3、节省和浪费:save time/money/space; economical, thrift waste time/money/space; costly, lavish
  4:人的心理健康:independent, cooperative, competitive, considerate, confident, creative, sociable, perseverance; selfish, isolated, conservative
  5、人的身体健康:health, disease, strong, strength, energetic
  6、娱乐:colorful, pleasure, joy, recreation, entertainment, relax tired, boring, lonely
  7、环境:environment, pollute, poisonous, dirty
  8、安全和危险:safe, danger, risk
  9:经验:experience, social experience, enter the society
  10、人际:humane, fair, unfair, help, assist, freedom, freely 基本表达(Basic Elements of English Writing): 越来越:be increasingly + adj., be on the rise, the growing number of 人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that 许多问题:a host of/a number of problems 引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth. 意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb. to the fact/da nger 适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change 接触各种思想/经历:be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems
接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society 获得成功:achieve/accomplish success 提出观点/建议:advance / put forward / come up with the arguments/ideas/suggesti ons 作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained effort to do sth., take great pains t o do(with work/study) 影响学习/工作:interfere with studies/work 产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on life/personality, have a dramatic/undes irable effect on 较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of one's life 剥夺机会/权力:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity 取代就的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way 采取措施:take effective steps/measures to 控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment 躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the dangers/challenge 满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage 解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon 对……很好的了解:have a better understanding/appreciation of, have a new perspecti ve on. provide/gain an insight into 把某因素考虑进去:take sth. Into account(consideration), give much thought to 品位人生/自由/青春:savor the life/freedom/youth 培养对……的信心:develop/foster one's interest/confidence in 经历变化/困难/艰险:undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience 表现出自信心等:project one's confidence/feeling/image
生活充满不公正的地方:life is full of minor irritation/injustice 追求学习/职业:pursue one's academic interest/professional career 学习知识/技术:pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill 被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as a good example 交流经验/知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge 发挥/起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great) role/part 逃学/缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture 知识/经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience 确立/追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard 到达目标:achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/objective 克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty 面临危险/困难:be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty 阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success, be an obstacle/barrier to success/growth 阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of 持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom 发表看法:voice/express one's opinion 持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view 揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of 求得帮助:enlist one's support/help 缩小差别:bridge/narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and country) 把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/own the success/failure to 对……重要:be indispensable/important/vital to 施加压力:put/exert a academic pressure on
重视:assign/attach much importance/significance to 强调:place/put much emphasis/stress/value on 把注意力集中在:focus/concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts upon 提供机会/信息:provide/offer/furnish an opportunity/information for sb. 抓住机会:grab/seize/take the opportunity 得到机会:enjoy/gain access to a opportunity/information 有可能:there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that, chances/the odds are that 展开竞争:compete against/with sb. for the prize/position/control/the mastery of 开展运动:conduct(carryon/undertake/initiate/launch/wage) a (vigorous/nation-wide/pu blicity/advertising) campaign (for/against) 对我很有/没有什么意义:make much/little sense to me 带来无穷的幸福/满足:be a source of happiness satisfaction/contentment/pride/compl aint 献身于:devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career 大不(没什么)两样:make much(little/no) difference 真正重要的是:what really matters/accounts is … 改变生活旅程:change/alter the course of life 建立在大量的学习/实践上:built on tremendous amount of study/practice 进行调查/执行任务:conduct/carry out an study/task/experiment 辞去工作/学习:leave/quit one's job/work/school 参加考试/竞赛等:enter (for) the examination/contest, race 参加活动/讨论:take part/participate/be engaged in sports/activities/discussion 影响思想/态度/事件的形成:shape one's thinking/attitude
进入大学/社会/家庭/劳力市场/职业:enter a school/college/society/the work force/prof essionals 实现自己的理想/愿望:realize/fulfill/achieve one's dream(hops/wish/desire) 减轻压力/紧张:reduce/alleviate/relieve the stress/pressure/tension 提高社会地位:enhance/improve/upgrade social status/position/standing rise to the po sition of leadership 提高技术/能力:sharpen (increase/improve/enhance/boost) one's skill/ability 加快/促进发展:accelerate/facilitate/advance/enhance/boost the development of 随着生活节奏的加快:with the quickening pace/rhythm/tempo of modern life/society 开阔眼界/兴趣:broaden one's interest/outlook, expand(broaden/enlarge) one's mental horizons 有助于了解/发展/宣传/解决: contribute much/little/greatly/to a better understanding of /the popularity of/the growth of/the solution of 有助于解决问题:go a long way to(towards) solving the problem 迷恋名利/分数:be obsessed/preoccupied with grades/fame/fortune 把时间花/浪费在:spend/waste time doing sth., put in hours doing sth. 利用机会/技术:make (full/better) use of/take advantage of opportunity/time, tap/har ness technology potential/skills/talent 把知识/经验运用到…:apply/put the theory/knowledge/experience… to practice/daily li fe/good use 取得进步:make much progress/strides/gains in 充分发挥潜力/能力:develop one's ability/potential to the full, give full play to one's ability 充满激情/渴望:have a burning desire/a great passion for
  1. at the thought of 一想到…
  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论

  3. at will 随心所欲
  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全 地,
  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
  8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致
  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
  11. on one’s own account
  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去
  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。
  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。
  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要 倒装)
  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain a bout) 指控,控告
  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。
  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, o bserve, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。
  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先
  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地
  31. have an advantage over 胜过 have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事
  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harnes s)利用
  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前
  36. in the air
  1)不肯定, 不具体.
  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的
  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of a ll 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎
  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到
  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。
  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负 责。
  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。
  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for
  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for 申请; apply to 适用。
  48. apply to 与…有关;适用
  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。
  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地 方);
  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻
  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确 信。
  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结
  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意, 照顾;attend on(upon)(= wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法
  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的 结果
  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到, 知 道。
  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back (=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。
  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人), 背弃,抛弃
  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
  67. be based on / upon 基于
  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信, 依赖, 信仰。 -

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。

  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
  75. for the better 好转
  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。

  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
  79. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开花(强 调动作)
  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
  82. out of breath 喘不过气来
  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
  86. on business 出差办事。
  87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
  88. last but one



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