2009 年普通高校招生统一考试北京卷(英语) 年普通高校招生统一考试北京卷(英语)
(满分 150 分,时间 120 分钟) 第 I 卷(选择题,共 115 分) 听力理解(共两节, 第一部分 听力理解(共两节,30 分) 略。 第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. , we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What’s more B. That’s to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not
  21. John plays basketball well, his favorite sport is badminton. A. so B. or C. yet D. for
  22. You may use the room as you like you clean it up afterwards. A. so far as B. so long as C. in case D. even if
  23. Scientists have many theories about how the universe into being. A. came B. was coming C. had come D. would come
  24. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit on his own farm. A. grown B. being grown C. to be grown D. to grow
  25. One of the few things you say about English people with certainty is that they talk a lot about the weather. A. need B. must C. should D. can
  26. ?What do you think of teaching, Bob? ?I find it fun and challenging. It is a job you are doing something serious but interesting. A. where B. Which C. When D. that
  27. The way the guests in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service. A. treated B. were treated C. would treat D. would be treated
  28. All of them try to use the power of the workstation information in a more effective way. A. presenting B. presented
C. being presented D. to present
  29. The wine industry in the area has developed in a special way, little foreign ownership. A. by B. of C. with D. from
  30. When I talked with my grandma on the phone, she sounded weak, but by the time we up, her voice had been full of life. A. were hanging B. had hung C. hung D. would hang
  31. At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see it got any better. A. when B. how C. why D. if
  32. John was given the same suitcase his father and grandfather with them to school. A. took B. had taken C. were taking D. would take
  33. The biggest whale is blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long?the height of 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a
  34. twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we changed our dog. A. Being bitten B. Bitten C. Having bitten D. To be bitten
  35. Being a parent is not always easy, and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with extra stress. A. it B. them C. one D. him 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题
  1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 James’s New Bicycle James shook his money box again. Nothing! He carefully __36__ the coins that lay on the bed. $
  24.52 was all that he had. The bicycle he wanted was at least $90! __37__ on earth was he going to get the __38__ of the money? He knew that his friends all had bicycles. It was __39__ to hang around with people when you were the only one without wheels. He thought about what he could do. There was no __40__ asking his parents, for he knew they had no money to __41__. There was only one way to get money, and that was to __42__ it. He would have to find a job. __43__ who would hire him and what could he do? He decided to ask Mr. Clay for advice, who usually had __44__ on most things.
“Well, you can start right here,” said Mr. Clay. “My windows need cleaning and my car needs washing.” That was the __45__ of James’s odd-job(零工) business. For three months he worked every day after finishing his homework. He was amazed by the __46__ of jobs that people found for him to do. He took dogs and babies for walks, cleared out cupboards, and mended books. He lost count of the __47__ of cars he washed and windows he cleaned, but the __48__ increased and he knew that he would soon have __49__ for the bicycle he longed for. The day __50__ came when James counted his money and found $
  94.
  32. He __51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted. He rode __52__ home, looking forward to showing his new bicycle to his friends. It had been hard __53__ for the money, but James knew that he valued his bicycle far more __54__ he had bought it with his own money. He had __55__what he thought was impossible, and that was worth even more than the bicycle.
  36. A. cleaned B. covered C. counted D. checked
  37. A. How B. Why C. Who D. What
  38. A. amount B. part C. sum D. rest
  39. A. brave B. hard C. smart D. unfair
  40. A. point B. reason C. result D. right
  41. A. split B. spend C. spare D. save
  42. A. borrow B. earn C. raise D. collect
  43. A. Or B. So C. For D. But
  44. A. decisions B. experience C. opinions D. knowledge
  45. A. beginning B. introduction C. requirement D. opening
  46. A. similarity B. quality C. suitability D. variety
  47. A. brand B. number C. size D. type
  48. A. effort B. pressure C. money D. trouble
  49. A. all B. enough C. much D. some
  50. A. finally B. instantly C. normally D. regularly
  51. A. gave B. left C. took D. wasted
  52. A. patiently B. proudly C. silently D. tiredly
  53. A. applying B. asking C. looking D. working
  54. A. since B. if C. than D. though
  55. A. deserved B. benefited C. achieved D. learned 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分) 、 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A How I Turned to Be Optimistic I began to grow up that winter night when my parents and I were returning from my aunt's house, and my mother said that we might soon be leaving for America. We were on the bus then. I was crying, and some people on the bus were turning around to look at me. I remember that I could not bear the thought of never hearing again the radio program for school children to which I listened every morning. I do not remember myself crying for this reason again. In fact, I think I cried very little when
I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives. When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see-?the strange and magical places I had known only from books and pictures. The country I was leaving never to come back was hardly in my head then. The four years that followed taught me the importance of optimism, but the idea did not come to me at once. For the first two years in New York I was really lost?having to study in three schools as a result of family moves. I did not quite know what I was or what I should be. Mother remarried, and things became even more complex for me. Some time passed before my stepfather and I got used to each other. I was often sad, and saw no end to "the hard times." My responsibilities in the family increased a lot since I knew English better than everyone else at home. I wrote letters, filled out forms, translated at interviews with Immigration officers, took my grandparents to the doctor and translated there, and even discussed telephone bills with company representatives. From my experiences I have learned one important rule: almost all common troubles eventually go away! Something good is certain to happen in the end when you do not give up, and just wait a little! I believe that my life will turn out all right, even though it will not be that easy.
  56. How did the author get to know America? A. From her relatives. B. From her mother. C. From books and pictures. D. From radio programs.
  57. Upon leaving for America the author felt. A. confused B. excited C. worried D amazed
  58. For the first two years in New York, the author . A. often lost her way B. did not think about her future C. studied in three different schools D got on well with her stepfather
  59. What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4? A. She worked as a translator. B. She attended a lot of job interviews. C. She paid telephone bills for her family. D She helped her family with her English.
  60. The author believes that. A. her future will be free from troubles B. it is difficult to learn to become patient C. there are more good things than bad things D. good things will happen if one keeps trying B Dear Friend, The recent success of children's books has made the general public aware that there's a huge market out there. And there's a growing need for new writers trained to create the $3 billion worth of children's books bought each year ... plus stories and articles needed by over 650 publishers of magazines for children and teenagers. Who are these needed writers? They're ordinary folks like you and me.
But am I good enough? I was once where you might be now. My thoughts of writing had been pushed down by self-doubt, and I didn't know where to turn for help. Then, I accepted a free offer from the Institute to test my writing aptitude(潜能), and it turned out to be the inspiration I needed. The promise that paid off The Institute made the same promise to me that they will make to you, if you show basic writing ability: You will complete at least one manuscript(手稿) suitable to hand in to a publisher by the time you finish our course. I really didn't expect any publication before I finished the course, but that happened. I sold three stories. And I soon discovered that was not unusual at the Institute. Since graduation, I have authored 34 nationally published children's books and over 300 stories and articles. Free test and brochure We offer a free aptitude test and will send you a copy of our brochure describing our recognized home-study courses on the basis of one-on-one training. Realize your writing dream today. There's nothing sadder than a dream delayed until it fades forever. Sincerely,
Kristi Holl, Instructor Institute of Children's Literature
  61. From the first three paragraphs, we learn that. A. children's books are usually bestsellers B. publishers are making $3 billion each year C. magazines for teenagers have drawn public attention D. there is a growing need for writers of children's books
  62. When finishing the course, you are promised to. A. be a successful publisher B. become a confident editor C. finish one work for publication D. get one story or article published
  63. Kristi Holl mentions her experience mainly to. A. prove she is a good instructor B. promote the writing program C. give her advice on course preparation D. show she sold more stories than article
C How Room Designs Affect Our Work and Feelings Architects have long had the feeling that the places we live in can affect our thoughts, feelings and behaviors. But now scientists are giving this feeling an empirical(经验的,实证的) basis. They are discovering how to design spaces that promote creativity, keep people focused and lead to relaxation. Researches show that aspects of the physical environment can influence creativity. In 2007, Joan Meyers-Levy at the University of Minnesota, reported that the height of a room's ceiling affects how people think. Her research indicates that higher ceilings encourage people to think more freely, which may lead them to make more abstract connections. Low ceilings, on the other hand, may inspire a more detailed outlook. In additions to ceiling height, the view afforded by a building may influence an occupant's ability to concentrate. Nancy Wells and her colleagues at Cornell University found in their study that kids who experienced the greatest increase in greenness as a result of a family move made the most gains on a standard test of attention. Using nature to improve focus of attention ought to pay off academically, and it seems to, according to a study led by C. Kenneth Tanner, head of the School Design & Planning Laboratory at the University of Georgia. Tanner and his team found that students in classrooms with unblocked views of at least 50 feet outside the window had higher scores on tests of vocabulary, language arts and maths than did students whose classrooms primarily overlooked roads and parking lots. Recent study on room lighting design suggests than dim(暗淡的) light helps people to loosen up. If that is true generally, keeping the light low during dinner or at parties could increase relaxation. Researchers of Harvard Medical School also discovered that furniture with rounded edges could help visitors relax. So far scientists have focused mainly on public buildings. "We have a very limited number of studies, so we're almost looking at the problem through a straw(吸管)," architect David Allison says. "How do you take answers to very specific questions and make broad, generalized use of them? That's what we're all struggling with."
  64. What does Joan Meyers-Levy focus on in her research? A. Light. B. Ceilings. C. Windows. D. Furniture.
  65. The passage tells us that . A. the shape of furniture may affect people's feelings B. lower ceilings may help improve students' creativity C. children in a dim classroom may improve their grades D. students in rooms with unblocked views may feel relaxed
  66. The underlined sentence in the last paragraph probably means that . A. the problem is not approached step
 

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