固定搭配
形容词的固定搭配: be present at 出席 be pound of 以……自豪,因……感到满意 be ready for 为……准备好
be rich in 富于 be satisfied of 相信 be satisfied with 对……满意,满足于 be second to 次于 be short for 是……的缩写(简称) be short of 短缺 be sick for 渴望 be sick in bed 病在床上 be sick of 对……感到厌倦 be sorry for 对……感到抱歉 be strict with 对……要求严格 be subjected to 遭受 be suited to 适合于 be supposed to (do) 应该,非……不可 be sure of 坚信,确信 be sure to (do) 一定,必定 be surprised at 对……感到惊奇 be through with 结束 be tired from 因……而疲乏 be tired of 厌烦,对……厌倦 be tired out 疲倦,急了 be true of 适用于 be unconscious of 不知道…… be unequal to 无法胜任……的 be unfit for 不适合,不胜任 be useful to 对……有用 be well up in 精通,熟悉 be wild with joy 欣喜 be willing to (do) 乐意…… be worried about 为……担心 be worth (doing) 值得(做) be wrong with 有点毛病,有些不舒服
例 1 这本书反映了 30 年代的中国社会。 译文:The book is a reflection of Chinese society in the 1930s.(将汉语动词转换为英语名 词) 例 2 他们不满足于现有的成就。 译文:They were not content with their present achievements.(将汉语动词转换为英语形容
词) 例 3 我想男孩与女孩的思维方式不同。 译文:I suppose boys think differently from girls.(将汉语动词转换为英语副词) 例 4 你赞成还是反对这项计划? 译文:Are you for or against the plan?(将汉语动词转化为英语介词)
  2)汉语名词的转换 英语中有很多由名词派生的动词,以及由名词转用的副词,形容词等。在汉译英时,汉 语中的名词常常可以产生一些转换,从而更简洁有力地表达原文。 例 5 他们尽了最大的努力帮助病号和伤员。 译文:They did their best to help the sick and the wounded.(汉语名词转换为英语副词) 例 6 钢的含炭量越高,强度和硬度就越大。 译文:The more carbon the steel contains, the harder and stronger it is. (汉语名词转换为英语 形容词表示特征和性质) 例 7 这就是你不对的地方。 译文:This is where you are wrong.(汉语名词转换为英语副词) 例 8 我的体重比过去轻了。 译文:I weigh less than I used to.(汉语名词转换为英语动词)
  3) 汉语形容词的转换 在汉译英时, 汉语的形容词往往可以译成英语中的名词或副词。 这些名词或副词通常具 有抽象意义,而且往往由某些形容词派生而来。 例 9 我们感到,解决这个复杂的问题是困难的。 译文:We found difficulty in solving this complicated problem.(汉语形容词转换为英语名 词) 例 10 有时候我们不得不为错误付出昂贵的代价。 译文:Sometimes we have to pay dearly for mistakes.(汉语形容词转换为英语副词)
  4)汉语副词的转换 有时出于修辞和句法结构的需要, 往往把汉语中的副词用英语其他词性的词来表达, 这 也是翻译中的一个常用技巧。 例 11 独立思考对学习是绝对必需的。 译文:Independent thinking is an absolute necessity in study.(汉语副词转换为英语名词) 例 12 他以前经常来。 译文:He was a regular visitor.(汉语副词转换为英语形容词) 例 13 我成功地说服了他。 译文:I succeeded in persuading him.(汉语副词转换为英语动词) 总之,在英汉互译中,我们可以利用词类的变化,使句型结构发生变化,为语言的转换 提供更大的可行性和灵活性。 Exercise Six
  1.I replied to her that (我将会接受她的邀请).
  2.She was angry with her husband ,so (她不理不睬) when he spoke to her..
  3.How could we get news in our own society or abroad (没有报纸的话) ?
  4.The latest census shows that China's population (已超过 10 亿)
  5.We have had ten recorders ,but we still need (需要这么多)as again From: http://www.hxen.com/CET46/CET6/fanyi/2009-05-27/779
  12.html
 

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