课程名称 : 英语国家概况
学时: 学分: 学时:64 学分:4 开课单位: 开课单位:西北农林科技大学 大纲编写人:陈毅 大纲编写人 陈毅 适用专业: 适用专业:英语专业
一、教学进度表
周次 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 计划进度 讲授课 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 习题及讨论 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Introduction Land and People National Economy Industry and Commerce Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Government Justice and the Law Social Welfare Education Religion Science and Technology Arts The Press, Televion and Radio Sports and Recreation Overseas Relations British Literature
二、考试要求
本课程考试形式为闭卷考试,成绩评估将 综合考虑学生课堂参与表现、作业(30%) 及期末考试(70%)。记分采用百分制。 (注:凡旷课三次者,取消期末测试资格。) 注 。
三、《英语国家概况》教学内容 英语国家概况》

  1.教学对象: .教学对象: 《英语国家概况》课程 既适合英语专业的学 生,又适合非英语专业已通过大学英语四 、六级 考试的学生。
  2.教学内容: .教学内容: 涉及英美两国历史、 政治制度、 经济贸易 、 教 育、 宗教 、种族问题 、 娱乐风土人情、 艺术、 媒体及社会问题等各个方面。
  3.教学方法及手段: .教学方法及手段: 本课程针对学生交际能力不足的特点,尽量改变 以教师为中心的传统教学模式,而是 建立以学生 为中心的教学模式,充分调动学生的主动性和积 极性,老师作为引导者、 组织者和观察者来进行 教学活动。
四、教学大纲

  1.课程编号:
  2.课程名称:英语国家概况
  3.课程类别:专业选修课 公选课
  4.教学时数: 周学时: 2 总学时: 64
  5.学分: 2
  7.教学目标与要求: 通过对历史、 政治制度、 艺术 、 娱乐、 媒体、 宗教等专题的介绍,优化学 生的知识结构,提高学生的交际能力(语言能力、 语用能力、 认知能力和情感 能力。 ) 为实现这一目的,鼓励学生进行专题调研、 信息收集 、小组讨论和专题发言 等。
  8.参考教材:《英美社会与文化》 上、下册 罗选民主编 华中理工大学出版 社
《英语国家社会与文化入门》上、下册 朱永涛主编 高等教育出版社
Exercise(练习) (练习)
Britain
Unit one
  1.The full name of the United kingdom is the and .
  2.The UK includes 4 parts within the one nation-state: the island of Great Britain is made up of , and , and .
  1.The Scots and Welsh have a strong sense of being British.
  2.The Commonwealth of Nations includes all European countries.
  1.Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England? The Anglo-Saxons. The Normans. The Vikings. The Romans.
  2.Which of the following parties in Scotland still wants an independent Scotland? A. The Labour Party. B. The Liberal Party. C. The Scottish Nationalist Party. D. The Conservative Party.
Unit two
  1.The Home Rule Bill was finally passed in , but the process was overtaken by and was suspended for the duration of the war.
  2.The Good Friday Agreement, known also as , emerged on 10 April 19
  98.
  1.Ireland is part of Great Britain.
  2.Northern Ireland is significant because of its manufacturing industry.
  1.In 1969, the first British soldiers were seen on Northern Ireland Street. They came first. to maintain traffic order in Northern Ireland to protect Protestants to protect Catholics to replace the Royal Ulster Constabulary since they were unable to keep social order
  2.Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four nations, but is quite well-known in the world for . its most famous landmark, the “Giant’s Causeway” its rich cultural life its low living standards its endless political problems The Easter Rising
Unit three

  1.The doctrine of the “divine right of kings” held that the sovereign derives his authority from , not form his .
  2.The most important function of the Parliament is to .
  3.Britain is one of the oldest representative democracies in the world.
  4.Britain is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
  5.The divine right of the king means the sovereign derived his authority from his subjects.
  1.Which of the following kings was executed in the civil war? A. James Ⅰ B. James Ⅱ C. CharlesⅠ D. Charles Ⅱ
  2.Under whose reign was the Bill of Rights passed? A. James Ⅱ B. William of Orange C. Oliver Cromwell D. George

  3.Which of the following is not a feature of the House of Lords? A. Lords do not receive salaries and many do not attend Parliament sittings. B. It consists of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal. C. The lords are expected to represent the interests of the public. D. Most of the lords in the House of Lords are males.
  1.The Bill of Rights of 1689
  2.The functions of Parliament
Unit four

  1.The party which wins the majority seats in parliament forms and its party leader becomes .
  2.Normally, a government can be in power for years, and then it has to resign and hold a general election.
  3.Strictly speaking, the parliament today consists of the Queen, the . and the
  1.Children from the upper-middle-class usually have a better education than those from the working or middle class.
  2.Anyone one who is eligible to vote with 500 pounds as deposit can stand as an MP.
  1.Who is the leader of the Labour party at present? A. John Major B. Tony Blair C. Harold Wilson D. Margaret Thatcher
  2.How many seats in the House of Commons should a party hold at least in order to win the election? A. 651 B. 326 C. 626 D. 351
  1.The importance of general elections
Unit five

  1.A low rate of industrial investment coupled with a very high rate of investment is a characteristic of the UK economy.
  2. is one of the busiest share-dealing centers in the world.
  1.Which of the following war not the reason for the relative economic decline since 1945? A. Britain did not invest in modern equipment and new products. B. Britain spent a high proportion of its national wealth on the military. C. Britain had been heavily in debt to finance the war. D. Britain had carried out the nationalization of the businesses.
  2.In the aerospace industry, which two countries are ahead of Britain? A. The US and Germany. B. The US and Russia. C. Germany and Russia. D. France and Russia.
  1.Another reason for British decline is the loss of its colonies, especially India, which gained its independence in 19
  47.
  2.The service industry in the UK employs 70%of the working force.
  1.Relative decline of the UK economy
Unit six

  1.One of the oldest of the early “Old English” literary work is a long poem from Anglo Saxon times called .
  2.Shakespeare’s plays fall into three categories. They are , and plays.
  1.There was a general flowering of culture and intellectual life in Europe during the 17th and the 18th centuries which is known as “The Renaissance”.
  2.Keats, Shelley and Byron brought the Romantic Movement to its height.
  1.Several gifted women played a significant part in the 19th-century literature. Which of the following is an exception? A. Virginia Woolf B. Emily Bronte C. Jane Austen D. Charlotte Bronte
  2.Which of the following did not belong to Romanticism? A. Keats. B. Shelley. C. Wordsworth. D. Defoe.
  1.Modernism
Unit seven

  1.The two oldest universities in Britain are and .
  2.Students attend schools from age of 11 up to around the age of
  19.
  1.All secondary schools in Britain are run and supervised by the government.
  2.In dependent schools get money mainly through the private sector and tuition rates, with some government support.
  1.In Britain, the great majority of parents send their children to . A.Private schools. B.Independent schools. C.State schools. D.Public schools.
  2.Which of the following is not true about the British education system? A.It’s run by the state. B.It’s funded by the state. C.It’s supervised by the state. D.It’s dominated by the state.
  1.Grammar schools
  2.The Open University
Unit eight

  1.The general direction of Britain’s foreign policy is decided by and .
  2.As an outpost of an American-controlled military , Britain hosts a large American military presence as well as the NATO .
  1.When the Second World War ended, Britain no longer was the largest military power in Western Europe.
  2.The Prime Minister and Cabinet decide on the general direction of Britain’s foreign policy.
  1.How much of the globe did Britain rule in its imperial prime? A.A fourth of the globe. B.A fifth of the globe. C.A third of the globe. D.Two-thirds of the earth.
  2.Why does Britain have its nuclear naval force? A.Because it’s one of the developed countries in the world. B.Because it’s a traditional sea power. C.Because it has an advanced industry. D.Because it’s able to produce submarines.
  1.Britain and the EU
  2.The Commonwealth
Unit nine

  1.The BBC stands for .
  2.The News of the World, which began publishing in 1843, is considered as one of .
  1.On an average day, an overwhelming majority of Britons over the age of 15 read a national or local paper.
  2.Free press has the function of keeping an eye on the government, and therefore it is called the watchdog of parliamentary democracy.
  1.Which of the following is the world’s oldest national newspaper? A.The Times. B.The Guardian. C.The Observer. D.The Financial Times.
  2.In Britain most advertising is carried . A.in newspaper. B.in magazines. C.on television. D.on radio.
  1.The Times
  2.The BBC
Unit ten

  1.The FA Cup stands for .
  2.Overseas Chinese community in Britain often celebrates Chinese New Year with dances and fireworks.
  1.The tradition of having Sunday off derived from the Christian Church.
  2.The origin of Bowling lies in the victory celebration ceremony by the ancient warriors.
  1.Eater commemorates . A.the birth of Jesus Christ. B.the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. C.the coming of spring. D.the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
  2.On which day is Halloween celebrated? A.October 31st. B.November 5th. C.March 17th. D.December 25th.
  1.The three traditions of Christmas in Britain
America

  1.The New World of America was peopled as a result of two longcontinuing immigration movements, the first one from and the second from Europe and .
  2. officially proclaimed the birth of a new American nation.
  1.Christopher Columbus discovered America in 14
  92.
  2.By the early 1760s, the 13 English colonies in North America were ready to separate themselves from Europe.
  1.The following were the main Reformation leaders except . A.Martin Luther B.Martin Luther King C.John Calvin D.The English King Henry Ⅷ
  2.“No taxation without representation” was the rallying cry of . A.the settlers of Virginia B.the people of Pennsylvania C.the colonists in New England D.the people of the 13 colonies on the eve of the American Revolution.
  1.Puritanism
  2.The Declaration of Independence
2

  1.After the War of Independence was won, the national government was called , and the agreement that guided government was .
  2.The US federal government consists of the following three branches: the executive, and .
  1.When the War of Independence was over, the United States was one unified nation as it is today.
  2.The main duty of the Congress is to make laws, including those which levy taxes that pay for the work of the federal government.
  1.Which of the following is not a power of the president? A.The president can veto any bill passed by Congress. B.The president has the authority to appoint federal judges when vacancies occur. C.The president can make laws. D.The president has broad powers, with the executive branch, to issue regulations and directives regarding the work of the federal departments

  2.The Bill of Rights consists of . A.10 very short paragraphs in an amendment B.10 amendments adopted in 1787 C.10 amendments added to the Constitution in 1791 D.The amendments concerning the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press and the freedom of religion.
  1.The Bill of Rights
  2.A federal system
3

  1.The first Secretary of Treasury of the United States was .
  2.When starting a business or launching new ventures, money was needed. That money was known as .
  1.The first factory in the United States was a cotton textile mill.
  2.When people buy stocks, they become part owner of the company.
  1.The “American system” of mass production was first used in . A.car industry B.textile industry C.firearms industry D.agriculture
  2.The United States had the first standard paper currency in . A.1839 B.1880 C.1863 D.1913
  1.stock
4

  1.The Three Faiths in the US refer to Protestant, and .
  2.Freedom of religious belief or non-belief is provided in the in the US Constitution.
  1.There are more than 100 Protestants sects in the United States today.
  2.When a Supreme Court decision made abortion legal in America, many Catholics, evangelical Protestants and Orthodox Jews
 

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