Unit 1:The Shadowland of Dreams
? 难点:Understand how Alex Haley became a successful writer ? 重点: Vocabulary Reading Skill: how to use the dictionary (easy: read after class) ? Take a test on fast reading (after class)
Author: Alex Haley
? (August 11, 1921 ? February 10, 19
  92) was an African-American writer. He is best known as the author of Roots: The Saga of an American Family (19
  76), ? a fictionalized chronicle tracing his family history back to its African origins. ? Winner of Pulitzer Prize, Emmy Award, and Spingarn Medal
The Pulitzer Prize
? The Pulitzer Prize (普利策(Joseph, 1847-1911, 生于匈 牙利的美国新闻业经营者))is a U.S. award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature and musical composition. It was established by Hungarian-American publisher Joseph Pulitzer and is administered by Columbia University in New York City. According to the administrators of the Pulitzer Prize the correct pronunciation of the name should sound like the verb pull, as in "Pull it, sir" ? Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of these, each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash award. The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal, which always goes to a newspaper, although an individual may be named in the citation. ? Summarize the above
? The Emmy Award, often referred to simply as the Emmy, is a television production award ? The Spingarn Medal owes its existence to Joel Elias Spingarn, who was elected Chairman of the Board of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP全国有 色人种促进协会) in 19
  14. The purpose of this medal is twofold ? first to call the attention of the American people to the existence of distinguished merit and achievement among American Negroes, and secondly, to serve as a reward for such achievement, and as a stimulus to the ambition of colored youth.
Text Translation appreciation
? The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never requited. Even those who succeed often know long periods of neglect and poverty. I did. ? 事实上,写作是一项孤单寂寞而又收入微薄的工作。有一 个被命运之神垂青的作家,就有成千上万个永远无法实现 梦想的人。即使那些成功人士也经常受到长久的冷落,穷 困不堪。我便是其中之一。(Bleeding Heart Flower)
? To make repayment for or return something; formal to give or do something in return for something done or given to you ? requitable adj;requitement n;requiter n ?
  1. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never requited. ( ? ) ? (a) reconsidered ? (b) realized ? (c) required ? (d) rewarded
Language Points
  1. When I left a 20-year-career in the Coast Guard to become a freelance writer, I had no prospect at all. ? (当我放弃在海岸警卫队做了二十年的工 作而成为一名自由撰稿人时,我的前途渺 茫。) ? “A freelance writer” is a writer who earns his money without being in the regular employment of any particular organization.
  2. It didn't even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. ? (房子里冷嗖嗖的,也没有卫 生间,就连这也没有什么关 系。) ? The that-clause is the real subject standing for the first "it".
  3. On the phone was an old acquaintance from the Coast Guard, now stationed in San Francisco. ? (打电话来的是一位海岸警卫队供过职的 老熟人,现在在旧金山。) ? The sentence structure is inverted for the subject is too long.
  4. He had once lent me a few bucks and liked to egg me about it. ? (他曾经借给我几美元,总喜欢喋喋不休地要我还给他。) ? “Egg ” here means to encourage strongly or to urge persistently. ? egg somebody on ? phrasal verb ? to encourage someone to do something, especially something that they do not want to do or should not do: ? e.g. I didn‘t want to accept her offer but Peter kept egging me on. ? Bob didn't want to jump, but his friends kept egging him on.
  5. From deep inside a bull-headed resolution welled up. ? (我的内心深处升起一个坚强的信念。) ? “Well up” means to flow or start to flow, and here well is used as a verb. ? e.g. Anger was welling up in him. ? Blood was welling out from the wound.
  6. Rumor had it that if a customer ordered steak the singer would dash to a supermarket across the street to buy one. ? (据传,如果有客人在餐馆里点了牛排, 这位歌手会火速跑去街对面的超市为他买 一个。) ? “Rumor has it that” is a common sentence pattern meaning that “people are saying”.
  7. I'd be hard pressed to say which means the most to me. ? (我很难说哪一个对我最重要。) ? “Be hard pressed” means to “feel it very difficult”. ? Discussion
  2.What lesson did Haley learn in the end?
Other Vocabulary
? Cherish ? 1 if you cherish something, it is very important to you: ? I cherish the memory of that day. ? cherish a hope/an idea/a dream etc 2 to love someone or something very much and take care of them well: ? In marriage, a man promises to cherish his wife.
Station on the side
Station: Formal, to move to a particular place and stand or sit there, especially in order to be able to do something quickly: ? A security guard was stationed near the door. on the side ? a) used to say that someone does work in addition to their regular job: ? Most consultants do private work on the side. ? b) secretly, and dishonestly or illegally: ? His wife discovered that he had a woman on the side.
Well up
well also well up [intransitive] literary ? 1 if a liquid wells or wells up, it comes to the surface of something and starts to flow out: ? I felt tears well up in my eyes. ? 2 if a feeling wells or wells up in you, you start to feel it strongly: ? Anger welled up within him.
? someone who has had a lot of experience of a particular activity; experienced ? veteran of a veteran of countless political campaigns ? veteran politician/leader etc the veteran leader of the socialist party ? veteran journalist/actor/goalkeeper etc ? Synonyms: long-serving, seasoned, experienced, old, established, expert, qualified, mature, practised
? making you feel happy, excited, and full of energy: causing strong feelings of excitement and happiness ? an exhilarating helicopter trip ? an exhilarating experience ? an exhilarating walk ? It was the most exhilarating experience of my life. ? Synonyms: exciting, thrilling, stimulating, breathtaking, cheering, enlivening, gladdening, vitalizing, exhilarant
? corroded - eaten away as by acid or oxidation ?
  1.Metal corrodes. ?
  2. to gradually make something weaker or destroy it completely: ? Corruption has corroded our confidence in the …..
? wilted : Not fresh, stale 发蔫的 ?
  7. Often Joe lacked food money, so he'd visit a neighborhood butcher who would give him big bones with morsels of meat and a grocer who would hand him some wilted vegetables. ( ? ) ? (a) less than fresh ? (b) cheap ? (c) edible ? (d) less nutritious
? Intense white light produced by heating a rod of lime in a very hot flame,used for lighting the stage ? a situation in which someone receives a lot of attention, especially from newspapers, television etc, A focus of public attention ? in the /out of the limelight ? Tad loves being in the limelight. ? The president's wife wanted to stay out of the limelight. ? She's afraid this new actor will steal the limelight from her. ? Synonym: public eye, spotlight, glare
Page 6
  8. The shadows had turned into dazzling limelight. ( 教师用书 D )(对吗?) ? (a) substantial success ? (b) center of public attention ? (c) places without shadow ? (d) full daylight ? (Which one do you choose? b or d?)
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