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Active Expressions Focus Study
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
I. Active Expressions
In English, you may find some expressions formed by very common words, but they are active and powerful. e.g. ? What’s on at the cinema tonight? 今晚电影院上演 上演什么? 上演 ? What’s he up to? 他忙什么呢? 忙
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Find out the active expressions:

  1. … yet whose written words had been with him and had given him strength without fail.
  2. Remember, both of us are free to stop or to go on after that?if that’s what we choose ...
  3. …her hair sporting patches of gray.
  4. She was more than fat.
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Active Expressions

  1. without fail
  2. be free to do …
  3. sport
  4. more than (+adjective) 必定;总是 随意做?????? 穿着??????,留着 (发型) 十分,非常
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Translation

  1. 务必在八点整到达。
  2. 你有完全的自由选择自己的道路。
  3. 他穿着一件无领夹克。
  4. 至于他的同事们,他们真是太好了。
Tips
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Key

  1. Be here at 8 o’clock sharp, without fail.
  2. You are totally free to choose your own course.
  3. He sported a collarless jacket.
  4. As to his colleagues, they are more than good.
More Practice
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
More Translation

  1. 迪克每天必定去看他母亲。
  2. 假期中孩子们应该想干什么就干什么。
  3. 他身材魁梧,留着红胡须。
  4. 婴儿通常对漫画都非常感兴趣。
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Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Key

  1. Dick visits his mother every day without fail.
  2. During the holiday children should be free to do what they like.
  3. He was heavily-built and sported a red moustache.
  4. Babies are usually more than a little interested in comics.
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
II. Focus Study

  1. And while they all got strength from it, and appreciated her support of their cause, John Blandford was the only person to write Ms. Meynell back.
paragraph
while …, 虽然/尽管??????
Practice
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
Translation
? 虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的款式,但我不喜欢它的颜色。 ? 他人虽穷,却很诚实。 ? While I like the style of the hat, I do not like its color. ? While he is poor, he is honest.
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  2. As long as he received letters from her, he felt as though he could survive.
as long as … , 只要??????
Note:
Practice
“as long as” is followed by a conditional adverbial clause. (条件状语从句).
2
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
Translation
? 只要美元保持坚挺,我们的利润会很可观。 ? 只要你们真的尽心尽力,我不在乎你们什么时候 完成这个任务。 ? Our profits will be good as long as the US dollar remains strong. ? As long as you do work hard, I don’t mind when you finish the task.
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  3. Suppose I’m beautiful. I’d always be bothered by the feeling that you loved me for my beauty, and that kind of love would disgust me.
suppose (that)…, 假如??????
Note: “Suppose” is followed by a
conditional clause (条件从句). Practice
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
Translation
? 假如妈妈不在家,我们怎么办? ? 万一老师发现呢?这险不值得冒。 ? Suppose Mum is out, what should we do? ? It's not worth the risk, suppose the teacher found out?
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  4. …so strong was his desire to follow the girl, yet so deep was his longing for the woman …
With adverbs like “so” placed at the beginning of a sentence, for the sake of emphasis, its predicate should be inverted (谓语倒装).
More
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
More Such Adverbs
hardly ever neither not only not until only …/ only then, scarcely ever… A mini-test
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study
A Mini - Test

  1. Not until the game had begun at the sports ground. A. should he have arrived B. did he arrive C. would he have arrived D. had he arrived
  2. So confused that he didn’t know how to start his lecture. A. since he became B. would he become C. that he became D. did he become
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Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  3. Only under special circumstances to take make-up tests. A. are freshmen permitted B. freshmen are permitted C. permitted are freshmen D. are permitted freshmen
  4. when she started complaining. A. Not until he’d arrived B. Hardly had he arrived C. No sooner he’d arrived D. Scarcely did he arrive
 

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