Module 4
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆
Carnival
基础落实

  1.As a big power country,America has to import (进口) large quantities of oil from 进口) East. the Middle East.
  2.This complicated situation has led to 杂乱,混乱) considerable confusion (杂乱,混乱). 延长,延伸)
  3.The forest extends (延长,延伸) in all see. directions as far as the eyes could see.
  4.The candidate pretended (假装,佯称) she 假装,佯称) before. had worked for a newspaper before.

  5.This quaint custom should be revived (复 使流行) 兴,使流行). 废除)
  6.Slavery was abolished (废除) in America in 19th century. the 19th century.
  7.I don’t like getting involved in any new 庆祝活动) year’s celebrations (庆祝活动).
  8.Many of the problems had their origions (起 根源) post? Europe. 源,根源) in post?war Europe.
  9.I wanted to hide (藏) his present from him until his birthday in order to give him a nice surprise. surprise.
  10. 记忆力)
  10.Your memory (记忆力) tends to get worse as you get older,so you are always important. forgetting something important.
Ⅱ.重点短语再现 Ⅱ.重点短语再现
end结束 结束→ ...to end使
  1.come to an end结束→ bring ...to an end使…… 结束→ 从头到尾→ 结束→from beginning to end 从头到尾→put an end to...使……结束→ on end 连续地 to...使……结束→ ... 结束 打扮→ up打扮 编造;弥补→ 打扮;
  2.dress up 打扮→ make up打扮;编造;弥补→be dressed in 穿着 秘密地→ 简单地说;
  3.in secret 秘密地→in short/brief 简单地说; 总而言之 追溯到……→ date确
  4.date back to/from 追溯到……→ set a date确 …… date迄今 到目前为止→ 迄今; 定一个日期→ 定一个日期→ to date迄今;到目前为止→up to date时尚地; date时尚地;最新地 时尚地 脱落→ decision得出结论
  5.come off 脱落→come to a decision得出结论 梦想等) 实现→ →come true (梦想等) 实现→when it comes to 涉及; 涉及;谈到
……组成 构成)→be 组成(
  6.consist of 由……组成(构成)→be composed of ……组成 ……组成 组成→ 由……组成→be made up of 由……组成 在于→ ……一致 →consist in 在于→consist with 与……一致 less或多或少 或多或少→
  7.more or less或多或少→still/much less 更谈 不上; 不上;更不用说
  8.think much of 对……评价高→think twice 再 ……评价高→ 评价高 三思考,慎重考虑→ 三思考,慎重考虑→think again 重新考虑 想出;构思出(主意等) →think up 想出;构思出(主意等) 接管→ 呈现;雇佣→
  9.take over 接管→take on 呈现;雇佣→take place 发生→take in 欺骗;吸入 发生→ 欺骗;
  10.wash down 冲洗,冲刷;配着食物喝(饮料)
  10. 冲洗,冲刷;配着食物喝(饮料) ……洗净 洗掉→ 洗净/ →wash off 将……洗净/洗掉→have a wash 洗个澡
Ⅲ.典型句式运用

  1.People saw Carnival as a last chance to season. have fun at the end of the winter season. 人们把狂欢节看作是冬季结束时最后一个玩乐 的机会。 的机会。 考点提炼 see...as...把……看作…… see...as...把……看作…… ...as... 看作 他的同事认为他是未来的负责人。 句子仿造 他的同事认为他是未来的负责人。 His colleagues see him as the future director. director.

  2.For weeks on end people walked round the streets wearing masks, doing what they wanted without being recognised. recognised. 连续几个星期人们戴着面具走在街上, 连续几个星期人们戴着面具走在街上,为所欲为而 不会被认出来。 不会被认出来。 考点提炼 句子仿造 膀向后看。 膀向后看。 A person ran quickly on the road, looking time. back over his shoulder from time to time. v.-ing短语作伴随状语 ing短语作伴随状语 一个人在路上跑得很快, 一个人在路上跑得很快,不时地越过肩

  3.Ordinary people could pretend to be rich and important, while famous people could secret. have romantic adventures in secret. 普通人可以装成阔佬和要人, 普通人可以装成阔佬和要人,而名人也可以偷偷地 体验浪漫奇遇。 体验浪漫奇遇。 考点提炼 了。 The little boy pretended to have finished playing. his homework and went out playing. pretend后接不定式的各种形式 pretend后接不定式的各种形式 小男孩假装已经做完了作业, 句子仿造 小男孩假装已经做完了作业,跑出去玩

  4.Their use was limited by laws, the first of century. which dates back to the fourteenth century. 它们(面具)的使用受到法律的限制, 它们(面具)的使用受到法律的限制,最早可追溯到 14世纪。 14世纪。 世纪 考点提炼 句子仿造 生在中国。 生在中国。 One of the astronauts is called Johnson, China. whose parents were born in China. 非限制性定语从句 其中一位宇航员叫约翰逊, 其中一位宇航员叫约翰逊,他的父母出

  5.As time passed,however, the carnival period was extended, so that it began just after Christmas. Christmas. 然而,随着时间的推移,狂欢节的时间被延长了, 然而,随着时间的推移,狂欢节的时间被延长了, 这样它就正好在圣诞节以后开始。 这样它就正好在圣诞节以后开始。 考点提炼 句子仿造 化。 As global warming is increasing, more melt. icebergs will melt. as引导时间状语从句 as引导时间状语从句 随着全球变暖的加剧, 随着全球变暖的加剧,更多的冰山将融
导练互动
重点单词
假装;
  1.pretend v.假装;假扮 Ordinary people could pretend to be rich and important,while famous people could secret. have romantic adventures in secret. 普通人可以装成阔佬和要人, 普通人可以装成阔佬和要人 , 而名人也可以偷偷 地体验浪漫的奇遇。 地体验浪漫的奇遇。 ?观察思考 facts. He pretended not to know the facts. 他佯装不知实情。 他佯装不知实情。 (回归课本P
  32) 回归课本P
He pretended not to have heard about this matter. matter. 他假装没听说过这件事。 他假装没听说过这件事。 The boy pretended to be doing his homework in. when his mother came in. 他妈妈进来时那个男孩假装正在做家庭作业。 他妈妈进来时那个男孩假装正在做家庭作业。 He pretended to his family that everything was fine. fine. 他对家人佯称一切都好。 他对家人佯称一切都好。
归纳拓展 pretend后接动词时总是接不定式。 pretend后接动词时总是接不定式。如果假装的动作 后接动词时总是接不定式 早于主句谓语动词表示的动作, 早于主句谓语动词表示的动作,用不定式的完成 式;若与主句谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定 若与主句谓语动词表示的动作同时发生, 式的进行式。 式的进行式。 sth. to do sth.假装要做某事 pretend sth. to be doing sth.假装正在做某事 sth. to have done sth.假装做完了某事 pretend+n pretend+n. pretend+thatpretend+that-clause
活学活用 Peter pretended shop. coffee shop. A.not to see C.not see B.having not see D.not seeing A me when I passed the
sth.假装没做某事; 解析 pretend not to do sth.假装没做某事; 不定式的否定式是在不定式符号to前加not。 不定式的否定式是在不定式符号to前加not。 to前加not
vi.漫步;
  2.wander vi.漫步;闲逛
As you wander through the streets,you see masks? thousands of masks?elegant or frightening, modern... sad or amusing,traditional or modern... 当你在街上漫步时, 你会看到成千上万的面具 ? 当你在街上漫步时 , 你会看到成千上万的面具? 优雅的或吓人的, 悲伤的或搞笑的, ? 优雅的或吓人的 , 悲伤的或搞笑的 , 传统的或 现代的…… 现代的…… (回归课本P
  33) 回归课本P
观察思考 lost. The child wandered off and got lost. 那个孩子走散后迷路了。 那个孩子走散后迷路了。 I’ll just wander around the mall for half an hour. hour. 我要在商场闲逛半个小时。 我要在商场闲逛半个小时。 wandering. I’m sorry,my mind was wandering.What did you say? 对不起,我有点儿走神。刚才你说什么? 对不起,我有点儿走神。刚才你说什么?
归纳拓展 about/over漫游 wander about/over漫游 through穿过 wander through穿过 off/away偏离 正道) 迷路; 偏离( wander off/away偏离(正道);迷路;走散 活学活用 His mind is A.wondering C.walking 解析 的话。 的话。 B and he doesn’t know what B.wandering D.washing says. the teacher says.
句意为:他的注意力不集中, 句意为:他的注意力不集中,不知道老师说
分数; 记号; 标志; 得分; 痕迹;
  3.mark n. 分数 ; 记号 ; 标志 ; 得分 ; 痕迹 ; v. 标明;标志;打分数, 标明;标志;打分数,批改
This marked the beginning of the slave trade. trade. 这标志着奴隶贸易的开始。 回归课本P 这标志着奴隶贸易的开始。(回归课本P
  39) ?观察思考 You can’t afford to get another low mark English. in English. 你的英语不能再得低分了。 你的英语不能再得低分了。 Food marked with red stars are included in recipe. the recipe. 标有红星的食品被列入了食谱。 标有红星的食品被列入了食谱。
fc1 . I’ve got a pile of exam papers to mark. 我有一堆试卷要批改。 我有一堆试卷要批改。 On the day of the funeral,businesses remained respect. closed as a mark of respect. 葬礼那天,各行业都停业以示敬意。 葬礼那天,各行业都停业以示敬意。
归纳拓展 with... ……作标记 ...用 mark with...用……作标记 mark on...在某物上作记号 on...在某物上作记号 ... trademark商标 a trademark商标 marks满分 full marks满分 mark高 high/low mark高/低分 English英语得了90分 英语得了90 get 90 marks for English英语得了90分 of...作为…… ...作为……的标志 as a mark of...作为……的标志 sth. down记下 mark sth. down记下 papers批阅试卷 mark papers批阅试卷
活学活用 occasions? Many occasions?birthdays,awards,graduations ? B with flowers. flowers. B.are marked D.had marked A.is marked C.have marked
with... ……作标记 ...用 作标记。 解析 mark with...用……作标记。
贸易;商业;交易;vi.交易;
  4.trade n.贸易;商业;交易;vi.交易;买 经商;对换;购物;vt. ……进行交换 卖;经商;对换;购物;vt.用……进行交换
?观察思考 Nobody is allowed to trade his car with mine. mine. 任何人都不允许和我换车。 任何人都不允许和我换车。 If you don’t like your book,I’ll trade you. with you. 如果你不喜欢你的书,我和你对换。 如果你不喜欢你的书,我和你对换。 My uncle has been trading in furs and skins 1980s since the 1980s. 自从二十世纪八十年代以来, 自从二十世纪八十年代以来,我叔叔一直经营毛皮 业。 Now more and more countries want to develop China. their trade with China. 现在越来越多的国家想同中国发展贸易。 现在越来越多的国家想同中国发展贸易。
归纳拓展 with与……做交易 做买卖; ……互相对换 做交易/ trade with与……做交易/做买卖;与……互相对换 in做……生意 生意, trade in做……生意,经营 sth. sth. ……换取 换取…… trade sth.for sth.以……换取…… name(公司的 商号; 公司的) trade name(公司的)商号;牌号 school中等职业学校 trade school中等职业学校 secret行业秘密 trade secret行业秘密 union工会 trade union工会
活学活用 Since joining the Common Market,Britain’s C with Europe has greatly increased. increased. B.business D.commerce A.exchange C.trade 解析
trade常指“国与国之间的贸易” 符合题意。 trade常指“国与国之间的贸易”,符合题意。 常指
重点短语与句型 end结束 结束;
  5.come to an end结束;完成
The original Venice carnival came to an end ago. about 200 years ago. 最初的威尼斯狂欢节在约200年前结束了。 最初的威尼斯狂欢节在约200年前结束了。 200年前结束了 (回归课本P
  32) 回归课本P ?观察思考 11th The diving competitions of the 11th end. National Games have come to an end. 第十一届全运会的跳水项目比赛已经结束。 第十一届全运会的跳水项目比赛已经结束。
That was a final battle that brought the war end. to an end. 那是战争结束前的最后一次战役。 那是战争结束前的最后一次战役。 He came to realize his mistake that he had made. made. 他逐渐意识到了以前犯的错。 他逐渐意识到了以前犯的错。 When it comes to computer science,I know it. little about it. 当谈及电脑科学时我几乎一无所知。 当谈及电脑科学时我几乎一无所知。
归纳拓展 sth. end使某事结束 bring sth. to an end使某事结束 sth.结束; put an end to sth.结束;停止 meet量入为出 量入为出; make (both) ends meet量入为出;使收支相抵 end连续 直立; 连续; on end连续;直立;竖着 with/in以……结
 

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