Text A The Altoantic Ocean
本课主要单词

  1. unwilling adj.不情愿的,不愿意的;勉强的 不情愿的,不愿意的; 不情愿的 (她很自私,不愿意与他人分享任何东
Selfish as she is, she is unwilling to share anything with others. 西。 )
He was unwilling to give up halfway even though there might be more difficulties ahead. (尽管前面可能有许多困难,但他不愿意中途放弃。 ) They got some unwilling assistance from the local government.
  2. equator n.赤道 赤道 (地方政府勉强给了他们一些协助。 )
Ecuador is near the equator.(厄瓜多尔靠近赤道。 ) People used to believe that at the equator the ocean would be boiling hot. (人们过去认为,在赤道处海水是滚烫的。 )
  3. bulge n.不规则突起;鼓起之处; 突然)上涨,增多 不规则突起;鼓起之处; 突然)上涨, (突然 不规则突起 ( v.使膨胀;塞满 使膨胀; 使膨胀
Between the bulge of South America and the bulge of Africa lies the narrowest place of the Atlantic Ocean. (大西洋的最狭窄处位于南美洲的突起处和非洲的突起处之间。 ) The graph shows a bulge in the birth rate in the year of dragon. (图表显示龙年出生率的暴增。 ) His schoolbag was bulging with apples when he came back from his uncle's orchard. (他从叔叔的果园回来时书包里鼓鼓囊囊装满了苹果。 )
  4. unusual adj. 少有的;不寻常的;与众不同的,独特的 少有的;不寻常的;与众不同的, (每天工作到深夜对他来说是很平常的事。 )
It was not unusual for him to work very late every night. He has an unusual name.(他有一个不寻常的名字。 )
It is unusual to see snow in this region.(这个地区难得下雪。 ) This young man has an unusual talent for organization.(这个年轻人有非凡的组织才能) 。
  5. salty adj. 咸的,含盐的 咸的, salt n. 盐;风趣 v. 用盐调味;用盐腌;撒盐于道路上 用盐调味;用盐腌; (他晚餐吃的不多,因为菜太咸了。 )
He didn't have much for dinner as the dishes were too salty. It might be a good idea to wash these in salty water. He added a bit more salt to the soup to make it tastier. His wit added salt to the discussion.
(把这些放在盐水里洗一洗也许是个好主意。 ) (为了使汤的味道更好,他又加了一点盐。 )
(他的妙语使讨论增添了风趣。 )
Have you salted the potato?(你往土豆里加了盐了吗?) It took them a long time to salt the main roads. (他们花了好长时间才在主要公路上撒上盐。 )
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grind salt in sb.'s wounds 在某人伤口上撒盐,使某人痛上加痛 with a grain of salt 半信半疑地 Salt Lake City 盐湖城(美国尤他州州府) salt mine 盐矿 salt spreader 撒盐车 saltwater fish 海产 salt shaker (瓶盖上有细孔用于匀撒的)盐瓶 a saltwater lake 咸水湖 a salted egg 咸蛋
请注意: 形容词 salty 是由名词 salt 加形容词后缀 ?y 构成的。 这样的形容词在英语中还有很多, 如: windy,snowy,rainy,cloudy,sunny,funny,muddy,foggy…
  6. average n. 平均数,平均 平均数, adj. 平均的;平常的,普通的 平均的;平常的, v. 平均
The average of 5,7 and 9 is
  7. (
  5,
  7,9 的平均数是
  7。 ) He receives an average of 50 calls a day.(他平均每天接到 50 个电话。 ) Mr. Brown could hardly believe that his son's work at school is below the average. (布朗先生几乎无法相信他儿子的学习成绩低于一般水平。 ) The average temperature yesterday was below zero.(昨天的平均气温在零度以下。 ) He is an average student in his class.(他是班上的一般学生。 ) A man of average height came to see you today.(今天有一位中等身材的人来看你。 ) He averages one pack of cigarettes a day.(他平均每天抽一包香烟。 ) The annual rainfall here averages 700mm.(这里的年降雨量平均为 700 毫米。 )
  7. spot n.地点,处所;点,斑点 地点,处所; 地点 v. 点缀;认出;准确定位 点缀;认出; adj. 当场作出的;现付的 当场作出的;
She toured many scenic spots during the holiday.(假日里她游览了许多风景胜地。 ) She told us the exact spot where the accident happened. (她把事故发生的准确地点告诉了我们。 ) She decided on a blue tie with white spot for her husband. (她给丈夫选了一条蓝底白点的领带。 ) There is a spot of ink on the white wall.(白墙上有墨水渍。 ) He didn't want to leave a spot on his reputation.(他不想在名誉上留下污点。 ) The night sky is spotted with twinkling stars.(闪烁的星星点缀着夜空。 ) His shoes are spotted with mud.(他的鞋子上有泥渍。 ) She is so special, you can spot her in the crowd easily. (她很特别,你在人群中能一眼认出她来。 )
He was sent to spot the battery position of the enemy.(他被派去测定敌炮阵地。 ) She was urged to make a spot decision.(她被催促当场做决定。 ) on the spot 当场,在现场 in a spot 在困境中,在窘境中 http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
put sb. on the spot 使某人处于难堪地位 put one's finger on sb.'s weak spot 指出某人性格上的弱点 spot check 抽样检查 spot survey 抽样调查
spotlight 聚光灯;汽车上的反光灯;公众注意中心 spot news 现场报道的新闻
  8. range n. 山脉;幅度,范围 山脉;幅度, spot price 现货价 v.(在某范围内)变动,变化;把…排列成行 (在某范围内)变动,变化; 排列成行
One of the longest mountain ranges of the world rises from the floor of the Atlantic. (世界最长的山脉从大西洋洋底耸起。 ) The age range is from 45 to
  65.(年龄幅度在 45 岁至 65 岁之间。 ) He is not very clear about his range of responsibility.(他对自己的责任范围并不清楚。 ) The question you asked is out of my range.(你问的问题我不懂。 ) Prices of gasoline range from one dollar to one dollar and twenty a gallon. (汽油的价格从 1 美元至 1 美元 20 美分 1 加仑不等。 ) The tiger-sharks range in length from nine feet to fourteen feet. (虎鲸的体长从 9 英尺到 14 英尺不等。 ) The puddings are neatly ranged on the shelf.(布丁整齐地排列在架子上。 ) medium-range missile 中程导弹 at close range 接近地
  9. peak n. 山峰;顶点 山峰; wide range of interests 兴趣广泛
in/within range 在射程内
The mountain peak is covered with snow all the year.(山峰终年积雪。 ) His career is at its peak now, no wonder he will make greater achievement. (他的事业正处于鼎盛时期,毫无疑问,他会取得更大的成就。 )
  10. vessel n. 船,舰;容器,器皿 容器, an escort vessel 护卫舰 a drinking vessel 饮具
an ocean-going vessel 远洋轮 a fishing vessel 渔船
  11. crew
n. 全体船员,全体机务人员 全体船员,
The crew was (were) annoyed at the captain's decision.(船员们对船长的决定感到恼火。 ) The aircraft has a crew of
  6.(这架飞机有 6 名机组人员。 ) All 312 passengers and 6 crew members died in the plane crash. (312 名乘客和 6 名机组人员在飞机失事中丧生。 )
  12. becalm v.(常用被动语态) 指帆船)因无风而停止前进 (常用被动语态) 指帆船) (指帆船 ( http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
In the days of sailing vessels the crew were afraid they would be becalmed on the ocean. (在使用帆船的时代,船员们担心他们会因为无风而无法在海洋上航行。 ) He was becalmed for a whole week north of the island. (他在海岛北面因无风而停泊了整整一周。 )
  13. gulf n. 海湾;隔阂;鸿沟 海湾;隔阂;
Can you tell me for sure who was the real winner of the Gulf War? (你能确定地告诉我谁是海湾战争的真正赢家吗?) The quarrel left a gulf between the two close friends. (那场争吵在两位好友间造成了隔阂。 ) the Persian Gulf 波斯湾 the Gulf of Mexico 墨西哥湾
Gulf Stream 湾流,墨西哥湾流
  14. stream n. 小河,溪流 小河, v. 流,涌
They had a walk along the bank of the stream.(他们沿着河岸散步。 ) Lots of tree leaves are floating along with the stream.(许多树叶正随着水流漂浮。 ) Tourists came into the cave in a steady stream.(游客们源源不断地进入山洞。 ) Tears streamed down her cheeks when she heard the news.(当她听到那个消息时,泪水顺着脸颊流了下 来。 ) He didn't even frown when blood streamed from his wound. (血从伤口涌出时, 他连眉头都没皱一下。 ) a stream of cold air 一股冷空气 a stream of lies 一串谎言 a stream of light 一道光线 go against the stream 逆潮流而动 stream-lined cars 流线型汽车
  15. current n. (空气,水等的)流,潮流;电流;倾向 空气,水等的) 潮流;电流; adj. 当前的,通行的 当前的, a stream of people 一股人流 a stream of good ideas 一系列好主意 stream of consciousness 意识流 go with the stream 随波逐流
The child had been swept away by the current.(孩子被水流卷走了。 ) A steady current of heated air rose from the mountain top. (一股热气从山顶源源不断升起。 ) (一股强大的电流流过电线。 )
There was a powerful electric current running through the wires.
Mass media influence the current of public opinion.(大众传媒影响舆论的倾向。 ) Give me a current issue of Reader's Digest.(给我一本最近一期的读者文摘。 ) A long time ago, it was a current belief that the earth was flat. (很久以前,人们普遍相信地球是扁平。 ) the main current 主流 an alternating current 交流电 a warm current 暖流 a direct current 直流电 http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
current events 时事
  16. affect
current situation 当前形势 effect n. 效果;作用,影响; 效果;作用,影响; (那个悲痛的消息使他的心绪大受影响。 )
v. 影响;打动; 疾病)侵袭 影响;打动; 疾病) (疾病 (
His mood was greatly affected by the sad news.
Computers affect our life in many ways.(计算机在许多方面影响我们的生活。 ) Reading in dim light constantly will surely affect the eyes.(经常在昏暗的光线下看书肯定会对眼睛有影 响。 ) The child was affected with high fever.(孩子发高烧了。 ) The color gives the effect of being warm.(这颜色给人以暖感。 ) The wonderful sky effect on the festival night impressed everybody. (绚丽的节日夜空给每一个人都留下了深刻印象。 ) I just hope this medicine won't have serious side-effect. sound effect 音响效果 lighting effect 灯光效果 (我只希望这种药没有严重的副作用。 )
three-dimensional effect 立体感 cause and effect 因果
no effects 无存款(银行在空头支票上的批语) be of no effect 无效 in effect 实际上
  17. climate n. 气候 bring sth. to effect 实行,实施 take effect 见效;生效
The change in climate might be one of the causes for the extinction of dinosaurs. (气候的变化也许是恐龙灭绝的一个原因。 ) In cold climates, some of the livestock have to be kept indoors all winter. (在寒冷的气候区,一些牲畜得在室内一冬。 ) In the present economic climate we can make greater achievement. (在目前的经济气候下,我们能够取得更大的成就。 ) weather n. 天气 (由于天气不好,足球比赛被推迟了。 )
The football match had to be put off because of bad weather.
What's the weather like in Hangzhou? I hope it is not as hot there.(杭州的天气怎么样?希望那儿不那么 热。 )
  18. flow n. 流 v. 流动
Heavy rains brought mud flows down the mountain. (暴雨把泥流冲下了山。 ) The doctor stopped the flow of blood. (医生把血止住了。 ) http//:www.edu-edu.com.cn
The river flows east into the sea. (这条河向东流入大海。 )
  19. furnish v. 供应,提供;装备, 用家具)布置 供应,提供;装备, 用家具) (用家具 (
The school has decided to furnish the library with some new books. (学校决定给图书馆提供一些新书。 ) They furnished all the passengers with life jackets. (他们为所有的乘客提供救生衣。) She wants to furnish her new house with modern furniture.(她想用时新家具布置新家。 )
  20. highway n. 公路; (水陆)交通干线 公路; 水陆)
The canal was the only highway for commerce.(这条远河是唯一的商业路线。 ) You can find many motels along the highways.(在高速公路沿线你会看到许多汽车旅馆。 )
  21. float v.(使)漂浮 (
Colorful flags are floating in the morning breeze.(彩旗在晨风中飘荡。 ) When winter comes yellow leaves float down.(冬天到来时,黄叶飘落。 ) It will be much easier for you to float the logs down the river.(你们把木材顺流下漂将会容易得多。 )
本课主要构词法
Affixation (词缀法) 词缀法) unusual,unw
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