第一章 Land and People 英国的国土与人民
I. Different Names for Britain and its Parts 英国的不同名称及其各组成部分
  1.Geographical names: the British Isles, Great Britain and England. 地理名称:不列颠群岛,大不列颠和英格兰。
  2.Official name: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 官方正式名称:大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国。
  3.The British Isles are made up of two large islands-Great Britain (the larger one) and Ireland, and hundreds of small ones. 不列颠群岛由两个大岛-大不列颠岛(较大的一个)和爱尔兰岛,及成千上万个小岛组成。
  4.Three political divisions on the island of Great Britain: England, Scotland and Wales. 大不列颠岛上有三个政治区:英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士。 (
  1) England is in the southern part of Great Britain. It is the largest, most populous section. 英格兰位于大不列颠岛南部,是最大,人口最稠密的地区。 (
  2) Scotland is in the north of Great Britain. It has three natural zones (the Highlands in the north; the Central lowlands; the south Uplands) Capital: Edinburgh 苏格兰位于大不列颠的北部。它有三大自然区:北部高地,中部低地及南部山陵。首府:爱 丁堡。 (
  3) Wales is in the west of Great Britain. Capital: Cardiff 威尔士位于大不列颠的西部。首府:加的夫 (
  4) Northern Ireland is the fourth region of the UK. Capital: Belfast. 北爱尔兰是英国第四个区域。首府:贝尔法斯特。
  5.The Commonwealth (of nations) is a free association of independent countries that were once colonies of Britain. It was founded in 1931, and has 50 member countries until 19
  91. 英联邦是曾为英国殖民地的、但现已独立国家所构成的自由联合体。它成立于 1931 年,至 1990 年止已有 50 个成员国。 II. Geographical Features 英国的地理特征
  1.Geographical position of Britain: 英国的地理位置: Britain is an island country surrounded by the sea. It lies in the North Atlantic Ocean off the north coast of Europe. It is separated from the rest of Europe by the English Channel in the south and the North Sea in the east. 英国是一个岛国。它位于大西洋北部,与欧洲大陆的北海岸隔海相望。南面的英吉利海峡和 东面的北海将它与欧洲其它部分隔开。
  2.The north and west of Britain are mainly highlands; and the east and southeast are mostly lowlands.
英国的西部和北部主要是高地,东部和东南部主要是低地。 III. Rivers and Lakes 河流与湖泊 Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Britain (1,343m). 本尼维斯山为英国最高峰,海拔 1,343 米。 Severn River is the longest river in Britain (338km). 塞文河是英国最长的河流。全长 338 公里。 Thames River is the second longest and most important river in Britain. (336km). 泰晤士河是英国第二大河,也是英国最重要的河。全长 336 公里。 Lough Neagh is the largest lake in Britain which is located in Northern Ireland. (396 square kilometres). 讷湖(内伊湖)是英国最大的湖,位于北爱尔兰。面积为 396 平方公里。 River Clyde is the most important river in Scotland. 克莱德河是苏格兰最重要的河流。 Snowdonia is the highest mountain in Wales.(1,085m) 斯诺多尼亚是威尔士的最高点,海拔 1,085 米。 IV. Climate 气候
  1. Britain's favorable climate 英国有利的气候条件: Britain has a maritime climate-winters are not too cold and summers are not too hot. It has a steady reliable rainfall throughout the whole year. The temperature varies within a small range. 英国属于海洋性气候:冬季不过于寒冷,夏季不过于炎热。全年有稳定可靠的降雨量,气温 变化幅度小。
  2.The factors influence the climate in Britain: 影响英国气候的因素:
  1) surrounding waters tend to balance the seasonal differences by heating up the land in winter The and cooling it off in summer; 环绕四周的海水。冬天,海水可使岛内气温升高,夏天则使气温降低,从而起到平衡季节温 差的作用;
  2)The prevailing south-west winds or the Westerlies blow over the country all the year round bringing warm and wet air in winter and keeping the temperatures moderate; 一年四季盛行的西南风和西风在冬季从大西洋带来温暖、潮湿的空气,使气温适宜;
  3)The North Atlantic Drift passes the western coast of the British Isles and warms them. 北大西洋暖流经不列颠群岛西海岸,使气候变暖。
  3.Rainfall 降雨量: Britain has a steady reliable rainfall throughout the whole year. The average annual rainfall in Britain is over 1,000mm. There is a water surplus in the north and west, and a water deficit in the south and east. 英国全年降雨量稳定,平均降雨量超过 1000 毫米。 英国北部、西部雨量过多,但是南部、 东部有所缺乏。
V. The People 人口
  1.population distribution 人口分布: Britain has a population of about 57 millions and it is very unevenly distributed. 90% of the population is urban and only 10% is rural. The population of Britain is made up mainly of the English (
  81.5%), the Scottish (
  9.6%), the Welsh (
  1.9%), the Irish (
  2.4%), the Northern Irish (
  1.8%) and other peoples (
  2.8%). 英国人口约 570 万,分布极不均匀,90%是城市人口,只有 10%是农村人口。英国人口组成 为:英格兰人(
  81.5%) ,苏格兰人(
  9.6%) ,威尔士人(
  1.9%) ,爱尔兰人、北爱尔兰人和 其他民族居民。
  2.The difference between the ancestors of the English and Scots, Welsh and Irish: 英伦三岛民族的祖先: The ancestors of the English are Anglo-Saxons, the Scots, Welsh and Irish are Celts. 英格兰人祖先属于盎格鲁-萨克逊人,而苏格兰、威尔士和爱尔兰人属于凯尔特人。
  3.The difference in character 个性差别: The Welsh are emotional and cheerful people. They are music lovers and are proud of their past. 威尔士人感情丰富,情绪高涨,热爱音乐,为过去感到自豪。 The Scots are said to be a serious, cautious and thrifty people, and they are also hospitable, generous and friendly. 苏格兰人通常被认为严肃、谨慎而且节俭,但是他们同样也热情、大方且友好。 The Irish are charm and vivacity. 爱尔兰人充满魅力,生性活泼。
  4.The difference in speech between southern England and northern England: 英格兰南方人和北方人语言上的差别: Southerners speak the type of English close to BBC English; In northern England, regional speech is usually "broader" than that of southern England. 南方人讲的英语接近 BBC,北英格兰人的发音通常要比南英格兰人宽。
  5.The Welsh keep their language and culture in this way: 威尔士人以这样的方式使他们的语言 及文化保持活力。 Throughout the year they have festivals of song and dance and poetry called Eisteddfodau. The great event of the year is the National Eisteddfod. On these occasions competitions are held in Welsh poetry, music, singing and art. 一年中他们有称之为"艺术年会"的唱歌、跳舞、诗歌节。一年中最重要的节日是全国诗歌音 乐比赛会。在那里会举行威尔士诗歌、音乐、唱歌和艺术比赛。
  6.The main problem in Northern Ireland: 北爱尔兰存在的主要问题: The fight between the Protestants who are the dominant group, and the Roman Catholics, who are seeking more social, political and economic opportunities. 作为统治者的新教徒和要求更多社会、政治及经济权利的罗马天主教徒之间的斗争。
  7.Immigrants: 移民:
About three million have come to Britain to live and find work since World War II. 自从二战以来约有三百万人来英国生活、工作。
 

相关内容

英语 课件

   2011 届?高考名校模拟分类汇编之书面表达篇(附答案) 高考名校模拟分类汇编之书面表达篇(附答案) 1.2011 1.2011 届南昌市七所重点中学高三联考试卷 第二节:短文写作(25 分) 假如你是一名高三学生,经常为看电视的事跟妈妈闹意见,今天你跟妈妈达成 一致。请根据以下表格的内容,以 An Argument 为题为《英语广场》写一篇 100 字左右的英语短文: 母亲 儿子 高三学生学习任务重,看电视浪费 学业习一天很疲劳,看电视可以放松一 时间 儿子自制力差,看电视会影响视力 下 ...

英语课件

   黄橙 Cathy Tel:13813000942 huangcheng420055@sina.com Viewing, Listening and Speaking " 20%Presentation " 20%Participation " 60%Final Examination As a freshman, how to learn English? " Step by step2000 http://www.tingclass.com/lesson/mp3/step bystep ...

英语课件

   Unit One 名词和代词 名词 数 可数 (单数,复数) 不可数 单数,复数) 所有格 ‘s, of 名词的种类 1)专有名词 Europe ,the USA(普通名词合成) , 互联网 USA(普通名词合成) 2) 普通名词 个体名词 集体名词 物质名词 抽象名词 名词的数与格 可数名词的数 1.规则(--s,--es, --ves) 1.规则(--s --es, --ves) 2.不规则(特殊记忆词汇,合成词) 2.不规则(特殊记忆词汇,合成词) 3. 抽象名词、不可数名词与具体名词 ...

英语课件

   英语教学设计 英语教学设计 Module 7 Birthday Unit 1 Happy birthday 吉林省东辽县辽河源小学 徐秀华 Teaching aims and demands: 1. 基 本 能 听 懂 , 会 读 Happy birthday , present,cake, I ’ m present,cake, nine Here’ nine . Here’s your …并能灵活运用 Here’s your ….Thank you 语 言结构。 言结构。 2.激发学生对 ...

初中英语课件

   授课教师:何元康 单位: 单位:福清市南宵初级中学 “SEEING THE DOCTOR” 多媒体计算机辅助教学课件 主讲: 主讲:何元康 单位: 单位:福清市南宵初级中学 时间:2002年 时间:2002年4月1日 初中英语(人教版)第二册第70课 P17 Unit 18 Seeing the doctor Lesson 70 Dreams 根据要求写单词: coughs 1、cough (主单三) dreamed 2、dream (pt) bad / ill 3、worst (原级) a ...

初中英语课件

   临邑实验中学 听力 Listen to the tape and answer the question. 1. What does Father want to do? He wants to go shopping. 2. Does Father want Bill to help him? Yes, he does. 3. How many eggs do they want to buy? 12 eggs. 4. Do they want to buy fish and milk? ...

商务英语讲义第一章

   Introductions and greetings 1. Hello. 2. Hi. 3. Good morning.(afternoon. Evening.) 4. How do you do? 5. How are you? 6. How are things going? 7. How are you getting on? 8. How are things with you? 9. How are you doing? 10. How are things? 11. How i ...

英语900句第一章

   第一部分、英语口语 900 句 Mp3 及文本:第 1 册 A 版 一、 Greetings 问候语 1. Hello! / Hi! 你好! 2. Good morning / afternoon / evening! 早晨(下午/晚上)好! 3. I'm Kathy King. 我是凯西?金。 4. Are you Peter Smith? 你是彼得?史密斯吗? 5. Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. 是,我是。/ 不,我不是。 6. How are you? 你好吗? ...

商务英语翻译第一章

   第一章 翻译概论 第一节 翻译的历史 第二节 翻译的界定 第三节 翻译的标准 第四节 商务英语的翻译标准 第五节 翻译的过程 思考题 1、什么是翻译?就所述翻译的界定谈谈你 对翻译的看法。 2、翻译有没有标准?商务英语的翻译标准 与其他类语篇的翻译标准有何不同? 3、试说明翻译的过程,并阐述理解与表达 之间的关系。 4、中国历史上曾出现过哪几次翻译高潮? 一、翻译的历史 人类的翻译活动源远流长。 可以说, 人类的翻译活动源远流长 。 可以说 , 在 人类的语言产生的同时, 就有了翻译活动。 ...

清华旅游英语翻译课件--第15章

   第十五章 公示语的汉英翻译 第一节 公示语的应用范围及意义 公示语的应用范围非常广泛,旅游者所到之处,凡涉及食、宿、行、游 、娱、购的处所都可以见到公示语。公示语应用最为广泛的地方是公共 设施,如地铁、机场、加油站等;公共交通,如终点站、出租车站、游 船码头、票务中心、高速公路、交通工具等;旅游景点,如博物馆、名 胜、古迹、公园等;旅游服务,如旅游信息咨询、旅游紧急救援、翻译 服务等、街道区县,如胡同、大街、社区、居民小区等;涉外机构,如 出入境管理、外交使团等;公共机构,如消费者协会、红十 ...

热门内容

必胜英语培训班作文基本技巧

   开头 Recently,the problem of…has aroused people's concern. 最近,…问题已引起人们的关注. Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 互联网已在我们的生活中扮演着 ...

色拉英语乐园103集全

   01-1 thanks ,please 记得说“请” 一、场景: A:Help! Help! Help! help me , I need food, I need water, I need a house, a wife. B:You must first say “please” A:Okay, Okay, please help me ,please give me some food, please give me some water. A:hey,I said "ple ...

考研英语真题

   2004 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语 试题 Section Two Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes commi ...

英语拼读规则

   英语拼读规则 辅字组 读 音 [b] [/] [k] 例 词 bike bus bag bomb tomb cake picture coat music face decide cinema 编 号 9月1日 9月2日 9月3日 9月4日 9月5日 b c c 在 e 前或在 [s] i/y 前 [ ch ] [k] [ ] -ck d -dge drf g g 在 e i/y 前 [k] [d] [ ] [f] [ ] [ ] gh gu- -gue [f] [/] [ much chi ...

英语口语日常用语100句

   I have no choice! 我别无选择了! I watch my money! 视财如命! 英语口语日常用语 100 句 Ill be in touch! 保持联络! Ill check it out! 我去看看! Any day will do? 哪一天都可以? Ill show you around! 我带你四处逛逛! Any messages for me? 有我的留言吗? Ill see to it! 我会留意的! Are you by yourself? 你一个人来吗? I ...