用英语介绍中国竹笛
Dizi (Chinese Bamboo Flute) (中国竹笛) Because of its euphonious timbre, ease of learning, portability an d inexpensiveness, the Dizi (Chinese Bamboo Flute) becomes one of the most popular Chinese instruments in Asia. 由于声音悦耳,学习便利,携带方便,价格不高,笛子(竹笛)是亚洲最流行的 中国乐器之一。 Dizi (also called D'Tzu or Zhu Di), is a side-blown wind instrument m ade of Bamboo. Dizi has a very simple structure: 1 blowhole, 1 membra ne hole, 6 finger holes, and two pairs of holes in the end to correct the pitch and hang ornaments. 笛子, 又称竹笛, 是一种用竹子做成的侧吹管乐器. 笛子的构造简单, 一个吹孔, 一个膜孔,六个指孔,两对在尾端用于调音以及挂装饰物的孔。
The most special part of Dizi is the "Mo-Kong" (membrane hole) which is located between the blowhole and 6 finger holes. The Mo-Kong was i nvented by Liu Bing in Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) , and he named the f lute "Qing Xing Guan". What makes the Mo-Kong special is its thin mem brane covering. Some people mistake this membrane for rice paper, but it is actually made of membrane of a bamboo or a reed instead. The m embrane vibrates with Dizi, during the process of playing, producing a sweet, bright timbre. In addition, it helps to deliver the sound fa r away. Liu Bing stated the purpose of his great invention as "To hel p produce better tone quality". You can also adjust the membrane to s witch the tone colour to accord with the specific musical mood. 笛子最有特色的地方当属膜孔,该孔处于吹孔和第六指孔之间。 最早的带膜孔 的笛子是在唐朝的刘秉(参见俞逊发先生和胡锡敏先生著《中国竹笛》)发明的, 他把这种笛子称为七星管。 膜孔的特点 是在上面贴有一层薄膜.有人曾误以为这
些薄膜是糯米纸,但实际上这种薄膜取自竹管或芦苇管的里层.当演奏笛子时,薄 膜和笛子一起震动,发出甜美,明亮的声音. 除此之外,它还能使笛子的声音传得 更远.刘秉将他这一伟大举措的目的概述为"用以提高音质".也可以根据需要通 过调整这层薄膜使音色更能表现特定的感情.
Generally, Dizis are separated into 2 categories. In the north, a flu te used to accompany the Bon Zi Opera is called a Bon Di. This flute is short and thin with a high pitch. In the south, the flute used to accompany the kunqu Opera is called a Kun Di. This flute is longer an d thicker than the Bon Di and the music style is gentler contrarily. 总体来说,笛子分成两大类:在北方,笛子曾主要用于伴奏梆子戏,称为梆笛.这种 笛子比较短,因为大小的原因,音调较高.在南方,笛子用于昆剧的伴奏,称为昆笛. 昆笛比梆笛长,音色也更柔和. Presently, Dizis come in adjustable and nonadjustable versions. The n onadjustable Dizis usually have better tone quality than the adjustab le ones because the whole Dizis vibrate when played. Since temperatur e has a big impact on the pitch, players who use nonadjustable Dizi u sually need to have 2 sets of Dizis; one for summertime with a lower natural pitch and one for wintertime with a higher pitch. 现在,笛子有可调音和不可调音的两种.不可调音的笛子音质比可调音的笛子音 质更好一些.因为演奏时不可调音的笛子能全管共振.不幸的是,由于温度对于音 高有很大的影响,使用 不可调音笛子的演奏者通常需要准备两套笛子,一套音高较低,夏天使用,另一套 音高稍高,冬天使用.
  •  
 

相关内容

英语介绍笛子[1]

   用英语介绍中国竹笛 Dizi (Chinese Bamboo Flute) (中国竹笛) Because of its euphonious timbre, ease of learning, portability an d inexpensiveness, the Dizi (Chinese Bamboo Flute) becomes one of the most popular Chinese instruments in Asia. 由于声音悦耳,学习便利,携带方便,价格不高,笛子 ...

英语介绍

   My name is . I am graduatefrom seniorhigh school and major in . There are people in my family. My father works in a computer company. And my mother is a housewife. I am the youngest one in my family. In my spare time, I like to read novels. I think ...

英语自我介绍

   hello,everyone. (大家好) . very glad to be here.(非常高兴能来到这里给大家发言) my name is ###, and i am ** years old.(我的名字是###,今年××岁了) now i am a school student.(我现在是一名……学生) my favourite subject is English . and i like sports very much . (我最喜欢的科目是英语,而且我很喜欢 ...

英语介绍自己

   1. So, tell me a little about yourself. You don’t need to explain everything from birth to present day. Relevant facts about education, your career and your current life situation are fine. 2. Why are you looking (or why did you leave you last job) ...

空中英语介绍

   空中英语介绍 《空中英语教室》杂志社 一、 杂志社 《空中英语教室》杂志社创办于 1998 年,是出版《空中英语教室》及系列产品,集出版、 发行、广告、媒体、教学功能为一体的传媒企业,隶属于吉林出版集团、吉林科学技术出版 社。 《空中英语教室》系列产品是经国家新闻出版署批准、于 1998 年面向全国公开发行,并 于 2000 年开始在邮局正式征订的英语有声教学杂志。 经过 10 年《空中英语教室》人的努力, 《空中英语教室》杂志社已从单一出版月刊《空 中英语教室》杂志发展成为全国首家、也是唯 ...

英语口语介绍

   英文口语自我介绍 2010-02-06 17:29 怕没了~~自己转发遍~~~ | (分类:默认分类) My name is . I am graduate from senior high school and major in . There are people in my family. My father works in a computer company. And my mother is a housewife. I am the youngest one in my fa ...

托业英语介绍

   托业 TOEIC 国 际 交 流 英 语 考 试 ( Test of English for International Communication,缩写 TOEIC) ,中文也称托业考试,是美国教育考试服务中心 (Educational Testing Service,缩写 ETS)于 1979 年为国际职业工作环境而 设计开发的英语交流能力资格认证。 由于托业考试能够对人们使用英语进行交流 的能力做出公正客观的测量,所以迅速成为评估商业英语能力的标准。目前每年 在 60 多个国家有超过 ...

冰果英语介绍

   《冰果英语》介绍 冰果英语》 应惠兰冰果英语 应惠兰 冰果英语总策划和主编,也是《新编大学英语》教材的主编。 冰果英语 冰果英语的建立目的在于帮助大学生提高英语水平,自研发以来,得到了高 冰果英语 校广大师生的关注和好评。冰果英语 冰果英语包含了《新编大学英语》的网络课件,并加 冰果英语 以扩展。该教材入选国家“十五规划教材”、“十一五规划教材”、“国家精品教 材”,在全国高等院校广泛使用,省内也有十几所有影响的高校(包括浙大、浙工 大、工商大学、电子科大、浙江理工、浙江财院、中国计量等)都 ...

成都英语介绍

   Hi, welcome to travelogue. I am Yanling, still in Chengdu. This capital of the ancient Shu Kingdom, is one of the fastest growing city in china today. It prom ises travelers "once you have been, you will be reluctant to leave", of course ...

英语介绍深圳

   Shenzhen is located in the very south of Guangdong province.overlooking hongkong to the south and bordering Kowloon. chinese contemporary art and music has got well developed in shenzhen.the modern stage shows arranged in the theme parks could gat ...

热门内容

冀教版英语九年级U2单元测试题

   冀教版英语九年级 U2 单元测试题 Ⅰ根据句意或英文释义和首字母提示完成单词。 (10 分) ⒈The highest hotel is located on the top of Jin Mao T. ⒉I don’t think I can b that record. ⒊It was such a nice s to see your e-mail. ⒋Supper is more i than a record. ⒌The blue w is the largest animal i ...

2010年6月四级英语试卷

   Unit 2 Section A Useful Words and Expressions This surely was not the ex-Soviet coach my father had shipped me out to meet. = It was reallly unbelievable that Nikolai, the Ex-Soviet coach my father had sent me a long way to meet, was like this. But ...

【2011年高考】英语写作必备的常用句型

   英语写作必备的常用句型 考前最后阶段提高写作成绩要背诵的几大类内容,主要包括几类写作常用模板、套句、话题词、常见词等。常用 句型对于一篇内容流畅的文章也是必不可少的。 今天为大家总结了写作中的常用句型, 希望大家能在考前多背背, 多熟悉一下,进而提高作文成绩。 1. in order to 为了实现他的梦想,他学习非常努力。 He worked very hard in order to realize his dream。 2. in order that 她拼命干活以便到六点时把一切都准 ...

高中英语说课案例(整理)

   高中英语说课案例 一、Introduction(导言) 英语说课是英语教学中的重要一环,也是衡量一位英语教师对教材的把握、分析 及教师本人对上课进程的宏观控制能力的有力手段, 能从理论上指导教师贯彻教 学大纲,真正做到教与学相结合,将教材、大纲、教师、学生、课堂融为有机整 体,对不断提高教师教学能力和教研能力,有着突出的作用。 二、说课的基本原则 1. 遵循教学大纲要求,明确说课内容。把握说课与上课的区别与联系,正确理解 教材、教案说课、上课之间的层进关系,走出说课即是“说教案”的误区。 2 ...