英语课外学习材料
What I Have Lived for
Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a great ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair. I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy - ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness--that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what--at last--I have found. With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved. Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate this evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer. This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me.
Three Days to See
Sometimes I have thought it would be an excellent rule to live each day as if we should die tomorrow. Such an attitude would emphasize sharply the values of life. We should live each day with a gentleness, a vigor, and a keenness of appreciation which are often lost when time stretches before us in the constant panorama of more days and months and years to come. There are those, of course, who would adopt the Epicurean motto of "Eat, drink, and be merry," but most people would be chastened by the certainty of impending death. In stories the doomed hero is usually saved at the last minute by some stroke of fortune, but almost always his sense of values is changed. he becomes more appreciative
of the meaning of life and its permanent spiritual values. It hasoften been noted that those who live, or have lived, in the shadow of death bring a mellow sweetness to everything they do. Most of us, however, take life for granted. We know that one day we must die, but usually we picture that day as far in the future. When we are in buoyant health, death is all but unimaginable. We seldom think of it. The days stretch out in an endless vista. So we go about our petty tasks, hardly aware of our listless attitude toward life. The same lethargy, I am afraid, characterizes the use of all our faculties and senses. Only the deaf appreciate hearing, only the blind realize the manifold blessings that lie in sight. Particularly does this observation apply to those who have lost sight and hearing in adult life. But those who have never suffered impairment of sight or hearing seldom make the fullest use of these blessed faculties. Their eyes and ears take in all sights and sounds hazily, without concentration and with little appreciation. It is the same old story of not being grateful for what we have until we lose it, of not being conscious of health until we are ill. I have often thought it would be a blessing if each human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life. Darkness would make him more appreciative of sight; silence would tech him the joys of sound. Now and them I have tested my seeing friends to discover what they see. Recently I was visited by a very good friends who had just returned from a long walk in the woods, and I asked her what she had observed…"Nothing in particular, "she replied. I might have been incredulous had I not been accustomed to such reposes, for long ago I became convinced that the seeing see little. How was it possible, I asked myself, to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worthy of note? I who cannot see find hundreds of things to interest me through mere touch. I feel the delicate symmetry of a leaf. I pass my hands lovingly about the smooth skin of a silver birch, or the rough, shaggy bark of a pine. In the spring I touch the branches of trees hopefully in search of a bud the first sign of awakening Nature after her winter's sleep. I feel the delightful, velvety texture of a flower, and discover its remarkable convolutions; and something of the miracle of Nature is revealed to me. Occasionally, if I am very fortunate, I place my hand gently on a small tree and feel the happy quiver of a bird in full song. I am delighted to have the cool waters of a brook rush thought my open finger. To me a lush carpet of pine needles or spongy grass is more welcome than the most luxurious Persian rug. To me the page ant of seasons is a thrilling and unending drama, the action of which streams through my finger tips. At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. If I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more beauty must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. the panorama of color and action which fills the world
is taken for granted. It is human, perhaps, to appreciate little that which we have and to long for that which we have not, but it is a great pity that in the world of light the gift of sight is used only as a mere conveniences rather than as a means of adding fullness to life. If I were the president of a university I should establish a compulsory course in "How to Use Your Eyes". The professor would try to show his pupils how they could add joy to their lives by really seeing what passes unnoticed before them. He would try to awake their dormant and sluggish faculties.
闻咖啡比喝咖啡更提神
A cup of freshly ground coffee is what it takes to get some people moving in the morning. 清晨起来,一杯现磨咖啡可以让人精力充沛。 But, according to a study, it may be the aroma rather than the coffee itself that does the trick. 但一项最新的研究表明,这种功效可能是咖啡的香气而不是咖啡本身产生的。 Researchers believe that the aroma of roasted coffee beans can soothe frayed nerves--and that just the whiff could be enough to reverse the effects of a poor night's sleep on the brain. 研究人员相信, 烘培咖啡豆的香气可以安抚紧张的神经??而且只是一点点香气就可以缓解 整夜失眠对大脑造成的影响。 Aroma: Just smelling coffee can help cure tiredness better than drinking a cup 香气:仅仅闻咖啡比喝一杯咖啡更能帮助缓解疲劳 They said that chemicals extracted from coffee and pumped into the air may one day be used as a way of reviving tired people. 他们说,早晚有一天可以通过提取咖啡中的化学物质并释放到空气中,来缓解人们的疲劳。 Scientists in Tsukuba, Japan, kept 16 laboratory rats awake for 24 hours, by keeping them in a cage filled with an inch of water, then exposed half of them to the smell of roasted coffee. 日本筑波的科学家们把 16 只小白鼠放到有 1 英寸深的水的笼子里,这样保证它们 24 小时 不睡觉。然后,将一半的老鼠放在烘培咖啡的香气中。 After taking samples of the rats' brains, they found that the smell of coffee boosted the activity of key genes that promote cell survival in the body and reduce anxiety. 在对小白鼠大脑取样后,他们发现咖啡的气味,增强了关键基因的活动,这种基因活动可以 促进体内细胞存活,并且减少焦虑。
Professor Yoshinori Masuo, who led the study in Tsukuba, Japan, said that when people drink coffee to stay up all night, just the smell of the coffee could alleviate some of the stress caused by sleeplessness. 领导日本筑波研究团队的益男教授说, 当人们为了熬夜而喝咖啡时, 仅仅是咖啡的味道就会 减轻由不睡觉而产生的压力。 He added: "Is it better for us to smell coffee bean aroma than to drink coffee, or would any other food-related odour produce similar effects? Further studies are needed." 他补充说: “闻咖啡豆的气味要比喝咖啡更好。 但是否其他食物的气味会产生类似的效应呢? 这还需要进一步的研究。”
让老板给你加薪的技巧
It's difficult to ask bosses for more pay or perks any time, let alone during a recession. I
asked Iris Bohnet, a public policy professor and vice chair of the Program on Negotiation at Harvard University, for some advice. She suggests these steps: 在任何时候, 向老板要求加薪或额外的补贴都不是一件容易的事, 更不用说是在衰退时期了。 我向哈佛大学谈判项目副主任、公共政策教授伯纳特(Iris Bohnet)征求意见。她建议采取如 下做法。 Put yourself in your manager's shoes, Dr. Bohnet says. Think through the boss's interests and concerns, and familiarize yourself thoroughly with the problems the recession has caused your company and what management has done to solve them. Then, develop some business-related arguments for your goals and desires, stressing your support of the company's goals. 伯纳特说,要设身处地地站在你的经理的立场上想一想。想想老板的利益和关注点,要对衰 退给公司带来的问题和管理层采取的对策有充分的了解。 然后, 为自己的目标和愿望找出一 些与业务有关的说法,强调你对公司目标的支持。 Consider any leverage you have. The best possible bargaining position, of course, is to have 'a strong outside option,' such as a competing job offer, she says. Another source of leverage is the fact that most employers can't afford to lose anyone else post-layoffs. 想想你所拥有的任何优势。她说,当然,可能讨价还价的最佳立场是有一个强有力的外部选 择,比如一份很有竞争力的工作宴请函。优势的另外一个来源是这样一个事实:大部分雇主 在裁员之后经受不住再损失其他任何人。 Do your homework. Knowing what other comparable workers are being paid, at your company and elsewhere, can be helpful. Web sites, including salary.com, payscale.com and salaryexpert.com, publish pay data by occupation. Your human-resource department or professional group may have data, too. 要预先研究一下市场行情。 了解在你的公司和其他地方其他有可比性的员工的薪酬水平, 这
会大有帮助。包括 salary.com、payscale.com 和 salaryexpert.com 在内的网站按职业公布 薪酬数据。你的人力资源部或职业团体可能也有相关数据。 真爱: 真爱: An ancient Hebraic text says:" love is as strong as death". It seems that not everyone experiences this kind of strong love. The increasing probably,crime and war tells us that the world is in indispensable need of true love. But what is true love? Love is something we all need.But how do we know when we experience it? True love is best seen as the promotion and action, not an emotion. Love is not exclusively based how we feel.Certainly our emotions are involved.But they cannot be our only criteria for love.True love is when you care enough about another person that you will lay down your life for them. When this happens,then love truly is as strong as death.How many of you have a mother, or father,husband or wife,son or daughter or friend who would sacrifice his or her own life on yours? Those of you who truly love your spells but unchildren, would unselfishly lay your life on the line to save them from death? Many people in an emergency room with their loved ones and prayed"please, God,take me instead of them".Find true love and be a true lover as well.May you find a love which is not only strong as death, but to leave to a truly for feeling life. 父爱无边: 父爱无边: My father was a self-taught mandolin player. He was one of the best string instrument players in our town. He could not read music, but if he heard a tune a few times, he could play it. When he was younger, he was a member of a small country music band. They would play at local dances and on a few occasions would play for the local radio station. He often told us how he had auditioned and earned a position in a band that featured Patsy Cline as their lead singer. He told the family that after he was hired he never went back. Dad was a very religious man. He stated that there was a lot of drinking and cursing the day of his audition and he did not want to be around that type of environment. Occasionally, Dad would get out his mandolin and play for the family. We three children: Trisha, Monte and I, George Jr., would often sing along. Songs such as the Tennessee Waltz, Harbor Lights and around Christmas time, the well-known rendition of Silver Bells. "Silver Bells, Silver Bells, its Christmas time in the city" would ring throughout the house. One of Dad's favorite hymns was "The Old Rugged Cross". We lea
 

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