真 题 19
  94.1 [Tn.pr] couple sb/sth with sb/sth: link or associate sb/sth with sb/sth 将某人/某事物与某人/某 事物联系在一起 The bad light, coupled with (ie together with) the wet ground, made play very difficult.光线不足兼之地面潮湿,比赛难以进行。 The name of Mozart is coupled with the city of Salzburg.莫扎特的名字是与萨尔茨堡城联系在一起的。 [尤用于被动语态 Tn, Tn.pr] eliminate sb (from sth): exclude sb from further stages in a competition, through defeat, etc 淘汰某人 fourth round.他在第四轮(从比赛中)被淘汰。 permit v. (-tt-) (fml 文) [Tn, Tg, Dn.n, Dn.t]: give permission for (sth); allow 允许,许可,容许(某 事物) We do not permit smoking in the office.在我们的办公室里不准吸烟。 Permit me to The prisoners were permitted two hours’ exercise a day.允许犯人每 explain.容我解释一下。 天有两个小时户外活动。 contract n. contract (with sb) (for sth/to do sth): legally binding agreement, usu in writing 合同, 契约 We have a contract with the Government for the supply of vehicles/to supply vehicles.我们在提供车辆方面与政府订有合同。 19
  94.2 19
  94.3 There’s trouble on the horizon.很快就会出事 ring up He was eliminated (from the contest) in the
(idm 习语) on the horizon: about to happen; just becoming apparent; imminent 即将发生的,已 露端倪的,临近的
ring sth up: record (an amount, etc) on a cash register 将(款项等)记入现金出纳机 all the items, the total,
  6.99 把所以款项、总额、£
  6.99 英镑的一笔钱记入现金出纳机
pass sth on (to sb): hand or give sth (to sb else), esp after receiving or using it oneself 将某物传、 交、给(某人)(尤指自己收到或用过后) I passed her message on to his mother.把口信带给
opportunity n. [C, U] opportunity (for/of doing sth); opportunity (to do sth): favourable time, occasion or set of circumstances 良机,机会 with her.我没有机会和她谈这件事。 occasion, opportunity, chance 都表示有可能做某事的时候。 occasion 指社交上从事某活动的 合适时机。 wedding is an occasion for celebration.婚礼是欢庆的时刻。 I’ll speak to him if the A
1
have no/little/not much opportunity for hearing I had no opportunity to discuss it
good music 没有/很少有/不大有机会听到好的音乐
occasion arises.有机会我跟他说说。
opportunity 和 chance 指有做某事所必需的实际环境。 chance 还可以指 occasion
I took the opportunity of visiting my aunt while I was in Birmingham.我利用在伯明翰的机会探 望了我的姨母。 I hope you get a chance to relax.希望你有机会松弛一下. 可指某事发生的时刻. 可能性的程度。What are your chances of being promoted?你晋升的可能性如何?
I’ve met her on several occasions recently.我最近见到过她好几次。
[Tn, Tn.pr, Tnt] adapt sth (for sth): make sth suitable for a new use, situation, etc; modify sth 使 某事物适合于新的用途、 情况等,修改某事物 This machine has been specially adapted for use These styles can be adapted to suit underwater.这机器是为水下使用而特别改装的。
individual tastes.这些式样均可改动以适应个人不同的爱好。 19
  94.4 19
  94.5 The prospects for this The job has no prospects, ie
prospects [pl]: chance of success; outlook 成功的机会,前景,前程 year’s wine harvest are poor.今年的葡萄酒产量前景不佳。
offers little possibility of promotion.这工作毫无前途(晋升的机会很小)。 there and then; then and there: at that time and place 当场立即,当时当地 I took one look
at the car and offered to buy it there and then.我看了一眼那辆汽车当时就出价买了下来。 shoot v. (pt, pp shot) [I, Ipr] shoot (at sth): (in football, hockey, etc) try to kick, hit, etc the ball directly into the goal (足球、 曲棍球等中)射门 goal).她正在寻找机会射门。 go with sth: be included with or as a part of sth 包括在某事物中,附属于某事物 goes with the job. 获这份工作还附带一辆新汽车。 Are they included in the price of) the house? 房价中包括地铁和窗帘吗? go with sth; go together: combine well with sth; harmonize with sth 与某事物配合良好,与某 事物协调 Her blouse doesn’t go with her skirt/Her blouse and skirt don’t go (together).衬衫 I need some new shoes to go with these trousers.需要双新鞋来配这条裤子 和裙子不协调。 A new car She’s looking fro an opportunity to shoot (at
Do the carpet and curtains go with (ie
work v. (pt, pp worked) [I, Ipr, Ip] work (away) (at/on sth); work (for sb/sth); work (under sb): do work; engage in physical or mental activity 做工作,从事体力劳动或脑力劳动 people have to work in order to live, ie to earn a living.大多数人均须工作以维持生活。 been working (away) (at my essay) all day.我整天都在(不停地)做着(我的论文)。 work (for) 38 hours per week.这些矿工每星期工作(达)38 小时。
2
Most I’ve
The miners
He is working on a new
novel.他正在写一部新小说。 She works for an engineering company.她在一家工程技术公司
工作。
I’ve worked under her (ie with her as my boss) for two years.我在她手下工作两年了。
This craftsman works in leather, ie makes leather goods, etc.这个手艺人是做皮货的。 follow sth through: carry out or continues sth to the end; complete sth 将某生物进行到底,完成 某事物 Starting projects is one thing, following them through is another.
set out to do sth: begin a job, task, etc with a particular aim or goal (带着某目的)开始做某事 She set out to break the world land speed record.她决心要打破陆上速度的世界纪录。 succeeded in what they set out to do.他们打算做的事已经做成了。 adj. ignorant (of sth): knowing little or nothing; lacking education or information; unaware 无知 的,愚昧的,没有学识的,不知道的 He’s not stupid, just ignorant.他并不蠢,只是无知罢了。 To say you were ignorant of the rules is no excuse.说自己不知道规则是不能成为借口的。 n. expert (at/in/on sth/doing sth): person with special knowledge, skill or training in a particular field 专家,能手 an expert on ancient Greek vases 古希腊花瓶专家 an expert in psychology 心理学专家 adj. expert (at/in/on sth/doing sth): done with, having, or involving great knowledge or skill 熟 练的,老练的,需有专门知识或技术的 烹制又好吃又便宜的饭菜。 He’s expert at/in cooking good cheap meals.他善于 an expert rider 熟练的骑手 They
adj. diligent (in sth/in doing sth): showing care and effort (in what one does); hard-working 认 真刻苦的,勤勉的,勤奋的,用功的 十分认真。 They’re very diligent in keeping records.他们做记录 a diligent worker, pupil, etc 勤奋的工作者、学生等
19
  95.1 serve v. [I, Ipr, It, Tn, Tn.pr, Cn.n/a 不用于被动语态] serve (sb) (for/as sth) (fml 文): satisfy (a need or purpose); be suitable (for)满足(需要),达到(目的),适合(于) as/for a study.这个房间可作书房用。 以说明你有多蠢。 要的不太一样,但也算可以。 This room can serve This serves to show how foolish you have been.这足
It’s not exactly what I wanted but it will serve my purpose.这个根我想
[C] difference (between A and B); difference (in/of sth): state or way in which two people or things are not the same, or in which sb/sth has changed 差别,差异,不同之处,变化,变化之处 It’s easy to tell the difference (ie distinguish) between butter and margarine.区别黄油和人造黄 油是很容易的。 Did you notice a difference (in her)? 你注意到(她)有什么变化吗?
3
19
  95.3 [Tn, Tn.pr] bombard sb/sth (with sth):
  1、attack (a place) with bombs or shells (esp from big guns) 轰炸(某地), 炮轰(某地) Enemy positions were bombarded before our infantry attacked.
  2、 比喻) attack sb with persistent questions, abuse, (fig Reporters bombarded the president with questions 炮轰敌军阵地之后, 我步兵开始进攻。
etc 以连珠炮式的问题、 ( 辱骂等) 攻击某人
about his economic policy.新闻记者提出许多有关经济政策的问题围攻总统。 encounter v. [Tn] (fml 文): meet or find oneself faced by (sth/sb unpleasant, dangerous, difficult, etc) 遇到或发现自己面临(令人不快的、危险的、困难的某事/某人) I encountered many difficulties when I first started this job.我开始做这项工作时,遇到许多困难。 confront v. [Tn] : face (sth) defiantly 对抗或面对(某事物) danger.士兵常常要身临险境。 take a risk/risks: do sth that involves the possibility of failure, danger, etc 冒险做可能失败、有 危险等的事 You can’t get rich without taking risks.人不冒险不富。 open to conviction, ie willing to A solider often has to confront
open adj. open to sth: willing to receive sth 乐于接受某事物 be persuaded about sth 愿听取有说服力的不同意见 take sth up: accept sth 接受某事物
open to suggestions 乐于听取建议 She took up his
take up a challenge 接受挑战
offer of a drink.他邀请她喝酒,她也就接受了。
face difficulties and take up challenges a new approach to
approach n. [C]: way of dealing with a person or thing 方法,手段 language teaching 语言教学的新方法 method n. [C] : way (of doing sth)方法,办法 教算术的方法 现金、支票、信用卡)
modern methods of teaching arithmetic 现代
various methods of payment, eg cash, cheques, credit card 各种付款办法(如
way n. [C] (usu sing 通常作单数): method, style or manner of doing sth (做某事的)方法, 方式, 手段 What is the best way to clean this?用什么办法能把这个弄干净? She spoke in a kindly way.她说话态度很和蔼。 I like the way you’ve done your hair.我喜欢你头发的样式。 信息的新方法 a new way of storing information 储存
curiosity n. [U] curiosity (about sth/to do sth): being curious; inquisitiveness 好奇心, 爱打听的 癖性 curiosity about distant lands 对于遥远国家的好奇心
4
her burning curiosity to
know what’ s going on 她想知道发生了何事的强烈欲望
19
  96.1 [Tn, Tf, Tt, Tnt, Tg, Cn.n/a, Dn.n] intend sth (as sth): have (a particular purpose or plan) in mind; mean 打算,意欲,想要 我不过说笑罢了。 I hear they intend to marry/ intend marrying.听说他们要结婚了。 He intends you no harm, ie does not plan to harm you.他对你并无恶意。 I intended it as a joke. I meant it to be an informal discussion, but it didn’t turn out as I intended (it should).我本想随便商量一下,结果事与愿违。 [I, Ipr] talk (to/with sb) (about/of sth/sb): say things; speak to give information, discuss sth, etc 说话,谈话 We talked (ie to each other) for almost an hour.我们谈了近一个小时。 He was talking to/with a friend.他在和朋友谈话。 What are you talking about? 你们说什么呢? She talked of applying for another job.她谈到要另申请一份工作。 manner n. [sing] (fml 文) : way in which a thing is done or happens 方式,方法 which he died 他死的方式 businesslike manner.要郑重其事做这件事。 [pred 作表语] be ready to do sth: on the point of doing sth; about to do sth 即将做某事, 正要做 某事 She looked ready to collapse at any minute.她看样子随时都可能垮下来。 get ready for a journey 准备旅行 I’ve got my overalls on, so (idm 习语) make ready [pred 作表语] be ready (for sth/to do sth): in a fit state for immediate use or action; fully prepared or completed 准备好 for sth: prepare 做好准备 I’m ready to start work.我已经穿上了长罩衣,准备开始工作了。 the manner in
He objected in a forceful manner.他表示坚决反对。 Do it in a
make ready for the Queen’s visit 为女王莅临做好准备
spend v. (pt, pp spent)
  1、[I, Tn, Tn.pr] spend sth (on sth): give or pay out (money) for goods, services, etc 用(钱),花(钱) money.她把钱都花光了。 for a purpose 花(时间等) 间进行某项目/解释某方案 扫干净 黎过周末 He spends too much (money) on clothes.他在衣着上花费太大。 She’s spent all her
  2、[Tn, Tn.pr] spend sth (on sth/in doing sth): use (time, etc) spend a lot of time on a project / (in) explaining a plan 花很多时 spend one’s energy cleaning the place up 用力气把那地方打 spend a weekend in Paris 在巴 spend summer He spends as if he were a millionaire.他用起钱来像个百万富翁似的。

  3、[Tn, Tn.pr] pass (time)度过,消磨(时间)
How do you spend your spare time?业余时间怎么打发?
holidays by the sea 在海滨过暑假 [Ipr] wish for sth/sb: have or express a desire for sth/sb (esp sth/sb that is likely to be achieved or obtained only by good fortune) 想要某事物/某人(尤指靠运气方可得者) for things you can’t have.想要得不到的事物是徒劳的。
5
It’s no use wishing
application
n. [U] application (to sb) (for sth): formal request 申请,请求
Keys are available
on application to the principal.向校长申请就可得到钥匙。 for the job.对这份工作,我们接到 400 人的申请。
We received
 

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