一:there be 句型基本认识

  1、 定义:There be 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。
  1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. (
  2) There are +复数名词+地点状语. 注意事项: 注意事项: there 是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某 人或某物,谓语动词 be 要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上 的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。如: ① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。 ② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们教室里有一位老师和许多 学生。 ③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。 二: there be 句型的常考点 考点一:各种句型转化。 考点一:各种句型转化。
  1:变成否定 :
There be 句型的否定式的构成和含有 be 动词的其它句型一样,在 be 后加上 not 或 no 即可。注意 not 和 no 的不同:not 是副词,no 为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于 no+ n.。例如: There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall. There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree.

  2:变成一般疑问句 : There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。但同时 要注意:当肯定句中有 some 时,要将其改为 any(否定变化也一样) 。 There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars? There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?
  3:特殊疑问句 : 对主语提问:当主语是人的时候,则用 who 引导,当主语是物的时候,则用 what 引导。 注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用 be 的单数形式(回答时却要根 据实际情况来决定)。如: There are many things over there. →What's over there? There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room? 对地点状语提问:则用 where 引导。如: There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer? There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children? 对数量提问: 对数量提问:般有两种句型结构: How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语? How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语? 考点二: 句型的时态。 考点二:there be 句型的时态。 be 可以有现在时(there is/are) 、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there is/are going to be 或 there will be)和完成时(there have/has been); 还可用 there must be ,there can’t be, there used to
be 等。 如: There a concert this evening. Yeah. Exciting news! A. are going to be B. is going to be
C. is going to have
D. will have
考点三: 句型反意疑问句的构成 反意疑问句的构成: 考点三:there be 句型反意疑问句的构成:be (not) there? 如: There is some milk in the bottle, ? A.isn't there B.aren't there C.isn't it
D.are there
考点四: 句型的主谓一致: 主谓一致 考点四:there be 句型的主谓一致: There be 结构中的 be 动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。如:
  1.There any rice in the bowl. A. are B. is C. isn’t D. aren’t
  2.There many apples on the tree last year. A. have been B. were C. are D. is 考点五: 句型用的其他动词: 考点五:there be 句型用的其他动词: there be 句型中有时不用动词 be ,而用 come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be , happen to be , 等。如: There a knife and a fork on the table. (2007 黄冈) A. seems to be B. seem to be C. is seeming to be D. are 剖析:根据就近原则,首先排除 B、D,而 there be 句型中有时不用动词 be ,而用 come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be 等,所以答案应从 A、C 中选。感官动词一般不用进行时,故 C 也 不正确。 注意事项: 注意事项:there be 句型与 have 句型的区别 (
  1) There be 句型和 have 都表示“有”的含义。 区别如下: There be 表示“某处存在某物或某人”; have 表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 如: He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。 There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。 (
  2)当 have 表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。如: A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。
Ⅲ. 单项填空。 ( )
  8.There not milk in the cup on the table . A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much ( )
  10.How many are there in the room ? A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper ( )
  11.Do you know if a meeting next Sunday ? A. there was going to have B. there was going to be C. is there going to be D. there will be ( )
  12.- Is this the last exam we have to take ? C
- No, but there another test three months later from now. A. will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been ( )
  13.There great changes in such kind of computers in the last few years. A. is B. are C. will be D. have been ( )
  14.There a film tomorrow evening. A.will have B.have C.is going to be D.has ( )
  15.There a football match on TV this evening. A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have ( )
  16.There a school at the foot of the hill. A.have B.stand C.are D.stands ( )
  17.There's going to in tomorrow's newspapers. A. have something new B. have new something C. be something new D. be new something ( )
  19.How many boys there in Class one? A. be B. is C. are D. am ( )
  20.There a lot of good news in today's newspaper. A. is B. are C. was D. were ( )
  21.There pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk. A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some ( )
  22.There an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them. A. are B. is C. has D. have ( )
  23. any flowers on both sides of the street? A.Is there B.Are there C.Has D.Have ( )
  24. There great changes in our country since 19
  82. A. have been B. were C. has been D. are ( )
  25. There is little water in the glass, ? A. isn't there B. isn't it C. is it D. is there ( )
  26. There is no air or water on the moon. Is there? . A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is ( )
  27.What did you see in the basket then ? There a bottle of orange and some oranges. A. is B. are C. was D. were ( )
  28. any flowers on both sides of the street ? A. Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have ( )
  29. is there on the table? A. How many apples B. How much bread C. How much breads D. How many food ( )
  30. There isn't paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me? A. any B. some C. a D. an ( )
  31. How many are there in your classroom? A. desks B. desk C. chair D. door ( )
  32. There something wrong with our classroom.
A. are B. has C. is D. have )
  33. There is some on the table. A. apple B. orange C. cake D. sandwich

  1.It's c in Beijing in autumn.
  2.This is our second English L.
  3.In our school , there is a big l.We often read books there.
  4.Your mother's mother is your g.
  5.Can you d a bird?
  6.There is a bank n to the hospital.



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