机电 0801 班英语翻译总结
翻译(课本里) 翻译(课本里)
  1.With less money there was no less satisfaction with living, no less warmth of spirit, no less pleasure in one another's company.虽然钱少一点,但是人们并不缺少对生活的满足,精神的温暖和心灵的契合. So far so as happiness is concerned, it hardly matters whether one drives a BMW or, like so many of the Scots, walks or rides a bus.就快乐而言,无论一个人是开宝马还是像许多苏格兰人一样走路或搭乘公交车,他 所获得的快感都不会有太大的差别. Feeling the short-run influence of events, people use such events to explain their happiness, all the while missing subtle but bigger influences on their long-run well-being.人们感觉到这些事件的短期影响,并以这 样的事来解释他们的快乐,却在此时忽视了那些对长期幸福有着更微妙但影响更显著的因素. When the possessor becomes possessed by accumulating ever-more possessions, the adaptation, the adaptation-level phenomenon has run wild.当所有者被积聚更多的所有品这种方式所迷,适应水平这个现 象就失控了. Never has a culture experienced such physical comfort combined with such psychological misery. Never have we felt so free, or had our prisons so overstuffed. Never have we been so sophisticated about pleasure, or so likely to suffer broken relationships.从来没有一个文化经过这样的物质舒适和这样的心理伤痛.我们从未 感到如此自由.监狱里却又人满为患.我们从没有对幸福的感情如此复杂.也从未这么容易关系破裂而受 伤. Happiness is less a matter of getting what we want than of wanting what we have.珍惜 The conclusion is provocative, because it explodes a bomb-shell underneath our society's materialism: Economic growth in affluent countries provides no apparent boost to human morale.结论是煽动性的,因为它 在我们社会的物质主义下起爆了一颗炸弹:富裕国家的经济增长并没有明显地升华人的精神. Psychologically as well as materially, it is much better to be high caste than low castes.
  2.During the 1930s, the most admired beauties were stars like Greta Garbo,Carole Lombard and Jean Harlow. Their beauty was of a very different kind. The total range of black and white filming favored a face with a good shape, with prominent cheekbones that cast shadows like a sculpture.20 世纪 30 年代,最让人羡慕的美 人是那些电影明星,例如葛丽泰嘉宝,卡罗尔.隆巴德以及简.哈洛.她们的美丽与上面所说的截然不同. 黑白电影更适合那些具有优美线条的脸蛋,就像雕塑一样投射出迷人的阴影. Call it nature or nurture, harmless fantasy or insidious indoctrination, but Hollywood is discovering that it still pays not to fight the royal urge.说本性也罢,后天教养也好,无害的幻想也罢,诱人的灌输也好,但是好 莱坞发现满足人们对王室电影的迫切要求仍然有利可图. You can have the girly dream of glass slippers and true love, these films say, as well as the womanly ideal of self-determination and independence-and any contradictions between them are no match for the movies' magic. 你可以拥有少女 的梦想,憧憬着水晶鞋和真爱,也可以立志做一个坚决果断,自立自强的新时代女子. 而这两者的矛盾冲突都无法与电影的魔力抗衡. For the modern Cinderellas' audience, which takes that freedom as a given, the wish is to also be able-unashamedly-to fall in love and go to the ball.对于现代灰姑娘的观众而言,她们认为这样的自由是与 生俱来的.她们的愿望是还能毫无顾忌地谈恋爱,参加舞会,享受浪漫. But to succeed on both the feminist and the fantasy level, the new Cinderella has developed rules and conventions as strict as a Joseph Campbell template.但是要想宣扬女权主义的同时又不失浪漫主义色彩, 新 版灰姑娘已经制定了像约瑟夫.坎贝尔模式一样的严格的条条框框. I don't want to sound like an arch-feminist, says Sherry Lansing, chairman of Paramount, "but it really is important that imparts contemporary values. It's a good love that allows both people to remain whole in it." 执导《王子与我》的帕拉蒙特总裁切里.兰欣说:"我并不想听起来像一个头号的女权主义者,但它反映 了当代的价值, 这点是真正重要的, 这是一个美丽的爱情, 并在生活中使两人继续保持这份完整的爱. " As silent movies came to an end, body language was no longer the key point in movies. The audience were
机电 0801 班英语翻译总结
attracted by the exciting scripts, and body language was somewhat ignored. In fact, body language and scripts are equally important for a movie. In movies like "The red mill" or "Chicago", singing and dancing are dominant. They all stand for high ranking art and enjoy ability. There are also some movies that impressed the audience a lot because of a period of classical dancing, for example: Son of the Mask. Actually, dancing is a kind of body language. Slow Nobel is the most typical example of body language movies.自从默片时代结束, 肢体语言已不是电影中的重点,观众被精彩的台词所吸引,于是就忽略了肢体语言.其实肢体语言在电 影中与演员对白是同等重要的.想《红磨坊》《芝加哥》都是以歌舞为知道的影片,他们都有很高的艺 , 术水准和观赏性,还有很多电影因为有一段经典的舞蹈而个人留下深刻的印象,比如《变相怪杰》 ,要 知道,舞蹈就是肢体语言的一种.其中《低俗小说》是应用肢体语言的经典.
  3.Having a great idea or being a charismatic visionary leader is "time telling"; building a company that can prosper far beyond the presence of any single leader and through multiple product life cycle is "clock building" 拥有一个伟大的构想,或身为高瞻远瞩的魅力型领袖,好比是"报时";建立一家公司,使公司在任何一 位领袖身后很久,经历许多次产品生命周期仍然欣欣向荣,好比是"造钟". We came upon this finding when the evidence from our research punched holes in two widely held and deeply cherished myths that have dominated popular thinking and business school education for years: the myth of the great idea and the myth of the great and charismatic leader. 得出这个结论时,正是在我们的研究找出了两 个倍受珍视,多年以来主导一般人思想和商学院教育的神话之后.这两个神话便是伟大构想和魅力 型领袖之说. They brainstormed a wide range of initial product and market possibilities, br they had no compelling "great ideas" that served as the founding inspiration for the fledging company. 他们大动脑筋,想出很多种产品及 想象中的市场潜力,但是他们没有令人激赏的"伟大构想",来启发他们创建这家新的企业. HP, Sony, and Wal-Mart put a large dent in the widely held mythology of corporate origins-a mythology that paints a picture of a far-seeing entrepreneur founding his or her company to capitalize on a visionary product idea or visionary market insight. 惠普,索尼和沃尔玛使深入人心的公司起源神话遭到沉重打击,这个神 话描绘着一位高瞻远瞩的企业家创办公司,并利用一种高瞻远瞩的产品构想或市场洞察力. If you are a prospective entrepreneur with the desire to start and build a visionary company but have not yet taken the plunge because you do not have a great idea, we encourage you to lift from your shoulders the burden of the great idea myth.如果你是个有前途的企业家, 有意创立和构建一家高瞻远瞩公司, 但是因为 没有"伟大的构想"还没有采取行动,我们鼓励你卸下伟大构想这个神话的负担. Tariff Protection?The infant-industry argument contends that protective tariffs are needed to allow new domestic industries to establish themselves. Temporarily shielding young domestic firms from the severe competition of foreign firms will give infant industries a chance to develop and become efficient producers.// This argument for protection rest on all alleged exception to the case for free trade. The expectation is that all industries have not had, and in the presence of mature foreign competition, will never have, the chance to make long-run adjustments in scale and efficiency. Tariff protection for infant industries will therefore correct a current misallocation of world resources.// Counterarguments hold that although the infant-industry argument has logic validity, these qualifying points must be noted.// (
  1) In the less developed nations it is very difficult t determine which industries are the infants capable of achieving economic maturity an therefore deserving protection.(
  2) Protective tariffs may persist even after industrial maturity has been realized.(
  3) Most economists feel that if infant industries are to be subsidized, there are better means than tariffs for doing it. Direct subsidies, for example, have the advantage of making explicit which industries are being aided and to what degree.// In recent years the infant-industry argument has taken a modified form in advanced economies. The contention is that the government should use trade barriers strategically to reduce the risk of product development borne by domestic firms, particularly products involving advanced technology. Firms protected
机电 0801 班英语翻译总结
from foreign competition can grow more rapidly and therefore achieve greater economies of scale than unprotected from foreign competitors. Thus, the protected firm can eventually dominate world markets because of lower costs. Supposedly, dominance of world markets will enable the domestic firms to return high profits to the home nation. These profits allegedly will exceed the domestic sacrifices caused by trade barriers. Also, specialization in high-technology industries supposedly is beneficial because technology advances achieved in one domestic industry often can be transferred to other domestic industries.// Japan and South Korea, in particular has been accused of using this form of strategic trade policy?the problem with this strategy and therefore this argument for tariff is that the nation put at a disadvantage by strategic trade policies tend to retaliate with tariffs of their own. The outcome may be higher tariffs worldwide, reductions in world trade, and loss of the gains from specialization and exchange.译文:幼稚企业认为新兴的国内产业需要关税 来发展自己. 对幼嫩的国内企业进行暂时保护可以使其避开与国外公司的严酷竞争, 从而给幼稚产业一 个发展壮大的机会.// 这一保护是基于自由贸易中一种假象的例外情况,即对成熟的国外竞争,所有的 产业从来没有, 而且也不会有机会在规模和效率上进行长远的调整, 因此对幼稚产业的关税保护会改变 改变目前世界资源分配不当的状况.// 相反观点认为,尽管幼稚产业论有一定的说服力,但下列言之有 理的几个论点也值得注意:
  2..幼稚 产业成熟起来以后关税保护很难消除.
  3.大多数经济学家认为有比关税保护更好的办法资助幼稚产业. 例如,直接补贴就可以清楚地表示哪些幼稚产业在接受帮助,这些帮助达到了什么程度.// 近年来幼稚 产业论在一些经济发达国家已经改变了形式. 这一观点认为政府应该战略性地使用贸易壁垒来减少国 内公司在产品开发方面承担的风险,尤其涉及新近技术的产品.按照这一观点,国内公司因避开国外公 司的竞争会迅速成长起来,其经济发展规模会大大超过未保护的情形.这样,受保护的公司最终会因其 低廉的成本控制世界市场. 对世界市场的控制让国内公司为本国带来高额的利润回报, 据称这些利润会 超过因贸易壁垒而造成的损失.这一理论还认为,高技术产业的专业化也会带来好处,因为在一种国内 产业中取得的技术进步常常会转化到国内其他企业中去.//日本和韩国因推行这种战略性的贸易政策而 备受指责. 这一策略以及关税保护论带来的问题是: 受到战略性贸易政策影响而处于不利地位的国家会 相应的提高自己的关税进行报复.随之而来的结果是世界范围的关税增长,世界贸易的消减,专业化与 商品交换利益的丧失.
  4.With thousands of years of cultural accumulation and a country as big as China, an outsider cannot hope to catch every potential pit fall.在中国这样大的国家,有着几千年的文化积累,一个局外人是无法搞清楚每 个潜在的错误的. On the other hand, a few generalizations apply to across Asia. Most seasoned business travelers from the United Stated and Europe caught on long ago to the tradition of indulging in small talks and meandering toward the main point rather than getting down to business right away.另一方面,一些推论适用于整个亚洲. 大多数来自美国和欧洲的有经验的商务旅游者很久以前明白不是直奔主题而是纵情谈论小事迂回到正 题的传统. Journalists are not immune. This reporter once made a gaffe by suggesting in a way intended to be complime



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牛津英语8B Unit1-6分课时练习

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   英语测试卷 7 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 B21. The captain was ordered away upon a long to the Aden Bay to accompany the ships. A. journey B. expedition C. tour D. voyage C22. The ...


   据研究有 90%以上的考点都是由标志词引导活提示的,因此在语段听力中听到下列标志词时要引起高度的 重视,集中注意力听清标志词前后的句子。 1.最高级标志词 形容词、副词最高级、most / chief / primary / main / leading / …… 2.唯一级标志词 only / unique / prefer / every / one / of all / perfect / …… 3.因果项标志词 cause / lead to / contribute to / th ...