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a short cut 近路/捷径 abandon oneself to sth 沉湎于… be able to do sth. 有能力做某事 be capable of doing sth. 有能力做某事 do sth. to the best of one’s ability 尽某人全力做某事 abnormal behavior 反常的行为 above all 最为重要的是 after all 毕竟 in all 总共 not at all 根本不 be absent from school/work 缺课/旷工 be absent-minded 心不在焉的 be absorbed in 专心于… the academic year 学年 have the access to sth./ doing sth. 有机会做某事/有接近…的权利 by accident 意外地 according to 根据… account for 解释;说明 open an account 开户头 take … into account 把…考虑在内 accuse sb. of 指责某人某事/指控某人某事 charge sb. with sth. 指控某人某事 be accustomed/used to sth./doing 习惯于做某事 make a great achievement/great achievements 取得重大成绩 acid rain 酸雨 act as 担任;充当 take action to do sth. 采取行动做某事 take an active part in 积极参加… alarm clock 闹钟 be alert to sth./sb. 对…警惕 allow … to do sth. 允许…做某事 allow doing sth. leave …alone 别管… get along/on well with…


adapt oneself to sth./doing 适应于(做)某事 be adapted to sth./ doing add to beauty/difficulties 增添了美丽/困难 add up to 合计达… amount to 合计达… in addition 此外,另外 in addition to sth. 除…之外 admire sb. for sth. 羡慕/钦佩某人某事 admit one’s mistake 承认某人的错误 be admitted to university 被大学录取 adopt one’s advice 采纳某人的建议 adopt a child 收养一个孩子 in advance 预先 advanced technology 先进的技术 take advantage of 趁机利用 have a big advantage over… 与…相比有优势 be to one’s advantage 对某人有好处 advise sb to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advise doing sth. current affairs 时事 can/ be able to afford sth.支付得起… be named after… 以…来命名 again and again 再三地,反复地 be against one's will 违背某人的意愿 the aged 年老者 agree on / upon sth.. 就…达成一致 agree to one’s suggestion/proposal 同意某人的建议 agree with one’s suggestion/proposal ahead of time 提前 first aid 急救 aim at sth./doing sth. 瞄准某物;旨在做某事 与…相处融洽;进展顺利 be amazed/surprised/astonished at … 对…很惊讶 one’s ambition to do sth. 做某事的志向 make an announcement 做一个通知

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be anxious about 为…而担心 be anxious for 急于得到… apart from 与…相隔;除了…之外 can tell…apart 把…区分开 apologize to sb. for sth. 因…向某人道歉 make an apology to sb. for sth. appeal to sb. for sth. 因…向…呼吁 appeal to sb. 吸引某人 apply…to practice 把…应用于实践 apply for a job/position 申请一个工作/职位 the application form 申请表 make an appointment with sb. 与某人有约 appreciate sth./doing sth. 欣赏/感激做某事 approve of 赞成;同意 argue with sb. about / over sth. 与某人争论某事 arouse one’s interest 唤起某人的兴趣 make an arrangement to do sth. 做出安排做某事 as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result 因此 as a whole 作为一个整体 as follows 如下 as / so long as 只要 as the saying goes 俗语言 as usual 如平常 be/feel ashamed of 对…感到羞愧 fall asleep 入睡 assign too much homework 布置太多的作业 assure sb. of sth./that 使某人相信某事 attempt to do sth.. 尝试做某事 make an attempt to do sth. at a loss 不知所措 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at ease 轻松,自在地 at present 目前 at the beginning 最初 at the cost/expense of 以…为代价 at the risk of 冒险做某事
on (an/the) average 平均来说,一般来说 avoid doing 避免做某事 keep/stay awake 保持醒着 award sb. the Nobel Prize 授予某人诺贝尔奖 sb. be awarded the Nobel Prize be aware/conscious of 意识到… back and forth 来回地 go bad 变质 keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡 be banned from 被禁止做某事 snack bar 小吃店,快餐店 go to the barber’s 去理发店 pick up a good bargain 无意中买到一件便宜货 be based on … 建立在…基础之上 be on the basis of … have a bath 洗个澡 be bathed in tears 泪流满面 bathing suit 游泳衣 on the beach 在海滨 bear a share of responsibility 承担一份责任 heart beating 心脏跳动 beg sb. for sth./ to do sth. 乞求某人做某事 begin with… 由…开始 behave oneself 管好自己 fall/lag behind 落后 human being 人类,人 believe in … 信任… make believe that 假设 belong to … 属于… benefit sb. a lot 使某人受益匪浅 benefit from … 从…当中获益 be beneficial to … 对…有益 do one’s best 尽全力 read between the lines 理解字里行间的意思 big game 大猎物 pay the bill 付帐单 give birth to … 生下…

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not a bit= not at all 根本不 blame sb. for sth. 责备某人某事 sb. be to blame 某人有责任 fill in the blank 填空 blare the horn 按喇叭 be blind to … 没有意识到… turn a blind eye to … 对…视而不见 blow up/ be blown up 爆炸 notice board 布告栏 on board 在船上 boiled water 开水 booking office 售票处 never bother to do sth. 不操心做某事 bottled juice 瓶装的果汁 at the bottom of 在…的底部 break out 爆发 break away from … 脱离… take a deep breath 深吸一口气 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 out of breath 上气不接下气 make a brief introduction 作一个简洁的介绍 fire brigade 消防队 bring up sb. 抚养某人 bring in sth. 引进… bring about changes 导致变化 browse through the books 随意浏览书籍 bump into sb. 撞上某人;偶遇某人 a bunch of flowers 一束花 burn sth. to the ground 把…烧光 burst into tears 大哭起来 burst out crying bury oneself in sth. 埋头做某事 be buried in business hours 营业时间 none of one’s business 不关某人的事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 be busy with sth. press the button 按按钮 call at sp. 参观某地 call on / upon sb. 拜访某人;号召某人 call off a meeting 取消会议 cancel a meeting



calm down 镇静下来 go on a camping trip 去野营 on the campus 在大学校园里 a candidate for a post/position/job 某职位/工作的申请者/侯选人 cannot help doing 禁不住做某事 cannot help but do sth. 只能做某事 cannot help to do sth.. 无法帮忙做某事 care about … 关心,忧虑… care for pop music 喜欢流行音乐 take good care of… 好好照顾… pursue an educational career 从事教育生涯 carry on one’s work 继续某人的工作 carry out a plan 实施一项计划 in case of fire 以防下雨;万一下雨 in this/that case 如果这样/那样的话 cash desk 收银台;柜台 take a casual look at… 随意地看一下… the catalogue card 目录卡片 catch a cold 感冒 catch fire 着火 catch hold of sb. 抓住某人 catch sight of… 看见… catch up with sb. 赶上某人 catch one’s attention to… 引起某人对…的注意 causes and effects 因果 celebrate the wedding anniversary 庆祝结婚纪念日 the central government 中央政府 the wedding ceremony 结婚仪式 face the challenge 面对挑战 win the championship 获冠军称号 lose the golden chance 错失良机 miss the good opportunity change one’s mind 改变主意 the English Channel 英吉列海峡 the Movie Channel 电影频道
3


charge (sb.) …for sth. 因…向某人索价… free of charge 免费地 charge sb. with sth. 控告某人某事 take charge of sth. 负责某事 in the chatting room 在聊天室里 cheat in the exams 考试作弊 check in 登记(入住) check out 结帐 cheer up 欢呼;喝彩 cash the cheque/check 兑现支票 the chief editor 主编 Children’s Day 儿童节 have a better choice 有一个更好的选择 choose to do sth. 选择做某事 in the church 在教堂里 under this circumstance 在这种情况下 the citizens of Shanghai 上海市民 the Civil War 国内战争 the social classes 社会等级 classical music 古典乐 clear up (天气)放晴;清除(安静) close down a factory 关闭一家工厂 get close to… 接近… take a close look at… 仔细地看一下 close friends 亲密的朋友 get/find a clue to a crime 找到犯罪线索 Zip Code 邮编 have a collection of 500 stamps 集了 500 枚邮票 combine A with B 将 A 与 B 结合在一起 come about?happen 发生 come across sb./sth. 偶遇… come down with a disease 因(疾病)而病倒 come out 出版;出现 come to oneself 苏醒过来 come true …实现了 When it comes to …, … 关于;谈到…






have a good command of English 对英语掌握地很好 comment on / upon… 对…进行评论 have a comment on/upon… commit a crime 犯罪 common sense 常识 have …in common 有…共同点 communicate with sb. 与某人交流 communicate sth. to sb. 把某事传达给某人 the Communist Party of China 中国共产党 be compared to/with … 与…相比 in/ comparison to … compete with … 与…相竞争 in the competitive society 在竞争激烈的社会里 complain of/about… 抱怨… complain to sb. about sth. 向某人抱怨/投诉某事 be composed of 由…组成 consist of … be made up of reading comprehension 阅读理解 (力) personal computer (PC) 个人电脑 concentrate on / upon … 集中 注意力于… be concerned about… 关心/忙于… form/reach/come to/arrive at a correct conclusion 得出一个正确的结论 improve people’s living conditions 改善人们的生活条件 on condition that 以…为条件;如果 be full of confidence 充满信心 have confidence in … 对…有信心 be confident of … be in conflict with … 与…发生冲突 be confused with … 对…感迷惑 congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人某事 be connected with … 与…有关系 be connected to the Internet 与因特网相联 be conscious of / that 意识到…
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be aware of/ that a clear conscience 无愧于心 cause serious consequences 导致严重的后果 under construction 仍在建造中 the construction site 建筑工地 consult a dictionary 查阅字典 refer to a dictionary protect the rights of consumers 保护消费者的权益 make contact with… 与…联络 the contents of a book 书的目录 a speech contest 一场演讲比赛 the Continent 欧洲大陆 sign a contract 签一份合同 on the contrary 相反地 contrary to one’s expectation 与某人预料的相反 in contrast to … 与…相对比 contribute money to … 捐款给… contribute to … 有助于… be in control 在掌控中 be out of control 失控 convenient communication 方便的交流 private conversation 私人谈话 co-operate with sb. 与某人合作 cost one’s life 使某人丧生 in the course of … 在…过程中 in the court 在法庭上 be covered with … 被…所覆盖 air crash 空难 be crazy about … 为…疯狂 create the opportunities 创造机会 credit card 信用卡 cross talk 相声 the Red Cross 红十字会 be crowded with 挤满… cruel behavior 残忍的行为 the cultural difference 文化差异 cure sb. of … 治愈某人的疾病 be curious about … 对…很好奇 current affairs 时事 social customs 社会习俗


cheat customers 欺骗顾客 cut down the price 降低价格 do damage to 对…造成损伤 the damp weather 潮湿的天气 in danger 处于危险之中 date from/date back to 回溯到 in the dark 在黑暗中 from dawn to dark 从早到晚 in the daytime 在白天 turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻 how to deal with 如何处理 what to do with a great deal of money 大笔的钱 debate with sb. 与某人辩论 be in debt 欠债 pay off the debt 还清债务 for decades 数十年来 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 make a decision to do sth. make up one’s mind to do sth. be determined to do sth. declare the war 宣战 decline one’ invitation 婉拒某人的邀请 do a good deed 做一件好事 deep in thought 陷入沉思 defeat the enemies 击败敌人 defend one’s homeland 保卫祖国 make a clear definition 下明确的定义 the doctoral degree 博士学位 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 delicious food 美味的食物 to one’s delight 令某人高兴的是 deliver newspaper 投递报纸 a demanding task 一项要求高的任务 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 the English Department 英语系 depend on/upon 依赖…;决取于… be dependent on/upon be independent of 独立于… deserve the praise 应得到奖励 desire to do sth. 渴望做某事 in despair 绝望地 get to the destination 到达目的地
5
in details 详细地 a detective novel 一部侦探小说 a developed country 一个发达国家 with the development of society 随着社会的发展 devote oneself to sth. 全心地奉献于 dial the number 拨号 keep a diary 记日记 on a diet 节食 a well-balanced diet 均衡的饮食 differ from 与…不同 be different from
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