词、用形容词; )修饰名词、用形容词;
  2)在系动词后作表语,说明主 )在系动词后作表语, 语的性质用形容词; 语的性质用形容词;
  3)修饰实义动词,形容词,过 )修饰实义动词,形容词, 去分词及整个句子用副词; 去分词及整个句子用副词;
  4)比较等级问题。 )比较等级问题。

  1.I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together.(NMET
  99)
  2.Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family.(NMET
  99)
  3.Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher.
(NMET
  00)
代词的错误

  1.人称代词的偷换错误 人称代词的偷换错误
  2. 缺少人称代词的错误
  3. 人称代词数的一致问题
  4. 人称代词格的一致问题

  1.The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(NMET
  96)
  2.And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game.(NMET
  98)
  3.The day before the speech contest, English teacher talked to me.(NMET20
  00)

  3.It was about noon (when) we arrived at ) the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited.(NMET20
  02)
连词,冠词的错误 连词,
  1.Today I visited the Smiths ? my first visit to a American family. (NMET
  96)
  2.It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(NMET20
  01)

  3.Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.(NMET
  97)
  4.Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team.
(NMET
  95)

  5.Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher.(NMET20
  00)
  6.We may be one family and live under a same roof.(NMET20
  01)
  7.As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.(NMET20
  02)
语境(句意,文意) 语境(句意,文意)及逻辑错误

  1.…but it didn’t matter that I would win or not.(NMET20
  00)
  2.When I was on the stage the next day, I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf.(NMET20
  00)
  3.…she was smiling but nodding at me.(NMET20
  00)

  4.Now, I can’t watch much television but a few years ago I used to watch it every night. (NMET
  99)
  5.The food was expensive and the service was good.
(NMET20
  02)
解题技巧

  1.No context, no text. 通读全文,掌 通读全文, 握大意; 握大意

  2.眼观六路,联系上下文 眼观六路,联系上下文; 眼观六路
  3.先易后难,正确的句子放在最 先易后难, 先易后难 后改; 后改
  4.不能改动两个地方(词); 不能改动两个地方( 不能改动两个地方
  5.正确、规范使用批改符号。 正确、 正确 规范使用批改符号。
巩固练习一.名词和数词

  1.Don’t lose hearts, you’ll be successful in time. 1 heart
  2.I need some more informations. 2 information
  3.These machines look the same,but they are of different kind. 3 kinds
  4.People remember him for his contribution to the country. 4 contributions
巩固练习二.冠


  1.At a very beginning, I choose a play and actors. 1 the
  2.You can’t consider him a honest an man. 2
  3.In China,children usually start school at an age of seven. 3 the

  4.The play is set in the Paris.4 the
  5.It is necessary for the teachers to add the art to their teachings.
5 the

  6.I can’t stop because I’m in
hurry.
6 a
巩固练习三.代 词
  1.Knowing is one thing; doing is other. 1 another
  2.This is the best film which I have ever seen. 2 that
  3.I also enjoyed the days when we spent together. 3 that/which/X

  4.The ones what you decide not to keep can be traded with other people. 4 that/which/X

  5.He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket. 5 him

  1.By the time when he was 15,he had had his own lab. 1 when
巩固练习四.形容词和副词

  2.The bad news made us feel sadly.2 sad
  3.Are you certainly that he will help us check the information? 3 certain
  4.The children learn to read and write, they play games as good. 4 well

  5.He set off for work an hour before. ago 5
much
  6.I hate him as many as you do.6

  7.he was caught in a heavily rain. heavy 7 8 busy
  8.It’s not good to keep children busily with their studies all day long.
巩固练习五.介


  1.Don’t get into the habit of smoke. 1 smoking
  2.Waving one’s hand can be accepted for crying for help. 2 as
  3.He called on Jenny on the hope of getting help from her. 3 in
  4.Both Mary and her mother were pleased at the girl. 4 with

  5.They will start working after an hour. 5 in
  6.He is the very person that set the theater in fire. 6 on
  7.I persuaded him to reduce the to price at $1,5
  00. 7
  8.Your words encourage me to go with on my study. 8

  9.A great many of students would like give up drinking. 9 to
  10.China daily is also popular to with students of English. 10
  11.Class three intends to put in a on dance. 11
  12.I want to see it by my own eyes. 12 with
巩固练习六.动


  1.She look like enjoying the concert the other day. 1 looked
  2.Water pollution often bring on brings disease. 2
  3.The students watches the teacher doing the experiment. 3 watch
  4.He care for collecting coins. 4 cares
  5.So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. 5 has

  6.The young man dressed in blue are my brother. 6 is
  7.The church burned down yesterday date from the 18th century. 7 dates

  8.He is said saving money to buy a bicycle. 8 to save

  9.Money is spent to look after people with illnesses. 9 looking
  10.She was persuaded taking the job. 10 to take

  11.Compare to 1992, the price of grain compared was increased about 50%. 11
  12.Judge From his accent, he is a southerner. 12 Judging
  13.She is used to live in the country at present. 13 living
  14.We should stop the children from play playing fire. 14
  15.With a boy led the way,they started leading towards the village. 15
巩固练习六.连


  1.Though it was cold, but he went out without a cat. 1 but
  2.He likes sports, but I like music. 2 while
  3.Pick out the wrong sentences but correct them. 3 and

  4.Work hard, or you’ll succeed sooner and later. 4 and
  5.Whatever you do, and I’ll be right here waiting for you.5 and
  6.This kind of car costs a lot of money, and he can afford it. 6 but


做短文该错应采取三个步骤

  1.通读短文,掌握大意 通读短文, 通读短文
  2.细读全文,逐一作答 细读全文, 细读全文
  3.复读全文,验证答案 复读全文, 复读全文
巩固练习. 巩固练习.综合
Another problem is that good soil is gradual lost.1 gradually When trees is cut down,there is nothing to hold 2 are the the soil in the place on the hillside. So when it 3 rained,the soil is washed down the hills and into 4 rains away the rivers.Strong winds can also blow out the 5 valuable soil lies on the top of the fields. 6 whic/ that
Thank you!
Your suggestion may be quite precious!
答案
Assignments

  1.NMET1996
Today I visited the Smiths?my first time visit
  86. to a American family. They live in a small
  87. town. It was very kind for them to meet me
  88. at the railway station and drove me to their home.
  89. The Smiths did his best to make me feel
  90. at home. They offered me coffee and other
  91. drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing
  92. together. They eager to know everything about
  93. China and asked me lots of question. In fact,
  94. they are planning to visit China in next year.
  95.
答案
  2.NMET1997 Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher,
  86. Miss Fang. I'd like to your penfriend, and get to
  87. know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself 88 My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the
  89. capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School.
  90.
We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese
  91. English and physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot
  92. in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.
  93. Do you play any ball games? What your favourite
  94.__ sport? I look forward to hear from you soon.
  95. Yours, Li Hua
答案

  3.NMET1998
My Favourite Sport My favourite sport is football. I was a member of 1 our school football team. We practise for three times 2 every week and often watch football match on TV 3 together. Play football not only makes us grow up 4
 

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