Text A
  1. garage n. 车库,汽车修理厂
The Great American Garage Sale

  1) Jim jumped out the car and opened the garage doors.(杰姆跃出车外,把车库门打开。)
  2) It is already 6:
  30. I think the garage must be closed.(已经六点半了,我想汽车修理厂准已关门了。)
  3) Mr. Henderson worked as a garage mechanic before he retired. (退休前亨德森先生做汽车修理工。)
  4) They decided to have a garage sale to get rid of some unwanted stuff. (他们打算进行一次现场旧货出售,把一些不需要的物品清除掉。) 没人要的;不需要的,
  2. unwanted adj. 没人要的;不需要的,多余的
  1) The little girl felt unwanted when both her parents left her. (父母丢下了她, 小姑娘觉得自己是多余的。 )
  2) Herbicides can be used to keep down unwanted plants.(除莠剂可以被用来控制多余的植物的生长。)
  3) The unwanted objects are set out on the front yard of their home. (那些不需要的物品就展示在他们家的前院里。) 在 英 语 中 ,用 前 缀 un--加 动 词 的 过去 分 词构 成的 形 容 词 很多 , 如: unexpected( 想 不到 的 ), uneducated(没受教育的),undisturbed( 没受到干挠的),unhurried(不慌不忙的)等等。 使摆脱,
  3. rid v. 使摆脱,使去掉
  1)We must rid ourselves of the illusions and be more practical. (我们必须去掉幻想,更加务实。 )
  2)Who do you think can rid the country of this wickedness?(你觉得谁能使这个国家摆脱邪恶?)
  3)You should try to get rid of the uneasy feeling. (你应该尽量使自己摆脱这种不安的感觉。 )
  4) Jack got rid of the old van and bought himself a new Buick. (杰克卖了那辆旧货车, 给自己买了辆新别 克。)
  5)He just didn't know how to get rid of that annoying boy.(他就是不知道怎么摆脱那个恼人的男孩。 ) 家里做的;自制的;
  4. homemade adj. 家里做的;自制的;本国制造的
  1) The cake is really tasty. I didn't expect it is homemade.(这蛋糕味道真好,我没想到这是家里做的。 )
  2) The woman told the boy that candy was homemade.(那位夫人对男孩说糖果是自制的。 ) 在英语中,像 homemade 这类词很常见,如:handmade, machine-made, man-made, China-made 等等。 四邻,邻近地区,
  5. neighborhood n. 四邻,邻近地区,附近
  1) He told the police that he lived in a wealthy neighborhood. (他对警察说他住在富人区。) http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn

  2) They didn't know they lived in the same neighborhood.(他们不知道他们俩在同一地段。 )
  3) The noise from the construction site disturbed the entire neighborhood.(工地的噪声骚扰了整个地区的 居民。 )
  4) She sent the child to the neighborhood nursery, as she had to go to work. (她把孩子送进了附近的托儿所,因为她得去上班。 )
  5) He lives in the neighborhood of a shopping center.(他住在一个商店区附近。 ) 广告;启事;
  6. advertisement n. 广告;启事;公告
  1)Today's newspaper has an advertisement for air-hostesses.(今天的报纸载有一则招聘空姐的广告。 )
  2)They decided to place an advertisement on TV for the child as lost.(他们决定在电视上登走失儿童的 广告。 ) 在使用中,我们常用 ad. 作为 advertisement 的简写。 advertising 也可用作名词,意思是“广告业,登文选” ,或“广告(总称) ”
  1) He runs a firm that does big advertising.(他经营着一家做大规模广告生意的公司。 )
  2) The newspaper carries much advertising.(这报纸上登有大量广告。 )
  3) The supermarket attracted many customers by advertising.(这家超市用广告吸引了众多顾客。 ) advertise 做动词用,意思是“ (为)…做广告;宣传” He saw a teaching post advertised by the local newspaper.(他在当地报纸上看到一则招聘教师的广告。) ever
  7. ever-increasing adj. 不断增长的
  1) They are trying hard to meet the ever-increasing demands of the neighborhood. (他们正在努力满足这地区的人们不断增长的需要。 )
  2) The ever-increasing number of students put a great strain on them. (不断增长的学生人数给他们带来了很大的压力。 ) 英语中这一类的形容词也不少见,如:ever blooming (四季开花的),ever lasting (永久的) 原料;
  8. stuff n. 原料;东西 v. 塞满

  1) He has got all the stuff ready for building his new house. (他已备齐新房所需的全部材料。 )
  2) She is always eating sweet stuff.(她总是吃甜食。 )
  3) He is unwilling to read the stuff he has written to the whole class.(他不愿意把自己写的东西读给全班 听。 )
  4) The old man stuffed his pipe with tobacco.(老人把烟斗装满烟丝。 )
  5) The boy stuffed the bills carelessly into his pocket. ( 那男孩随便地把钞票往口袋里一塞。) http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn

  6) The book is stuffed with interesting stories. (这本书里全是有趣的故事。) 请注意区别 stuff 与 staff,staff 通常用做名词,意思是“全体职员”
  1) The school has got a staff of 8
  00. (这所学校有 800 名教员。 )
  2) They have large stuffs of language experts (他们有大批语言专家。 ) 抛弃的;
  9. cast off adj. 抛弃的;穿旧的 被抛弃的人(或物) n. 被抛弃的人(或物)

  1) He was reluctant to dress in his older brother's castoffs.(他不愿意穿哥哥丢下的旧衣服。 )
  2) He felt himself a social castoff (他觉得自己是一个被社会抛弃的人。 ) cast off 是一个词组动词,意思是“把…放开”“丢弃;与…断绝关系” , 。
  1)He cast off the hunting dog to chase the wounded hare。 (他放开猎狗去追受伤的野兔。 )
  2)Cast off all restraints and do with you like.(抛掉一切限制去做你喜欢的事。 )
  10. extra adj. 额外的 adv. 非常

  1) She could get some extra sleep at weekends.(周末时她可以多睡一会儿。 )
  2) Mother needs extra help in the kitchen.(妈妈需要额外的人手帮厨。 )
  3) He was extra nice to them. (他对他们特别好。)
  4) Mr. Jones arrived extra late.(琼斯先生到得格外迟。 ) 起初的;
  11. original adj. 起初的;独创的 n. 原作

  1)Philadelphia was the original capital of the united states. (费城是美国的旧都。)
  2)What is the original meaning of this word?(这个词的原义是什么?)
  3)The original plans were changed (原先的计划改了。 )
  4)he has some original ideas in his book.(他的书里有创新思想。 )
  5)The teacher asked us to read some novels in their original versions.(老师让我们读一些原版小说。 ) 残余,
  12. remnant n. 残余,剩余
  1) They dumped the remnants of the feast into the garbage can. (他们把残羹剩菜倒进了垃圾桶。 )
  2) The remnant of the defeated army withdrew to a valley.(战败部队的残兵撤进了山谷。 )
  3) The remnant is large enough for an apron.(这块零头布足够做个围裙了。 ) 交易;
  13. bargain n. 交易;特价商品 v. 讨价还价

  1) I was sure it would be a losing bargain at the beginning.(我开始就认定这是一笔赔本买卖。 )
  2) She showed me how to shop bargains. (她让我看看该怎样觅购特价商品。)
  3) I'm considering the possibility of bargaining with our opponent.(我在考虑和对手谈判的可能性。 )
  4) She refused to bargain over the price. (她不愿讨价还价。 ) http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
adj. 神话式的,
  14. fabulous adj. 神话式的,惊人的
  1)He is a fabulous figure in history.(他是历史上的传奇式人物。 )
  2)Mr. Wang really didn't know what to do with fabulous fortune at the moment. (王先生一时不知如何处置这笔巨额财富。 )
  3)We had a fabulous time at the party.(我们在晚会上玩得很痛快。 ) 慈悲,
  15. mercy n. 慈悲,宽容
  1) Have some mercy on the poor child (对可怜的孩子发发慈悲吧。)
  2) He showed no mercy on (to) his opponents. (他对对手毫不手软。 )
  3) The jury found him guilty and did not recommend mercy.(陪审团认为他有罪,所以未提请法庭宽大 处理。 )
  4) What a mercy that you could survive the air crash.(你能在空难中幸存是多么幸运啊! ) at the mercy of 任凭…的摆布 for mercy's sake 看在上帝的份上 leave….to the mercies of 听由…任意摆布
  16. reluctant adj. 不情愿的
  1) He was reluctant to give them any help. (他不愿意给他们任何帮助。 )
  2) She gave us a reluctant promise (他勉强地给了我们允诺。 ) 一定的;受约束的;开往…
  17. bound adj. 一定的;受约束的;开往…
  1)We are bound to succeed.(我们一定会成功。 )
  2)He is bound to refuse.(他一定会拒绝)
  3)She has no time to go shopping as she is bound to her job.(她被工作束缚住了,没时间去购物。 )
  4)Where are you bound for?(你上哪儿去了?)
  5)He is bound for home from Shanghai(他在从上海回家的途中。 )
“ The Great American Garage Sale”这篇课文通过对一户普通的美国家庭把家里不再需要的物品整理出
来进行现场旧货出售一事的描述, 告诉读者现场旧货出售在美国深受普通百姓的喜爱, 买卖双方都乐在其中。 究其原因不外乎如下几点:
  3)希冀有意外收获的美梦成真。Garage sale 既降福予者也降福取者,只是有一天买东西的人会成为卖 http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
  1. Not long ago, Charles Erickson and his family decided to do some Spring housecleaning. 动词 do 常与一些名词连用。表示从事某种普通的活动或工作,比如:do you teeth ( brush your teeth ) , do the flowers ( arrange the flowers ) , do the dishes ( wash the dishes )。再请看一些例句:
  1)When mother was away, I did the cooking and Tom did the cleaning. (妈妈不在家时,我做饭,汤姆搞卫生。 )
  2)Who does the washing up after each meal?(每顿饭后谁洗餐具?)
  3)I will go to supermarket to do some shopping this afternoon. (今天下午,我要去超市买点东西。 )
  2. Sorting through their possessions, they cane up with some 1,500 old, unwanted items?all sorts items? of things they wanted to get rid of. sort 通常做名词用,意思是“种类、类别” ,如:
  1) What sort of iron did she buy this morning? (她今天上午买的哪一种熨斗?)
  2) I don't think he will be interested in this sort of book.(我想他不会对这一类书感兴趣。 )
  3) He would find all sorts of excuses for his failure.(他会为自己的失败找寻各种借口。 ) 在本句中 sort 用作动词,意思是“整理;分类” 。Sort 常用于短语 sort out,但 out 也常可省略。
  1) He was alone in the post office sorting letters.(他独自一个在邮局里分拣信件。 )
  2) Old John was sorting through a pile of old shoes.(老约翰正在整理一堆旧鞋。 )
  3) The teacher asked Mary to sort out the bigger balls.(老师让玛丽把大一点的球拣回来。 )
  4) I need to sort out my own problems first.(我需要先把我自己的问题解决。 ) come up with 这个短语我们在前面碰到过, 意思是 “提供, 提出, 想出” 在本句中该短语意为 , “产
生,制造出” 。

  1)We always count on Xian Li to come up with help of one kind or another.(我们总是可以指望小李提供 这样或那样的帮助。 )
  2) came up with a good idea after 2 hours' of thinking. 经过两个小时的思考, He ( 他想出了一个好主意。 )
  3)The company has come up with a new time-saving device. (这家公司已制造出一种新的省时装置。 ) get rid of 这个短语已在词汇部分做了讲解,请再看两个例句:
  1)It is not easy to get rid of a bad habit (去掉不良习惯不是一件容易的事)
  2)I want to get rid of this old bike and buy a new one.(我想卖掉这辆旧自行车,买辆新的。 ) http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn

  3. The Ericssons needn't have worried 表示姓名的专有名词变成复数,前面加定冠词 the,指此姓的一家人,或夫妇俩,如:
  1) The Blacks were in France when the earthquake happened in their hometown (家乡发生地震时,布莱克一家正在法国。 )
  2) The wangs were holding a birthday party when the police paid them a visit. (警察来访时,王先生夫妇在举行生日聚会。 )
“needn't + have + 过去分词”表示在某时之前本无必要做某事,如:

  1) We needn't have worried so much about him. He is old enough to take care of himself. (我们本无必要为他如此担心,他是大人了,该会照顾自己了。 )
  2) You needn't have told him everything about it. It has nothing to do with him. (你本无必要把一切都告诉他,这件事跟他无关。 )
  3) I needn't have worked so hard if you could give me a little help. (如果你给我一点帮助,我本不用如



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