Section B
Heavy Body, Not Heavy Heart
Questions Preview Reading More
Text B Words & Expressions
Exercises
Questions Preview
Preview the following questions before reading the text.
  1. What do you think of people who are overweight?
  2. If you were overweight, how would you live your life?
  3. Are you in a weight-obsessed culture? Why or why not?
  4. What do people around you think of being overweight?
Reading More
Text B Words & Expressions
Text B
Heavy Body, Not Heavy Heart
In pictures from college I was thin. I worked full time, went to school full time, smoked, and lived off fast food and soft drinks. Friends say that I don't look like myself in those pictures. I looked ill, sad, and unhealthy.
Chinese
Para. 1
Text B
Now, at a weight considered to be dangerously high by medical charts, I live better than ever. I have given up smoking, and I eat a lot of vegetables; I enjoy walking, swimming and dancing classes. I exercise and eat well because I love living, not because I want to lose weight. My doctor tells me I am healthy, and this is much more important than being thin. Studies show that overweight people who exercise have a lower death rate than "normal" weight people who do not. Chinese
Para. 2
Text B
Negative attitudes toward fat people begin in childhood. One study showed that, as early as nursery school, children liked pictures of disabled children of similar ages better than those of fat children. Similarly, a study of college students said they would rather marry a drug user, a thief, or a blind person than someone who was fat. These attitudes create discrimination that affects fat people in every aspect of their lives, including money matters. In fact, overweight, white women usually earn less than thin, white women?24 percent less, according to one study.
Chinese
Para. 3
Text B
People often justify their judgments about fat people by saying that people choose to be fat. Choose? Who would choose life as a fat person in this weight-obsessed culture? There are many false ideas about fat people in society: that all fat people have eating disorders or emotional or mental issues; that if they really wanted to lose weight they could.
Chinese
Para. 4
Text B
In reality, however, some people are naturally fat. How a person is born is simply science, not a comment on someone's character. The Center for Disease Control reports that 78 percent of American women are trying hard to lose weight, and at an amazing failure rate?95 percent get back what they've lost within two to five years. The often-heard comment of "you have such a pretty face" does not please me because of all that's not said: "If you'd just lose the weight you'd be beautiful." Beauty is a taught concept and the cultural standards for beauty change constantly. Chinese
Para. 5 & 6
Text B
Later in life, I was happy to learn that some cultures have very different standards of beauty. While I was visiting the British Virgin Islands, a local man invited me to be in a picture with him on the beach. I asked, "Why me? There are women who look like models here." "Bones are for dogs," he said with a smile. "Meat is for men."
Chinese
Para. 7 & 8
Meaning of the Sentences
1 Heavy Body, Not Heavy Heart
Meaning: Although we are overweight, we are healthy
and happy.
Meaning of the Sentences
2 I worked full time, went to school full time, smoked, and lived off fast food and soft drinks.
Meaning: I had a full-time job and then studied as a fulltime student; I smoked and had fast food and soft drinks almost all the time.
Meaning of the Sentences
3 Now, at a weight considered to be dangerously high by medical charts, I live better than ever.
Meaning: Now I'm considered to be so fat that I may be in danger of having health problems according to standards for good health. However, now my life is better than any other time in the past.
Meaning of the Sentences
4 ... I enjoy walking, swimming and dancing classes.
Meaning: ... I get pleasure from walking, swimming and
dancing classes.
Meaning of the Sentences
5 My doctor tells me I am healthy, and this is much more important than being thin.
Meaning: My doctor tells me that I am quite healthy, and a healthy body has a greater value than a thin body.
Meaning of the Sentences
6 Studies show that overweight people who exercise have a lower death rate than "normal" weight people who do not.
Meaning: Studies show there are a smaller percentage of deaths for fat people who exercise than for people who are of standard weight but do not exercise.
Meaning of the Sentences
7 Negative attitudes toward fat people begin in childhood.
Meaning: When one is a child, he/she begins to dislike fat people and think that they are not good in some way.
Meaning of the Sentences
8 One study showed that, as early as nursery school, children liked pictures of disabled children of similar ages better than those of fat children.
Meaning: One study showed that even very young children prefer pictures of disabled children of their own age to those pictures of fat children.
Meaning of the Sentences
9 Similarly, a study of college students said they would rather marry a drug user, a thief, or a blind person than someone who was fat.
Meaning: In the same way, a study of college students found that they might marry a drug user, a thief, or a person who was unable to see, if they had to, rather than marry a fat person.
Meaning of the Sentences
10 These attitudes create discrimination that affects fat people in every aspect of their lives, including money matters.
Meaning: These attitudes lead to unfair treatment that influences fat people's lives in every way, including things related to money.
Meaning of the Sentences
11 People often justify their judgments about fat people by saying that people choose to be fat.
Meaning: People often say they have good reasons to have negative attitudes toward fat people, that is, fat people decide to be fat themselves.
Meaning of the Sentences
12 Choose?
Meaning: How could it be that people choose to be fat?
Meaning of the Sentences
13 Who would choose life as a fat person in this weightobsessed culture?
Meaning: No one would decide to live as a fat person in a culture where people pay so much attention to weight.
Meaning of the Sentences
14 There are many false ideas about fat people in society: that all fat people have eating disorders or emotional or mental issues; that if they really wanted to lose weight they could.
Meaning: People have many incorrect ideas about fat people in society. They believe that all fat people have bad eating habits or suffer from emotional or mental problems and that they don't really want to lose weight.
Meaning of the Sentences
15 In reality, however, some people are naturally fat.
Meaning: But in fact, some people were born to be fat.
Meaning of the Sentences
16 How a person is born is simply science, not a comment on someone's character.
Meaning: How a person is born to look like is simply a matter of science and can't be a basis for judging one's qualities.
Meaning of the Sentences
17
The Center for Disease Control reports that 78 percent of American women are trying hard to lose weight, and at an amazing failure rate?95 percent get back what they've lost within two to five years.
Meaning: The Center for Disease Control reports that 78 percent
of American women are making great efforts to lose weight, but an amazingly great number of them are unsuccessful?95 percent have the same weight as they did two to five years ago, when they started trying to lose weight.
Meaning of the Sentences
18 If you'd just lose the weight you'd be beautiful.
Meaning: If you were not so fat you would be beautiful.
Meaning of the Sentences
19 Beauty is a taught concept and the cultural standards for beauty change constantly.
Meaning: One's idea about what is beautiful is something one learns, rather than something he or she is born with. Besides, people always change their cultural ideas about what is beautiful.
Meaning of the Sentences
20 While I was visiting the British Virgin Islands, a local man invited me to be in a picture with him on the beach.
Meaning: When I was visiting the British Virgin Islands, a man who lives there asked me to take a picture with him by the sea.
Meaning of the Sentences
21 I asked, "Why me? There are women who look like models here."
Meaning: I asked, "Why did you choose me to be in a picture with you? There are women who have very beautiful body shapes."
Meaning of the Sentences
22 "Bones are for dogs," he said with a smile. "Meat is for men."
Meaning: "Dogs like eating bones," he said with a smile. "Men like eating meat."
Words & Expressions
medical normal
rate childhood justify false naturally control beauty model
New Words
blind judgment disorder comment failure
Words & Expressions
live off enjoy (doing) as early as
Expressions
would rather in reality try hard to do (something) at a rate
New Words medical
adj. 医学的;医术的 医学的;
e.g. Do you find it hard to keep up with medical developments? 你有没有觉得很难跟上医学发展的步伐? 你有没有觉得很难跟上医学发展的步伐?
Exercises
每个人都有权查看自己的医疗记录. 每个人都有权查看自己的医疗记录.
Everyone has a right to check his or her medical records.
New Words rate
n.【
  1】a quantity such as value, cost, or speed, measured by its relation to some other amount 比率;率 比率; e.g. The government will cut interest rates next month.
政府将从下月开始降低利率. 政府将从下月开始降低利率.

  2】a charge or payment fixed according to a standard scale 费
用;价格
e.g. Hotels ask for double room rates, even if only one person is living in this kind of room. 这种房间即使一个人住,宾馆也收双人 这种房间即使一个人住,
的费用. 的费用.
Exercises
New Words rate
Exercises

  1. 过去几个月我们已成功地提高了生产率. 过去几个月我们已成功地提高了生产率.
We have succeeded in speeding up our production rates in the last few months.

  2. 这家新公司今年已花费了大量的广告费. 这家新公司今年已花费了大量的广告费.
The new company has paid a lot for the advertising rates this year.
New Words normal
adj. 正常的;平常的;平均的 正常的;平常的;
e.g. The unhappy feeling is normal in life.
生活中有不快乐的时候,那是很平常的. 生活中有不快乐的时候,那是很平常的.
Exercises
一个人生气是正常的,但我们不能让愤怒控制了自己. 一个人生气是正常的,但我们不能让愤怒控制了自己.
It's normal to feel angry, but we shouldn't let anger control us.
New Words childhood
n. 童年;儿童时代 童年;
e.g. That song makes me think of my childhood.
那首歌让我回想起我的童年. 那首歌让我回想起我的童年.
Exercises
他走路不便,那是童年时生病落下的后遗症. 他走路不便,那是童年时生病落下的后遗症.
His difficulty in walking is the result of a childhood illness.
New Words blind
adj.【
  1】unable to see 瞎的;失明的 瞎的; .
e.g. He became blind because of a childhood illness.
童年时一场病之后他失明了. 童年时一场病之后他失明了.

  2】without thought, judgment, or reason 盲目的 e.g. People always put blind faith in the computer.
人们总是盲目相信计算机. 人们总是盲目相信计算机.
v. make unable to see, either for a time or for ever 使(暂时或永久) 暂时或永久)
失明
e.g. She saw him leaving, tears blinding her eyes.
她目送他离去,泪水模糊了她的双眼. 她目送他离去,泪水模糊了她的双眼. Exercises
New Words blind
Exercises

  1. 具有视觉和听觉能力的机器会给盲人的生活提供方便. 具有视觉和听觉能力的机器会给盲人的生活提供方便.
Machines that can see and hear will make life easier for the blind.

  2. 爱情有时是盲目的. 爱情有时是盲目的.
Love is sometimes blind.

  3. 他的一只眼被弄瞎了. 他的一只眼被弄瞎了.
He was blinded in one eye.
New Words justify
v. 证明 证明有理;为辩护 有理; 有理 辩护
e.g. How can you justify your absence from the meeting?
你对缺席会议做何解释? 你对缺席会议做何解释?
Exercises
该课题方面的支出是否真的值得,现在还难说. 该课题方面的支出是否真的值得,现在还难说.
It's questionable whether the money spent on this project is really justified.
New Words judgment
n.【
  1】an opinion 评价;看法;意见 评价;看法; e.g. What, in your judgment, is the best course of action? 依你
看,采取什么样的行动最好呢? 采取什么样的行动最好呢?

  2】action or process of judging 判断;断定 判断;
e.g. It's easier to pass judgment looking back at the past. 以史
为鉴,做判断就容易多了. 为鉴,做判断就容易多了.
Exercises
New Words judgment
Exercises

  1. 你必须独立思考,不要依赖别人的看法或意见. 你必须独立思考,不要依赖别人的看法或意见.
You must think by yourself; do not depend on others' opinions or judgments.

  2. 车祸的主要原因几乎总是和驾驶员的驾车技术或临场判断有关. 车祸的主要原因几乎总是和驾驶员的驾车技术或临场判断有关.
The main cause of a road accident almost always has something to do with th
 

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