? 概括
如何概括一个段落 如何概括一篇文章 观点 原因, 原因,例证
? 发表观点或看法
How to sum up a passage?

  1.确定文章的文体 确定你的作文开头 确定文章的文体,确定你的作文开头 确定文章的文体 确定你的作文开头.
  2.快速阅读,找出文章的中心句,一般在文 快速阅读,找出文章的中心句 一般在文 快速阅读 章开头、中间、或结尾的部分。 章开头、中间、或结尾的部分。
  3.用自己的话转述,注意改变措词,避免 用自己的话转述,注意改变措词, 用自己的话转述 原句抄袭。 原句抄袭。
Styles of passage
narration argumentation exposition
3 4
How to summarize a narration:
Skill: 要素串联法 What Who When Where why how
You may begin like these:

  1.The passage is about…
  2.The writer tells us about …
  3.The story is about …
  4.The author tells us that … 故事性阅读材料,应该用最简练的语 故事性阅读材料,应该用最简练的语 来说明故事讲述了什么, 讲述了什么 言来说明故事讲述了什么,不能拖泥 带水,而且最好讲述该故事给你的启 带水,而且最好讲述该故事给你的启 示或其中的一个道理。 示或其中的一个道理。
How to summarize an argumentation
Skill: 议论三步法
论点?观点 论点 观点 主题句 论据? 事例) 论据 (事例) 结论
Usually the beginning of a summary is:
  1.The passage mainly tells us (talks about) …
  2. We can know from the passage
  3. As far as the author is concerned,…
如果是议论文的阅读短文,则要 如果是议论文的阅读短文 则要 尽可能客观简要地转述 转述阅读材 尽可能客观简要地转述阅读材 料的观点。 料的观点。
How to summarize an exposition
Skill: 中心句挖掘法
句首/结尾 句首 结尾 中心句) (中心句) 句中
(main points, reasons etc.) )
  1. It is stated in the You may begin article that… like these: ?
  2.According to the passage, the author states that … ?
  3. In the passage, the author states that … 如果是说明性短文,你就必须用概括的 如果是说明性短文 你就必须用概括的 说明性短文 你就必须用概括 文字来说明某种现象。 文字来说明某种现象。

  1. Focus on main ideas and omit(省去 examples, 省去) 省去 details.(注重大意,省去详细的例子、细节)
  2. when use the words and phrases in the original passage, do not include your own opinion, but be sure to use your own words. .(引用原文的词句,不能添加自己的见 解,但是要用自己的语言概括)
  3. Write it in the third person . (第三人称) 第三人称)
  4.Control the number of words about

  1. 提出要评论的事物或观点 提出要评论的事物或观点.
  2. 分别陈述利与弊 或不同的观点 分别陈述利与弊(或不同的观点 或不同的观点)
  3. 归纳得出作者的结论 归纳得出作者的结论. a. 有定论的 作者可明确表态 赞成或反对 有定论的,作者可明确表态 赞成或反对) 作者可明确表态(赞成或反对 b. 争议较大的或尚无定论的 可不明确表 争议较大的或尚无定论的, 提出扬长避短的方法,也可以平衡其利 态, 提出扬长避短的方法 也可以平衡其利 提出某种期望和设想. 弊,提出某种期望和设想 提出某种期望和设想
We are all aware that everything has its 开头: 开头 two sides. is no exception. has brought a number of benefits to us.
优 点:
?? is a beneficial activity, in which we can obtain many advantages. First of all, . Also, . Most importantly, .
缺 点:
Just as a coin has two sides, also has some side effects. However, has also a lot of problems. For one thing, ; For another thing, .
表达个人观点的用语 ? ? ? ? ? ? I think I firmly believe that … In my opinion, Personally speaking,… As far as I am concerned, … From my point of view, ….

  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗) ) (不推荐,原因:
  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐, ) (不推荐, 原因: 原因:俗)
  3)to start with\ to begin with, next, then, ) furthermore, finally(强烈推荐) (强烈推荐)
  4) first and foremost, besides, in addition, ) what’s more, last but not least(强烈推荐) (强烈推荐)
  5)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用 ) ( 于相对立的两点的情况) 于相对立的两点的情况)
  6) for one thing, for another thing(适用于两 ) ( 点的情况) 点的情况)
? 文章主体三大杀手锏 举例!提出一个观点,举实例证明! 一、举例!提出一个观点,举实例证明! To take… for example, For example\instance 做比较方法:通过比较, 二、做比较方法:通过比较,可以更好地突出作 者的观点. 者的观点 whereas, while, on the contrary, compared with …, 换言之没话说了,可以换一句话再说, 三、换言之没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让读 者更充分的理解你的观点。 者更充分的理解你的观点。 I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it . In other words, I am fed up with it.
结尾: 结尾

  1)In spite of these disadvantages, I think does more good than harm to . We must take a correct attitude towards . We should take full advantage of it and avoid its disadvantages.
  2)Weighing the two sides, we can conclude that has produced great effects on society.

  3)To sum up , I would say that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

  4) From what has been discussed above, we may draw the conclusion that… All in all , In conclusion, On the whole
? No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.. ? Nothing can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations. ? As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it. ? Upon hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't say a word. ? There is no denying (the fact) that the new management method has greatly increased the production.
? I take it for granted that they will support this idea. ? It is true that we must make our greater efforts; otherwise, we cannot catch up with the developed countries. ? We will be successful as long as we insist on working hard. ? To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice. ? As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book. ? As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved.
? As is known to us, knowledge is power. ? To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided. ? There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties. ? It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day. ? It is a common saying that where there is a will ,there is a way. ? It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.
? Compared with the traditional cards, electronic cards are more interesting and lively. ? Group three helped to raise money in the street for the “Hope Project”, so that more children in poor areas can afford their schooling ? Apart from students from Guangming Middle school, the attendants include students from other middle schools or colleges, even doctors and engineers. ? In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.
? It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we cannot overcome. ? These volunteer’s activities can help us to gain some social experience and make good sense of our personal values as well.
? Last Sunday,our class organized some
volunteer’s activities, in which all of us took an active part.
? It’s reported that Li Ming won the game last week. ? It’s no use crying over the spilt milk. ? This is by no means the best way to solve the problem of energy crisis. ? According to the information given in the table/grap h, we can find that...

  1.句式要有变化 . 主语\宾语 表语\同谓语 定语\状语从句 ① 复合句 (主语 宾语 表语 同谓语 定语 状语从句 主语 宾语\表语 同谓语\定语 状语从句) ② 倒装句 否定词置于句首( ) (1 )否定词置于句首(
  2)only+状语置于句首 状语置于句首 (
  3)虚拟语气中 省略 )虚拟语气中if省略 ③ 强调句型 It is ……that (who)… ④固定句子结构 ? too…to… so…that…not …until… ? not only…but also… neither…nor…
The girl began to learn to play the piano when she was a child. Her mother was a famous pianist. The girl whose mother was a famous pianist began to learn to play the piano when she was a child. You can see panda only in China. Only in China can you see panda. It is only in China that you can see panda. Tom likes apple, and Jack likes it too. Not only Tom but also Jack likes the apple.

  2.要使用高级词汇及短语 .
① 使用高等级词汇 He is a good student. excellent\extraordinary ② 使用短语 I like music. be fond of\be interested in ③ 使用谚语 As the saying goes,“” It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言) 适用于自编名言)

  3. 使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺, 使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺, ? ? ? ? ? and; as well as ; also; too, or; either?or; because (of) ;owing to; due to ; thanks to so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result on the contrary ; by contrast\ comparison compared to …, ? 转折 but ; yet; however ; nevertheless, ? 递进 besides ; moreover ; in addition furthermore ? 举例 for example/instance; such as ; that is ; namely;take …for example 并列 选择 原因 结果 比较
? 排比(排山倒海句) 排比(排山倒海句)
? 如果想要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么用一个 如果想要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么用一个 个的排比句,一个个的对偶句,一个个的不定式, 个的排比句,一个个的对偶句,一个个的不定式, 一个个的短语, 一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海 之势! 之势! Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, complicated or simple, ordinary or different ,there is plenty in London for you. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our knowledge, to develop our potentials and to realize our dreams.
? 感叹句
? ? ? ? How useful the computer is! What a convenient thing the car is. How wonderful it is to have computer do the heavy work for man! What an advantageous thing it is to study abroad!
? 疑问句
? Which way is the best to get to know the society, through listening to the radio, watching TV, reading the newspapers, or taking part in social activities? Have you ever taken a part-time job? Do you think it is a good practice for college students to do temporary jobs in their free time? Now that we have realized the importance of practice, why not put it into practice? Don’t you think that it is high time that everybody joined in the effort to protect our environment and save the earth?
? 反问句
? ?
4 检查

  1.单词拼写 单词拼写
  2.时态 语态 时态\语态 时态
  3.句子的衔接,过渡 句子的衔接, 句子的衔接
  4.主谓一致 主谓一致
  5.动词的过去式 过去分词 动词的过去式, 动词的过去式
  6.句子是否完整 句子是否完整



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   The One With the Monkey Written by: Adam Chase and Ira Ungerleider Transcribed by: guineapig 110 猴子 罗斯收养一只叫马赛尔的猴子. 六人达成协议,在迎接新年的派对上不带伴侣. 在 Central Perk 咖啡馆唱歌时,菲比遇到两个争吵不休的男人, 经过交锋,她和其中一个开始约会,此人名叫大卫,是个科学家. 两人关系发展顺利,可他接到科研基金,需要赴明斯克工作三年. 大卫不知所措. 派对上除了罗 ...