句型转换

  1. There are some computers in this school. (be动词 动词) 动词 There aren’t any computers in this school. Are there any computers in this school? (Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.)
  2. Li Ming’s father can drive the car. (情态动词 情态动词) 情态动词 Li Ming’s father can’t drive the car. Can Li Ming’s father drive the car? (Yes, he can. / No, he can’t.)
  3. She has already finished his homework now. (助动词 助动词) 助动词 She hasn’t finished his homework yet. Has she finished his homework yet? (Yes, she has. / No, she hasn’t.)

  1. The children like playing games. The children don’t like playing games. Do the children like playing games? (Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.)
  2. Mary usually goes to school on foot. Mary doesn’t usually go to school on foot. (原第三人称单数改为原形 原第三人称单数改为原形) 原第三人称单数改为原形 Does Mary usually go to school on foot? (Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.)
  3. Tom went to London yesterday. Tom didn’t go to London yesterday. (原过去式改为原形 原过去式改为原形) 原过去式改为原形 Did Tom go to London yesterday? (Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.)

  1. His licence number is 5739
  68. What’s your licence number?
  2. Mike watches TV every evening. What does Mike do every evening?
  3. Jim studied in China last year. Where did Jim study last year?

  1. Jim is clever, I am clever, too. Both Jim and I are clever.
  2. Tom has two cabbages. Mary has only one. Tom has more cabbages than Mary.
  3. We are busy. We aren’t able to go to the cinema today. ’ We have no time to go to the cinema today.
  4. To talk loudly in the library is not polite. It’s polite to keep (be) quiet in the library. ’
  5. The heavy snow kept the visitors staying on top of the mountain. The visitors were stopped from leaving the top of the mountain.
四、祈使句、感叹句的转换 祈使句、 改为祈使句,必须记住:肯定的祈使句,是原形动词开头, 改为祈使句,必须记住:肯定的祈使句,是原形动词开头,否定的祈使 句是“ 开头,后跟原形动词。 句是“Don’t”开头,后跟原形动词。如:
  1.You should remember his telephone number. 改为: 改为: Remember his telephone number, please.
  2. You’d better not tell him the bad news. 改为: 改为: ’ Don’t tell him the bad news. ’
  3. We can go there together. 改为: 改为: Let’s go there together. ’
改为感叹句,必须记住,强调的是名词,句首用 改为感叹句,必须记住,强调的是名词,句首用What, , What后的名词前可以有形容词;强调的是形容词、副词, 后的名词前可以有形容词; 后的名词前可以有形容词 强调的是形容词、副词, 句首用How,后面必须紧跟形容词、副词,如 句首用 ,后面必须紧跟形容词、副词, The park is beautiful. 改为: 改为: What a beautiful park! 或:How beautiful the park is! He studies English very hard. 改为: 改为: How hard he studies English!

  5. 劳驾,请问到邮局怎么走? 劳驾,请问到邮局怎么走? Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the post office? Excuse me, which is the way to the post office, please? Excuse me, how can I get to the post office, please? Excuse me, where’s the post office, please?
  6. 请问你叫什么名字? 请问你叫什么名字? What’s your name, please? May I know (have) your name? Could you tell me what your name is?

  7. 祝你中秋节快乐! 祝你中秋节快乐! I wish you a happy Mid-Autumn Day! Best wishes to you for Mid-Autumn Day!
  8. 我叔叔修那台机器用了两个小时。 我叔叔修那台机器用了两个小时。 It took my uncle two hours to repair the machine . My uncle spent two hours in repairing the machine.

  3、练习用不同的句式,表达不同的情感 、练习用不同的句式, 有时为了表达不同的情绪、情感,需要适当变换一下句式, 有时为了表达不同的情绪、情感,需要适当变换一下句式,使语 言更符合人物身份或当时的喜、 言更符合人物身份或当时的喜、怒、哀、乐、惊、恐、悲。最常用的 是表示“客气、委婉”和“强调”。表示“委婉、客气”常可以借助 是表示“客气、委婉” 强调” 表示“委婉、客气” “I’m afraid”、“please”I’m sorry等,如: ’ ” ”’ 等
  1. I can’t come on time. ’ 我不能准时来。 我不能准时来。 I’m afraid I can’t come on time. ’ ’ 恐怕我不能准时来。(比较委婉) 恐怕我不能准时来。(比较委婉) 。(比较委婉
否定句或强调句常常可以用来表示“强调”。如: 否定句或强调句常常可以用来表示“强调”
  1. Remember to lock the door. 记着锁门。 记着锁门。 Don't forget to lock the door. 别忘了锁门。(强调) 别忘了锁门。(强调) 。(强调
  2. You should go there one foot. 你应该步行去那儿。 你应该步行去那儿。 Why don’t you go there on foot? 你为什么不步行去那儿?(强调) 你为什么不步行去那儿?(强调) ?(强调
感叹句
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? How +形容词 a +名词 陈述语序 形容词+ 名词+ 形容词 名词 How+形容词或副词 陈述语序 形容词或副词+ 形容词或副词 What +名词 陈述语序 名词+ 名词 What+a+形容词 名词+ 陈述语序 形容词+名词 形容词 名词 What+ 形容词+复数名词 陈述语序 形容词 复数名词+ 复数名词 What+ 形容词+不可数名词 陈述语序 形容词 不可数名词+ 不可数名词 How clever a boy he is! How lovely the baby is! What noise they are making! What a clever boy he is! What wonderful ideas (we have)! What cold weather it is! 感叹句的省略形式为: 感叹句的省略形式为: What a clever boy (he is)!
反义疑问句
?
  1.陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式 .陈述部分肯定式 疑问部分否定式 ?
  2.陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式 .陈述部分否定式 疑问部分肯定式 ? They work hare, don’t they? ’ ? She was ill yesterday, wasn’t she? ’ ? You didn’t go, did you? ’ ? He can’t ride a bike, can he? ’
?
  1.当陈述部分的主语是I , everyone, .当陈述部分的主语是 everything, nobody 时,后面的疑问句应表示为: 后面的疑问句应表示为: ? I am a student, aren’t I ’ ? Everyone is in the classroom, aren’t they? ’ ? Everything begins to grow in spring, doesn’t it? ’ ? Nobody will go, will they?
? 当陈述部分有 当陈述部分有never,seldom, hardly,few, , , , little,barely, scarcely, nothing 等否定词时, 等否定词时, , 后面的疑问句则表示为: 后面的疑问句则表示为: ? There are few apples in the basket, are there? ? He can hardly swim, can he? ? They seldom come late, do they?
? 当陈述部分是 think 加从句时,疑问句应和从句的人称 当陈述部分是I 加从句时, 时态保持一致。 时态保持一致。 ? I think chickens can swim, can’t they? ’ ? I think Lucy is a good girl, isn’t she? ’ ? I didn't think he was happy, was he? ?
  4. 陈述部分有 陈述部分有had better 时,疑问句应用 疑问句应用hadn’t开头: 开头: ’ 开头 ? you’d better get up early, hadn’t you? ’ ’
? 当陈述部分是祈使句时,疑问句要根据语 当陈述部分是祈使句时, 气来表达 ? Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? ’ ? Let us go our for a walk, will you? ? Turn on the radio, will you?
? 反义疑问句的回答用 反义疑问句的回答用yes, no, 但是,当 , , 但是, 陈述部分是否定形式时,回答要按事实。 陈述部分是否定形式时,回答要按事实。 如: ? They don’t study hard, do they? 他们 ’ 不太努力工作,是吗? 不太努力工作,是吗? ? Yes, they do. 不,他们工作努力。/No, 他们工作努力。 they don’t. 对, 他们工作不努力。 ’ 他们工作不努力。
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